Sabiia Seb
PortuguêsEspañolEnglish
Embrapa
        Busca avançada

Botão Atualizar


Botão Atualizar

Ordenar por: RelevânciaAutorTítuloAnoImprime registros no formato resumido
Registros recuperados: 21
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF COCA ERADICATION POLICY IN COLOMBIA AgEcon
Moreno-Sanchez, Rocio del Pilar; Kraybill, David S.; Thompson, Stanley R..
We estimate an econometric model of coca production in Colombia. Our results indicate that coca eradication is an ineffective means of supply control as farmers compensate by cultivating the crop more extensively. The evidence further suggests that incentives to produce legal substitute crops may have greater supply-reducing potential than eradication.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Political Economy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19833
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
An Examination of the Impacts of Exchange Rate Volatility on Sectoral Trade in the Mercosur AgEcon
Larson, Donald W.; Bittencourt, Maurício Vaz Lobo; Thompson, Stanley R..
This study captures the lack of macroeconomic policy coordination among Mercosur countries, through the impact of real bilateral exchange rate volatility on trade. A sectoral gravity model is estimated under two different measures of exchange rate volatility. Results show that the reduction in exchange rate volatility can increase bilateral trade.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19572
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
AUSWIRKUNGEN DER FISCHLER-REFORM UND DER BLAUZUNGENKRANKHEIT AUF DIE EUROPÄISCHEN KÄLBERMÄRKTE AgEcon
Ihle, Rico; Brümmer, Bernhard; Thompson, Stanley R..
C1_3
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Entkopplung; Europäische Union; Faktormärkte; Fischlerreform; GAP; Kälbermarkt; Marktintegration; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93953
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
BASIS RISK AND HEDGING STRATEGIES FOR AUSTRALIAN WHEAT EXPORTS AgEcon
Bond, Gary E.; Thompson, Stanley R.; Geldard, Jane M..
Basis risk can play a significant role in the determination of effective hedging strategies. In this paper a portfolio framework is developed to examine the effect of basis risk on hedging strategies for Australian wheat exports. Monthly data for the period 1977 to 1984 were used to implement the analytical framework. While the traditional definition of hedging implies a hedge ratio of unity, the results of this research show that the average ratio of optimal hedge to stockholding is well below unity. Evolving market conditions can also cause the optimal hedge ratio to vary substantially over time.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Marketing; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22331
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
CAP REFORM, WHEAT PRICE INSTABILITY AND PRODUCER WELFARE AgEcon
Thompson, Stanley R.; Gohout, Wolfgang.
We use a simple nonlinear commodity market model to illustrate the impact of recent reforms of the CAP on the variability of EU and world wheat prices. Second, within an expected utility framework we estimate the transfer and risk effects on producer welfare due to market liberalizing reforms. We found that wheat producers were over-compensated for the losses due to lower prices following the 1992 reforms. The transfer effect clearly dominated while the risk component was small. Further, we did not find producer incomes to be more unstable following to the 1992 CAP reforms.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Price transmission; CAP reform; Price instability; Producer welfare; Wheat market; Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21780
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
CONDITIONAL FORECASTING FOR THE U.S. DAIRY PRICE COMPLEX WITH A BAYESIAN VECTOR AUTOREGRESSIVE MODEL AgEcon
Thraen, Cameron S.; Thompson, Stanley R.; Gohout, Wolfgang.
A dynamic Bayesian Vector Autoregressive model of the U.S. dairy price complex is estimated based on the Normal-Wishart distribution. The Gibbs sample technique is use with the Normal-Wishart distribution to provide conditional forecasts on the future time-paths of the model variables. The conditional forecasts for key prices are examined. Confidence intervals are calculated for the conditional forecasts.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19706
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Country of Origin Advertising and U.S. Wine Imports AgEcon
Thompson, Stanley R.; Sam, Abdoul G..
The objective of this paper is to investigate the impact of media advertising on the US consumption of imported wine. A panel data of seven countries and twelve years from 1994-2005 is used to estimate the demand function for US wine imports. Our empirical analysis reveals evidence of strong price and advertising effects of domestic and imported wines on imported quantities; the advertising of imported wines significantly increases the quantity of imports while the advertising of domestic wines has a strong depressing effect on imported wine volumes. Our short-run import demand price and advertising elasticity estimates are -0.406 and 0.109 for imports and 0.654 and -0.370 for domestic wines, respectively. Other determinants such as population, real...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade; Marketing.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6553
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Does Orphan Status Affect Primary School Attendance? An Analysis of Household Survey Data from Uganda AgEcon
Asiamah, Selloane; Kraybill, David S.; Thompson, Stanley R..
The continent of Africa is currently experiencing two major interrelated social challenges, namely poverty and the HIV/AIDS epidemic. According to UNICEF, there are millions of AIDS-orphans in Africa, with over 80% of them being raised by extended families. However, relatively few studies have been undertaken to determine how these orphans fare in terms of access to education, healthcare and other social services. Literature shows that orphans face unique problems when it comes to school attendance, including possible intra-household discrimination. This paper examines the impact of various household characteristics on school enrollment in Uganda. Our results are based on the analysis of data from the Uganda National Household Survey (UNHS) that was...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19489
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Estimating the Effects of U.S. Distortions in the Ethanol Market Using a Partial Equilibrium Trade Model AgEcon
Martinez-Gonzalez, Ariadna; Sheldon, Ian M.; Thompson, Stanley R..
In this paper we assess the impact of the elimination of trade distortions on imports from Brazil to the U.S. For this purpose, we estimate a partial equilibrium trade model – an ethanol export supply function for Brazil and an ethanol import demand function for the U.S.-, based on annual data from 1975 to 2006, and use the results to compute a “back-of-the-envelope” measure of the deadweight loss derived from those trade distortions as well as one derived from producing the 35 billion gallons proposed in the “Twenty in Ten” 2007 State of the Union Policy Initiative assuming the distortions are not eliminated. Two-stage least squares is used to estimate both functions, the world price of ethanol being treated as endogenous. This paper supports the idea...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9802
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
FORECASTING RAIL FREIGHT TRAFFIC FROM A STATEWIDE ECONOMIC MODEL AgEcon
Jordan, Jeffrey L.; Thompson, Stanley R..
The purpose of this study was to develop a procedure for estimating future rail traffic that considers the relationship between the structure of a state's economy and rail freight traffic. The study expands the use of input-output models to include the forecasting of transportation demand. Georgia and Michigan case studies were used to test the forecasting capability of the input-output procedure. For Michigan's 1980 rail movements, the model predicted rail traffic to within 0.15 percent of actual traffic. For 1979 Georgia traffic, the model predicted within 4.3 percent of actual traffic. Various statistical tests indicate that the procedure was effective in forecasting rail freight traffic.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Public Economics.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29719
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Foreign Direct Investment and Education Investment in Developing Countries AgEcon
Iwai, Nobuyuki; Thompson, Stanley R.; Banerjee, Priyodorshi.
We introduce a model to explain the economic rationale for the observed policy combination of a developing country (hosting foreign direct investment (FDI) through education investment (EDI)) and the interest of a multinational corporation (MNC) in the local labor quality when it contemplates FDI. Information on local labor is the source of a more efficient contract for the MNC with local labor, and the local government can benefit both agents through EDI, FDI, and information sharing. This strategy set is likely to be used by a country in the early stage of economic development. The education level chosen by the local government, however, will be higher than that which maximizes the welfare of local labor. In that sense, the government has the incentive...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15643
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
GRAIN EXPORTS AS A SOURCE OF AGRICULTURAL INSTABILITY AgEcon
Trapp, James N.; Thompson, Stanley R..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1977 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29285
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
INTERNATIONAL WHEAT PRICE TRANSMISSION AND CAP REFORM AgEcon
Thompson, Stanley R.; Bohl, Martin T..
We illustrate how CAP policy reforms influence the transmission of world prices to domestic markets. Monthly wheat price data in Germany are used to obtain price transmission elasticities. Correctly accounting for structural breaks and the time series properties of the data yield transmission elasticities that differ dramatically among policy regimes.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21705
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Long-term Global Agricultural Output Supply-Demand Balance and Real Farm and Food Prices AgEcon
Tweeten, Luther G.; Thompson, Stanley R..
Global food demand is estimated from population projections of the United Nations and food supply is projected from Food and Agriculture Organization yield data to quantify the global food supply-demand balance for 2025 and 2050. The eight food categories examined account for 95 percent of global food consumption. Results indicate that the historic era of secularly falling real food prices is over. The real price of corn, for example, is not expected to fall over the next four decades at the annual rate of 1.3 percent that it fell annually from 1960 to 2006. The analysis foresees future real food prices fluctuating around a flat or rising trend. Slowed national economic growth from flat or rising real food prices may be little more than an irritant for...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: World Food Supply-Demand; Food Prices; Agricultural Markets; Crop and Livestock Yields; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; International Development; Q11; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46009
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Markets Segmented by Regional - Origin Labeling with Quality Control AgEcon
Thompson, Stanley R.; Anders, Sven M.; Herrmann, Roland.
It is the objective of this paper to provide a methodological framework for the analysis of regional marketing programs which include regional-origin labeling as well as quality assurance and control. Such programs are increasingly introduced in Europe and other parts of the world as a means against quality uncertainty in globalized markets. An equilibrium - displacement model is developed for a segmented market with differential qualities that can be utilized for a broad variety of marketing programs. It is applied to one selected European case, i.e. "Gepruefte Qualitaet - Bayern". It is shown that the price impacts on high-quality and low-quality segments depend crucially on substitutive relationships between the markets and the advertising elasticities....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Regional-origin labeling; Segmented markets; Generic promotion; Gepruefte Qualitaet - Bayern; Economic welfare; Marketing.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25530
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Regional-Origin Labeling with Quality Control: An Economic Analysis AgEcon
Thompson, Stanley R.; Anders, Sven M.; Herrmann, Roland.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24656
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Sales Loss Determination in Food Contamination Incidents: An Application to Milk Bans in Hawaii AgEcon
Smith, Mark E.; van Ravenswaay, Eileen O.; Thompson, Stanley R..
This article presents a procedure for estimating sales loss following a food contamination incident with application to the case of heptachlor contamination of fresh fluid milk in Oahu, Hawaii in 1982. A major finding is that media coverage following the incident had a significant impact on milk purchases and that negative coverage had a larger effect than positive coverage. This conclusion implies that public statements by producers or government to assure the public of safe food supplies may be ineffective in restoring consumer confidence following the discovery of a food safety problem. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, August, 1988.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food contamination; Food safety policy; Milk demand; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115803
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Structural change in European calf markets: Policy decoupling and movement restrictions AgEcon
Ihle, Rico; Brümmer, Bernhard; Thompson, Stanley R..
We analyse weekly calf prices from 2003 to 2009 to assess the impact of two important events which changed the structure of European cattle markets. We find the four European calf markets studied to be integrated. The decoupling of farm payments in the framework of the 2003 reforms of the Common Agricultural Policy is found to reduce prices. We ascertain that the outbreak of the Blue Tongue disease induced a structural change in some of the markets. Using counterfactual scenarios, we provide an indication of the effects resulting from granting member states a high degree of discretion in implementation.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: 2003 CAP reform; Cattle market; Decoupling; European Union; Market integration; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61085
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
THE REAL RATE OF PROTECTION: THE STABILIZING EFFECT OF PRICE POLICIES AND DIRECT PAYMENTS AgEcon
Thompson, Stanley R.; Schmitz, P. Michael.
Traditional indicators of protection refer to the level effect of price policies on income and ignore the stabilizing effect. We derive a measure of the real rate of protection which incorporates these dual dimensions. The income stabilizing effects of price policy protection lead to a greater level of real protection than would be measured conventionally. Computed real protection rates for the European Union wheat market over the pre- and post-MacSharry reform periods were found to be some 3-5 percent greater than traditional indicators. Moreover, the compensatory payments to farmers following the 1992 reforms had a major risk reducing impact.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20503
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Übermäßige Werbung und Marktsegmentierung durch staatliche Förderung der Regionalvermarktung: Eine theoretische Analyse AgEcon
Herrmann, Roland; Anders, Sven M.; Thompson, Stanley R..
The protection of the regional origin of foods is a major part of the food-quality policy in the EU. It is the objective of this article to analyze economic effects of such policy instruments. Two different types of policy are distinguished which are both designed to promote regional products. First, generic promotion of a homogeneous commodity at the national and/or regional level in the spirit of NERLOVE and WAUGH is investigated. This instrument aims at shifting the demand for the advertised commodity outward. We derive theoretically that excessive advertising does exist if several promotion activities at different regional levels exist at one time. It would be more cost-effective due to product substitutability to move from separate strategies at the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Country-of-origin labelling; Regional-origin labelling; Excessive advertising; Generic promotion; Market segmentation; Marketing.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97214
Registros recuperados: 21
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa
Todos os direitos reservados, conforme Lei n° 9.610
Política de Privacidade
Área restrita

Embrapa
Parque Estação Biológica - PqEB s/n°
Brasília, DF - Brasil - CEP 70770-901
Fone: (61) 3448-4433 - Fax: (61) 3448-4890 / 3448-4891 SAC: https://www.embrapa.br/fale-conosco

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional