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Registros recuperados: 21
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
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Access to Dynamic Markets for Small Commercial Farmers: The Case of Potato Production in the Peruvian Andes AgEcon
Escobal D'Angelo, Javier; Torero, Maximo.
The purpose of this study is twofold. On one hand, the objective is to assess the impact of new and more complex contracting schemes, as opposed to traditional marketing channels, on small farmers’ welfare. On the other hand, the study explores which may be the critical factors that determine the small farmers’ participation in these institutional arrangements. In this context, two critical factors are stressed. The first one has to do with access to credit and the second one is the size of the agricultural plot. In order to examine the decision of farmers to access the dynamic markets, the paper follows the study of Lapar et al (2003). The paper also follows impact evaluation techniques to identify the differences in the performance of farmers with access...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Potato production; Market access; Small farmers; Contract farming; Access to credit; Dynamic markets; Impact evaluation; Income growth; Transaction costs; Marketing.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58570
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Access to Dynamic Markets for Small Commercial Farmers: The Case of Potato Production in the Peruvian Andes AgEcon
Escobal D'Angelo, Javier; Torero, Maximo.
The study has evaluated which are the most relevant factors that determine that a small farmer switch marketing channels in order to enter into a "dynamic" market; that is, into a market signed by more complex contractual relationships that can absorb increasing amounts of its output. The results show that there are a number of producers that currently are not selling to those markets but they may well do so. Restrictions associated to the degree of organization of the producers, their perception of risk and credit market restrictions may prevent these farmers to gain access to the additional benefits that these new market opportunities have to offer.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Market participation; Contractual arrangements; Potato Farmers; Peru; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing; Q13; Q16.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25667
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Asistencia docente y rendimiento escolar: el caso del Programa META AgEcon
Cueto, Santiago; Torero, Maximo; Deustua, Juan Leon y Jose.
A mediados del 2003 el Ministerio de Educación inició un programa piloto cuyo objetivo fue incrementar la asistencia diaria y la permanencia en clase de los docentes a través de un sistema de incentivos para los maestros en algunas zonas rurales del Perú. Los docentes que lograran la META (nombre con el que fue rebautizado el programa Mejor Educación a través de más Tiempo en el Aula el 2004) recibirían un incentivo monetario. El programa fue continuado durante el año 2004, pero además de la asistencia docente, se recogieron datos sobre el rendimiento de los estudiantes en comprensión de lectura y matemática (las pruebas fueron administradas a inicios y fin del año escolar, de modo que se pudiera estimar el crecimiento en rendimiento). El estudio encontró...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Docentes; Rendimiento escolar; Teachers; Academic achievement; Peru; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession; I21.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45861
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¿Cómo enfrentar una geografía adversa?: el rol de los activos públicos y privados AgEcon
Escobal D'Angelo, Javier; Torero, Maximo.
En el Perú, país con una asombrosa diversidad ecológica, con 84 zonas climáticas y paisajes distintos, con selvas tropicales, altas cordilleras y desiertos, puede que el contexto geográfico no sea suficiente para explicar las variaciones regionales en ingresos y bienestar, pero si es muy significativo. La pregunta más importante que este trabajo trata de responder es: qué rol juegan las variables geográficas - tanto naturales como antropogénicas - al explicarse las diferencias de gasto per cápita entre las diversas regiones del Perú. Cómo han cambiado estas influencias en el tiempo, a través de qué medios han sido transmitidas, y si el acceso a los activos privados y públicos ha compensado los efectos de una geografía adversa.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Nivel de vida; Ingresos de hogares; Gastos de consumo; Bienestar social; Analisis regional; Crecimiento económico; Perú; Standard of living; Household income; Consumer expenditure; Social welfare; Regional analysis; Economic growth; Peru; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; D91; R11; Q12.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37771
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Contract farming and smallholder incentives to produce high quality: experimental evidence from the Vietnamese dairy sector AgEcon
Saenger, Christoph; Qaim, Matin; Torero, Maximo; Viceisza, Angelino.
In emerging markets for high-value food products in developing countries, processing companies search for efficient ways to source raw material of consistent quality. One widely embraced approach is contract farming. But relatively little is known about the appropriate design of contracts, especially in a small farm context. We use the example of the Vietnamese dairy sector to analyze the effectiveness of existing contracts between a processor and smallholder farmers in terms of incentivizing the production of high quality milk. A framed field experiment is conducted to evaluate the impact of two incentive instruments, a price penalty for low quality and a bonus for consistent high quality milk, on farmers’ investment in quality-improving inputs....
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Community/rural/urban development; Institutional and behavioral economics; Demand and price analysis; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Demand and Price Analysis; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; C93; D22; L14; O13; Q12; Q13.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122614
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Does Privatization Deliver? Access to Telephone Services and Household Income in Poor Rural Areas Using a Quasi-Natural Experiment for Peru AgEcon
Chong, Alberto E.; Galdo, Virgilio; Torero, Maximo.
We take advantage of a quasi-natural experiment in Peru by which the privatized telecommunications company was required by government to randomly install and operate public pay phones on small rural towns along the national territory. Using a especially designed household survey for a representative sample of rural towns we are able to link access to telephone services with household income. We find, that regardless of the income measurement, most characteristics of public telephone are positively linked with income. Remarkably, the benefits are given at both non-farm and farm income levels. Not only do the findings hold when using instrumental variables but they are further confirmed when using propensity scores matching methods.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Privatization; Institutions; Rural; Poverty; Telecommunications; Consumer/Household Economics; G32; H10; J45; O1.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25691
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El Impacto del Tratado de Libre Comercio de Centroamerica en la Industria Centroamericana de Maquila Textil AgEcon
Jansen, Hans G.P.; Morley, Samuel A.; Kessler, Gloria; Torero, Maximo.
El Tratado de Libre Comercio de Centroamérica (CAFTA, por sus siglas en inglés) se sigue debatiendo acaloradamente en los cinco países centroamericanos que forman parte del tratado; sin embargo, la mayoría de las discusiones se basan en opiniones preconcebidas, más que en argumentos basados en resultados de investigación. El punto de partida de este documento es que las disposiciones contenidas en el tratado referentes a la industria de la maquila textil probablemente tengan un impacto significativo en el bienestar de los hogares, a pesar del acceso preferencial de las exportaciones de maquila textil al mercado de Estados Unidos bajo las reglas de origen establecidas en la Iniciativa para la Cuenca del Caribe (CBI, por sus siglas en inglés) y el Acuerdo de...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: CAFTA; Centroamérica; Modelo CGE; Maquila textil; Prenda; Textiles y prendas; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42353
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El impacto social de la privatización y de la regulación de los servicios públicos en el Perú AgEcon
Torero, Maximo; Pasco-Font Quevedo, Alberto.
Casi cinco años después de haber culminado las privatizaciones en telecomunicaciones y electricidad, así como haber realizado importantes reformas en agua potable y alcantarillado, es necesario realizar un balance sobre los resultados de dichas reformas. A fin de determinar si el resultado fue positivo o negativo, esta investigación trata de cuantificar los efectos de las privatizaciones de los servicios públicos (agua, telecomunicaciones y electricidad) sobre el consumo y bienestar de los hogares urbanos peruanos. Por tanto, nuestro principal objetivo es analizar los efectos sobre la distribución del ingreso e identificar que hogares se beneficiaron y cuales se perjudicaron por los cambios en precios originados por las privatizaciones. Para lograr este...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Servicios públicos; Telecomunicacions; Electricidad; Privatización; Saneamiento; Perú; Public Services; Telecomunications; Electricity; Sanitation; Privatization; Peru; Public Economics; L3.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37758
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Exploring the Price Spike AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Torero, Maximo.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; I30; O12; Q18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94696
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High food prices: The what, who, and how of proposed policy actions AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Ahmed, Akhter U.; Asenso-Okyere, Kwadwo; Fan, Shenggen; Gulati, Ashok; Hoddinott, John; Pandya-Lorch, Rajul; Rosegrant, Mark W.; Ruel, Marie T.; Torero, Maximo; van Rheenen, Teunis; von Grebmer, Klaus.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48293
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Impacto de la privatización sobre el desempeño de las empresas en el Perú AgEcon
Torero, Maximo.
Casi diez años después de la privatización de importantes empresas estatales (EE) del Perú, el balance a priori aún no es claro. En el presente estudio se analiza el impacto de la privatización mediante un detallado análisis estadístico y econométrico. En primer lugar, mediante varios indicadores de rentabilidad, eficiencia de operación, empleo, solvencia y convergencia, se realiza un análisis de primeras diferencias entre el desempeño previo y posterior a la privatización de las empresas. Asimismo, se efectúa un análisis de segundas diferencias mediante la comparación del cambio en el desempeño de las empresas privatizadas antes y después de la privatización respecto al cambio en el desempeño de las EE. Los resultados muestran que las empresas privadas...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Empresas públicas; Privatización; Perú; Public enterprises; Privatization; Peru; L33.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37749
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Implementing Physical and Virtual Food Reserves to Protect the Poor and Prevent Market Failure AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Torero, Maximo.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49997
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Increasing Access to Infrastructure for Africa's Rural Poor AgEcon
Torero, Maximo; Chowdhury, Shyamal K..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45763
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Los activos de los pobres en el Perú AgEcon
Escobal D'Angelo, Javier; Saavedra, Jaime; Torero, Maximo.
Tanto la distribución del ingreso como los niveles de pobreza han registrado importantes modificaciones a lo largo de las últimas cuatro décadas en el Perú. Más allá de las diferencias metodológicas asociadas al cálculo de estos indicadores, la evidencia sugiere que en los últimos 40 años se habría reducido la dispersión en la distribución del ingreso. Asimismo, se habría producido una importante reducción en los niveles de pobreza, especialmente durante la década de los setenta. A pesar de ello, la tasa de pobreza continua siendo una de las más altas de América Latina. De otro lado, el análisis de la distribución de activos durante los últimos diez años revela en general una continuación de las tendencias de largo plazo. El nivel educativo medio sigue...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Pobreza; Distribucion del ingreso; Capital humano; Activos fijos; Poverty; Income distribution; Human capital; Fixed assets; Peru; I32; D33.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37815
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Market Institutions: Enhancing the Value of Rural-Urban Links AgEcon
Chowdhury, Shyamal K.; Negassa, Asfaw; Torero, Maximo.
This paper examines how market institutions can affect links between urban and rural areas with specific emphasis on goods market integration in the national context. Traditionally, development researchers and practitioners have focused either on rural market development or on urban market development without considering the interdependencies and synergies between the two. However, more than ever before, emerging local and global patterns such as the modern food value-chain led by supermarkets and food processors, rapid urbanization, changes in dietary composition, and enhanced information and communication technologies point to the need to pay close attention to the role of markets both in linking rural areas with intermediate cities and market towns and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Market; Institution; Value; Urban; Rural; Bangladesh; Ethiopia; Indonesia; Kenya; Peru; Community/Rural/Urban Development; International Development.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59597
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Physical and virtual global food reserves to protect the poor and prevent market failure AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Torero, Maximo.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47662
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Property rights and crop choice in rural Peru, 1994-2004 AgEcon
Field, Alfred J.; Field, Erica Marie; Torero, Maximo.
The period of 1994 to 2004 was one in which rural households in Peru experienced dramatic changes in ownership rights through a large nation-wide land titling program and a significant opening of the economy to international trade. This paper takes this prime opportunity to examine whether lack of ownership rights presents a significant barrier to the adoption of commercial crops and/or modern farming practices as a result to changes which reduced domestic market distortions, opened up the economy and thereby presumably altered relative prices between traditional agricultural crops and those produced primarily for export. To the extent that participation was quasi-exogenous to other household features influencing production choices, the titling program...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Rural households; International trade; Property rights; Land rights; Titling; Adoption; Commercial crops; Exports; Indigenous crops; Poverty; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58569
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The assets of the poor in Peru AgEcon
Escobal D'Angelo, Javier; Saavedra, Jaime; Torero, Maximo.
The document analyzes the possession and access to assets on the part of the poor in Peru. It is found that during the last ten years the average level of access to education increased while and inequality of access to this asset decreased. The access to other public services has also increased, though the inequality levels are still very high. The same happens with the access to credit and other assets that can serve as collateral. The econometric analysis shows a positive effect of the access to public assets on the profitability of private assets. It is also found that changes in assets tenure are not sufficient to explain transitions toward and outside poverty, thought they are crucial to explain the permanency in poverty or the permanency out of this...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Pobreza; Distribucion del ingreso; Poverty; Income distribution; Peru; I32; D31.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37976
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The Impact of the Central America Free Trade Agreement on the Central American Textile Maquila Industry AgEcon
Jansen, Hans G.P.; Morley, Samuel A.; Kessler, Gloria; Pineiro, Valeria; Sanchez, Marco V.; Torero, Maximo.
While the Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) remains a hotly debated issue in all five Central American countries that are part of the treaty, most discussions are based on preconceived opinions rather than grounded in research-based results. The point of departure of the paper is that the provisions in the agreement concerning the textile maquila industry are likely to have a significant impact on household welfare, despite the already existing preferential access of textile maquila exports to the U.S. market under the rules of origin set by the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) and the U.S.–Caribbean Basin Trade Partnership Act (CBTPA). What CAFTA does for maquila production in Central America is to make permanent and expand the liberalized...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Apparel industry; CAFTA; Central America; CGE model; Maquila; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42393
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When speculation matters AgEcon
Robles, Miguel; Torero, Maximo; von Braun, Joachim.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49999
Registros recuperados: 21
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