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A 1.2 Ma record of glaciation and fluvial discharge from the West European Atlantic margin ArchiMer
Toucanne, Samuel; Zaragosi, S.; Bourillet, Jean-francois; Gibbard, P. L.; Eynaud, F.; Giraudeau, J.; Turon, J. L.; Cremer, M.; Cortijo, E.; Martinez, P.; Rossignol, L..
The correlation of continental sedimentary records with the marine isotope stratigraphy is a challenge of central importance in Quaternary stratigraphy, particularly in Western Europe where long records of glaciation on land areas are particularly rare. Here we demonstrate for the first time the interrelationship of events during the last 1.2 Ma in an ocean-sediment core from the Bay of Biscay (NE Atlantic), SW of the Channel. The identification of discharge variations from tributary river systems to the 'Fleuve Manche' palaeoriver during glacio-eustatic sea-level lowstands demonstrates the correlation of the marine sediment stratigraphy to the expansion and recession of the European ice-sheets. The amplitude and chronology of European ice-sheet...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Middle pleistocene transition; Ice sheet dynamics; Sea level; Climate change; North Atlantic; English channel; Heinrich events; Fleuve manche; Deep; Origin.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6956.pdf
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A 130,000-year record of Levantine Intermediate Water flow variability in the Corsica Trough, western Mediterranean Sea ArchiMer
Toucanne, Samuel; Jouet, Gwenael; Ducassou, Emmanuelle; Bassetti, Maria-angela; Dennielou, Bernard; Minto'O, Charlie Morelle Angue; Lahmi, Marjolaine; Touyet, Nicolas; Charlier, Karine; Lericolais, Gilles; Mulder, Thierry.
Sortable silt particle-size data and stable isotope analyses from the Corsica Trough, western Mediterranean Sea, provide a continuous palaeoceanographic record of the inflow, ventilation and vertical fluctuations of the Levantine Intermediate Water (LIW) in the northern Tyrrhenian Sea for the last 130,000 years. The results presented herein reveal that climate changes drive the Mediterranean intermediate circulation on Milankovitch to millennial time-scales. Intensified intermediate inflow and ventilation in the Corsica Trough occurred throughout the last glacial interval, with a cold / faster – warm / slower pattern existing between the Dansgaard-Oeschger climatic oscillations (including Heinrich events) and the LIW variability. By contrast, a weak...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Levantine Intermediate Water; Mediterranean Sea; Thermohaline circulation; Palaeoceanography.
Ano: 2012 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00054/16506/14023.pdf
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Abrupt drainage cycles of the Fennoscandian Ice Sheet ArchiMer
Soulet, Guillaume; Menot, Guillemette; Bayon, Germain; Rostek, Frauke; Ponzevera, Emmanuel; Toucanne, Samuel; Lericolais, Gilles; Bard, Edouard.
Continental ice sheets are a key component of the Earth’s climate system, but their internal dynamics need to be further studied. Since the last deglaciation, the northern Eurasian Fennoscandian Ice Sheet (FIS) has been connected to the Black Sea (BS) watershed, making this basin a suitable location to investigate former ice-sheet dynamics. Here, from a core retrieved in the BS, we combine the use of neodymium isotopes, high-resolution elemental analysis, and biomarkers to trace changes in sediment provenance and river runoff. We reveal cyclic releases of meltwater originating from Lake Disna, a proglacial lake linked to the FIS during Heinrich Stadial 1. Regional interactions within the climate–lake–FIS system, linked to changes in the availability of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ice dynamics; Meltwater routing; European hydrographic network.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00134/24489/22516.pdf
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Activity of the turbidite levees of the Celtic-Armorican margin (Bay of Biscay) during the last 30,000 years: Imprints of the last European deglaciation and Heinrich events ArchiMer
Toucanne, Samuel; Zaragosi, S; Bourillet, Jean-francois; Naughton, F; Cremer, M; Eynaud, F; Dennielou, Bernard.
High-resolution sedimentological and micropaleontological studies of several deep-sea cores retrieved from the levees of the Celtic and Armorican turbidite systems (Bay of Biscay - North Atlantic Ocean) allow the detection of the major oscillations of the British-Irish Ice Sheet (BIIS) and 'Fleuve Manche' palaeoriver discharges over the last 30,000 years, which were mainly triggered by climate changes. Between 30 and 20 cal ka, the turbiditic activity on the Celtic-Annorican margin was weak, contrasting with previous stratigraphic models which predicted a substantial increase of sediment supply during low sea-level stands. This low turbidite deposit frequency was most likely the result of a weak activity of the 'Fleuve Manche' palaeoriver and/or of a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Turbidites; Heinrich events; LGM; Last deglaciation; Palaeoriver; Fleuve Manche; British irish ice sheet; Bay of Biscay.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-3729.pdf
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An optimized scheme of lettered marine isotope substages for the last 1.0 million years, and the climatostratigraphic nature of isotope stages and substages ArchiMer
Railsback, L. Bruce; Gibbard, Philip L.; Head, Martin J.; Voarintsoa, Ny Riavo G.; Toucanne, Samuel.
A complete and optimized scheme of lettered marine isotope substages spanning the last 1.0 million years is proposed. Lettered substages for Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5 were explicitly defined by Shackleton (1969), but analogous substages before or after MIS 5 have not been coherently defined. Short-term discrete events in the isotopic record were defined in the 1980s and given decimal-style numbers, rather than letters, but unlike substages they were neither intended nor suited to identify contiguous intervals of time. Substages for time outside MIS 5 have been lettered, or in some cases numbered, piecemeal and with conflicting designations. We therefore propose a system of lettered substages that is complete, without missing substages, and optimized to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Substages; Stages; Marine isotope stages; MIS; Chronology; Chronostratigraphy; Climatostratigraphy.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00251/36216/35796.pdf
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Are deep-sea ecosystems surrounding Madagascar threatened by land-use or climate change? ArchiMer
Fontanier, Christophe; Mamo, Briony; Toucanne, Samuel; Bayon, Germain; Schmidt, Sabine; Deflandre, Bruno; Dennielou, Bernard; Jouet, Gwenael; Garnier, Eline; Sakai, Saburo; Lamas, Ruth Martinez; Duros, Pauline; Toyofuku, Takashi; Sale, Aurelien; Belleney, Deborah; Bichon, Sabrina; Boissier, Audrey; Cheron, Sandrine; Pitel, Mathilde; Roubi, Angelique; Rovere, Mickael; Gremare, Antoine; Dupre, Stephanie; Jorry, Stephan.
In this short communication, we present a multidisciplinaty study of sedimentary records collected from a deep-sea interfluve proximal to the mouths of major northwestern Madagascan rivers. For the last 60 years, the seafloor has been repeatedly disturbed by the deposition of organic rich, tropical, terrestrial sediments causing marked reductions in benthic biodiversity. Increased soil erosion due to local land-use, deforestation and intensifying tropical cyclones are potential causes for this sedimentary budget and biodiversity shift. Our marine sedimentary records indicate that until now, these conditions have not occurred within the region for at least 20,000 years.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Multidisciplinary study; Benthic foraminifera; Land-use; Tropical cyclones.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00413/52488/53276.pdf
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Comments to Westaway and Bridgland - 'Causes, consequences and chronology of large-magnitude palaeoflows in Middle and Late Pleistocene river systems of northwest Europe' ArchiMer
Toucanne, Samuel; Zaragosi, S.; Eynaud, F.; Bourillet, Jean-francois; Lericolais, Gilles; Gibbard, P. L..
Westaway and Bridgland (Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 35: 1071–1094, 2010) discuss the causes, the consequences and the chronology of large-magnitude palaeoflows in Pleistocene river systems of northwest Europe. Based on their calculations, these authors suggest that the combined effects of meltwater from Alpine glaciers, rainfall, snowmelt and melting of permafrost during Heinrich Events (HEs) explain the large-magnitude discharges of the Fleuve Manche palaeoriver which punctuated the last glacial period. This comment identifies some approximations and inconsistencies regarding (i) the timing of the last massive Fleuve Manche palaeoriver discharge and its relation to the de-glacial pattern of the British-Irish Ice Sheet (Point 1); (ii) the...
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00041/15205/12532.pdf
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Consistently dated Atlantic sediment cores over the last 40 thousand years ArchiMer
Waelbroeck, Claire; Lougheed, Bryan C.; Vazquez Riveiros, Natalia; Missiaen, Lise; Pedro, Joel; Dokken, Trond; Hajdas, Irka; Wacker, Lukas; Abbott, Peter; Dumoulin, Jean-pascal; Thil, François; Eynaud, Frédérique; Rossignol, Linda; Fersi, Wiem; Albuquerque, Ana Luiza; Arz, Helge; Austin, William E. N.; Came, Rosemarie; Carlson, Anders E.; Collins, James A.; Dennielou, Bernard; Desprat, Stéphanie; Dickson, Alex; Elliot, Mary; Farmer, Christa; Giraudeau, Jacques; Gottschalk, Julia; Henderiks, Jorijntje; Hughen, Konrad; Jung, Simon; Knutz, Paul; Lebreiro, Susana; Lund, David C.; Lynch-stieglitz, Jean; Malaizé, Bruno; Marchitto, Thomas; Martínez-méndez, Gema; Mollenhauer, Gesine; Naughton, Filipa; Nave, Silvia; Nürnberg, Dirk; Oppo, Delia; Peck, Victoria; Peeters, Frank J. C.; Penaud, Aurélie; Portilho-ramos, Rodrigo Da Costa; Repschläger, Janne; Roberts, Jenny; Rühlemann, Carsten; Salgueiro, Emilia; Sanchez Goni, Maria Fernanda; Schönfeld, Joachim; Scussolini, Paolo; Skinner, Luke C.; Skonieczny, Charlotte; Thornalley, David; Toucanne, Samuel; Rooij, David Van; Vidal, Laurence; Voelker, Antje H. L.; Wary, Mélanie; Weldeab, Syee; Ziegler, Martin.
Rapid changes in ocean circulation and climate have been observed in marine-sediment and ice cores over the last glacial period and deglaciation, highlighting the non-linear character of the climate system and underlining the possibility of rapid climate shifts in response to anthropogenic greenhouse gas forcing. To date, these rapid changes in climate and ocean circulation are still not fully explained. One obstacle hindering progress in our understanding of the interactions between past ocean circulation and climate changes is the difficulty of accurately dating marine cores. Here, we present a set of 92 marine sediment cores from the Atlantic Ocean for which we have established age-depth models that are consistent with the Greenland GICC05 ice core...
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00513/62429/66712.pdf
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Continental-scale transport of sediments by the Baltic Ice Stream elucidated by coupled grain size and Nd provenance analyses ArchiMer
Boswell, Steven; Toucanne, Samuel; Creyts, Timothy T.; Hemming, Sidney R..
We introduce a methodology for determining the transport distance of subglacially comminuted and entrained sediments. We pilot this method on sediments from the terminal margin of the Baltic Ice Stream, the largest ice stream of the Fennoscandian Ice Sheet during the Last Glacial Maximum. A strong correlation (R2 = 0.83) between the εNd and latitudes of circum-Baltic river sediments enables us to use εNd as a calibrated measure of distance. The proportion of subglacially transported sediments in a sample is estimated from grain size ratios in the silt fraction (<63 μm). Coupled εNd and grain size analyses reveal a common erosion source for the Baltic Ice Stream sediments located near the Åland sill, more than 850 km upstream from the terminal moraines....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fennoscandian Ice Sheet; Baltic Ice Stream; Provenance; Epsilon Nd; Grain size; EMMA.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00434/54567/57539.pdf
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Distinct control mechanism of fine-grained sediments from Yellow River and Kyushu supply in the northern Okinawa Trough since the last glacial ArchiMer
Zhao, Debo; Wan, Shiming; Toucanne, Samuel; Clift, Peter D.; Tada, Ryuji; Revillon, Sidonie; Kubota, Yoshimi; Zheng, Xufeng; Yu, Zhaojie; Huang, Jie; Jiang, Hanchao; Xu, Zhaokai; Shi, Xuefa; Li, Anchun.
High-resolution multi-proxy records, including clay minerals and Sr-Nd-Pb isotopes of the clay-sized silicate fraction of sediments from IODP Site U1429 in the northern Okinawa Trough, provide reliable evidence for distinct control mechanism on fine-grained sediments input from the Yellow River and the southern Japanese Islands to the northern Okinawa Trough since 34 ka BP. Provenance analysis indicates that the sediments were mainly derived from the Yellow River and the island of Kyushu. Since the last glacial, clay-sized sediments transported from the Yellow River to the study site were strongly influenced by sea-level fluctuation. During low sea-level stage (∼34‒14 ka BP), the paleo-Yellow River mouth was positioned closer to the northern Okinawa...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Okinawa Trough; Clay-sized sediments; Yellow River; Kyushu Island; Sea-level change; Kuroshio Current; Tsushima Warm Current.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00393/50413/51129.pdf
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East Asian monsoon history and paleoceanography of the Japan Sea over the last 460,000 years ArchiMer
Gallagher, Stephen J; Sagawa, Takuya; Henderson, Andrew C. G.; Saavedra-pellitero, Mariem; De Vleeschouwe, David; Black, Heather; Itaki, Takuya; Toucanne, Samuel; Bassetti, Maria-angela; Clemens, Steve; Anderson, William; Alvarez-zarikian, Carlos; Tada, Ryuji.
The Japan Sea is directly influenced by the Asian monsoon, a system that transports moisture and heat across southeast Asia during the boreal summer, and is a major driver of the Earth's ocean‐atmospheric circulation. Foraminiferal and facies analyses of a 460 kyr record from IODP Expedition 346 Site U1427 in the Japan Sea reveal a record of nutrient flux and oxygenation that varied due to sea level and East Asian monsoon intensity. The East Asian summer monsoon (EASM) was most intense during MIS (Marine Isotope Stage) 5e, 7e, 9e and 11c when the Tsushima Warm Current flowed into an unrestricted well mixed normal salinity Japan Sea. Whereas East Asian winter monsoon (EAWM) conditions dominated MIS 2, 4, 6 and 8 when sea level minima restricted the Japan...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Tsushima Warm Current; Pleistocene; Holocene; Paleoceanography; East Asian summer monsoon; East Asian winter monsoon.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00444/55591/57215.pdf
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Environmental Hf–Nd isotopic decoupling in World river clays ArchiMer
Bayon, Germain; Skonieczny, Charlotte; Delvigne, Camille; Toucanne, Samuel; Bermell, Sylvain; Ponzevera, Emmanuel; Andre, Luc.
The hafnium and neodymium radiogenic isotope systems behave differently during Earth surface processes, causing a wide dispersion of Hf and Nd isotopic compositions in sediments and other sedimentary rocks. The decoupling between Hf and Nd isotopes in sediments is generally attributed to a combination of preferential sorting of zircon during sediment transport and incongruent weathering processes on continents. In this study, we analysed size-fractions of sediment samples collected near the mouth of 53 rivers worldwide to better understand the factors controlling the distribution of Hf and Nd isotopes in sediments. Our results for rivers draining old cratonic areas and volcanic provinces demonstrate that both granite and basalt weathering can lead to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hafnium isotopes; Neodymium; Rivers; Clays; Weathering; Climate.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00310/42094/41479.pdf
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Evolution of the Danube Deep-Sea Fan since the Last Glacial Maximum: insights into water level fluctuations in the Black Sea ArchiMer
Constantinescu, Adriana; Toucanne, Samuel; Dennielou, Bernard; Jorry, Stephan; Panin, Nicolae; Lericolais, Gilles.
The Danube deep-sea fan is one of the most extensive deep-sea sedimentary systems in Europe. It lies in the base of slope of the north-western margin of the Black Sea, in front of Viteaz Canyon. Since the work of Popescu (2002) the detailed morphology and architecture of the fan is well known. During lowstand periods, the fan was fed by the Viteaz Canyon, which was directly connected to the Danube River. The fan has developed an impressive channel-levees network which is characterized by seven major channel avulsions (Popescu, 2002, Lericolais et al., 2013). Despite the numerous sedimentary cores retrieved during the Blason (1998, 2002) and Assemblage (2004) oceanographic cruises, the details of the factors controlling the turbiditic activity of the Danube...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00202/31277/29684.pdf
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Evolution of the danube deep-sea fan since the last glacial maximum: New insights into Black Sea water-level fluctuations ArchiMer
Constantinescu, Adriana; Toucanne, Samuel; Dennielou, Bernard; Jorry, Stephan; Mulder, T.; Lericolais, Gilles.
The Danube Deep-Sea Fan (NW Black Sea) is one of the most developed deep-sea sediment depositional systems in Europe. Although the morphology and the architecture have been widely described in the past years, little is known about the stratigraphy of this depositional system. For the late Quaternary, this results from the lack of significant stratigraphic markers, the scarcity of radiocarbon ages and the difficulty in constraining reservoir ages. Recent robust quantification of reservoir ages has allowed the construction of a new stratigraphic framework for the Black Sea from the end of the last glacial period to the Holocene, thus giving the opportunity to correlate sedimentological and geochemical features previously described on the NW Black Sea margin...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Danube deep-sea fan; Turbidites; Stratigraphy; Last glacial maximum; Termination 1; Water-level fluctuations.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00271/38236/64238.pdf
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External controls on turbidite sedimentation on the glacially-influenced Armorican margin (Bay of Biscay, western European margin) ArchiMer
Toucanne, Samuel; Zaragosi, Sebastien; Bourillet, Jean-francois; Dennielou, Bernard; Jorry, Stephan; Jouet, Gwenael; Cremer, Michel.
Sequence stratigraphic models predict increased sediment delivery to deep-water areas during sea-level lowstand. The Armorican margin (Bay of Biscay, western European margin) is an interesting area to test this hypothesis because the margin has a wide continental shelf, still partly flooded during sea-level lowstand, and the Armorican turbidite system has experienced fluctuating sediment fluxes since the last glacial period. The stratigraphic response of the Armorican turbidite system to sea-level oscillations and climate changes was assessed for the last 35,000 years through the study of the Guilcher, Crozon and Audierne levees. Millenial-timescale resolution chronostratigraphy allowed us to reconstruct the sediment accumulation and turbidite frequency,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Armorican margin; Bay of Biscay; Turbidite systems; Turbidity currents; Levee growth; External forcing; Deglaciation; Source-to-sink.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00070/18147/15708.pdf
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Geochemical provenance of sediments from the northern East China Sea document a gradual migration of the Asian Monsoon belt over the past 400,000 years ArchiMer
Beny, Francois; Toucanne, Samuel; Skonieczny, Charlotte; Bayon, Germain; Ziegler, Martin.
The reconstruction of the long-term evolution of the East Asian Monsoon remains controversial. In this study, we aim to give a new outlook on this evolution by studying a 400 kyr long sediment record (U1429) from the northern East China Sea recovered during IODP Expedition 346. Neodymium isotopic ratios and rare earth element concentrations of different grain-size fractions reveal significant provenance changes of the sediments in the East China Sea between East Asian continental sources (mainly Yellow River) and sediment contributions from the Japanese Archipelago. These provenance changes are interpreted as the direct impact of sea level changes, due to the reorganization of East Asian river mouth locations and ocean circulation on the East China Sea...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Monsoon; Eastern Asia; East China sea; Quaternary; Radiogenic isotopes; Neodymium; Rare earth elements.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00439/55088/56791.pdf
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Glacial erosion dynamics in a small mountainous watershed (Southern French Alps): A source-to-sink approach ArchiMer
Bonneau, Lucile; Toucanne, Samuel; Bayon, Germain; Jorry, Stephan; Emmanuel, Laurent; Silva Jacinto, Ricardo.
In this study we used major element composition, neodymium isotopes ratios (εNdεNd) and concentration of REE to track and quantify the sediment routing in the Var sedimentary system from source (Southern French Alps) to sink (Ligurian Sea) over the last 50 ka. Our data reveal that changes in sediment sources over that period, associated with concomitant changes in the hyperpycnal (i.e. flood-generated turbidity currents) activity in the Var submarine canyon, were mainly driven by paleoenvironmental conditions in the upper basin and in particular by the presence of glaciers during the last glacial period. Based on this evidence, we determined when and how glacier-derived sediments were produced, then excavated and transferred to the ocean, allowing us to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Var; Routing system; Glacial erosion; Source-to-sink.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00358/46957/47130.pdf
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High-resolution and high-precision correlation of dark and light layers in the Quaternary hemipelagic sediments of the Japan Sea recovered during IODP Expedition 346 ArchiMer
Tada, Ryuji; Irino, Tomohisa; Ikehara, Ken; Karasuda, Akinori; Sugisaki, Saiko; Xuan, Chuang; Sagawa, Takuya; Itaki, Takuya; Kubota, Yoshimi; Lu, Song; Seki, Arisa; Murray, Richard W.; Alvarez-zarikian, Carlos; Anderson, William T., Jr.; Bassetti, Maria-angela; Brace, Bobbi J.; Clemens, Steven C.; Da Costa Gurgel, Marcio H.; Dickens, Gerald R.; Dunlea, Ann G.; Gallagher, Stephen J; Giosan, Liviu; Henderson, Andrew C. G.; Holbourn, Ann E.; Kinsley, Christopher W.; Lee, Gwang Soo; Lee, Kyung Eun; Lofi, Johanna; Lopes, Christina I. C. D.; Saavedra-pellitero, Mariem; Peterson, Larry C.; Singh, Raj K.; Toucanne, Samuel; Wan, Shiming; Zheng, Hongbo; Ziegler, Martin.
The Quaternary hemipelagic sediments of the Japan Sea are characterized by centimeter-to decimeter-scale alternation of dark and light clay to silty clay, which are bio-siliceous and/or bio-calcareous to a various degree. Each of the dark and light layers are considered as deposited synchronously throughout the deeper (> 500 m) part of the sea. However, attempts for correlation and age estimation of individual layers are limited to the upper few tens of meters. In addition, the exact timing of the depositional onset of these dark and light layers and its synchronicity throughout the deeper part of the sea have not been explored previously, although the onset timing was roughly estimated as similar to 1.5 Ma based on the result of Ocean Drilling Program...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Quaternary sediments; Japan Sea; Inter-site correlation; High-resolution age model; IODP; Expedition 346; U1424; U1425; U1426; U1430.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00437/54817/56292.pdf
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Human impact overwhelms long-term climate control of weathering and erosion in southwest China ArchiMer
Wan, Shiming; Toucanne, Samuel; Clift, Peter D.; Zhao, Debo; Bayon, Germain; Yu, Zhaojie; Cai, Guanqiang; Yin, Xuebo; Revillon, Sidonie; Wang, Dawei; Li, Anchun; Li, Tiegang.
During the Holocene there has been a gradual increase in the influence of humans on Earth systems. High-resolution sedimentary records can help us to assess how erosion and weathering have evolved in response to recent climatic and anthropogenic disturbances. Here we present data from a high-resolution (∼75 cm/k.y.) sedimentary archive from the South China Sea. Provenance data indicate that the sediment was derived from the Red River, and can be used to reconstruct the erosion and/or weathering history in this river basin. Accelerator mass spectrometry 14C dating provides direct age control and reveals coherent variations in clay mineralogy, geochemistry, and terrigenous flux, indicative of strong chemical weathering and physical erosion during the...
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00266/37754/37175.pdf
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Ice core evidence for decoupling between midlatitude atmospheric water cycle and Greenland temperature during the last deglaciation ArchiMer
Landais, Amaelle; Capron, Emilie; Masson-delmotte, Valerie; Toucanne, Samuel; Rhodes, Rachael; Popp, Trevor; Vinther, Bo; Minster, Benedicte; Prie, Frederic.
The last deglaciation represents the most recent example of natural global warming associated with largescale climate changes. In addition to the long-term global temperature increase, the last deglaciation onset is punctuated by a sequence of abrupt changes in the Northern Hemisphere. Such interplay between orbital-and millennial-scale variability is widely documented in paleoclimatic records but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Limitations arise from the difficulty in constraining the sequence of events between external forcing, high-and low-latitude climate, and environmental changes. Greenland ice cores provide sub-decadal-scale records across the last deglaciation and contain fingerprints of climate variations occurring in different...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00462/57349/59446.pdf
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