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Registros recuperados: 6
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A Bayesian state-space model to estimate population biomass with catch and limited survey data: application to the thornback ray (Raja clavata) in the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Marandel, Florianne; Lorance, Pascal; Trenkel, Verena M..
The thornback ray (Raja clavata) in the Bay of Biscay is presumed to have declined during the 20th Century. To evaluate this decline and estimate biomass trajectories, a hypothetical catch time series was created for the period 1903-2013. A Bayesian state-space biomass production model with a Schaefer production function was fitted to the hypothetical catch time series and to a shorter research vessel Catch Per Unit Eeffort (CPUE) time series (1973-2013, with missing years). A censored likelihood made it possible to obtain biomass estimates without a CPUE time series or only with an estimate of biomass depletion. A simulation-estimation approach showed a high sensitivity of results to the prior for the intrinsic growth rate. The model provided biomass...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Population dynamics; Stock assessment; Data poor; Censored data; Bayes; Thornback ray; State-space model.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00359/47032/46947.pdf
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Characterizing catches taken by different gears as a step towards evaluating fishing pressure on fish communities ArchiMer
Fauconnet, Laurence; Trenkel, Verena M.; Morandeau, Gilles; Caill-milly, Nathalie; Rochet, Marie-joelle.
To implement an ecosystem approach to fisheries management, there is a need to characterize the total pressure exerted by fisheries at the community level. French onboard observer data were used to derive catch metrics and compare fishing distribution across community components between two sites in the Southern Bay of Biscay. Sample-based rarefaction curves were used to standardize metrics across different active and passive gears, and correct for sample size differences. Six metrics for species, length and functional catch composition were tested. Length and functional metrics were found the most relevant metrics to highlight differences in catches between gears, sites, and gear-site interactions. Significant differences were found between gears, mainly...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Catch diversity; Gear comparison; Multivariate analyses; Southern Bay of Biscay.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00248/35882/34468.pdf
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Comparative ecology of widely distributed pelagic fish species in the North Atlantic: implications for modelling climate and fisheries impacts ArchiMer
Trenkel, Verena M.; Huse, G.; Mackenzie, B. R.; Alvarez, P.; Arrizabalaga, H.; Castonguay, M.; Goni, N.; Gregoire, F.; Hatun, H.; Jansen, T.; Jacobsen, J. A.; Lehodey, P.; Lutcavage, M.; Mariani, Patrizio; Melvin, G. D.; Neilson, J. D.; Nottestad, L.; Oskarsson, G. J.; Payne, M. R.; Richardson, D. E.; Senina, I.; Speirs, D. C..
This paper reviews the current knowledge on the ecology of widely distributed pelagic fish stocks in the North Atlantic basin with emphasis on their role in the food web and the factors determining their relationship with the environment. We consider herring (Clupea harengus), mackerel (Scomber scombrus), capelin (Mallotus villosus), blue whiting (Micromesistius poutassou), and horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus), which have distributions extending beyond the continental shelf and predominantly occur on both sides of the North Atlantic. We also include albacore (Thunnus alalunga), bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus), swordfish (Xiphias gladius), and blue marlin (Makaira nigricans), which, by contrast, show large-scale migrations at the basin scale. We focus on...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00189/30021/28506.pdf
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Extinction Debt and Colonizer Credit on a Habitat Perturbed Fishing Bank ArchiMer
Duplisea, Daniel E.; Frisk, Michael G.; Trenkel, Verena M..
Temporal changes in occupancy of the Georges Bank (NE USA) fish and invertebrate community were examined and interpreted in the context of systems ecological theory of extinction debt (EDT). EDT posits that in a closed system with a mix of competitor and colonizer species and experiencing habitat fragmentation and loss, the competitor species will show a gradual decline in fitness (occupancy) eventually leading to their extinction (extirpation) over multiple generations. A corollary of this is a colonizer credit, where colonizer species occupancy may increase with fragmentation because the disturbance gives that life history a transient relative competitive advantage. We found that competitor species occupancy decreased in time concomitant with an increase...
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Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00359/47066/46970.pdf
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Hazard warning: model misuse ahead ArchiMer
Dickey-collas, Mark; Payne, Mark R.; Trenkel, Verena M.; Nash, Richard D. M..
The use of modelling approaches in marine science, and in particular fisheries science, is explored. We highlight that the choice of model used for an analysis should account for the question being posed or the context of the management problem. We examine a model-classification scheme based on Richard Levins' 1966 work suggesting that models can only achieve two of three desirable model attributes: realism, precision, and generality. Model creation, therefore, requires trading-off of one of these attributes in favour of the other two: however, this is often in conflict with the desires of end-users (i.e. mangers or policy developers). The combination of attributes leads to models that are considered to have empirical, mechanistic, or analytical...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Climate; Fisheries; GAM; Management; Prediction; Projection; Recruitment; Time-series analysis.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00222/33371/32179.pdf
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Introduction to the BASIN Special Issue: State of art, past present a view to the future ArchiMer
St John, M. A.; Barange, M.; Benway, H.; Flynn, K. J.; Holt, J.; Merino, G.; Martin, A.; Mitra, A.; Melle, W.; Sanders, R.; Trenkel, Verena M.; Grigorov, I.; Hoffman, E..
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00243/35420/33946.pdf
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