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Registros recuperados: 9
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Adaptation of digestive enzymes to dietary protein, carbohydrate and fibre levels and influence of protein and carbohydrate quality in Penaeus vannamei larvae (Crustacea, Decapoda) ArchiMer
Le Moullac, Gilles; Van Wormhoudt, A; Aquacop, Aquacop.
Activity of digestive enzymes (trypsin, chymotrypsin and amylase) was studied in relation with food in Penaeus vannamei larvae first stages. Microparticles containing casein involved the decrease of soluble protein content and enzyme activities. Specific trypsin activity but not chymotrypsin was correlated (p<1%) to casein level between 10 and 60% in microparticles. Cellulose fibres in food seemed to have little effect on digestive enzymes. Starch, between 1 and 20% in microparticles, had no influence on specific amylase activity. The effect of different feeding conditions were also tested on growth. No clear relationship between growth and enzyme is established since only trypsin is concerned in the case of a casein dose effect in the food. The protein...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Amylase; Chymotrypsin; Trypsin; Digestive enzymes; Food; Larvae; Penaeus vannamei; Amylase; Chymotrypsine; Trypsine; Enzymes digestives; Alimentation; Larve; Penaeus vannamei.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1994/publication-4431.pdf
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An amylase gene polymorphism is associated with growth differences in the Pacific cupped oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Prudence, Marie; Moal, Jeanne; Boudry, Pierre; Daniel, Jean-yves; Quere, Claudie; Jeffroy, Fanny; Mingant, Christian; Ropert, Michel; Bedier, Edouard; Van Wormhoudt, A; Samain, Jean-francois; Huvet, Arnaud.
This study investigated the non-neutrality of genetic polymorphism in two alpha-amylase genes (AMYA and AMYB) in the oyster Crassostrea gigas. Bi-parental oyster families, bred to be polymorphic for markers in these genes, were monitored for growth and survival for 1 year under standard culture conditions in two French production sites. Within-family genotype frequencies indicated that the two amylase genes were closely linked (c. 1.7 cM). Within two of three families, significant differences in growth were observed between genotypes at one of the two production sites, suggesting that this polymorphism is not neutral and might be under selection because of its role in digestive function. Estimated daily yields were different between amylase genotypes,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Growth; Genotype; Digestive enzyme; Bivalve; Alpha amylase.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1691.pdf
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Association among growth, food consumption-related traits and amylase gene polymorphism in the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Huvet, Arnaud; Jeffroy, F; Fabioux, C; Daniel, Jean-yves; Quillien, Virgile; Van Wormhoudt, A; Moal, Jeanne; Samain, Jean-francois; Boudry, Pierre; Pouvreau, Stephane.
To examine further a previously reported association between amylase gene polymorphism and growth in the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, ecophysiological parameters and biochemical and molecular expression levels of alpha-amylase were studied in Pacific oysters of different amylase genotypes. Genotypes that previously displayed significantly different growth were found to be significantly different for ingestion and absorption efficiency. These estimated parameters, used in a dynamic energy budget model, showed that observed ingestion rates (unlike absorption efficiencies) allowed an accurate prediction of growth potential in these genotypes. The observed association between growth and amylase gene polymorphism is therefore more likely to be related to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ingestion; Gene expression; Bivalve; Alpha amylase.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-5165.pdf
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Ecophysiological and metabolic adaptations to sulphide exposure of the oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Le Moullac, Gilles; Cheize, Marie; Gastineau, Olivier; Daniel, Jean-yves; Le Coz, Jean-rene; Huvet, Arnaud; Moal, Jeanne; Pouvreau, Stephane; Van Wormhoudt, A; Samain, Jean-francois.
The purpose of this study is to examine the response of the oyster Crassostrea gigas to sulphide at different biological scales. A first experiment was designed to measure for 20 h the clearance (CR) and oxygen consumption (OC) rates of oysters exposed at different concentrations of sulphide (0, 3, 6, 12, 20, and 40 mu M). The second experiment was carried out to evaluate the metabolic adaptations to chronic sulphide exposure for 10 days by measuring PK and PEPCK enzyme activities, succinate and alanine content, the adenylate energy charge (AEC), and the activity of the electron transport system (ETS)in whole oysters at above 20 mu M. PK and PEPCK mRNAs and enzyme activities have been measured in adductor muscle. When exposed to sulphide above 20 mu M, CR...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: ATP; AEC; Electron transport system; Succcinate; Alanine; Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase; Pyruvate kinase; Oxygen consumption; Clearance rate; Crassostrea gigas; Sulphide; Oyster.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-3924.pdf
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Genetically based resistance to summer mortality in the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) and its relationship with physiological, immunological characteristics and infection processes ArchiMer
Samain, Jean-francois; Degremont, Lionel; Soletchnik, Patrick; Haure, Joel; Bedier, Edouard; Ropert, Michel; Moal, Jeanne; Huvet, Arnaud; Bacca, Helene; Van Wormhoudt, A; Delaporte, Maryse; Costil, K; Pouvreau, Stephane; Lambert, Christian; Boulo, Viviane; Soudant, Philippe; Nicolas, Jean-louis; Leroux, Frederique; Renault, Tristan; Gagnaire, Beatrice; Geret, Florence; Boutet, Isabelle; Burgeot, Thierry; Boudry, Pierre.
Summer mortality of Pacific oysters is known in several countries. However no specific pathogen has been systematically associated with this phenomenon. A complex combination of environmental and biological parameters has been suggested as the cause and is now starting to be identified. A high genetic basis was found for survival in oysters when a first generation (G1) was tested in three sites during summer. This paper presents a synthesis on physiological characteristics of two selected groups ('R' and 'S', from families selected for resistance and susceptibility to summer mortality respectively), of the second and third generations. R and S showed improvement or reduction of survival compared with the control in both field and laboratory trials...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: ROS; Temperature; Stress; Hemocytes; Reproduction; Genetic selection; Resistant oyster; Crassostrea gigas; Pacific Oyster; Summer mortality.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2809.pdf
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Immunoreactive human growth hormone like peptides in tropical Penaeids and the effect of dietary hGH on Penaeus vannamei larval development ArchiMer
Toullec, J. Y.; Le Moullac, Gilles; Cuzon, Gerard; Van Wormhoudt, A.
Human growth hormone like peptides were present in Penaeus indicus as two molecular forms: one with a molecular weight about 25 kDa which is similar to that of the vertebrate growth hormone and a smaller form of 2 kDa. Quantitative variations of hGH-like peptides in different larval stages of three species of Penaeids (Penaeus vannamei, P. stylirostris, P. indicus) suggest a possible involvement of hGH-like peptides in the development. Human growth hormone (hGH) supplementation in the diet of Penaeus vannamei larvae seems to have a positive effect on the size and on the quality of the animals estimated by their resistance to salinity stress.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Growth hormone; Growth; P. indicus; P. stylirostris; P. vannamei; Penaeids; Hormone de croissance; Croissance; P. indicus; P. stylirostris; P. vannamei; Pénéides.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1991/publication-4429.pdf
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Molecular cloning and seasonal expression of oyster glycogen phosphorylase and glycogen synthase genes ArchiMer
Bacca, Helene; Huvet, Arnaud; Fabioux, Caroline; Daniel, Jean-yves; Delaporte, Maryse; Pouvreau, Stephane; Van Wormhoudt, A; Moal, Jeanne.
To investigate the control at the mRNA level of glycogen metabolism in the cupped oyster Crassostrea gigas, we report in the present paper the cloning and characterization of glycogen phosphorylase and synthase cDNAs (Cg-GPH and Cg-GYS, respectively, transcripts of main enzymes for glycogen use and storage), and their first expression profiles depending on oyster tissues and seasons. A strong expression of both genes was observed in the labial palps and the gonad in accordance with specific cells located in both tissues and ability to store glucose. Cg-GPH expression was also found mainly in muscle suggesting ability to use glycogen as readily available glucose to. supply its activity. For seasonal examinations, expression of Cg-GYS and Cg-GPH genes...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Reproduction; Regulation; Oyster; Glycogen; Expression; Gene; Energy; Crassostrea gigas; Bivalve.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-435.pdf
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Tissue expression of two alpha-amylase genes in the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas. Effects of two different food rations ArchiMer
Huvet, Arnaud; Daniel, Jean-yves; Quere, Claudie; Dubois, Solene; Prudence, Marie; Van Wormhoudt, A; Sellos, D; Samain, Jean-francois; Moal, Jeanne.
A semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay was developed to estimate tissue-specific expression of two amylase genes in five different tissues of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas and the experimental effects of food level on the cellular, enzymatic and gene expression changes of the digestive gland. Results indicated that both genes were transcribed at different levels depending on tissue type. A strong preferential expression of both amylase genes was observed in the digestive gland leading to high amylase activities, in accordance with the digestive function of this organ. Traces of gene expression and activity were observed in other analysed tissues. These appeared higher in labial palps than in other...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oyster; Gene expression; Food regulation; Digestive enzyme activity; Alpha amylase.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/publication-394.pdf
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Transcriptional regulation of pyruvate kinase and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase in the adductor muscle of the oyster Crassostrea gigas during prolonged hypoxia ArchiMer
Le Moullac, Gilles; Bacca, Helene; Huvet, Arnaud; Moal, Jeanne; Pouvreau, Stephane; Van Wormhoudt, A.
The response of Crassostrea gigas to prolonged hypoxia was investigated for the first time by analyzing the metabolic branch point formed by pyruvate kinase (PK) and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK). PK and PEPCK cDNAs were cloned and sequenced. The main functional domains of the PK sequence, such as the binding sites for ADP/ATP and phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP), were identified whereas the PEPCK sequence showed the specific domain to bind PEP in addition to the kinase-1 and kinase-2 motifs to bind guanosine triphosphate (GTP) and Mg2+, specific for all PEPCKs. A C-terminal extension was detected for the first time in eukaryota PK. Separation of mitochondrial and cytosolic fraction showed that more than 92% of the PEPCK enzyme activity was cytosolic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Succinate alanine carboxykinase phosphoenolpyruvate pyruvate kinase hypoxia Oyster.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2683.pdf
Registros recuperados: 9
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