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Registros recuperados: 9
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A labelled ocean SAR imagery dataset of ten geophysical phenomena from Sentinel‐1 wave mode ArchiMer
Wang, Chen; Mouche, Alexis; Tandeo, Pierre; Stopa, Justin; Longépé, Nicolas; Erhard, Guillaume; Foster, Ralph C.; Vandemark, Douglas; Chapron, Bertrand.
The Sentinel‐1 mission is part of the European Copernicus program aiming at providing observations for Land, Marine and Atmosphere Monitoring, Emergency Management, Security and Climate Change. It is a constellation of two (Sentinel‐1 A and B) Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) satellites. The SAR wave mode (WV) routinely collects high‐resolution SAR images of the ocean surface during day and night and through clouds. In this study, a subset of more than 37,000 SAR images is labelled corresponding to ten geophysical phenomena, including both oceanic and meteorologic features. These images cover the entire open ocean and are manually selected from Sentinel‐1A WV acquisitions in 2016. For each image, only one prevalent geophysical phenomenon with its prescribed...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Manual labelling; Ocean surface phenomena; Sentinel-1 wave mode; Synthetic aperture radar.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00512/62406/66659.pdf
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Altimeter estimation of sea surface wind stress for light to moderate winds ArchiMer
Vandemark, Douglas; Edson, James B; Chapron, Bertrand.
Aircraft altimeter and in situ measurements are used to examine relationships between altimeter backscatter and the magnitude of near-surface wind and friction velocities. Comparison of altimeter radar cross section with wind speed is made through the modified Chelton-Wentz algorithm. Improved agreement is found after correcting 10-m winds for both surface current and atmospheric stability. An altimeter friction velocity algorithm is derived based on the wind speed model and an open-ocean drag coefficient. Close agreement between altimeter- and in situ-derived friction velocities is found. For this dataset, quality of the altimeter inversion to surface friction velocity is comparable to that for adjusted winds and clearly better than the inversion to true...
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Ano: 1997 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00336/44711/44902.pdf
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Analysis of Dual-Frequency Ocean Backscatter Measurements at Ku- and Ka-Bands Using Near-Nadir Incidence GPM Radar Data ArchiMer
Nouguier, Frederic; Mouche, Alexis; Rascle, Nicolas; Chapron, Bertrand; Vandemark, Douglas.
Global colocalized ocean surface measurements using the Global Precipitation Measurement near-nadir dual-frequency Ku- and Ka-band microwave measurements are analyzed and compared. Focusing on the Ka and Ku cross-sections fall-off with incidence angles, the contemporaneous measurements enable to more precisely document differing ocean scattering characteristics for both microwave frequencies. Sensitivity with wind speed and significant wave height is further reported using global comparisons with numerical estimates. As demonstrated, the bifrequency capability can provide direct means to efficiently separate short-scale wave contributions, between mean squared slope and curvature characteristics, and to further gain valuable insights concerning near-nadir...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microwave; Radar cross section; Scattering; Spaceborne radar.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00352/46334/47128.pdf
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Analysis of random nonlinear water waves: the Stokes-Woodward technique ArchiMer
Elfouhaily, Tanos; Joelson, Maminirina; Guignard, Stéphan; Branger, Hubert; Thompson, Donald; Chapron, Bertrand; Vandemark, Douglas.
A generalization of the Woodward's theorem is applied to the case of random signals jointly modulated in amplitude and frequency. This yields the signal spectrum and a rather robust estimate of the bispectrum. Furthermore, higher order statistics that quantify the amount of energy in the signal due to nonlinearities, e.g., wave-wave interaction in the case of water waves, can be inferred. Considering laboratory wind generated water waves, comparisons between the presented generalization and more standard techniques allow to extract the spectral energy due to nonlinear wave-wave interactions. It is shown that our analysis extends the domain of standard spectral estimation techniques from narrow-band to broad-band processes.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Frequency modulation; Amplitude modulation; Bispectrum; Vertical asymmetry; Horizontal asymmetry; Wave wave interaction; Mode coupling; Fluid mechanics; Modulation de fréquence; Modulation d'amplitude; Bispectre; Dissymétrie horisontale; Dissymétrie verticale; Interaction vague vague; Couplage de mode; Mécaniques des fluides.
Ano: 2003 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/publication-741.pdf
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Comparison of spaceborne measurements of sea surface salinity and colored detrital matter in the Amazon plume ArchiMer
Fournier, Severine; Chapron, Bertrand; Salisbury, J.; Vandemark, Douglas; Reul, Nicolas.
Large rivers are key hydrologic components in oceanography, particularly regarding air-sea and land-sea exchanges and biogeochemistry. We enter now in a new era of Sea Surface Salinity (SSS) observing system from Space with the recent launches of the ESA Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) and the NASA Aquarius/Sac-D missions. With these new sensors, we are now in an excellent position to revisit SSS and ocean color investigations in the tropical northwest Atlantic using multi-year remote sensing time series and concurrent in situ observations. The Amazon is the world's largest river in terms of discharge. In its plume, SSS and upper water column optical properties such as the absorption coefficient of colored detrital matter (acdm) are strongly...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Amazon-Orinoco river plume; SMOS SSS; Conservative mixing; Ocean color; Salinity; Satellite oceanography.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00255/36610/35742.pdf
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Examining the Impact of Surface Currents on Satellite Scatterometer and Altimeter Ocean Winds ArchiMer
Plagge, Amanda M.; Vandemark, Douglas; Chapron, Bertrand.
A 5-yr dataset collected over two surface current and meteorological moorings allows rigorous evaluation of questions surrounding wave current interaction and the scatterometer. Results demonstrate that scatterometer winds represent winds relative to the moving sea surface, affirming previous observational efforts that inferred the phenomenon using climatological approaches over larger time and space scales in equatorial and western boundary currents. Comparisons of wind residuals between Ku-band Quick Scatterometer (QuikSCAT) and buoy measurements show nearly one-to-one correlations with ocean surface velocity for 5-, 12.5-, and 25-km resolution wind speed products, especially under conditions of moderate wind speed and near-neutral atmospheric stability....
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Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00118/22896/20703.pdf
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Global oceanic precipitation: A joint view by TOPEX and the TOPEX microwave radiometer ArchiMer
Chen, Ge; Chapron, Bertrand; Tournadre, Jean; Katsaros, Kristina; Vandemark, Douglas.
The TOPEX/POSEIDON mission offers the first opportunity to observe rain cells over the ocean by a dual-frequency radar altimeter (TOPEX) and simultaneously observe their natural radiative properties by a three-frequency radiometer (TOPEX microwave radiometer (TMR)). This work is a feasibility study aimed at understanding the capability and potential of the active/passive TOPEX/TMR system for oceanic rainfall detection. On the basis of past experiences in rain flagging, a joint TOPEX/TMR rain probability index is proposed. This index integrates several advantages of the two sensors and provides a more reliable rain estimate than the radiometer alone. One year's TOPEX/TMR TMR data are used to test the performance of the index. The resulting rain frequency...
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Ano: 1997 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00336/44719/44883.pdf
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How Can Present and Future Satellite Missions Support Scientific Studies that Address Ocean Acidification? ArchiMer
Salisbury, Joseph; Vandemark, Douglas; Joensson, Bror; Balch, William; Chakraborty, Sumit; Lohrenz, Steven; Chapron, Bertrand; Hales, Burke; Mannino, Antonio; Mathis, Jeremy T.; Reul, Nicolas; Signorini, Sergio R.; Wanninkhof, Rik; Yates, Kimberly K..
Space-based observations offer unique capabilities for studying spatial and temporal dynamics of the upper ocean inorganic carbon cycle and, in turn, supporting research tied to ocean acidification (OA). Satellite sensors measuring sea surface temperature, color, salinity, wind, waves, currents, and sea level enable a fuller understanding of a range of physical, chemical, and biological phenomena that drive regional OA dynamics as well as the potentially varied impacts of carbon cycle change on a broad range of ecosystems. Here, we update and expand on previous work that addresses the benefits of space-based assets for OA and carbonate system studies. Carbonate chemistry and the key processes controlling surface ocean OA variability are reviewed. Synthesis...
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00271/38234/36417.pdf
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Salinity from space unlocks satellite-based assessment of ocean acidification ArchiMer
Land, Peter; Shutler, Jamie; Findlay, Helen; Girard Ardhuin, Fanny; Sabia, Roberto; Reul, Nicolas; Piolle, Jean-francois; Chapron, Bertrand; Quilfen, Yves; Salisbury, Joseph; Vandemark, Douglas; Bellerby, Richard; Bhadury, Punyasloke.
Approximately a quarter of the carbon dioxide (CO2) that we emit into the atmosphere is absorbed by the ocean. This oceanic uptake of CO2 leads to a change in marine carbonate chemistry resulting in a decrease of seawater pH and carbonate ion concentration, a process commonly called ‘Ocean Acidification’. Salinity data are key for assessing the marine carbonate system, and new space-based salinity measurements will enable the development of novel space-based ocean acidification assessment. Recent studies have highlighted the need to develop new in situ technology for monitoring ocean acidification, but the potential capabilities of space-based measurements remain largely untapped. Routine measurements from space can provide quasi-synoptic, reproducible...
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Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00247/35863/34384.pdf
Registros recuperados: 9
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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