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A comparative cost-effectiveness analysis of biodiversity indicators in grassland farming systems AgEcon
Targetti, Stefano; Viaggi, Davide; Cuming, David.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116077
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A spatial analysis of participation in RDP measures: a case study in Emilia Romagna Region AgEcon
Bartolini, Fabio; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
A large body of literature has highlighted and analysed the issues which affect the quality and the reliability of evaluation results of the RDPs measure. In addition to weaknesses in the specification of objectives, measurement of the additionality, several authors have pointed-out a lack in evaluation of the cross-effects across space of the measure. The objective of this contribution is to develop a spatial analysis of the participation rate in the measure 121, highlighting, as a determinant, the effect of the set of priorities established by the local administration. The analysis is realised by two steps: the first is the realisation of an Exploratory Spatial Description Analysis (ESDA) of the participation rate in the Emilia Romagna Municipalities and...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural development measure; Farm modernisation; Spatial econometrics; Participation; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Q18 - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy; Q10 - General.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124103
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Accounting for multiple impacts of the Common agricultural policies in rural areas: an analysis using a Bayesian networks approach AgEcon
Viaggi, Davide; Raggi, Meri; Sardonini, Laura.
In evaluating the potential effects of the reforms of the Common Agricultural Policy, a particularly challenging issue is the representation of the complexity of rural systems either in a static or dynamic framework. In this paper we use Bayesian networks, to the best knowledge of the authors, basically ignored by the literature on rural development. The objective of this paper is to discuss the potential use of Bayesian Networks tools to represent the multiple determinants and impacts of the Common Agricultural Policies in rural areas across Europe. The analysis shows the potential use of BNs in terms of representation of the multiple linkages between different components of rural areas and farming systems, though its use as a simulation tool still...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bayesian Networks (BNs); Farm-household; Multiple outcomes; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q1; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99592
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Agricultural economics and transition: What was expected, what we observed, the lessons learned Proceedings (Volume I / II) AgEcon
Csaki, Csaba; Forgacs, Csaba; Koester, Ulrich; Liefert, William M.; Banse, Martin; Gay, Stephan Hubertus; McDonald, Scott; M'Barek, Robert; Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Kim, Hanho; An, Donghwan; Hubbard, Lionel J.; Rieger, Laszlo; Szoke, Gyula; Cristoiu, Adriana; Udovc, Andrej; Kagan, Adam; Sassi, Maria; Takacs, Istvan; Takacs, Emese; Cimpoies, Dragos; Ertsey, Imre; Kovacs, Sandor; Przygodzka, Renata; Dziemianowicz, Ryta Iwona; Magda, Robert; Borodina, Elena; Borodina, Alexandra; Gavrilescu, Dinu; Pecze, Denes; Balogh, Peter; Cechura, Lukas; Sayin, Cengiz; Cengiz, M. Nisa; Osanami, Fumio; Szabo, Gabor G.; Karaman, Suleyman; Szekely, Geza; Szczepaniak, Iwona; Szczegolska, Monika; Serova, Eugenia; Pieniadz, Agata; Barmon, Basanta Kumar; Kondo, Takumi; Becvarova, Vera; Levkovych, Inna; Hockmann, Heinrich; Bezlepkina, Irina V.; Kupavych, Alexander; Konig, Gabor; Halmai, Peter; Vasary, Viktoria; Vincze, Maria-Magdolna; Lerman, Zvi; Kolcsey, Andrea; Bokusheva, Raushan; Turtoi, Crina Sinziana; Toma, Camelia; Gavrilescu, Camelia; Davidova, Sophia; Blaas, Gejza; Antonova, Maria; Zeller, Manfred; Deininger, Klaus W.; Savastano, Sara; Carletto, Calogero; Caceres-Clavero, Francisco; Lucena-Cobos, Blanca; Latruffe, Laure; Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin; Bandlerova, Anna; Sadowski, Adam; Gomez y Paloma, Sergio; Luca, Lucian; Cristoiu, Adriana; Ciaian, Pavel; Pokrivcak, Jan; Drabik, Dusan; Voneki, Eva; Tonini, Axel; Burger, Anna; Szep, Katalin; Majewski, Edward; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide; Maccarini, Elisa Ricci; Monasterolo, Irene; Vandeplas, Anneleen; Jongeneel, Roelof A.; Novak, Petr; Brasili, Cristina; Meyer, William H.; Kuhne, Bianka; Fanfani, Roberto; Gellynck, Xavier; Molnar, Adrienn; Gagalyuk, Taras; Traikova, Diana; Mollers, Judith; Cochrane, Nancy J.; Kazlauskiene, Natalija; Fekete-Farkas, Maria; Molnar, Jozsef; Szucs, Istvan; Popp, Jozsef; Udovecz, Gabor; Florkowski, Wojciech J.; Fritzsch, Jana; Buchenrieder, Gertrud; Kasarjyan, Milada; Podruzsik, Szilard; Korff, Rudiger; Wilkin, Jerzy; van Leeuwen, Myrna; Bartova, Lubica; Erjavec, Emil; Katona-Kovacs, Judit; Baranyai, Zsolt; Hubbard, Carmen.
Over fifteen years have elapsed since the transition from the centrally planned economic system started in the early 1990’s. During this time agricultural and rural areas of Central and Eastern Europe have undergone profound structural changes with wide variations in the degree of transformation and in the rate of success in creating a competitive market and private ownership based food and agricultural system. By becoming member of the European Union the "transition" in its traditional interpretation has been concluded in ten of the Central East European countries. The transition to market based agriculture, however, is far from completion in Southern and Eastern Europe and especially in the CIS countries. International Association of Agricultural...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Industrial Organization; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92319
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Agricultural water markets: exploring limits and opportunities in Italy and Spain AgEcon
Pujol, Joan; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
Agriculture is the main water-using sector in Southern European Countries, such as Spain and Italy. Innovative institutional solutions for reducing water use or increasing its efficiency are pursued by recent legislation concerning water, in particular by the Water Framework Directive (WFD). Even if not explicitly considered by the directive, water markets may be seen as a kind of instrument responding to the guiding principles of the upcoming water regulation. The issue of water markets is very much debated in the water economics literature and particularly in the agricultural water literature. Water markets refer to a mechanism of water allocation based on the exchange of rights on water use. Water markets are proposed and supported by economic theory...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14860
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Assessing the costs of measuring biodiversity: methodological and empirical issues AgEcon
Targetti, Stefano; Viaggi, Davide; Cuming, David; Sarthou, J.P.; Choisis, J.P..
Organic and low-input farming practices are considered keystones for the conservation of biodiversity in semi-natural systems. Accordingly, attention to the assessment of the benefits stemming from these activities is increasing in order to provide a solid base for the adoption of agro-environmental incentives and to support their monitoring and evaluation. The evaluation of the positive effects of organic and low-input farming activities on biodiversity is limited mainly by: the difficulty in proposing simple and widely-applicable indicators of biodiversity, and the substantial lack of data concerning the costs of measuring biodiversity - an essential element for a cost-effectiveness analysis. Moreover, the limited scientific literature available is based...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biodiversity measurement; Research costs; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109414
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Assessing the effect of the CAP on farm innovation adoption. An analysis in two French regions AgEcon
Bartolini, Fabio; Latruffe, Laure; Viaggi, Davide.
Literature on innovation adoption mechanism has emphasised the positive effect of Single Farm Payments (SFP) and Rural Development Payments on adoption of new technologies. In this context, the expected process of CAP reforming after 2013 is likely to strengthen the role of innovation in the European Union (EU). The objective of this paper is to identify the determinants of the adoption of future innovation, in particular in connection to past innovation, and to assess the role of agricultural policy in the promotion of innovation adoption. The analysis is applied to two regions (Centre and Midi-Pyrénées) in France. Two separate Count models are developed in order to explain famers’ stated intention concerning different intensities of innovation adoption...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Innovation; Sequences of innovation; CAP; Zero inflated Poisson model; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q12; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99594
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Assessing the impact of different rural development policy design options on the adoption of innovation across five case studies in EU AgEcon
Bartolini, Fabio; Floridi, Matteo; Latruffe, Laure; Majewski, Edward; Nikolov, Dimitre; Polman, Nico B.P.; Viaggi, Davide.
Innovation and new technology adoption represent two central elements for the enterprise and industry development process in agriculture. The objective of the paper is to provide an ex-ante analysis of the effectiveness of alternative policy design options concerning the RDP measures intended to provide incentives for investment/innovation adoption in five case study areas across Europe. The model implemented is based on a real option approach that includes investment irreversibility and stochasticity in SFP. The results show the relevance of uncertainty in determining the timing of adoption and emphasise the importance of predictability as a major component of policy design.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Real options; Innovation; Rural development policy; Single farm payments; Uncertainty; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94907
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Assessing the impact of future CAP reforms on the demand of production factors AgEcon
Bartolini, Fabio; Viaggi, Davide; Ronchi, Davide; Gomez y Paloma, Sergio; Sammeth, Frank.
The CAP reform process has been a central issue for agricultural economics research in recent years, and is gaining further attention in view of the post-2013 perspectives. The objective of this paper is to assess ex-ante the effect of different post-2013 CAP and market scenarios on the demand of productions factors. The paper is based on the use of farm household dynamic programming models maximising the net present value with a time horizon until 2030. A representative model has been implemented for 18 different farming systems in 8 EU countries. Changes in marginal values of selected resource constraints (land, labour and capital) are used to assess the potential effect of different scenarios on farm-household demand of production factors. Results...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP reform; Investment behaviour; Farm Household model; Factor markets; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99593
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Bayesian networks as a tool to assess the multiple effects of agricultural policies in rural areas AgEcon
Raggi, Meri; Sardonini, Laura; Viaggi, Davide.
Many economic analysis tools are used to evaluate the effects of policies on rural development. However, a number of unexplored options are still available from the literature about policy analysis and biophysical systems representations. A particularly important need concerns the representation of the complexity of rural systems either in a static or dynamic framework In this paper we use Bayesian networks, to the best knowledge of the authors, basically ignored by the literature on rural development. The objective of this paper is to discuss the potential use of Bayesian Networks tools to represent the impact of the Common Agricultural Policies in rural areas.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bayesian Networks (BNs); Farm-household; Exit; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Q1; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94911
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Between markets and policy: farm household's reaction to decoupling AgEcon
Gomez y Paloma, Sergio; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
The main objective of this paper is to evaluate ex post the effects of 2003 decoupling, with a specific focus on farm investment behaviour. In the past years a number of studies have addressed the issue of the impact of EU policy reforms. However, long term effects of policy changes and related impacts on structural and investment behaviour received relatively little attention in modelling exercises concerning CAP reform up to now. This study is based on a survey about 250 farm households in Italy, Germany, Poland, Spain, Greece, The Netherlands, France and Hungary. In the majority of cases, farmers stated they were indifferent to decoupling. Where any change occurred, the impact of decoupling was highly differentiated. Differences in reaction are better...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Investment; Common Agricultural policy; Public payments; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44019
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Contract Design and Targeting for the Production of Public Goods in Agriculture: The Impact of the 2003 Cap Reform AgEcon
Bartolini, Fabio; Gallerani, Vittorio; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
The objective of this paper is to compare different ways of designing agri-environmental contracts and to set targeting under adverse selection, comparing conditions before and after CAP reform 2003. The results suggest that the present contract structure may be relevantly improved through a more accurate design and a clearer target. The reform, through the decoupling mechanism, will contribute to reduce the opportunity cost of the adoption of agri-environmental measures. This may increase the optimal amount of public goods produced by agriculture and will encourage participation by farmers. However, in order to properly exploit the new conditions brought by the 2003 reform, it is necessary to review the way agri-environmental payments are assigned and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental schemes; Contracts; Multifunctional agriculture; CAP reform; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q1; Q18; Q2.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24559
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Contract design in agri-environmental schemes with fixed private transaction costs and countervailing incentives AgEcon
Viaggi, Davide.
The aim of this paper is to test the relevance of considering private fixed transaction costs for contract design of Agri-Environmental Schemes, when transaction costs are negatively correlated to marginal compliance costs. In order to do so, a principal-agent model of contract design under adverse selection, including fixed private transaction costs, is developed. The model is applied to the design of payments in the Emilia Romagna region of Italy. The results show that fixed transaction costs in the range of those actually faced by farmers may significantly affect the optimal amount of environmental good to be produced by each farm type. In some cases, fixed transaction costs can even reverse the standard insight that more of a public good should be...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental schemes; Principal-agent; Countervailing incentives; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44322
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Current challenges of Albanian extension services in the context of EU integration and global markets AgEcon
Viaggi, Davide; Imami, Drini; Zhllima, Edvin; Leonetti, Luciano.
Albania is a transition country aspiring to become a member of EU, while it is expected that it will become Candidate member within 2012, enabling access to IPARD funding. EU integration implies more opportunities, in form of subsidies for rural and agriculture development, but also imposes standards related to quality and safety on one hand, and enhancement of efficiency on the other hand. More specifically, in order to be eligible for the coming IPARD funding, Albanian agriculture holdings and agro-processors, need to meet national and EU safety standards (see [1], [2] and [3]). In this upgrading process, the role that extension services can and should play is crucial. The Albanian agriculture extension services have undergone a drastic change from the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Extension service; Albania.; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95241
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Determinants of farm exit: A comparison between Europe and United States AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
Paper removed temporarily by author 8/19/11.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm exit; Logit model; US; EU; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61075
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EFFECTIVENESS OF CROSS-COMPLIANCE UNDER ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION AND DIFFERENTIATED COMPLIANCE CONSTRAINTS AgEcon
Raggi, Meri; Bartolini, Fabio; Gallerani, Vittorio; Viaggi, Davide.
The effects of cross-compliance depend on the strategies of participation/compliance of farmers, as well as on the ability of public administration to design appropriate policy mechanisms. The objective of this paper is to present a framework for the analysis of cross-compliance under asymmetric information with the option of differentiating commitments across farmers. The methodology is applied to a case study represented by the province of Bologna (Italy). The results show that, in the present conditions of control and sanctions, only a small share of farms is interested in complying with cross-compliance. The profitability of the choice of compliance/non-compliance depends mainly on the amount of single farm payment entitlements compared with the total...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cross-compliance; Asymmetric information; Single farm payment; Farm Management.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44151
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ENVIRONMENTAL ACCOUNTING AND AGRI-ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES: AN APPLICATION TO THE REGULATION (EEC) 2078/92 IN EMILIA-ROMAGNA (ITALY); Proceedings of the Fifth Joint Conference on Agriculture, Food, and the Environment, June 17-18, 1996, Padova, Italy. AgEcon
Caggiati, P.; Viaggi, Davide; Zanni, G..
In the last decades, problems related to environmental protection have become more and more important, involving a growing number of economic and social actors. The new role played by agriculture in this context requires not only innovations concerning policy instruments, but also an evolution of tools, such as those for environmental accounting and assessment, able to support the analysis of choices in a complex economic and technological context, characterised by a number of heterogeneous objectives. This paper illustrates a model (AGRI-ECO-AUDIT) set up with the aim of supporting decision making concerning the application of Reg. (EEC) 2078/92 in Emilia-Romagna (Italy). The aim is to verify the possible contribution of environmental accounting to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14427
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EVALUATING THE POTENTIAL CONTRIBUTION OF CONTRACT AUCTIONS TO AEP'S EFFICIENCY AgEcon
Gallerani, Vittorio; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
Agri-Environmetal Policy (AEP) application raised a wide debate about the determination of payment levels and the efficiency of the economic instruments used. In particular, some aspects support the hypothesis of relevant rents due to an overcompensation of farmers� compliance costs. A policy tool suitable for improving the efficiency of AEP can be the adoption of auctions mechanisms in contract allocation. In theory, in an auction mechanism, the farmers have incentives to reveal their compliance costs, helping to reduce the information rents and increase cost-effectiveness. A crucial problem therefore arises from the uneven distribution of information between landowners and the public administration. Auctions mechanism can be useful in reducing...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Auction; Agri-Environmental Policy; Information asymmetries.; Agricultural Finance; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6660
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Evaluating the potential contribution of contract auctions to Agri-Environmental Policy efficiency: A simulation model for Emilia-Romagna (Italy) AgEcon
Viaggi, Davide; Raggi, Meri; Gallerani, Vittorio.
Auctions are a potentially suitable policy tool for increasing the efficiency of Agri- Environmental Schemes (AES) through an improved allocation of contracts. In theory, through the auction mechanism, farmers have incentives to reveal their compliance costs, helping to reduce information rents and increase policy cost-effectiveness. The aim of this paper is to simulate the potential contribution of auction mechanisms to the efficiency of AES in Emilia-Romagna (Italy). The results show advantages for auctions compared with traditional flat rate payments based on average compliance costs. However, their performance is worse than flat payments based on marginal compliance costs.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Auction; Contract; Agri-Environmental Policy; Information asymmetry; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q15; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118671
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EX-ANTE EVALUATION OF AGRI-ENVIRONMENTAL SCHEMES: COMBINING ELEMENTS OF PRIVATE AND PUBLIC DECISION MAKING AgEcon
Bartolini, Fabio; Gallerani, Vittorio; Viaggi, Davide.
The objective of this paper is to set a complete ex-ante evaluation to support Decision Makers in designing more efficient and effective agri-environmental contracts, through an integrated modelling of elements of private and public decision making. Ex-ante comparison of policy design options in terms of overall effectiveness requires both simulations of farmers' behaviour and evaluation of the farms simulations outcomes. An intermediate step is the aggregation of single farms impacts at territorial level, in order to identify the aggregate impact of each alternative. Alternatives are several contract design, based on different levels of payments. Farm level analysis is based on a real options approach including in the simulations the timing of choice and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental schemes; Real Options; Investments; Decoupled payments; Uncertainty; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6639
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