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Registros recuperados: 13
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A Sustained Immune Response Supports Long-Term Antiviral Immune Priming in the Pacific Oyster, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Lafont, Maxime; Vergnes, Agnes; Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; De Lorgeril, Julien; Gueguen, Yannick; Haffner, Philippe; Petton, Bruno; Chaparro, Cristian; Barrachina, Celia; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine; Mitta, Guillaume; Gourbal, Benjamin; Montagnani, Caroline.
Over the last decade, innate immune priming has been evidenced in many invertebrate phyla. If mechanistic models have been proposed, molecular studies aiming to substantiate these models have remained scarce. We reveal here the transcriptional signature associated with immune priming in the oyster Crassostrea gigas. Oysters were fully protected against Ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1), a major oyster pathogen, after priming with poly(I·C), which mimics viral double-stranded RNA. Global analysis through RNA sequencing of oyster and viral genes after immune priming and viral infection revealed that poly(I·C) induces a strong antiviral response that impairs OsHV-1 replication. Protection is based on a sustained upregulation of immune genes, notably genes...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Innate immunity; Priming; OsHV-1; Antiviral response; Immune memory; Oyster; POMS; Poly(I·C); Interferon; Transcriptomic.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00614/72580/71541.pdf
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Colour plasticity in the shells and pearls of animal graft model Pinctada margaritifera assessed by HSV colour quantification ArchiMer
Stenger, Pierre-louis; Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; Reisser, Celine; Planes, Serge; Ky, Chin-long.
The bivalve Pinctada margaritifera has the capacity to produce the most varied and colourful pearls in the world. Colour expression in the inner shell is under combined genetic and environmental control and is correlated with the colour of pearls produced when the same individual is used as a graft donor. One major limitation when studying colour phenotypes is grader subjectivity, which leads to inconsistent colour qualification and quantification. Through the use of HSV (Hue Saturation Value) colour space, we created an R package named ‘ImaginR’ to characterise inner shell colour variations in P. margaritifera. Using a machine-learning protocol with a training dataset, ImaginR was able to reassign individual oysters and pearls to predefined human-based...
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00497/60900/64239.pdf
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Genetic diversity, clonality and connectivity in the scleractinian coral Pocillopora damicornis: a multi-scale analysis in an insular, fragmented reef system ArchiMer
Adjeroud, Mehdi; Guerecheau, Aurelie; Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; Flot, Jean-francois; Arnaud-haond, Sophie; Bonhomme, Francois.
Clonality and genetic structure of the coral Pocillopora damicornis sensu lato were assessed using five microsatellites in 12 populations from four islands of the Society Archipelago (French Polynesia) sampled in June 2008. The 427 analysed specimens fell into 132 multilocus genotypes (MLGs), suggesting that asexual reproduction plays an important role in the maintenance of these populations. A haploweb analysis of ITS2 sequences of each MLG was consistent with all of them being conspecific. Genetic differentiation was detected both between and within islands, but when a single sample per MLG was included in the analyses, the populations turned out to be nearly panmictic. These observations provide further evidence of the marked variability in reproductive...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00171/28209/26518.pdf
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Immune-suppression by OsHV-1 viral infection causes fatal bacteraemia in Pacific oysters ArchiMer
De Lorgeril, Julien; Lucasson, Aude; Petton, Bruno; Toulza, Eve; Montagnani, Caroline; Clerissi, Camille; Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; Chaparro, Cristian; Galinier, Richard; Escoubas, Jean Michel; Haffner, Philippe; Degremont, Lionel; Charriere, Guillaume; Lafont, Maxime; Delort, Abigail; Vergnes, Agnes; Chiarello, Marlene; Faury, Nicole; Rubio, Tristan; Leroy, Marc; Perignon, Adeline; Regler, Denis; Morga, Benjamin; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Boudry, Pierre; Le Roux, Frederique; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine; Gueguen, Yannick; Mitta, Guillaume.
Infectious diseases are mostly explored using reductionist approaches despite repeated evidence showing them to be strongly in fluenced by numerous interacting host and environmental factors. Many diseases with a complex aetiology therefore remain misunderstood. By developing a holistic approach to tackle the complexity of interactions, we decipher the complex intra-host interactions underlying Pacific oyster mortality syndrome affecting juveniles of Crassostrea gigas, the main oyster species exploited worldwide. Using experimental infections reproducing the natural route of infection and combining thorough molecular analyses of oyster families with contrasted susceptibilities, we demonstrate that the disease is caused by multiple infection with an initial...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00461/57234/59228.pdf
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Impact of pCO2 on the energy, reproduction and growth of the shell of the pearl oyster Pinctada margaritifera ArchiMer
Le Moullac, Gilles; Soyez, Claude; Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; Belliard, Corinne; Fievet, Julie; Sham-koua, Manaarii; Lo-yat, Alain; Saulnier, Denis; Gaertner-mazouni, N.; Gueguen, Yannick.
The possible consequences of acidification on pearl farming are disruption of oyster metabolism and change in growth. In the laboratory, we studied the impact of pCO2 (3540, 1338 and 541μatm) on the physiology of pearl oysters exposed for 100 days. This experiment was repeated after an interval of one year. Several physiological compartments were examined in pearl oysters: the scope for growth by measuring ingestion, assimilation and oxygen consumption, gametogenesis by means of histological observations, shell growth by measurement and observation by optical and electronic microscopy, and at molecular level by measuring the expression of nine genes of mantle cells implied in the biomineralisation process. Results from both experiments showed that high...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Global change; Pearl oyster; Bioenergetic; Biomineralization; Pacific Ocean; French Polynesia.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00321/43189/42737.pdf
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Innate Immune Responses of a Scleractinian Coral to Vibriosis ArchiMer
Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; Ladriere, Ophelie; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine; Sautiere, Pierre-eric; Meistertzheim, Anne-leila; Tambutte, Eric; Tambutte, Sylvie; Duval, David; Foure, Laurent; Adjeroud, Mehdi; Mitta, Guillaume.
Scleractinian corals are the most basal eumetazoan taxon and provide the biological and physical framework for coral reefs, which are among the most diverse of all ecosystems. Over the past three decades and coincident with climate change, these phototrophic symbiotic organisms have been subject to increasingly frequent and severe diseases, which are now geographically widespread and a major threat to these ecosystems. Although coral immunity has been the subject of increasing study, the available information remains fragmentary, especially with respect to coral antimicrobial responses. In this study, we characterized damicornin from Pocillopora damicornis, the first scleractinian antimicrobial peptide (AMP) to be reported. We found that its precursor has...
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00039/14996/12433.pdf
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Near-future ocean warming and acidification alter foraging behaviour, locomotion, and metabolic rate in a keystone marine mollusc ArchiMer
Horwitz, Rael; Norin, Tommy; Watson, Sue-ann; Pistevos, Jennifer C. A.; Beldade, Ricardo; Hacquart, Simon; Gattuso, Jean-pierre; Rodolfo-metalpa, Riccardo; Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; Killen, Shaun S.; Mills, Suzanne C..
Environmentally-induced changes in fitness are mediated by direct effects on physiology and behaviour, which are tightly linked. We investigated how predicted ocean warming (OW) and acidification (OA) affect key ecological behaviours (locomotion speed and foraging success) and metabolic rate of a keystone marine mollusc, the sea hare Stylocheilus striatus, a specialist grazer of the toxic cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula. We acclimated sea hares to OW and/or OA across three developmental stages (metamorphic, juvenile, and adult) or as adults only, and compare these to sea hares maintained under current-day conditions. Generally, locomotion speed and time to locate food were reduced ~1.5- to 2-fold when the stressors (OW or OA) were experienced in...
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Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00618/72974/72049.pdf
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Pinctada margaritifera responses to temperature and pH: Acclimation capabilities and physiological limits ArchiMer
Le Moullac, Gilles; Soyez, Claude; Latchere, Oihana; Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; Fremery, Juliette; Saulnier, Denis; Lo Yat, Alain; Belliard, Corinne; Mazouni-gaertner, Nabila; Gueguen, Yannick.
The pearl culture is one of the most lucrative aquacultures worldwide. In many South Pacific areas, it depends on the exploitation of the pearl oyster Pinctada margaritifera and relies entirely on the environmental conditions encountered in the lagoon. In this context, assessing the impact of climatic stressors, such as global warming and ocean acidification, on the functionality of the resource in terms of renewal and exploitation is fundamental. In this study, we experimentally addressed the impact of temperature (22, 26, 30 and 34 °C) and partial pressure of carbon dioxide pCO2 (294, 763 and 2485 μatm) on the biomineralization and metabolic capabilities of pearl oysters. While the energy metabolism was strongly dependent on temperature, results showed...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Global change; Pearl oyster; Bioenergetic; Biomineralization; Pacific ocean; French Polynesia.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00332/44364/43969.pdf
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Protists Within Corals: The Hidden Diversity ArchiMer
Clerissi, Camille; Brunet, Sebastien; Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; Adjeroud, Mehdi; Lepage, Pierre; Guillou, Laure; Escoubas, Jean Michel; Toulza, Eve.
Previous observations suggested that microbial communities contribute to coral health and the ecological resilience of coral reefs. However, most studies of coral microbiology focused on prokaryotes and the endosymbiotic algae Symbiodinium. In contrast, knowledge concerning diversity of other protists is still lacking, possibly due to methodological constraints. As most eukaryotic DNA in coral samples was derived from hosts, protist diversity was missed in metagenome analyses. To tackle this issue, we designed blocking primers for Scleractinia sequences amplified with two primer sets that targeted variable loops of the 18S rRNA gene (18SV1V2 and 18SV4). These blocking primers were used on environmental colonies of Pocillopora damicornis sensu lato from two...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Holobiont; Protists; Symbiosis; Metabarcoding; Blocking primer; Scleractinia; Pocillopora damicornis.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00457/56823/58661.pdf
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Species-specific mechanisms of cytotoxicity toward immune cells determine the successful outcome of Vibrio infections ArchiMer
Rubio, Tristan; Oyanedel, Daniel; Labreuche, Yannick; Toulza, Eve; Luo, Xing; Bruto, Maxime; Chaparro, Cristian; Torres, Marta; De Lorgeril, Julien; Haffner, Philippe; Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; Lagorce, Arnaud; Petton, Bruno; Mitta, Guillaume; Jacq, Annick; Le Roux, Frederique; Charriere, Guillaume; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine.
Vibrio species cause infectious diseases in humans and animals, but they can also live as commensals within their host tissues. How Vibrio subverts the host defenses to mount a successful infection remains poorly understood, and this knowledge is critical for predicting and managing disease. Here, we have investigated the cellular and molecular mechanisms underpinning infection and colonization of 2 virulent Vibrio species in an ecologically relevant host model, oyster, to study interactions with marine Vibrio species. All Vibrio strains were recognized by the immune system, but only nonvirulent strains were controlled. We showed that virulent strains were cytotoxic to hemocytes, oyster immune cells. By analyzing host and bacterial transcriptional...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: T6SS; Toxin; Dual RNA-seq; Cytolysis; Pathogenesis.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00507/61837/65900.pdf
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Thermal regime and host clade, rather than geography, drive Symbiodinium and bacterial assemblages in the scleractinian coral Pocillopora damicornis sensu lato ArchiMer
Brener-raffalli, Kelly; Clerissi, Camille; Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; Adjeroud, Mehdi; Bonhomme, Francois; Pratlong, Marine; Aurelle, Didier; Mitta, Guillaume; Toulza, Eve.
Background: Although the term holobiont has been popularized in corals with the advent of the hologenome theory of evolution, the underlying concepts are still a matter of debate. Indeed, the relative contribution of host and environment and especially thermal regime in shaping the microbial communities should be examined carefully to evaluate the potential role of symbionts for holobiont adaptation in the context of global changes. We used the sessile, long-lived, symbiotic and environmentally sensitive reef-building coral Pocillopora damicornis to address these issues. Results: We sampled Pocillopora damicornis colonies corresponding to two different mitochondrial lineages in different geographic areas displaying different thermal regimes: Djibouti,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Coral holobiont; Microbiota; Bacterial communities; Symbiodinium assemblages; Thermal adaptation; Scleractinian corals; Coral reefs; Pocillopora damicornis.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00429/54076/55380.pdf
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Thermal Stress Triggers Broad Pocillopora damicornis Transcriptomic Remodeling, while Vibrio coralliilyticus Infection Induces a More Targeted Immuno-Suppression Response ArchiMer
Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; Dheilly, Nolwenn M.; Rondon, Rodolfo; Grunau, Christoph; Cosseau, Celine; Smith, Kristina M.; Freitag, Michael; Adjeroud, Mehdi; Mitta, Guillaume.
Global change and its associated temperature increase has directly or indirectly changed the distributions of hosts and pathogens, and has affected host immunity, pathogen virulence and growth rates. This has resulted in increased disease in natural plant and animal populations worldwide, including scleractinian corals. While the effects of temperature increase on immunity and pathogen virulence have been clearly identified, their interaction, synergy and relative weight during pathogenesis remain poorly documented. We investigated these phenomena in the interaction between the coral Pocillopora damicornis and the bacterium Vibrio coralliilyticus, for which the infection process is temperature-dependent. We developed an experimental model that enabled...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00221/33265/31738.pdf
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Whole transcriptome sequencing and biomineralization gene architecture associated with cultured pearl quality traits in the pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera ArchiMer
Le Luyer, Jeremy; Auffret, Pauline; Quillien, Virgile; Leclerc, Nicolas; Reisser, Celine; Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; Ky, Chin-long.
Background Cultured pearls are unique gems produced by living organisms, mainly molluscs of the  Pinctada genus, through the biomineralization properties of pearl sac tissue.  Improvement of P. margaritifera pearl quality is one of the biggest challenges that  Polynesian research has faced to date. To achieve this goal, a better understanding of the  complex mechanisms related to nacre and pearl formation is essential and can now be  approached through the use of massive parallel sequencing technologies. The aim of this  study was to use RNA-seq to compare whole transcriptome expression of pearl sacs that  had producing pearls with high and low quality. For this purpose, a comprehensive  reference transcriptome of P. margaritifera was built based on...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pinctada margaritifera; Biomineralization; Pearl quality; Pearl sac; RNA-seq.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00475/58695/61207.pdf
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