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Effect of management of topsoil structure Organic Eprints
Vignozzi, N.; Andrenelli, M.C.; L'Abate, G.; Pellegrini, S..
This paper aims to show the effectiveness of different soil management strategies for improving soil structure in degraded areas within two vine farms inTuscany(Italy). The management practices adopted were: Composted organic amendment addition (COMP), Green Manure (GM), Dry mulching (DM) and Control (CONTR). Topsoil samples were taken at the beginning of the trial (2015) and two years later, and analyzed for bulk density (BD) and aggregate stability by wet sieving. The strategies adopted to restore the functionality of degraded vineyard soils diversely affected BD and aggregates stability. In both the farms COMP proved to be the best strategy to reduce BD, while GM and DM gave the best results in terms of aggregate stability increase.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Composting and manuring; Soil tillage; Soil; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33465/1/7897-25719-1-PB.pdf
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Effects of soil erosion on agro-ecosystem services and soil functions: A multidisciplinary study in nineteen organically farmed European and Turkish vineyards Organic Eprints
Costantini, E.A.C.; Castaldini, M.; Diago, M.P; Giffard, B.; Lagomarsino, A.; Schroers, H.J.; Priori, S.; Valboa, G.; Agnelli, A.E.; Akca, E.; D'Avino, L.; Fulchin, E.; Gagnarli, E.; Kìraz, M.E.; Knapic, M.; Pelengic, R.; Pellegrini, S.; Perria, R.; Puccioni, S.; Simoni, S.; Tangolar, S.; Tardaguila, J.; Vignozzi, N.; Zombardo, A..
This multidisciplinary research work evaluated the effects of soil erosion on grape yield and quality and on different soil functions, namely water and nutrient supply, carbon sequestration, organic matter recycling, and soil biodiversity, with the aim to understand the causes of soil malfunctioning and work out a proper strategy of soil remediation. Degraded areas in nineteen organically farmed European and Turkish vineyards resulted in producing significantly lower amounts of grapes and excessive concentrations of sugar. Plants suffered from decreased water nutrition, due to shallower rooting depth, compaction, and reduced available water capacity, lower chemical fertility, as total nitrogen and cation exchange capacity, and higher concentration of...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil quality Crop combinations and interactions Soil biology Composting and manuring Nutrient turnover Soil Biodiversity and ecosystem services Crop health; Quality; Protection Landscape and recreation Viticulture.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33472/1/JEM_draft.pdf
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