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Évolution de l'écosystème pélagique du Golfe de Gascogne pendant la période 1990-2003. Conséquences sur la capturabilité des espèces ArchiMer
Villalobos, Hector.
Several small pelagic fish species contribute remarkably to world catch. Their populations are, however, characterized by large biomass fluctuations strongly affecting fisheries. The fishing gears and methods used to capture small pelagics have evolved to exploit the highly developed shoaling behavior of these species. Hence, faced to modern fishing this gregarious behavior becomes a disadvantage for fish. Fish behavior may be affected by environmental conditions and by fishing, at the same time that behavior impacts fishing. In this study, we seek to characterize the aggregative systems of small pelagic fishes inhabiting the Bay of Biscay by analyzing "acoustic images", defined as the group of echoes (planktonic layers, shoals, isolated targets) detected...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biscay Bay; Hydrological landscapes; Fishery; Atlantic mackerel; Atlantic horse mackerel; European sardine; European anchovy; Small pelagic fish; Acoustic image; Agregation pattern; School descriptors; Golfe de Gascogne; Paysages hydrologiques; Pêcherie; Maquereau; Chinchard; Sardine; Anchois; Petits poissons pélagiques; Image acoustique; Type d'agrégation; Descripteurs de bancs.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/these-6083.pdf
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Overview of recent progress in fisheries acoustics made by Ifremer with examples from the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Trenkel, Verena; Berger, Laurent; Bourguignon, Sebastien; Doray, Mathieu; Fablet, Ronan; Masse, Jacques; Mazauric, Valerie; Poncelet, Cyrille; Quemener, Gael; Scalabrin, Carla; Villalobos, Hector.
This paper provides an overview of the progress Ifremer has made recently in fisheries acoustics and the study of small pelagic fish by: i) pushing observation frontiers using a range of platforms including an autonomous underwater vehicle, AUV, ii) developing measuring instruments and methods and iii) studying fish distributions. Presently, information from several frequencies of single-beam echosounders is routinely collected together with data from the ME70 multibeam echosounder. For onboard data acquisition control the HERMES software was developed. The new MOVIES 3D software includes modules for simultaneous realistic 3D visualisation and post-processing such as bottom detection, school extraction and calculation of descriptors and integration of all...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Multibeam echosounder; Oceanographic AUV; Pelagic fish; Fisheries acoustics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/11165/7517.pdf
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The French anchovy fishery ArchiMer
Duhamel, Erwan; Biseau, Alain; Masse, Jacques; Villalobos, Hector.
The french fishery of anchovy is divided in two groups defined by gears : purse seine and pelagic trawl. The average length of these vessels is about 20m. This fleet is very opportunistic : all trawlers are using several trawls during the year, to catch sometimes bass, tuna, hake, or scampi, and purse seine are mainly fishing sardine. Each year, the main anchovy catches are provided by pair trawlers. Purse seiners operate often in coastal areas (<10 nautical miles); trawlers may operate until 50 nautical miles offshore but are banned inside the three miles coastal zone. The pair trawlers may operate from Basque country to western Channel according to fish availability. Purse seiners usually stay around their home harbour.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pelagic trawl; Purse seine; Anchovy; Bay of Biscay; Acoustic; Survey; ICES; PELGAS; Chalut pelagic; Bolinche; Anchois; Golfe de Gascogne; Acoustique; Campagne oceanographique; CIEM; PELGAS.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/acte-2296.pdf
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