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Agroforestry market gardening: a strategic choice to improve sustainability in agroecological transition ? Organic Eprints
Leger, François; Bellec-Gauche, Agnès; Morel, Kévin; WARLOP, FRANCOIS.
Among the various forms of agroforestry, spatial combinations of fruit trees and market gardening are currently experiencing strong growth In France, the SMART project, which brought together several research teams and development organisations, aimed to explore these systems, taking into account the technical, agro and socio-economic dimensions. The results of the surveys and observations carried out among farmers associated with this project showed that these systems mainly concerned farms engaged in short food supply chains for which diversity was a central element for ommercial strategy and performance. Diversification of products is therefore a central justification for the intercropping of fruit trees...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions; Farm economics; Social aspects; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33573/1/Leger_2018_Agroforesty%20market%20gardening.pdf
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Booklet of simplified methods for the monitoring of functional biodiversity in organic orchards Organic Eprints
D'Yvoire, Caroline; WARLOP, FRANCOIS; Świergiel, Weronika; Sigsgaard, Lene; Porcel, Mario.
This booklet has been conceived in the frame of the Ecoorchard project, funded under CORE ORGANIC. It is designed to help farmers in using simple methods to assess functional biodiversity in their orchards. Four methods have been chosen : visual observation, beating, cardboards, sentinel preys. Notation grids are also integrated in order to facilitate farmers involvement.
Tipo: Teaching resource Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Fruit and berries.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30812/1/EcoOrchard_methods_presentation_booklet_2017.pdf
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Booklet of simplified methods for the monitoring of functional biodiversity in organic orchards Organic Eprints
D'Yvoire, Caroline; WARLOP, FRANCOIS; Świergiel, Weronika; Sigsgaard, Lene; Porcel, Mario.
This booklet has been conceived in the frame of the Ecoorchard project, funded under CORE ORGANIC. It is designed to help farmers in using simple methods to assess functional biodiversity in their orchards. Four methods have been chosen : visual observation, beating, cardboards, sentinel preys. Notation grids are also integrated in order to facilitate farmers involvement.
Tipo: Teaching resource Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Fruit and berries.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/35249/1/EcoOrchard_methods_presentation_booklet_2019.pdf
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Concevoir et expérimenter des vergers agroforestiers en Agriculture Biologique (VERtiCAL). Organic Eprints
Castel, Laurie; Plessix, Segolene; Gaspari, Chloe; WARLOP, FRANCOIS.
The VERtiCAL research project focused from 2013 to 2018 on the spatial and temporal diversification of fruit tree systems as a relevant mean for reducing pesticide use. The project resulted in the design and assessment of two fruit agroforestry systems (AFS), called "TAB" and "Durette", managed in organic farming and with specific technical and economic characteristics. The project allowed co-design experiences and led to the development of a new tool for ex ante assessment of AFS. First results show a 52% reduction of pesticides on the TAB system compared to a conventional reference system while reaching yield objectives, and a very low reliance to pesticides on the Durette system. As for biodiversity, specific richness of birds increased from 12 to 24...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions Farming Systems Biodiversity and ecosystem services Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/36279/1/Vol76-20-Castel%20et%20al.pdf
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Evaluation et sélection des méthodes d’observation de la biodiversité fonctionnelle (CASDAR Muscari) Organic Eprints
Lambion, Jérôme; WARLOP, FRANCOIS; Grébaux, Daphné.
Les méthodes de collecte d’échantillons pour évaluer la biodiversité fonctionnelle sont nombreuses (pièges à interception, aspirations, battages, Barber, Berlèze, tente Malaise, cages à émergence…) ; elles sont souvent adaptées à certains taxons en particulier, en se révélant peu performantes pour d’autres. L’objectif des travaux est de caractériser et d’évaluer différents outils à travers plusieurs indicateurs : taxons visés ou exclus par la méthode, sélectivité de la méthode (un taxon en particulier ou une multitude ?), mesure de flux d’insectes ou « photographie », facilité de mise en œuvre (matériel nécessaire, temps d’installation, de relevé), inconvénients (fragilité du matériel, temps de manipulation, tri éventuel des échantillons, défaunage ?) Les...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/30909/7/Lambion_2015_Muscari_Rapport.pdf
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Functional agrobiodiversity in apple orchards Organic Eprints
Sigsgaard, Lene; Pfiffner, Lukas; Penvern, Servane; Tchamitchian, Marc; WARLOP, FRANCOIS; Herz, Annette; Kelderer, Markus; Jamar, Laurent; Kruzynska, Dorota; Korsgaard, Maren; Tasin, Marco; Jasko, Janis.
Fruit growers often suffer economic losses due to insect damages. The available natural pest control products are not always effective; and for organic fruit growers options for direct control are relatively few. EcoOrchard, a CORE Organic Plus project (2015-18) tracked EU farmers knowledge of Functional AgroBiodiversity (FAB) and generated new knowledge in order to successfully use FAB in orchards by a joint field experiment across seven countries of perennial flower strips to assess impact on natural enemies, codling moths and yield. The project also established the BIONetwork as a European-wide network of stakeholders for collecting, sharing and improving scientific and practical knowledge and experience in FAB management, and developed simple FAB...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Systems research and participatory research Biodiversity and ecosystem services Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33694/1/Functional%20agrobiodiversity%20in%20apple%20orchards.docx
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Handbook for designing & managing Agroforestry mixing fruits & vegetables Organic Eprints
WARLOP, FRANCOIS; Fourrié, Laetitia.
This 40-pages handbook intends to point out the main decisive aspects to have in mind when creating and designing a diversified agroforestry system : which marketing channels, which competencies, which working capacity and organization... Farmers experiences and feedbacks provide an additional value to this practical guide.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions; Vegetables; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Fruit and berries; Landscape and recreation.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32135/1/guide_verger-maraicher_smart_GRAB_web.pdf
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Limitation des populations de ravageurs de l’olivier par le recours à la lutte biologique par conservation Organic Eprints
WARLOP, FRANCOIS.
L’olivier est une culture relativement rustique, mais qui peut être fortement attaquée par la mouche Bactrocera oleae (Gmelin), son principal ravageur. Les parasitoïdes de cette mouche sont connus, mais leur impact sur les populations de Diptères demeure faible, faute d’aménagement adéquat du paysage et suite à une intensification abusive des pratiques culturales. Le programme d’installation de bandes florales mené par le Groupe de recherches en agriculture biologique qui a débuté en 2004 vise à rétablir des relations tritrophiques, entre la faune auxiliaire, les espèces d’insectes nuisibles et les plantes adventices, en favorisant l’installation de ces dernières. L’Organisation internationale de lutte biologique et intégrée (OILB) considère que la lutte...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Olive.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/21731/1/article.md%3Ftype%3Dtext.html
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Manuel des méthodes simplifiées pour suivre la biodiversité fonctionnelle en vergers de pommiers Organic Eprints
WARLOP, FRANCOIS; D'Yvoire, Caroline; Świergiel, Weronika; Sigsgaard, Lene; Porcel, Mario.
Ce manuel a été conçu dans le cadre du projet européen Ecoorchard financé par CORE ORGANIC. Il a été pensé pour aider les arboriculteurs à observer par eux-mêmes les dynamiques d'auxiliaires dans leur verger, en fonction de leurs pratiques culturales et de leurs aménagements. Quatre méthodes simples sont proposées. Des grilles de notation sont également incluses.
Tipo: Teaching resource Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Fruit and berries.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/33799/1/Manuel%20technique_methodes%20de%20suivi_2017_compress%C3%A9.pdf
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Oléiculture moderne & enjeux agronomiques Organic Eprints
WARLOP, FRANCOIS.
Olive cultivation in the mediterranean basin has been strongly modernized in the last 25 years. Irrigation and plant protection led to intensive orchards and significant ecological footprint (on greenhouse gases for example), whereas olive products are still considered as natural ones by consumers. This article presents some improvements and french research currently carried out to improve olive cultivation, and reduce its environmental impact.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Produce chain management; Olive.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/18097/1/olive_durable_090810.doc
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Perspetiva europeia de melhoramento e propagação de macieira em agricultura biológica no âmbito do projeto LIVESEED Organic Eprints
Koustis, Kostas; WARLOP, FRANCOIS; Bolinger, Niklaus; Parveaud, Claude-Eric; Steinemann, Beatrice; REY, Frederic; Rodriguez Burruezo, A; Mended Moreira, P; Messmer, Monika.
A maçã é um dos frutos de maior destaque na fruticultura europeia. No entanto, a sua produção em Agricultura Biológica (AB) é um desafio constante, dada a problemática associada à proteção das culturas, num quadro de forte limitação à aplicação de produtos fitossanitários. Deste modo, torna-se necessária a produção de material vegetal melhor adaptado às condições edafoclimáticas e ao modo de produção biológica. O objetivo do LIVESEED é melhorar o desempenho e a sustentabilidade em AB, impulsionando os esforços de produção de diásporos e de melhoramento de plantas em modo de produção biológica.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Breeding; Genetics and propagation.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/35114/1/LIVESEED_Poster_apple_Pt%204SNF-075.pdf
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PRÆSENTATIONSHÅNDBOG MED ENKLE METODER TIL OPGØRELSE AF FUNKTIONEL BIODIVERSITET I ØKOLOGISKE FRUGTPLANTAGER Organic Eprints
D'Yvoire, Caroline; WARLOP, FRANCOIS; Świergiel, Weronika; Porcel, Mario; Jacobsen, Stíne K.; Sigsgaard, Lene.
Purpose of the monitoring methods:  Familiarize producers with the simplified observation of beneficials  Raise the awareness of producers to the natural regulations that are occurring in their orchards  Engage the adaptation of plant protection practices in order to optimize these regulations  When possible, observe the effect on biological control of agroecological infrastructures implemented in the orchard over space and time  The state of the art does not provide threshold values of natural enemies as decision support for immediate pest management measures as pesticide application Purpose of evaluation of monitoring techniques - Co-define the criteria that have to be met so that the methods can be used by the farmers and advisors -...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services Fruit and berries Crop health; Quality; Protection Education; Extension and communication Evaluation of inputs.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/33701/1/Metodeh%C3%A5ndbog_2017_DK.pdf
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PRÆSENTATIONSHÅNDBOG MED ENKLE METODER TIL OPGØRELSE AF FUNKTIONEL BIODIVERSITET I ØKOLOGISKE FRUGTPLANTAGER. Organic Eprints
D'Yvoire, Caroline; WARLOP, FRANCOIS; Świergiel, Weronika; Porcel, Mario; Jacobsen, Stine K.; Sigsgaard, Lene.
A handbook for growers and advisors to assess the natural enemies in the orchard with photo illustrations and a form to use for own recordings
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services Crop health; Quality; Protection Education; Extension and communication Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/35008/1/Metodeh%C3%A5ndbog_EcoOrchard_2018_DK_med%20nye%20fotos.pdf
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Un nouveau ravageur menaçant pour les cultures fruitières biologiques : Drosophila suzukii Organic Eprints
WARLOP, FRANCOIS; MANDRIN, Jean-François; Weydert, Claire; Filleron, Emmanuelle; Turquet, Marion; Gallia, Valérie.
A new pest has been officially described in France in 2010. Drosophila suzukii (also called Spotted-wing Drosophila) attacks many species of fruits, before ripening, and economic consequences are very important. Because of a very high fecundity and a great lack of knowledge on this invasive pest, there is a high need of applied research to provide efficient techniques to conventional and also organic farmers. Indeed, organic cherry or strawberry production is directly threatened by this new pest. The poster presents different control strategies and state of art for each of them.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Fruit and berries Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/24698/1/Warlop_2013_%2324698_poster.pdf
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Urgent need for new apple breeding methods better adapted to low-input agro ecosystems Organic Eprints
WARLOP, FRANCOIS; LATEUR, MARC; DAPENA, ENRIQUE.
Due to its perennial statute, fruit sector is the first consumer of plant protection products per hectare. This may also be a direct consequence of a historical cultivar selection that neglected the tree rusticity for years, and mostly encouraged high yield, common quality and aesthetical properties. The ecological footprint of fruit cultivation is therefore very high, and not sustainable. Many fungicides and insecticides shall be used, even in organic farming, to face sanitary problems. Considering the time necessary to create new cultivars, an urgent change of paradigm is needed. The French Ministry recently launched a mission involving many scientists active in this field, to start integrating environmental purposes into the vegetal selection devices....
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Fruit and berries Breeding; Genetics and propagation.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/18101/1/Eucarpia_texte_final_version.doc
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Workshop: Enhancement of functional biodiversity Organic Eprints
Herz, Annette; Penvern, Servane; Fernique, Sarah; Matray, Silvia; WARLOP, FRANCOIS.
Participants of this workshop were invited to comment on and discuss information on techniques for functional agrobiodiversity which had been collected from an European questionnaire among growers and advisors in apple orchard production in the framework of the Core Organic Plus Project "EcoOrchard". In additon to the workshop, participants were invited to answer to a questionnaire on their expertise and experience on functional agrobiodiversity in apple growing.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Technology transfer Biodiversity and ecosystem services Education; Extension and communication Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30025/1/Workshop%20FAB160216_Picturereport.pdf
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