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Insights into the antiviral functions of the RNAi machinery in penaeid shrimp ArchiMer
Labreuche, Yannick; Warr, Gregory W..
Over the last decade, RNA interference pathways have emerged in eukaryotes as critical regulators of many diverse biological functions including, among others, transcriptional gene regulation, post-transcriptional gene silencing, heterochromatin remodelling, suppression of transposon activity, and antiviral defences. Although this gene silencing process has been reported to be relatively well conserved in species of different phyla, there are important discrepancies between plants, invertebrates and mammals. In penaeid shrimp, the existence of an intact and functional RNAi machinery is supported by a rapidly growing body of evidence. However, the extent to which this process participates to the host immune responses remains poorly defined in this non-model...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Shrimp; Innate immune response; In vertebrate immunity; RNA interference; Virus.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00119/23063/20899.pdf
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Lack of evidence for Litopenaeus vannamei Toll receptor (lToll) involvement in activation of sequence-independent antiviral immunity in shrimp ArchiMer
Labreuche, Yannick; O'Leary, Nuala A.; De La Vega, Enrique; Veloso, Artur; Gross, Paul S.; Chapman, Robert W.; Browdy, Craig L.; Warr, Gregory W..
injection of non-specific dsRNA initiates a broad-spectrum innate antiviral immune response in the Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, however, the receptor involved in recognition of this by-product of viral infections remains unknown. In vertebrates, dsRNA sensing is mediated by a class of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and results in activation of the interferon system. Because a TLR (lToll) was recently characterized in L. vannamei, we investigated its potential role in dsRNA recognition. We showed that injection of non-specific RNA duplexes did not modify lToll gene expression. A reverse genetic approach was therefore implemented to study its role in vivo. Silencing of lToll did not impair the ability of nonspecific dsRNA to trigger protection...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Shrimp; Virus; RNA interference; Invertebrate immunity; Innate immune response; Toll like receptor; DSRNA.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6428.pdf
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Non-specific activation of antiviral immunity and induction of RNA interference may engage the same pathway in the Pacific white leg shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei ArchiMer
Labreuche, Yannick; Veloso, Artur; De La Vega, Enrique; Gross, Paul S.; Chapman, Robert W.; Browdy, Craig L.; Warr, Gregory W..
Many questions remain unanswered regarding RNAi-based mechanisms and dsRNA-induced antiviral immune responses in penaeid shrimp. In this study, we report the characterization in the white leg shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei of RNAi pathway associated proteins Lv-Ago 1 and Lv-Ago 2, two members of the Argonaute family of proteins, as well as Lv-sid 1, the first shrimp homologue of Sid-1, a membrane channel-forming protein implicated in the cellular import of dsRNA. To decipher their functional implication in RNAi-related phenomena, we monitored their relative expression following stimulation by specific and non-specific RNA duplexes of diverse length. The findings show that the length of small RNA duplexes plays a critical role in the activation of both...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Shrimp; Litopenaeus vannamei; RNAi; DsRNA; Argonaute; Sid-1; Antiviral immunity.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00015/12652/9587.pdf
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PenBase, the shrimp antimicrobial peptide penaeidin database: Sequence-based classification and recommended nomenclature ArchiMer
Gueguen, Yannick; Garnier, Julien; Robert, Lorenne; Lefranc, Marie-paule; Mougenot, Isabelle; De Lorgeril, Julien; Janech, Michael; Gross, Paul S.; Warr, Gregory W.; Cuthbertson, Brandon; Barracco, Margherita A.; Bulet, Philippe; Aumelas, André; Yang, Yinshan; Bo, Dong; Xiang, Jianhai; Tassanakajon, Anchalee; Piquemal, Piquemal; Bachere, Evelyne.
Antimicrobial peptides play a major role in innate immunity. The penaeidins, initially characterized from the shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei, are a family of antimicrobial peptides that appear to be expressed in all penaeid shrimps. As of recent, a large number of penaeid nucleotide sequences have been identified from a variety of penaeid shrimp species and these sequences currently reside in several databases under unique identifiers with no nomenclatural continuity. To facilitate research in this field and avoid potential confusion due to a diverse number of nomenclatural designations, we have made a systematic effort to collect, analyse, and classify all the penaeidin sequences available in every database. We have identified a common penaeidin signature...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Nomenclature; Sequence database; Crustacea; Antimicrobial peptide; Penaeid shrimp; Penaeidin.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-2332.pdf
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