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Registros recuperados: 21
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A Need for Speed? Rural Internet Connectivity and the No access / Dial-up / High-speed Decision AgEcon
Whitacre, Brian E.; Mills, Bradford F..
As residential high-speed Internet access has become more prevalent, the composition of the “"digital divide"” between rural and urban households has shifted. In 2000, dial-up access rates in rural household lagged behind their urban counterparts by eleven percent. By 2003, however, dial-up access rates were equal between rural and urban households, due in part to soaring high-speed rates in urban areas. This paper explores the household decision between no Internet access, dial-up access, and high-speed access. In particular, nested logit and multinomial logit specifications are compared. The paper also uses a decomposition technique to estimate the contributions of various factors (including education, income, and infrastructure levels) to each of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Public Economics.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21272
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An Evaluation of the Economic Impacts of Oklahoma Farmers Markets AgEcon
Henneberry, Shida Rastegari; Whitacre, Brian E.; Agustini, Haerani N..
The contribution of farmers markets to the U.S. economy has become more significant due to the increased demand for fresh, locally produced products. However, compared to other marketing outlets, the economic contribution of farmers markets often goes unrecognized. This study focuses on farmers markets in Oklahoma and uses the IMPLAN model to estimate the impacts of farmers markets to Oklahoma’s economy. The results from this study show that farmers market activities are a vital part of Oklahoma’s economy, generating total direct sales of $3.3 million, with a total economic impact of almost $6 million.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99760
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Bridging the Metropolitan-Nonmetropolitan Digital Divide in Home Internet Use AgEcon
Whitacre, Brian E.; Mills, Bradford F..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93724
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Critical Access Hospitals and Retail Activity: an Empirical Analysis AgEcon
Brooks, Lara; Whitacre, Brian E..
This paper takes an empirical approach to determining the effect that a critical access hospital (CAH) has on local retail activity. Previous research on the relationship between hospitals and economic development has primarily focused on single-case, multiplier oriented analysis. The positive empirical results provide additional evidence on the far-reaching economic development impacts of CAHs. The results also emphasize the importance of continued support for these rural institutions, including federal and state subsidies.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Critical Access Hospital; Retail; Economic impact; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Health Economics and Policy; R11; I18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56323
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Decision Support System for Evaluating Rural Water Supply Infrastructure Scenarios AgEcon
Stoecker, Arthur L.; Sanders, Dee Ann; Whitacre, Brian E..
This paper seeks to develop a methodology that will be useful for rural water districts in assessing the future of their water systems infrastructure. In particular, the use of free water simulation software and publicly available data on population, roads, and terrain present rural water systems with the opportunity to analyze their existing distribution system and forecast where problems are likely to occur. This methodology will allow various alternatives (such as consolidation with a neighboring system, or pipe upgrades) to be evaluated and the costs of implementing these alternatives to be explored. Finally, different avenues for funding the associated costs can be summarized and presented to the community, including the steps needed to apply for...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural Water; Infrastructure; Simulation; EPANET; Community/Rural/Urban Development; R53; R58.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56526
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Does Broadband Access Impact Population Growth in Rural America? AgEcon
Mahasuweerachai, Phumsith; Whitacre, Brian E.; Shideler, David W..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Population growth; Broadband; Spatial econometric; Average treatment effects; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49303
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Entrepreneurial Communities in Rural Oklahoma AgEcon
Brooks, Lara; Whitacre, Brian E.; Muske, Glenn; Woods, Michael D..
This paper studies “entrepreneurial communities” using both quantitative and qualitative data from the state of Oklahoma. Household-level survey data and community-specific characteristics are used to determine what factors affect whether a rural community operates in an entrepreneurial manner. Case studies from successful rural communities provide a more qualitative viewpoint of the factors that lead to entrepreneurial activity.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Entrepreneurship; Communities; Rural development; Community/Rural/Urban Development; R11; O18; C1.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6829
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Entrepreneurial Programs: Which Contribute to Oklahoma Business Owners' Success? AgEcon
Brooks, Lara; Whitacre, Brian E.; Muske, Glenn; Woods, Michael D.; Shideler, David W..
Replaced with revised version of poster 07/20/10.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Entrepreneur; Entrepreneurship; Rural economic development; Small business management; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61388
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Estimating the Economic Impact of Telemedicine in a Rural Community AgEcon
Whitacre, Brian E..
One commonly discussed benefit of broadband access in rural America is the potential for telemedicine visits that allow rural residents to take advantage of urbanized medical services. While the primary benefit of telemedicine is often viewed as improved health care access, the availability of these services also offers significant economic contributions to the local community. Site visits to 24 rural hospitals of varying size over a four-state area in the Midwest provide information to develop a methodology for estimating telemedicine’s economic impact. Using this technique, telemedicine services contribute between $20,000 and $1.3M annually to these local economies, with an average of $522,000.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Telemedicine; Economic impact; Teleradiology; Telepsychiatry; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117770
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Factors Affecting Outsourcing for Information Technology Services in Rural Hospitals: Theory and Evidence AgEcon
Whitacre, Brian E.; Fannin, James Matthew; Barnes, James N..
As health information technology becomes more prevalent for most healthcare facilities, hospitals across the nation are choosing between performing this service in-house and outsourcing to a technology firm in the health industry. This paper examines factors affecting the information technology (IT) outsource decision for various hospitals. Using 2004 data from the American Hospital Association, logistic regression models find that governmental ownership and a proxy variable for hospitals that treat more severe injuries positively impact the probability of outsourcing for IT services.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Health Information Technology; Outsourcing; Hospital; Health Economics and Policy; Labor and Human Capital; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; I12; C140.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6393
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Factors Influencing the Temporal Diffusion of Broadband Adoption: Evidence from Oklahoma AgEcon
Whitacre, Brian E..
This paper examines the shifting influence of household characteristics and telecommunications infrastructure on the residential broadband adoption decision for Oklahoma residents between 2003 and 2006. In particular, the spread of wired telecommunications infrastructure (namely cable Internet and Digital Subscriber Lines (DSL)) is examined, along with the effect that this diffusion has had on broadband access rates. The data indicates that the gap in broadband access rates between rural and urban areas has remained relatively constant over this period despite increased levels of cable and DSL throughout the state. In addition, an inter-temporal decomposition shows that the increasing levels of infrastructure are not the dominant cause of higher broadband...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Broadband; Internet; Temporal Diffusion; Public Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; R11; O18; C1.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6934
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Farming and the Internet: Factors Affecting Input Purchases Online and Reasons for Non-Adoption AgEcon
Briggeman, Brian C.; Whitacre, Brian E..
Using the 2005 ARMS data, significant factors are identified that influence the decision to purchase farm inputs over the Internet and reasons for not adopting the Internet. Internet input purchasing farmers tend to be younger and more educated. Non-adopters that are more educated most likely cite Internet security concerns as their primary reason for not adopting.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: ARMS; Internet; Farming; E-commerce; Farm Management; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q12; R1.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6871
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Farming and the Internet: Reasons for Non-Use AgEcon
Briggeman, Brian C.; Whitacre, Brian E..
Rural broadband infrastructure and service has received a significant amount of funding through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. These funds should increase broadband availability, but will broadband be used in rural areas and in particular by farmers? This paper uses Agricultural Resource Management Survey data to investigate why the majority of U.S. farmers choose not to use the Internet in their farm business. Although frequently cited by policymakers, concerns about inadequate Internet service or security actually account for a small percentage of responses. This research identifies targeted educational programs that focus on alleviating perceived barriers to Internet use.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: ARMS; Farming; Internet; Multinomial logit; Non-use; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97008
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How Specialized is “too” Specialized? Outmigration and Industry Diversification in Nonmetropolitan Counties across America AgEcon
Jackson, Ashley; Whitacre, Brian E..
Outmigration and industrial composition have separately been the focal points of a significant amount of research related to nonmetropolitan counties; however, few (if any) studies have explicitly looked at the relationship between the two topics. The primary objective of this research is to identify what industry specialization level is “too” specialized with regards to outmigration – that is, to determine the level where specialization begins to have a damaging effect on population change. County-level data from a variety of sources is used to explore the impact of both earnings-based and employment-based definitions of specialization on net migration in nonmetropolitan counties from 2000 – 2009. Two distinct techniques (ordinary least squares and...
Palavras-chave: Outmigration; Nonmetropolitan; Industrial Specialization; Industrial Diversification; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119739
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Metro, Micro, and Non-Core: A 3-year Portrait of Broadband Supply and Demand in Oklahoma AgEcon
Whitacre, Brian E..
Rural communities suffer from both supply and demand-side disadvantages when dealing with Internet access. Telecommunications companies are less likely to provide them with needed infrastructure due to lower population densities, and they also tend to have lower levels of specific factors known to influence the access decision such as education and income. This study looks at the broadband Internet setting in Oklahoma over a 3-year period, examining the diffusion of both infrastructure and access rates. A non-linear decomposition technique allows for measurement of how specific characteristics, including the availability of infrastructure, contribute to observed metropolitan – micropolitan or metropolitan – noncore “digital divides.” The results...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Broadband; Internet; Diffusion; Rural; Community/Rural/Urban Development; R11; O18; C1.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55929
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RURAL BROADBAND AVAILABILITY AND ADOPTION IN OKLAHOMA AgEcon
Whitacre, Brian E..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Broadband Adoption; Rural Broadband Availability; Broadband Infrastructure; Broadband Digital Divide; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; R22; D12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100793
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“Small” Broadband Providers: Where and Why? AgEcon
Mahasuweerachai, Phumsith; Whitacre, Brian E..
Using new data set of Federal Communication Commission, we model where small broadband providers choose to locate. When using all areas data, we find that even in term of small broadband providers, digital divide between rural and urban areas still exist. However, when we restrict data on areas previously depicted as no provider, rural areas seem to be an attractive target for small broadband providers. In addition, areas with high number of household but low number of business seem to be interested by small broadband provider especially rural areas. The results also suggest that USDA policies to increase broadband providers in rural area are ineffective.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9806
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The Economic Impacts of Direct Produce Marketing: A Case Study of Oklahoma's Famers' Markets AgEcon
Henneberry, Shida Rastegari; Taylor, Merritt J.; Whitacre, Brian E.; Agustini, Haerani N.; Mutondo, Joao E.; Roberts, Warren.
The IMPLAN model is used to estimate total (direct and secondary) economic impacts of farmers' markets in Oklahoma's economy. The results show that Oklahoma farmers' markets generate a total gross sale of $3.3 million, with a total economic impact of $7.8 million.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Marketing.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6785
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The Role of Infrastructure in the Rural - Urban Digital Divide AgEcon
Whitacre, Brian E.; Mills, Bradford F..
A significant gap exists in the percentage of rural and urban households that connect to the Internet. Furthermore, this "digital divide" has been increasing with respect to high-speed connections. The primary course of action to address this emerging high-speed digital divide has been to subsidize digital communications technology (DCT) infrastructure. This paper explores the diffusion of DCT infrastructure in both rural and urban areas over the period 2000 - 2003, and estimates its contribution to the emerging divide in high-speed access. The findings suggest that the rural - urban high-speed divide is more strongly associated with differences in household characteristics like education and income than differences in infrastructure.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19352
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THE STRUGGLE FOR BROADBAND IN RURAL AMERICA AgEcon
Dickes, Lori A.; Lamie, R. David; Whitacre, Brian E..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Broadband; Digital Divide; Economic Development; Infrastructure; Rural Development; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; L96; R11; R58.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100800
Registros recuperados: 21
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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