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Registros recuperados: 165
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ADDITIONALITY OF CREDIT GUARANTEES FOR U.S. WHEAT EXPORTS AgEcon
Diersen, Matthew A.; Wilson, William W.; Dahl, Bruce L.; Satyanarayana, Vidyashankara.
The value of credit guarantee programs has recently been called into question. Credit guarantees are important marketing tools in the world wheat market, both to develop new markets and to compete in existing markets. This study examines the additionality of export credit guarantees. Empirical demand models were developed and estimated using pooled data among importing countries. Models were estimated for each of the principal exporting countries providing export credit guarantees: the United States, Canada and France. Additionality of credit guarantees were also contrasted to the Export Enhancement Program. Positive additionality was found for CCC guarantees, indicating that the GSM programs have resulted in additional exports that would not have...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Additionality; Export Credit Guarantees; Price Subsidy; GSM-102; EEP; Canada; United States; France; Agricultural Finance; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23425
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ADDITIONALITY OF CREDIT GUARANTEES FOR U.S. WHEAT EXPORTS; SUMMARY AgEcon
Diersen, Matthew A.; Wilson, William W.; Dahl, Bruce L.; Satyanarayana, Vidyashankara.
The value of credit guarantee programs has recently been called into question. Credit guarantees are important marketing tools in the world wheat market, both to develop new markets and to compete in existing markets. This study examines the additionality of export credit guarantees. Empirical demand models were developed and estimated using pooled data among importing countries. Models were estimated for each of the principal exporting countries providing export credit guarantees: the United States, Canada and France. Additionality of credit guarantees were also contrasted to the Export Enhancement Program. Positive additionality was found for CCC guarantees, indicating that the GSM programs have resulted in additional exports that would not have...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Additionality; Export Credit Guarantees; Price Subsidy; GSM-102; EEP; Canada; United States; France; Agricultural Finance; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23240
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AGRICULTURAL VALUE ADDED: PROSPECTS FOR NORTH DAKOTA AgEcon
Lambert, David K.; Lim, Siew Hoon; Tweeten, Kathleen M.; Leistritz, F. Larry; Wilson, William W.; McKee, Gregory J.; Nganje, William E.; DeVuyst, Cheryl Sinn; Saxowsky, David M..
Introduction: This report provides an overview of the important factors affecting investments in agricultural value-added ventures. The introductory section outlines current research on factors important in the location of economic activity. Research applied to specific agricultural value-added ventures, such as food manufacturing and livestock feeding and finishing operations, are discussed. A listing of resources available to entrepreneurs considering value-added investments concludes the introductory section. Following the introductory section are short overviews of industries that already have, or may have, potential for increasing economic activity in the state. All are based on the important foundation of agriculture in the state's economy or...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23652
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Agro-terrorism and the Grain Handling Systems in Canada and the United States AgEcon
Nganje, William E.; Wilson, William W.; Nolan, James F..
The grain handling sector in Canada and the United States is vital to agriculture and trade. In a typical year on the Canadian prairies, about 140,000 producers deliver some 20 to 30 mmt of grain for export to primary elevators. In the United States, about 2.1 million producers deliver about 300 mmt of grain to primary elevators. Canadian grain is moved to export position using more than 400,000 hopper cars and marine containers, where about 1,200 ships per year are loaded. In the United States, about 1.08 million rail carloads of grain are originated per year, and about 23 mmt of grain are shipped on barges per year. These U.S. figures are in addition to trucks, which, more so than in Canada, are also used to deliver grain to primary processors and to...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45745
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Barley Production and Marketing in the United States and Canada AgEcon
Wilson, William W..
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Marketing.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120760
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BIDDING ON RAILCARS FOR GRAIN: A STRATEGIC ANALYSIS AgEcon
Wilson, William W.; Dahl, Bruce L..
Many of the U.S. railroads have introduced highly differentiated services for grain shipments in recent years, generally in the area of forward guaranteed car service. Taken together with other alternatives, these mechanisms have had the effect of establishing priority allocations among shippers. In most cases, pricing and allocation of these services has been with some type of bidding mechanisms. This paper explores the economic implications of these mechanisms on the grain shipping industry. A model was developed to identify factors affecting the value of these services and was analyzed in the context of a typical midwestern grain shipment. A game theory model of competitive bidding was also developed to analyze the effects of critical strategic...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Railcars; Guaranteed car service; Railcar allocation; Options; Guarantee; Bidding models; Valuation; Marketing.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23168
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CANADIAN TRANSPORTATION AND GRAIN HANDLING: ISSUES AFFECTING THE NORTH AMERICAN BARLEY SECTOR AgEcon
Park, Joon J.; Wilson, William W.; Johnson, D. Demcey.
The Canadian grain handling and transportation system has undergone substantial change in recent years, particularly since the elimination of rail subsidies in 1995. Competitive pressures and branch line abandonment have forced many primary elevators to close, while scores of new high-throughput elevators have been constructed across the Prairies. Rationalization of the grain handling system and proposals for further deregulation of rail transportation are driven by the need to improve system efficiency. Policy recommendations of the Estey Report (notably, the elimination of rail rate caps, and 'port buying' by the Canadian Wheat Board) would have important consequences for the grain trade and are contentious issues within Canada. Changes in grain...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Grain handling; Transportation; Barley; Canadian Wheat Board; Regulatory reform; Rationalization; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23158
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Commercial and Producer Applications Using Options on Grain Futures AgEcon
Satrom, John P.; Chan, Alfred K.; Wilson, William W..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23431
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COMPARING END-USE VALUES FOR NORTH DAKOTA HARD RED SPRING WHEAT VARIETIES AgEcon
Lambert, David K.; Wilson, William W..
Markets for agricultural products may be inefficient when signals do not adequately reflect product characteristics important to market participants. Although preferences can be explicitly stated through price premiums or characteristic values can be determined via hedonic methods, the problem is compounded when product quality information is costly to obtain. Bundling of quality traits by variety can serve to signal product quality. A procedure is developed in this paper to derive the value of different varieties in meeting buyer demands. An application to the hard red spring market wheat both validates the ability of the procedure to distinguish among varieties, as well as provides empirical support to the existence of Akerlof's lemon market in the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural markets; Product quality; Distance functions; Wheat; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23657
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COMPETITION AND POLICY CONFLICTS IN CANADA-U.S. BARLEY TRADE AgEcon
Johnson, D. Demcey; Wilson, William W..
Changes in policy, institutional and competitive environments have led to increased trade and a rise in trade tensions in the Canada-U.S. barely market. These tensions stem from policies and marketing institutions that have evolved independently in these two countries. Results from a detailed spatial equilibrium model of the Canada- U.S. barley market are presented in this article. Simulations are used to quantify effects of U.S. import restrictions; removal of Canadian rail subsidies, different Export Enhancement Program (EEP) subsidy levels, restoration of Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) acres to U.S. production, and retention of Canadian Wheat Board control over Canadian barley sales—all of which affect trade flows in the barley sector.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30937
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Competition in the International Wheat Market AgEcon
Wilson, William W..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23326
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Competitive Bidding, Information and Exporter Competition AgEcon
Preszler, Todd; Wilson, William W.; Johnson, D. Demcey.
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121380
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COMPETITIVE BIDDING ON IMPORT TENDERS: THE CASE OF MINOR OILSEEDS AgEcon
Wilson, William W.; Diersen, Matthew A..
Auctions and bidding play an important role in agricultural marketing. A common and noteworthy application of auctions and bidding is that of import tendering which is used for both price determination and the allocation of purchases among sellers. In this study we develop a model to evaluate bidding strategies and competition in Egyptian oilseeds imports. Information included the values of bids submitted by each supplier in each tender over the period 1990 to 1993. Results indicate that generally bids could be predicted for all bidders with a relatively high degree of confidence using simple relationships and accessible data. In addition, for each oil tender there appeared to be groups of bidders characterized by differences in their bid functions....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bidding; Auction; International Grain Competition; Grains; Importing; Marketing; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23421
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COMPETITIVE BIDDING ON IMPORT TENDERS: THE CASE OF MINOR OILSEEDS AgEcon
Wilson, William W.; Diersen, Matthew A..
A common and noteworthy application of auctions and bidding is that of tendering for imports, used for both price determination and the allocation of purchases among sellers. In this study we develop a model to evaluate bidding strategies and competition and apply it to Egyptian oilseeds imports. Generally, bids could be explained with a relatively high degree of confidence using accessible data. In addition, there appear to be groups of bidders characterized by differences in their bid functions. These statistical results were used to determine optimal bids and evaluate the effects of several critical variables. The results are particularly interesting for understanding sellers' bidding strategies and competition among rivals, as well as impacts of...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31148
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CONSISTENCY OF QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS IN HARD RED SPRING WHEATS AgEcon
Dahl, Bruce L.; Wilson, William W..
Greater sophistication of buyers in the wheat market has increased demands for higher quality wheats and focused attention on the consistency of the quality of wheat purchased. In this study, the variability of wheat quality characteristics was examined at different stages of the marketing chain. Variability was measured by variety and at farm and export levels. Comparisons were made with Canada where similar data were available. Different measures of variability were utilized where data were available. Inter-year variability, intra-year variability, and within-lot variability of wheat quality characteristics were measured at different points in the wheat marketing chain in the United States and Canada. Variability of many characteristics was...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Quality; Consistency; Quality Variability; Wheat Export Quality; Farm Production Quality; Wheat Variety Quality; Canada; United States; Production Economics.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23455
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CONSISTENCY OF QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS IN HARD RED SPRING WHEATS; SUMMARY AgEcon
Dahl, Bruce L.; Wilson, William W..
Greater sophistication of buyers in the wheat market has increased demands for higher quality wheats and focused attention on the consistency of the quality of wheat purchased. In this study, the variability of wheat quality characteristics was examined at different stages of the marketing chain. Variability was measured by variety and at farm and export levels. Comparisons were made with Canada where similar data were available. Different measures of variability were utilized where data were available. Inter-year variability, intra-year variability, and within-lot variability of wheat quality characteristics were measured at different points in the wheat marketing chain in the United States and Canada. Variability of many characteristics was...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Quality; Consistency; Quality Variability; Wheat Export Quality; Farm Production Quality; Wheat Variety Quality; Canada; United States; Production Economics.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23305
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Contracting for Canola in the Great Plains States AgEcon
Wilson, William W.; Dahl, Bruce L..
Canola has become an important crop in the last decade in the U.S. Production of canola is risky and competes with other crops which have a range of risk reduction mechanisms. Alternative contracting strategies were evaluated by comparing returns to labor and management for growers and gross margins for processors. Alternative contracting strategies included no contract, fixed price with and without act of god provisions, and an oil premium contract. Grower returns and processor gross margins were simulated and resulting distributions were evaluated using stochastic efficiency with respect to a function. We estimated certainty equivalents and ranked contract preferences for both growers and processors by region in North Dakota. Grower and processor risk...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Canola; Grower; Processor; Contracting; Risk; Stochastic Efficiency (SERF).; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95751
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CONTRACTING STRATEGIES FOR EU TRACEABILITY REQUIREMENTS AgEcon
Wilson, William W.; Dahl, Bruce L..
A principal-agent problem was specified to define the equilibrium solution of a contracting strategy for a U.S. supplier exporting wheat to meet EU traceability requirements. The buyer (principal) offers a contract, the supplier (agent) accepts the contract, and then the supplier decides whether to offer a contract to the farmer. Nature at each level of the supply chain represents uncertainty due to adventitious commingling and imperfect information. Results indicate farmers would require 9 c/bu and suppliers 8 c/bu to induce their participation in the contracting strategy.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Traceability; Principal-Agent; Contracting; Genetically Modified; Wheat; European Union; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23535
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COOPERATIVE MARKETING IN SPECIALTY GRAINS AND IDENTITY PRESERVED GRAIN MARKETS AgEcon
Janzen, Edward L.; Wilson, William W..
Marketing of specialty and identity preserved grains has become an important strategy in the grain marketing industry and is being driven, in part, by consumer and processor demand and an interest in non-GM products. This study provides background and practices of numerous organizations involved in marketing of specialty/identity preserved grains. Supporting marketing activities are reviewed. Key factors in the success (or failure) of their efforts are identified. Major challenges facing the participants in the specialty/IP grain marketing industry are discussed. The primary focus is on the role of agricultural cooperatives and producer owned alliances.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Identity preservation; IP; Segregation; Traceability; Specialty products; Genetically modified; GM; Non-GM; Cooperative; Alliance.; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23558
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COSTS AND RISKS OF CONFORMING TO EU TRACEABILITY REQUIREMENTS: THE CASE OF HARD RED SPRING WHEAT AgEcon
Wilson, William W.; Henry, Xavier; Dahl, Bruce L..
Stochastic simulation was used to determine the marginal cost and optimal testing strategy (location and intensity) for an integrator conforming to proposed European Union traceability requirements for imported hard red spring wheat. Cost, risks and premiums were determined for exports of non-genetically modified (non-GM) wheat from the U.S. to the EU. Cost components include certified seed, certification and auditing, testing, traceability, quality loss, and a risk premium for the added risk of a dual traceability system over a single non-traceability system. The optimal strategy is the one that maximizes the integrator's utility (minimizes disutility of integrator's additional costs). Adventitious commingling is defined stochastically. Results...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Traceability; Genetically modified; Hard red spring wheat; European Union requirements; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23484
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