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Agricultural economics and transition: What was expected, what we observed, the lessons learned Proceedings (Volume I / II) AgEcon
Csaki, Csaba; Forgacs, Csaba; Koester, Ulrich; Liefert, William M.; Banse, Martin; Gay, Stephan Hubertus; McDonald, Scott; M'Barek, Robert; Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Kim, Hanho; An, Donghwan; Hubbard, Lionel J.; Rieger, Laszlo; Szoke, Gyula; Cristoiu, Adriana; Udovc, Andrej; Kagan, Adam; Sassi, Maria; Takacs, Istvan; Takacs, Emese; Cimpoies, Dragos; Ertsey, Imre; Kovacs, Sandor; Przygodzka, Renata; Dziemianowicz, Ryta Iwona; Magda, Robert; Borodina, Elena; Borodina, Alexandra; Gavrilescu, Dinu; Pecze, Denes; Balogh, Peter; Cechura, Lukas; Sayin, Cengiz; Cengiz, M. Nisa; Osanami, Fumio; Szabo, Gabor G.; Karaman, Suleyman; Szekely, Geza; Szczepaniak, Iwona; Szczegolska, Monika; Serova, Eugenia; Pieniadz, Agata; Barmon, Basanta Kumar; Kondo, Takumi; Becvarova, Vera; Levkovych, Inna; Hockmann, Heinrich; Bezlepkina, Irina V.; Kupavych, Alexander; Konig, Gabor; Halmai, Peter; Vasary, Viktoria; Vincze, Maria-Magdolna; Lerman, Zvi; Kolcsey, Andrea; Bokusheva, Raushan; Turtoi, Crina Sinziana; Toma, Camelia; Gavrilescu, Camelia; Davidova, Sophia; Blaas, Gejza; Antonova, Maria; Zeller, Manfred; Deininger, Klaus W.; Savastano, Sara; Carletto, Calogero; Caceres-Clavero, Francisco; Lucena-Cobos, Blanca; Latruffe, Laure; Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin; Bandlerova, Anna; Sadowski, Adam; Gomez y Paloma, Sergio; Luca, Lucian; Cristoiu, Adriana; Ciaian, Pavel; Pokrivcak, Jan; Drabik, Dusan; Voneki, Eva; Tonini, Axel; Burger, Anna; Szep, Katalin; Majewski, Edward; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide; Maccarini, Elisa Ricci; Monasterolo, Irene; Vandeplas, Anneleen; Jongeneel, Roelof A.; Novak, Petr; Brasili, Cristina; Meyer, William H.; Kuhne, Bianka; Fanfani, Roberto; Gellynck, Xavier; Molnar, Adrienn; Gagalyuk, Taras; Traikova, Diana; Mollers, Judith; Cochrane, Nancy J.; Kazlauskiene, Natalija; Fekete-Farkas, Maria; Molnar, Jozsef; Szucs, Istvan; Popp, Jozsef; Udovecz, Gabor; Florkowski, Wojciech J.; Fritzsch, Jana; Buchenrieder, Gertrud; Kasarjyan, Milada; Podruzsik, Szilard; Korff, Rudiger; Wilkin, Jerzy; van Leeuwen, Myrna; Bartova, Lubica; Erjavec, Emil; Katona-Kovacs, Judit; Baranyai, Zsolt; Hubbard, Carmen.
Over fifteen years have elapsed since the transition from the centrally planned economic system started in the early 1990’s. During this time agricultural and rural areas of Central and Eastern Europe have undergone profound structural changes with wide variations in the degree of transformation and in the rate of success in creating a competitive market and private ownership based food and agricultural system. By becoming member of the European Union the "transition" in its traditional interpretation has been concluded in ten of the Central East European countries. The transition to market based agriculture, however, is far from completion in Southern and Eastern Europe and especially in the CIS countries. International Association of Agricultural...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Industrial Organization; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92319
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Agricultural Market Performance in the EU after the 2000 and 2003 CAP Reform An Ex-post Evaluation based on AGMEMOD AgEcon
Banse, Martin; van Leeuwen, Myrna; Tabeau, Andrzej A.; Salamon, Petra; Ledebur, Oliver von.
The paper investigates the CAP impacts on the EU agriculture by means of policy simulations conducted with the AGMEMOD model. To isolate the policy effects in the historical period 2000-2005, counterfactual simulations for this period are run. To simulate the response of the EU agriculture on different policy changes in the period 2006-2020, a ‘no-policy change’ baseline scenario is developed and then policy experiments are conducted such as the abolition of milk quota, the implementation of the regional payments and some budget cuts. To identify the policy effects, the policy scenarios are compared with the ‘no-policy change’ baseline.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP Reform; Ex-post evaluation; Agricultural sector modelling; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99366
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Dutch AG-MEMOD model; A tool to analyse the agri-food sector AgEcon
van Leeuwen, Myrna; Tabeau, Andrzej A..
Agricultural policies in the European Union (EU) have a history of continuous reform. AG-MEMOD, acronym for Agricultural sector in the Member states and EU: econometric modelling for projections and analysis of EU policies on agriculture, forestry and the environment, provides a system for analysing the impact of policy changes across the EU. Teams from each EU member state have developed models for the specific agri-food sector in their own country, which were reviewed by experts. Country-specific differences with regard to the operation of the agri-food sector and how each responds to external influences such as EU policies and world market prices have been carefully modelled. Not only CAP policy variables, but also economic and biophysical variables...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29079
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Estimation of impact of EU agricultural policies on the world market prices AgEcon
Chantreuil, Frederic; Tabeau, Andrzej A.; van Leeuwen, Myrna.
According to world market studies, the influence of policy measures on the world market price in one or in a limited number of countries is, in general, much less significant than the influence of multilateral policy changes. To investigate the impact of EU agricultural policies on world market prices, we attempt to model the transmission between EU policy and world prices directly via world market price equations, as part of the AGMEMOD model.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: EU commodity markets; Price transmission; Partial equilibrium; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Marketing.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6671
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EU Dairy Quota Reform – AGMEMOD Scenario Analysis AgEcon
Chantreuil, Frederic; Donnellan, Trevor; van Leeuwen, Myrna; Salamon, Petra; Tabeau, Andrzej A.; Bartova, Lubica.
This study provides an in-depth model based quantitative analysis of the implications of the dairy policy reform on the milk and dairy market as well as on other agricultural markets in the EU27, EU15, EU12 and the individual MS. The objectives of the study are threefold: 1. to assess the implications of changing policy and market conditions on EU agriculture with special emphasis on milk quota phasing out and export subsidy removal by using a modelling tool; 2. to carry out policy relevant scenarios reflecting deregulation (e.g. quota abolition), changes in quota and price levels, different types and levels of direct payments; and 3. to analyse the implications of policy reform scenarios and to draw appropriate policy recommendations. Based on an overview...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Milk Quota; Policy Analysis; Partial Equilibrium Modelling.; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43655
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EU ENLARGEMENT TO TURKEY: POTENTIAL IMPACTS ON AGRICULTURAL MARKETS AND HOW THEY ARE SHAPED BY CHANGES IN MACROECONOMIC CONDITIONS AgEcon
Fellmann, Thomas; van Leeuwen, Myrna; Salamon, Petra.
The potential accession of Turkey to the EU, and the related adoption of the CAP by Turkey, is expected to influence agricultural markets in both the EU and Turkey. The extent of the accession impacts depends on the one hand on the way the CAP will be implemented in Turkey, while on the other hand impacts are expected to be also shaped by macroeconomic conditions (like exchange rates, GDP growth and inflation levels). In this paper we provide a comprehensive model-based assessment of the potential impacts on agricultural markets of a Turkish accession to the EU. We first assess the impacts under the assumption of standard macroeconomic projections, then we analyse how a different TL/Euro exchange rate, a doubling of the Turkish inflation rate or a doubling...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Turkey; EU enlargement; Agricultural markets; Macro economy; AGMEMOD Zusammenfassung; Türkei; EU Erweiterung; Agrarmärkte; Makroökonomie; AGMEMOD; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114507
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How to deal with the challenges of linking a large number of individual national models: the case of the AGMEMOD Partnership AgEcon
Salamon, Petra; Chantreuil, Frederic; Donnellan, Trevor; Erjavec, Emil; Esposti, Roberto; Hanrahan, Kevin F.; van Leeuwen, Myrna; Bouma, Foppe; Dol, Wietse; Salputra, Guna.
The AGMEMOD Partnership seeks to capture the inherent existing heterogeneity of agricultural systems by linking together individual EU Member State models, an aggregated EU model and several accession countries into one single model, while still maintaining analytical consistency. Although this approach facilitates the comparison of the impact of a policy change across different Member States, it generates challenges in practical implementation, ranging from significant communication and administration requirements, to aggregation and consistency issues. This contribution provides insights into the different challenges posed to the scientists and discusses the key issues for maintenance and further development of such a complex system. Specific attention...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Linking models; Policy analysis; Partial equilibrium modelling; Common Agricultural Policy (CAP); Agricultural and Food Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97709
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Impact of CAP Animal Premiums on Cattle and Ewe Stock in the Netherlands AgEcon
van Leeuwen, Myrna; Tabeau, Andrzej A..
This paper examines the influence of animal premiums under the CAP beef and ewe regime on beef and sheep meat farming in the Netherlands concerning instruments like stock density limits, quota on premium rights and premium payments. On the basis of econometric models, equations are estimated for beef cows1, bulls and ewes. Then, the impacts of the different policy instruments on the stocks are decomposed. At last, prospects of Agenda 2000 on the Dutch beef and ewe sector are calculated up to 2010. For policy makers, the study offers information on the effectiveness of animal premium instruments to manipulate beef and sheep meat production. For Dutch farmers, the study offers information to what extent premium instruments might influence the decision to...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24795
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Impact of Russia and Ukraine on the international price formation and the EU markets - A Model based analysis AgEcon
Banse, Martin; Salamon, Petra; Ledebur, Oliver von; van Leeuwen, Myrna; Bouma, Foppe; Salputra, Guna; Fellmann, Thomas; Nekhay, Olexandr.
This paper examines the effect of the future developments of Russian and Ukrainian agricultural sectors and their impact on the world market prices for arable crops. Employed in the study is AGMEMOD, a partial equilibrium economic model of EU agriculture at the Member State level that has been extended by Russia and Ukraine to gain quantitative insights. Vital for the project has also been the integration of an endogenous world market price module including a stylized Rest of the World (ROW) model. In Russia and Ukraine, there is a strong focus on plant production in general and on grain based animal production; Russia and Ukraine are mostly net-exports of those products. Under the baseline, in Russia prices for crops and oilseeds are below the world...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Partial equilibrium model; Price formation; Russia; Ukraine; Agricultural and Food Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122536
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Implications of EU Enlargement for Agricultural Markets in the New Member States AgEcon
van Leeuwen, Myrna; Bartova, Lubica; M'Barek, Robert; Erjavec, Emil.
The paper presents an analysis of the impact of the Common Agricultural Policy implementation on the agricultural markets of the eight new EU Member States. The study is based on the AGMEMOD (AGricultural MEmber states MODelling) national econometric models. Two scenarios are simulated for each country. The "Baseline" scenario assumes the implementation of the Single Area Payment Scheme until 2008 and the subsequent introduction of the Single Payment Scheme from 2009 onwards. Complementary national direct payments would remain in force until 2013. The second scenario assumes the full decoupling of direct payments from 2007 and the introduction of modulation from 2013 onwards in the 2004 enlargement new Member States (EU-8). The baseline scenario...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Commodity markets; CAP reform; New Member States; Econometric model; Marketing.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8522
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Importance of Agro-food Industry for Small and Medium-sized Towns in EU Countries; An Inter-regional SAM Analysis AgEcon
van Leeuwen, Myrna.
This paper examines the importance of the agro-food industry for the local economy of thirty selected small and medium-sized towns in the EU. Calculations are based on interregional SAM analysis, which were constructed for each town. On the whole, it can be said that the higher the degree of integration of the agro-food sector in the local economy, the larger its role for the rural town and its hinterland. In addition, the SAM analyses show the impact of a demand change in the agro-food sector located in one zone of the town on the other zone of the town. It helps policy makers to understand the economic and social strengths and weaknesses of the agro-food industry in their towns.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: SAM; Agro-food industry; EU small and medium-sized towns; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24548
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IMPORTANCE OF CAP REFORMS FOR THE DUTCH AGRICULTURAL SECTOR IN 2000-2020 AgEcon
Tabeau, Andrzej A.; van Leeuwen, Myrna.
Since 2000, the two important reforms of The EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) took place. The Agenda 2000 Berlin Agreement of March 1999 aimed to increase EU agriculture market orientation and focuses on the grain, oilseed, dairy and the beef sectors. It reduced intervention prices in these sectors and lowered the set-aside requirements for crops and by implementation of non-crop specific compensatory payments. The core of The Luxembourg Agreement from June 2003 was an acceleration of decoupling of farm support initiated by the Agenda 2000 complementary payment. It introduces a system of direct payments (known as single payment scheme - SPS), which are no longer linked to the production (decoupling). This CAP reform also includes commodity specific...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP; CAP Reform; Dutch agriculture; Agricultural and Food Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q10; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44815
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Linking Large Numbers of Individual National Models: The Case of the AGMEMOD Partnership AgEcon
Salamon, Petra; Chantreuil, Frederic; Donnellan, Trevor; Erjavec, Emil; Esposti, Roberto; Hanrahan, Kevin F.; van Leeuwen, Myrna; Salputra, Guna.
The AGMEMOD Partnership seeks to capture the inherent heterogeneity of the agricultural systems existing by combining individual country models of 27 EU Member States and several accession countries into one single model while still maintaining analytical consistency. Although this approach facilitates the comparison of the impact of a policy across different Member States, it generates challenges in practical implementation, ranging from high communication and administration requirements to aggregation and consistency issues. This contribution provides insights into the different challenges posed to the scientists and discusses the key issues for maintenance and further development of such a complex system. Specific attention is paid to technical devices...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Linking Models; Policy Analysis; Partial Equilibrium Modelling; Common Agricultural Policy (CAP); Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43539
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MODELLING IMPACTS OF SOME EUROPEAN BIOFUEL MEASURES AgEcon
Ledebur, Oliver von; Salamon, Petra; Zimmermann, Andrei; van Leeuwen, Myrna; Tabeau, Andrzej A.; Chantreuil, Frederic.
Against the background of increasing concerns regarding the energy supply security as well as environmental concern the interest for renewable energy sources has increased in recent years. The biofuel sector, backed by public policies, experienced a strong increase in and outside Europe. A methodology that allows for the estimation of the impacts of the fulfilment of the proposed biofuel targets in the EU member states is proposed and implemented in the AGMEMOD model for France and Germany. The so called normative approach, based on the use of a logistic function as biofuel demand function allows to perform simulations to assess the impact of the biofuel demand expansion on agricultural markets. The implemented approach and the simulation results indicate...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biofuel targets; Biodiesel; Ethanol; Modelling; Crop Production/Industries; Public Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6649
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