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Household Consumption and Natural Disasters: The Case of Hurricane Mitch in Nicaragua AgEcon
van den Berg, Marrit; Burger, Kees.
This paper analyses coping strategies and consumption reactions of rural households in Nicaragua to hurricane Mitch, which caused massive losses in especially the agricultural sector in 1998. A switching-regression model confirms theoretical considerations which indicate that responses to transitory incomes depend on wealth. Asset-poor households do and asset-rich households do not adjust their consumption to transitory income changes.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Natural disasters; Assets; Consumption smoothing; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44380
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NATURAL HAZARDS AND RISK AVERSION: EXPERIMENTAL EVIDENCE FROM LATIN AMERICA AgEcon
van den Berg, Marrit; Fort, Ricardo; Burger, Kees.
We use experimental and survey data from two natural-hazard prone countries in Latin America to test the hypothesis that natural hazards affect risk aversion. We use two methods to measure risk aversion: simple questions on the willingness to pay for a hypothetical lottery and more complicated experiments involving real pay-offs. We find that whereas the experiments provide reasonable estimates of risk aversion, the hypothetical questions result in unrealistic distributions of preferences. The experimental results strongly support the hypothesis that experiencing natural shocks makes people more risk averse, not only in the short run but also in the medium and long run.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Latin America; Nicaragua; Peru; Risk aversion; Natural hazards; Experiments; Environmental Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51394
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Poverty and the Rural Non-Farm Economy in Oromia, Ethiopia AgEcon
van den Berg, Marrit; Kumbi, Girma Earo.
The rural non-farm sector has gained increasing importance over the past decades. In much of Africa, this has had limited effect on the poor, who face entry barriers to non-farm activities. As a result, the nonfarm economy does not reduce poverty but increases inequality instead. Some, but not all, evidence for Ethiopia, however, contradicts this general pattern: the poor do participate in the nonfarm economy, but apparently this does not lift them out of poverty. The present paper analyses the relation between non-farm income and inequality in Oromia, the largest state of Ethiopia, where most households rely on rainfed agriculture for their livelihood. The traditional development approach of providing technology and infrastructure to increase agricultural...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty; J23; J32; O15; Q12.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25689
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