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A case of leucism in the burrowing owl Athene cunicularia (Aves: Strigiformes) with confirmation of species identity using cytogenetic analysis Rev. Bras. Zool.
Nogueira,Denise M; Alves,Maria Alice S.
Leucism is an inherited disorder, characterized by the lack of pigments in part or all of the body, normal coloration of the eyes and, in birds, in naked parts such as the bill and legs. This kind of disorder is sometimes erroneously designated as albinism or partial albinism. In this study, we present a case of leucism in a wild owl. The studied individual presented completely white plumage, light-yellow coloration of legs and bill and normal coloration of eyes. According to morphological features, this owl is a specimen of burrowing owl, Athene cunicularia (Molina, 1782). To confirm the species identity, we used cytogenetic analyses for karyotypic determination, comparing it to the previously described one in the literature. We also studied a captive...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Aberrant plumage; Bird; Chromosomes; Karyotype.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702011000100008
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A comparative structural cytogenetic study in three allopatric populations of Astyanax scabripinnis (Teleostei: Characidae) Rev. Bras. Zool.
Santos,Natália M.; Ferreira-Neto,Maressa; Artoni,Roberto F.; Vicari,Marcelo R.; Bakkali,Mohammed; Oliveira,Claudio de; Foresti,Fausto.
Individual samples from five populations of the characid fish Astyanax scabripinnis (Jenyns, 1842) from the Tietê and Paranapanema river basins (Brazil) were studied. All individuals analyzed presented 50 chromosomes but three different karyotypic forms were observed. Additionally, some individuals of one karyomorph presented a macro supernumerary chromosome. No chromosomal differentiation was observed between males and females in any sample analyzed. C-banding revealed two distinct distribution patterns in these populations in which strong terminally located heterochromatic blocks were detected in the long arms of some chromosomes of the specimens from Cascatinha, Cintra, and Funari streams, whereas populations of the Capão Bonito stream and the Barbosa...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Chromosome markers; Karyoevolution; Karyomorphs; Nucleolus organizer region.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702012000200008
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A comparison of abundance estimators for small mammal populations Rev. Bras. Zool.
Pacheco,Marcelle; Kajin,Maja; Gentile,Rosana; Zangrandi,Priscilla L.; Vieira,Marcus V.; Cerqueira,Rui.
A major difficulty in the application of probabilistic models to estimations of mammal abundance is obtaining a data set that meets all of the assumptions of the model. In this paper, we evaluated the concordance correlation among three population size estimators, the minimum number alive (MNA), jackknife and the model suggested by the selection algorithm in CAPTURE (the best-fit model), using long-term data on three Brazilian small mammal species obtained from three different studies. The concordance correlation coefficients between the abundance estimates indicated that the probabilistic and enumeration estimators were highly correlated, giving concordant population estimates, except for one species in one of the studies. The results indicate the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Atlantic Rainforest; Capture-mark-recapture; Didelphimorphia; MNA; Rodentia.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702013000200008
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A comparison of dung beetle assemblage structure (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) between an Atlantic forest fragment and adjacent abandoned pasture in Paraná, Brazil Rev. Bras. Zool.
Lopes,José; Korasaki,Vanesca; Catelli,Lizandra L; Marçal,Viviani V. M; Nunes,Maria Paula B. P.
The study was conducted at the Mata dos Godoy State Park in Londrina, state of Paraná, Brazil. Baited pitfall traps were installed in the forest, in adjacent abandoned pasture land, and on the borders between these two environments. Every two weeks, from June 1999 to May 2000, the traps were placed for 24 hours and the material was collected every 12 hours. The 4687 specimens of Scarabaeinae collected belong to 13 genera and 27 species. The most frequent species were Onthophagus catharinensis (Paulian, 1936) (22.1%), Onthophagus hirculus (Mannerhein, 1829) (20.1%), Dichotomius mormon (Ljungh, 1799) (13.1%), Sulcophanaeus menelas (Laporte, 1840) (12.8%), and Eurystemus parallelus (Dalman, 1824) (10.6%). The other species collected amounted to less than...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Coprophagous beetle; Ecological indicator; Forest fragment; Pitfall; Scarabaeidae.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702011000100011
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A dwarfish new species of Phylloicus (Trichoptera: Calamoceratidae) from Southeastern Brazil Rev. Bras. Zool.
Dumas,Leandro L.; Nessimian,Jorge L..
Phylloicus monneorum sp. nov. is described and illustrated based on specimens collected in the Mantiqueira mountain range, Itatiaia, state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The new species is the smallest within the genus. The male can be distinguished by the preanal appendages short, wide, flattened and with irregular margins, and by the deeply V-shaped tergum X. The female is also described and figured. The immature stages are unknown.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Atlantic Forest; Female description; Neotropical Region; Phylloicus monneorum sp. nov.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702010000200016
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A key and checklist to the Neotropical forensically important "Little House Flies" (Diptera: Fanniidae) Rev. Bras. Zool.
Grisales,Diana; Lecheta,Melise C.; Aballay,Fernando H.; Carvalho,Claudio J.B. de.
ABSTRACT Fanniidae (Insecta: Diptera) is a relatively small family (ca. 350 spp.) with five genera, of which Fannia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 and Euryomma Stein, 1899 have Neotropical distributions. Some of these species are almost always found in forensic studies. Forensically relevant species have been neglected, despite recent forensic studies that suggest their importance for estimating post-mortem interval (PMI). Thus, current and updated keys to identify adults or larvae on carcasses are unavailable for the most important species. While immature stages are important in estimating PMI, evidence suggests that adults (Fanniidae as well as other families) may also be useful for this purpose. Here we provide a key to males of the species of Fanniidae (found...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Fannia; Euryomma; Forensic entomology; PMI.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702016000603001
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A molecular method to detect and identify the native species of southwestern Atlantic Crassostrea (Mollusca: Ostreidae) Rev. Bras. Zool.
Ludwig,Sandra; Patella,Raquel; Stoiev,Sérgio; Castilho-Westphal,Gisela; Girotto,Marcus V. F; Ostrensky,Antonio.
Among oysters, species of Crassostrea (Sacco, 1897) are the most attractive to aquaculture. In Brazil, the genus is represented by C. rhizophorae (Guilding, 1828) and C. brasiliana (Lamarck, 1819). Because the maturation and breeding technology is not well developed for these species, aquaculturists need a reliable method to decide the correct time to place spat collectors in the field, and to identify both species, which are morphologically similar. In this study a specific Multiplex PCR protocol was developed, using one pair of universal primers from 18S rDNA as a positive control and a pair of specific primers for each target species. The sensitivity and specificity of the protocol was evaluated. It detected C. rhizophorae DNA in low concentrations, and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Multiplex PCR; Oysters; Plankton; Specific primers.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702011000400002
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A neotype designation for the Ascension Frigatebird Fregata aquila (Aves: Fregatidae) Rev. Bras. Zool.
Carlos,Caio J.; Voisin,Jean-François; Grouw,Hein van; Moreno,Ignacio B..
ABSTRACT A neotype is designated for Pelecanus aquilus Linnaeus, 1758 (currently Fregata aquila ; Aves, Fregatidae) to fix the identity of this nominal species.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Ornithology; Seabird; Suliformes; Taxonomy; Zoological nomenclature.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702016000604003
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A new Brazilian species of Isotomiella (Collembola: Isotomidae) from the state of Pará, Brazil Rev. Bras. Zool.
Mendonça,Maria Cleide de; Queiroz,Gabriel Costa.
ABSTRACT A new species of Isotomiella from Pará State is described and illustrated. This new species belongs to the digitata group, but differs from other by the number of chaetae on manubrium and dens, teeth on the tenaculum and size of the sensilla on abdominal tergites V-VI.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Digitata group; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702016000303002
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A new cecidogenous species of many-plumed moth (Alucitidae) associated with Cordiera A. Rich. ex DC. (Rubiaceae) in the Brazilian Cerrado Rev. Bras. Zool.
Moreira,Gilson R.P.; Pereira,Cristiano M.; Becker,Vitor O.; Specht,Alexandre; Gonçalves,Gislene L..
ABSTRACT Larvae of many-plumed moths (Alucitidae), especially in the world-wide genus Alucita Linnaeus, 1758 are known as borers or gall-inducers on flowers, fruits and shoots of a few dicotyledonous families, including Bignoniaceae, Caprifoliaceae and Rubiaceae. However, there is no study available on the biology of the monotypic, Neotropical genus Prymnotomis Meyrick, 1931 except for its original description that was based on a single male, the holotype of Prymnotomis crypsicroca Meyrick, 1931 from Espirito Santo, Brazil. We describe here a second species for this genus, Prymnotomis cecidicola sp. nov. whose larvae induce galls on Cordiera elliptica (Cham.) Kuntze (Rubiaceae), a dioecious plant with dimorphic inflorescences found in the Brazilian...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Alucitid moths; Brazilian Savanna; Insect galls; Prymnotomis; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702019000100331
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A new fossil species of the crabronid wasp genus Tracheliodes (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae) from Dominican amber Rev. Bras. Zool.
Melo,Gabriel A.R.; Rosa,Brunno B..
ABSTRACT The first fossil species of the wasp genus Tracheliodes from Dominican amber is described. Tracheliodes grimaldii sp. nov. is based on a single female specimen exhibiting a somewhat generalized morphology compared to the extant fauna. While the new species resembles the Neotropical species in a few characters, it does not possess the many specialized features exhibited by this species group, especially those related to the female legs. This is the 4th genus and the 7th species of apoid wasps described from Dominican amber.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Apoidea; Crabronini; Fossil; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702019000100332
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A new fossil subfamily of Bethylidae (Hymenoptera) from the Early Cretaceous Lebanese amber and its phylogenetic position Rev. Bras. Zool.
Azevedo,Celso O.; Azar,Dany.
A new subfamily, a new genus and a new species of Bethylidae are described and illustrated from a single individual in Early Cretaceous amber from central Lebanon. Lancepyrinae subfam. nov. represented by Lancepyris opertus gen. and sp. nov. present a mosaic of features common among several bethylid subfamilies. The new taxon is easily distinguished from related taxa mainly by the forewing venation, which has an unusual combination of closed lanceolate marginal cell, Rs+M tubular and well pigmented and M+RS angled. Phylogenetic analysis including indicates that Lancepyris opertus gen. and sp. nov. is a sister group of all subfamilies that have Coleoptera as hosts. A checklist of the 45 known fossil bethylid species is provided.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Lancepyris; Lower Cretaceous; Mesozoic; New genus; New species.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702012000300004
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A new genus and new species of spittlebug (Hemiptera: Cercopidae: Ischnorhininae) from Southern Brazil Rev. Bras. Zool.
Paladini,Andressa; Cavichioli,Rodney Ramiro.
A new genus of spittlebug is described to include Gervasiella oakenshieldi sp. nov. (holotype male from Brazil, state of Paraná, municipality of Piraquara, Mananciais da Serra at 25°29'46"S, 48°58'54"W, 1000 m a.s.l., 15.XI.2008, P.C. Grossi leg., deposited in DZUP). In addition, Aeneolamia bucca Paladini & Cavichioli, 2013 is transferred to Gervasiella gen. nov. based on the results of a cladistic analysis. Gervasiella gen. nov. can be distinguished from the other cercopid genera by the following: postclypeus inflated with upper portion black and basal one yellowish; color of tylus distinct from color of head and rostrum, barely reaching mesocoxae. Gervasiella oakenshieldi sp. nov. is diagnosed by having the head black with tylus white, postclypeus in...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Auchenorrhyncha; Neotropical Region; Phylogeny; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702015000100047
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A new genus and species of Cicadellini (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) from the Brazilian Atlantic Rainforest Rev. Bras. Zool.
Mejdalani,Gabriel; Cavichioli,Rodney Ramiro.
The Neotropical sharpshooter Parasubrasaca felixi, gen. nov., sp. nov., is described and illustrated from the Atlantic Rainforest of Southeastern Brazil (state of Espírito Santo). The new genus can be distinguished from other members of the Cicadellini by several morphological features, including a unique modification of the basal portion of the aedeagus, which bears a conspicuous, ventrally directed projection that articulates with the connective. The projection bears a pair of strong spines directed posteriorly. In addition to the external morphology, color pattern, and male genitalia, the female genitalia of the new taxon are also described in detail. A discussion comparing the new genus with similar Neotropical taxa (Subrasaca Young, 1977, Soosiulus...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Auchenorrhyncha; Cicadellinae; Morphology; South America; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702013000600012
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A new genus, Atlanteuptychia gen. nov., for Euptychia ernestina (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) Rev. Bras. Zool.
Freitas,André V. L.; Barbosa,Eduardo P.; Santos,Jessie P.; Mielke,Olaf H. H..
Atlanteuptychia Freitas, Barbosa & Mielke, gen. nov. is proposed for Euptychia ernestina Weymer, 1911 and illustrated. This taxon lacks the posterior projection of the tegumen, a synapomorphy of Euptychia Hübner, 1818, and does not share morphological synapomorphies with Cyllopsis R. Felder, 1869 and Paramacera Butler, 1868, two Central American genera apparently closely related to Euptychia ernestina, based on molecular data. This evidence supports the proposition of a new genus endemic to the Atlantic Forest, A. ernestina stat. nov.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Atlantic Forest; Butterfly; Euptychiina; Satyrini.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702013000600011
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A new genus of Neotropical spiders of the family Sparassidae (Arachnida: Araneae) Rev. Bras. Zool.
Pinto,Elaine Cristina; Rheims,Cristina Anne.
ABSTRACT Nungara gen. nov. is proposed to include the type species, Nungara niveomaculata (Mello-Leitão, 1941) comb. nov., transferred from Olios Walckenaer, 1837 and two new species, described from males and females: N. anama sp. nov., from the states of Sergipe, Alagoas and Espírito Santo, and N. gaturama sp. nov., from the states of Sergipe, Bahia and Espírito Santo, all in Brazil. The new genus is distinguished from all other Neotropical sparassid genera by the presence of a deep tegular groove on the male palpal bulb and a hood-like projection on the median septum of the female epigyne. In addition, Olios fuscovariatus Mello-Leitão, 1943, Stasina koluene Mello-Leitão, 1941 and Polybetes proximus Mello-Leitão, 1943 are transferred to Nungara gen. nov....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Brazil; New species; South America; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702016000603011
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A new ‘horned’ Stenocercus from the highlands of southeastern Brazil, and redescription of Stenocercus tricristatus (Reptilia: Tropiduridae) Rev. Bras. Zool.
Ávila-Pires,Teresa C. S.; Nogueira,Cristiano de C.; Martins,Marcio.
ABSTRACT A new species of the lizard genus Stenocercus Duméril & Bibron, 1837 is described based on six specimens from Serra da Canastra, Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil. Similar to S. tricristatus (Duméril, 1851), S. dumerilii (Steindachner, 1867), S. quinarius Nogueira & Rodrigues, 2006, and S. squarrosus Nogueira & Rodrigues, 2006, the new species has a pyramidal head and an enlarged, dorsally projected post-supraciliary scale, like a small horn. It is most similar to S. tricristatus, from which it differs in having a more elongated head in ventral view; a larger number of scales around midbody; a distinctly enlarged, smooth preauricular scale; and probably a larger body size. Moreover, the new species has distinctly keeled scales, with...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Minas Gerais; New species; Serra da Canastra; Squamata; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702019000100304
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A new karyotype of Wiedomys pyrrhorhinus (Rodentia: Sigmodontinae) from Chapada Diamantina, northeastern Brazil Rev. Bras. Zool.
Souza,Ana L. G; Corrêa,Margaret M. de O; Aguilar,Cecília T. de; Pessôa,Leila M.
A new karyotype of Wiedomys pyrrhorhinus (Wied, 1821) is described, including G- and C-banding and Ag-NOR sites from specimens collected in the municipality of Morro do Chapéu, situated in the northern region of the Chapada Diamantina, state of Bahia. Karyological studies of W. pyrrhorhinus have shown a constant diploid number (2n) of 62 with two different numbers of autosomal arms (FNa): 86 and 90, respectively. The new karyotype revealed 2n = 62 and FNa = 104, being the higher autosomal number found so far for this genus. The X chromosome is a large acrocentric and the Y chromosome is a small acrocentric. The analysis of the karyotype morphology suggests that this new karyotype is more closely related to the previous karyotype with 2n = 62 and FNa = 90,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ag-NOR sites; Caatinga; C-banding; G-banding; Red- nosed mouse.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702011000100013
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A new look into the small-scale dispersal of free-living marine nematodes Rev. Bras. Zool.
Thomas,Micheli C; Lana,Paulo C.
We tested experimentally the hypothesis that prevailing locomotion/feeding strategies and body morphology may lead to more active dispersal of free-living marine nematodes, besides passive transport. Neutral Red was applied to the sediment inside cores and the red plume formed during the flood tide was divided into near, middle, and distant zones. At 0.5 m and 1 m from the stained cores, sampling nets were suspended 5 and 10 cm above the sediment-water interface. Dispersion behaviors were defined as a function of a) the numbers of stained recaptured nematodes in comparison to their mean densities in the sediment, b) movement in the sediment or swimming in the water column, and c) body morphology. Tidal currents with average velocities of 9 cm/s resuspended...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Dispersion behavior; Intertidal flats; Nematode; Paranaguá Bay.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702011000400006
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A new record of giant squid Architeuthis sp. (Cephalopoda: Oegopsida) in Brazilian waters Rev. Bras. Zool.
Martins,Rodrigo Silvestre; Perez,José Angel Alvarez.
A carcass of a giant squid Architeuthis sp. was found afloat off Southern Brazil (28°05'S, 45°35'W) on 29 August 1999. The specimen was a mature female of 116 cm mantle length and had arms incomplete and tentacles missing. The specimen was morphologically similar to those previously described for the Southwest Atlantic, but a few peculiarities were found on the shape of the fins, head and the cross-section and length of ventral arms. Spermatophores were found embedded within the skin of the left ventral arm, at around 60 cm from the mouth, and could be traced to the core of the arm, radiating nearly four centimeters from the point of entry. This was the third record of Architeuthis in Brazilian waters and the eighth in Southwest Atlantic when the specimen...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Occurrence; Morphology; Reproduction; Southwest Atlantic.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702009000400005
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