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Accessory Mental Foramina Assessed by Cone-Beam Computed Tomography: Report of Unilateral and Bilateral Detection International Journal of Morphology
Garay,Ivonne; Cantín,Mario.
Accessory mental foramen (AMF) is a rare anatomical variation with particular importance in local anesthesia and surgical procedures, especially the placement of dental implants. We report the cases of two adult patients, which were referred for Cone-Beam Computed tomography (CBCT) evaluation, which revealed the presence of three AMFs connected to the mandibular canal, one case with one AMF on the right side unilaterally, and another case was bilateral. The mean diameter measured for the AMFs was 1.23 (±0.45) mm, and the mean distance from the mandibular foramen to the AMF was 3.3 (±1.5) mm, with the AMF located in the premolar area superiorly or distally to the MF. CBCT is an effective tool for tridimensional assessment of AMF. A CBCT should be obtained...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Accessory mental foramen; Anatomical variation; Mental foramen; Cone-beam Computed tomography.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022013000300052
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Study of Position, Shape, Size and Incidence of Mental Foramenand Accessory Mental Foramen in Indian Adult Human Skulls International Journal of Morphology
Singh,Rajani; Srivastav,A. K.
Paralysis of the mental nerve is one of the principal complications of surgery of the mandibular canal and mental foramen region. Therefore, identification of mental foramen is important for dental surgeons in nerve block and surgical procedures like apico curettage of mandibular premolars, amalgam filling, peridental surgery etc. to avoid injury to neurovascular bundle. Accessory mental foramina tend to exist in the apical area of the first molar and posterior or inferior area of the mental foramen. The accessory branches of the mandibular canal showed common characteristics in the course of gently sloping posterosuperior direction in the buccal surface area. Verification of the existence of accessory mental foramina would prevent accessory nerve injury...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Mental foramen; Accessory mental foramen; Mandible; Mental nerve; Premolar; Molar.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022010000400025
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