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A HAZAI AGRÁRINNOVÁCIÓ LEHETŐSÉGEI ÉS FELADATAI AgEcon
Husti, Istvan.
The main objective of this presentation is to systemise the present innovation tasks of the Hungarian agriculture, especially focusing on the SMS’s. I prepared and use some models to determine the development tasks. Let me introduce three models out of them. • The general model of agricultural innovation demonstrates clearly the connecting and depending works to do. It shows that the innovation part-works can be systematised into two integrating umbrellas. These are marketing and knowledge. • The model about the substance of technical development shows that technical development serving agricultural production has got a particular bridging role between the production and the previous innovation phases by integrating several factors at the same time. •...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Kkv szektor; Innovációs lehetőség; Adaptáció; Small and medium size enterprises; Possibility for innovation; Adaptation; Agribusiness; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43409
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A Structural Land-Use Analysis of Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change: A Proactive Approach AgEcon
Kaminski, Jonathan; Kan, Iddo; Fleischer, Aliza.
This article proposes a proactive approach for analyzing agricultural adaptation to climate change based on a structural land-use model wherein farmers maximize profit by allocating their land between crop-technology bundles. The profitability of the bundles is a function of four technological attributes via which climate variables‟ effect is channeled: yield potential; input requirements; yields' sensitivity to input use; and farm-level management costs. Proactive adaptation measures are derived by identifying the technological attributes via which climate variables reduce overall agricultural profitability, despite adaptation by land reallocation among bundles. By applying the model to Israel, we find that long-term losses stem from yield potential...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Agricultural land use; Climate change; Crop-technology bundles; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120076
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Adaptabilidade e estabilidade de genotipos de Paspalum spp. para producao de forragem no cerrado. Infoteca-e
RAMOS, A. K. B.; PIZARRO, E. A.; CARVALHO, M. A.; VALLS, J. F. M.; RODRIGUES, L. R. de A..
bitstream/CPAC-2009/24128/1/p2002_04.pdf
Tipo: Fôlder / Folheto / Cartilha (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Adaptacao; Feed grasses; Adaptation; Production; Genetic gain; Genotypes.; Cerrado; Gramínea Forrageira; Genótipo; Germoplasma; Produção; Seleção Genética.; Paspalum; Germplasm..
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/567433
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Adaptação de gramíneas forrageiras no cerrado do Amapá. Infoteca-e
DUTRA, S.; SOUZA FILHO, A. P. da S.; SERRÃO, E. A. S..
bitstream/item/57658/1/CPATU-PA12.pdf
Tipo: Séries anteriores (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Amapá; Brasil; Feed grasses; Adaptation; Phosphate fertilizers; Sawannas; Yileds.; Aclimatação; Brachiaria Decumbens; Andropogon Gayanus; Brachiaria Humidicola; Cerrado; Fertilizante Fosfatado; Gramínea Forrageira; Hyparrhenia Rufa; Paspalum Plicatulum; Panicum Maximum; Produtividade.; Amazonia..
Ano: 1980 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/377565
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Adaptación a clima templado de poblaciones exóticas de maíz mediante selección masal visual. Colegio de Postgraduados
Gómez Espejo, Ana Luisa.
Independientemente de la eficiencia teórica de los métodos de mejoramiento, es la cantidad de variabilidad genética en las poblaciones la que determina el progreso genético obtenido por ciclo de selección; por ello, es de particular interés para todo programa de mejoramiento genético de maíz (Zea mays L.) incrementar la variabilidad genética de su germoplasma base, siendo para ello una vía la adaptación y uso de germoplasma exótico tropical o subtropical en las regiones de clima templado. En este trabajo se consideró la expresión del rendimiento de grano como indicador de la adaptación a clima templado, proponiéndose además que los genes de adaptación son dominantes sobre los de inadaptación. Así, durante los ciclos P-V 2011 y 2012, se evaluaron 48...
Palavras-chave: Zea mays L.; Adaptación; Selección masal; Rendimiento; Heterosis; Cruzas; Razas exóticas tropicales; Razas de clima templado; Adaptation; Crosses; Yield; Mass selection; Tropical exotic races; Temperate climate races; Genética; Maestría.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/2269
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Adaptation and Genotype x Environment Interaction of Flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) Genotypes in South Central Chile Chilean J. Agric. Res.
Berti,Marisol; Fischer,Susana; Wilckens,Rosemarie; Hevia,Felicitas; Johnson,Burton.
Flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) is imported into Chile mostly for bread making and feed. Identification of genotypes best adapted for seed production in South Central Chile would facilitate producer’s decision. The objective of this study was to determine the adaptation and genotype x environment interaction of 16 flaxseed genotypes (including 10 from North American and six from Argentine sources) grown at 11 environments (defined as location-year) in Chile from 2003 to 2007. Genotype seed yield was above 5700 kg ha-1 for some environments indicating a high yield potential. According to the AMMI (Additive Main Effects and Multiplicative Interaction) and SREG (Sites regression) models the 11 environments were classified into four groups by the AMMI and...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Genotype; Seed yield; Oil content; Linolenic acid.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-58392010000300001
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Adaptation approaches to climate change in China: An operational framework AgEcon
Jiahua, Pan; Yan, Zheng; Markandya, Anil.
Climate change poses great risks for China, which makes adaptation an essential response. However, adaptation planning and implementation are still at a preliminary stage with respect to the theoretical framework and methodology. This article focuses on the status, problems and basic needs as regards adaptation to climate change, and outlines the operational framework that the government is seeking to pursue for China’s adapting to climate change. The conclusion is that, to satisfy the basic needs of development, it is necessary to clarify development-oriented and incremental adaptation. Furthermore measures to enhance adaptive capacity can be classified as infrastructure-based, technology-based and institutional. Lastly the authors stress the importance...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Incremental adaptation; Development-oriented adaptation; Approaches for adaptation; Economic analysis of adaptation; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q54; Q56; Q58.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117619
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Adaptation Can Help Mitigation: An Integrated Approach to Post-2012 Climate Policy AgEcon
Bosello, Francesco; Carraro, Carlo; De Cian, Enrica.
The latest round of international negotiations in Copenhagen led to a set of commitments on emission reductions which are unlikely to stabilise global warming below or around 2°C. As a consequence, in the absence of additional ambitious policy measures, adaptation will be needed to address climate-related damages. What is the role of adaptation in this setting? How is it optimally allocated across regions and time? To address these questions, this paper analyses the optimal mix of adaptation and mitigation expenditures in a cost-effective setting in which countries cooperate to achieve a long-term stabilisation target (550 CO2-eq). It uses an Integrated Assessment Model (AD-WITCH) that describes the relationships between different adaptation modes...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Climate Change Impacts; Mitigation; Adaptation; Integrated Assessment Model; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q54; Q56; Q43.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116907
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Adaptation des enzymes digestives à l'alimentation chez la crevette Penaeus vannamei (Crustacea Decapoda) ArchiMer
Le Moullac, Gilles.
L'adaptation des enzymes digestives chez la crevette P. vannamei a été étudiée en fonction des cycles biologiques en relation avec les constituants de l'alimentation principalement les glucides (amidon) et les protéines. La trypsins, la chymotrypsine et 1'amylase, 3 enzymes majeures, chez P. vannamei ont été purifiées et caractérisées. La trypsine est formée de 3 isoenzymes dont le poids moléculaire apparent est compris entre 31 et 3 2 kDa. La nature glycosylée de la trypsine est révélée. La chymotrypsine est formée de 2 isoenzymes de poids moléculaire similaire (24 kDa). L'amylase purifiée est constituée de 2 isoenzymes dont le poids moléculaire apparent est de 31 kDa. Les propriétés biochimiques sont étudiées. L'étude immunologique a permis de mesurer...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Penaeus vannamei; Hécatopancréas; Biochimie; Immunologie; Enzymes digestives; Trypsine; Chymotrypsine; Amylase; Larves; Adultes; Intermue; Protéines alimentaires; Amidon; Nutrition; Adaptation.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00029/14012/11198.pdf
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Adaptation, Mitigation and “Green” R&D to Combat Global Climate Change. Insights From an Empirical Integrated Assessment Exercise AgEcon
Bosello, Francesco.
This work develops a framework for the analysis at the macro-level of the relationship between adaptation and mitigation policies. The FEEM-RICE growth model with stock pollution, endogenous R&D investment and emission abatement is enriched with a planned-adaptation module where a defensive capital stock is built through adaptation investment. Within this framework the optimal path of planned adaptation, the optimal inter and intra temporal mix between adaptation, mitigation and investment in R&D, and the sensitivity of a strategy to each other is identified. The major conclusions of this research show that adaptation, mitigation and R&D are strategic complements as all concur together to the solution of the climate change problem; nonetheless...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Climate Change Impacts; Mitigation; Adaptation; Integrated Assessment; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q25; Q28.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59746
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Adaptation or Manipulation? Unpacking Climate Change Response Strategies Ecology and Society
Thomsen, Dana C; Sustainability Research Centre, University of the Sunshine Coast; dthomsen@usc.edu.au; Smith, Timothy F; Sustainability Research Centre, University of the Sunshine Coast; tim.smith@usc.edu.au; Keys, Noni; Sustainability Research Centre, University of the Sunshine Coast; nkeys@usc.edu.au.
Adaptation is a key feature of sustainable social–ecological systems. As societies traverse various temporal and spatial scales, they are exposed to differing contexts and precursors for adaptation. A cursory view of the response to these differing contexts and precursors suggests the particular ability of persistent societies to adapt to changing circumstances. Yet a closer examination into the meaning of adaptation and its relationship to concepts of resilience, vulnerability, and sustainability illustrates that, in many cases, societies actually manipulate their social–ecological contexts rather than adapt to them. It could be argued that manipulative behaviors are a subset of a broader suite of adaptive behaviors; however, this...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Adaptive capacity; Climate change; Learning; Manipulation; Path dependency; Resilience.
Ano: 2012
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Adaptation to Climate Change in the Developing World OceanDocs
Huq, S.; Adger, W.N.; Brown, K.; Hulme, M..
The world’s climate is changing and will continue to change into the coming century at rates projected to be unprecedented in recent human history. The risks associated with these changes are real but highly uncertain. Societal vulnerability to the risks associated with climate change may exacerbate ongoing social and economic challenges, particularly for those parts of societies dependent on resources that are sensitive to changes in climate. Risks are apparent in agriculture, fisheries and many other components that constitute the livelihood of rural populations in developing countries. In this paper we explore the nature of risk and vulnerability in the context of climate change and review the evidence on present-day adaptation in developing countries...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Vulnerability; Climate change; Environmental policy; Developing countries; Climate change; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_35367.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/833
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Adaptative response of Listeria monocylogenes to osmotic and chill stress: consequences on food safety. ArchiMer
Elmnasser, Noura; Ritz Bricaud, Magali; Guillou, Sandrine; Leroi, Francoise; Orange, Nicole; Bakhrouf, Amira; Federighi, Michel.
Listeria monocytogenes is it psychrotrophic food-borne pathogen. This organism is problematic for food production industry due to its ubiquitous distribution ill nature and its tolerance to condition of osmotic and chill stress. One common strategy employed by many bacteria and by L. monocytogenes for adaptation to osmotic stress is by the intracellular accumulation of compatible solutes. Two different types of adaptative reponses to low temperature have undertaken by L. monocytogenes. One of the responses is accomplished by adjusting membrane fluidity through alteration of the membrane fatty acid composition. A second response consists ill the accumulation of osmolytes. In this brief review we will focus on these general systems Which are Of particular...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Food safety; Chill stres; Osmotic stress; Adaptation; Listeria monocytogenes; Sécurité des aliments; Stress froid; Stress salin; Adaptation; Listeria monocytogenes.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-2549.pdf
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Adapting agriculture to climate change AgEcon
Iglesias, Ana; Quiroga, Sonia; Diz, Agustin; Garrote, Luis.
We evaluate the potential impacts and measure the potential limits of adaptation of agriculture to climate change. Pressures on land and water resources are expected to intensify existing risks in low latitude areas – e.g., South-East Asia deltas – and in regions with current water scarcity – e.g. Mediterranean, and create new opportunities in some northern temperate areas – e.g., Northern Russia, Northern Europe. The need to respond to these risks and opportunities is addressed by evaluating the costs and benefits of a number of technical and policy actions. The discussion aims to assist stakeholders facing the adaptation challenge and develop measures to reduce the vulnerability of the sector to climate change.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Climatic change; Global production; Mitigation; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; C51; C53; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120200
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Adaptive Capacity and Traps Ecology and Society
Carpenter, Stephen R; University of Wisconsin-Madison; srcarpen@wisc.edu; Brock, William A.; University of Wisconsin-Madison; WBrock@ssc.wisc.edu.
Adaptive capacity is the ability of a living system, such as a social–ecological system, to adjust responses to changing internal demands and external drivers. Although adaptive capacity is a frequent topic of study in the resilience literature, there are few formal models. This paper introduces such a model and uses it to explore adaptive capacity by contrast with the opposite condition, or traps. In a social–ecological rigidity trap, strong self-reinforcing controls prevent the flexibility needed for adaptation. In the model, too much control erodes adaptive capacity and thereby increases the risk of catastrophic breakdown. In a social–ecological poverty trap, loose connections prevent the mobilization of ideas and resources...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Allostasis; Model; Poverty trap; Resilience; Rigidity trap; Transformation.
Ano: 2008
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AD-DICE: An Implementation of Adaptation in the DICE Mode AgEcon
de Bruin, Kelly C.; Dellink, Rob B.; Tol, Richard S.J..
Integrated Assessment Models (IAMS) have helped us over the past decade to understand the interactions between the environment and the economy in the context of climate change. Although it has also long been recognized that adaptation is a powerful and necessary tool to combat the adverse effects of climate change, most IAMs have not explicitly included the option of adaptation in combating climate change. This paper adds to the IAM and climate change literature by explicitly including adaptation in an IAM, thereby making the trade-offs between adaptation and mitigation visible. Specifically, a theoretical framework is created and used to implement adaptation as a decision variable into the DICE model. We use our new AD-DICE model to derive the adaptation...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Integrated Assessment Modelling; Adaptation; Climate Change; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q25; Q28.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9548
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Additive transcriptomic variation associated with reproductive traits suggest local adaptation in a recently settled population of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Sussarellu, Rossana; Huvet, Arnaud; Lapegue, Sylvie; Quillen, Virgile; Lelong, Christophe; Cornette, Florence; Jensen, Lasse Fast; Bierne, Nicolas; Boudry, Pierre.
Background Originating from Northeast Asia, the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas has been introduced into a large number of countries for aquaculture purpose. Following introduction, the Pacific oyster has turned into an invasive species in an increasing number of coastal areas, notably recently in Northern Europe. Methods To explore potential adaptation of reproductive traits in populations with different histories, we set up a common garden experiment based on the comparison of progenies from two populations of Pacific oyster sampled in France and Denmark and their hybrids. Sex ratio, condition index and microarray gene expression in gonads, were analyzed in each progeny (n = 60). Results A female-biased sex-ratio and a higher condition index were...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Adaptation; Invasiveness; Fertility; Sex-ratio; Transcriptome; Microarray.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00287/39829/38343.pdf
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Alkalmazkodás a klímaváltozáshoz AgEcon
Gazdag, Laszlo.
A várható változásokkal szemben nem védekezni kell, hanem alkalmazkodni. A klímaváltozás is ilyen kihívást jelent. Aki gyorsan és jól alkalmazkodik, az előnybe kerül másokkal szemben. Be kell rendezkednünk a növekvő időjárási amplitúdók, a szélsőséges körülmények közötti eredményes gazdálkodásra. Az első lépés az érdekviszonyok radikális átalakítása! Előnyben részesíteni mindazon technikai-technológiai fejlesztéseket, amelyek a sikeres alkalmazkodást szolgálják. Eltörölni mindenfajta vízdíjat és hasonló költségnövelő tényezőt, amit az öntözési és/vagy halastavi célú felhasználásra vet ki az állam. Kamatkedvezménnyel és más úton ösztönözni az öntözési infrastruktúra fejlesztését, az öntözési tevékenység végzését. A komplex megoldások preferálása, melyek...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Érdekeltség; Alkalmazkodás; Komplexitás; Rugalmasság; Technológia; Interest; Adaptation; Complexity; Flexibility; Technology; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Production Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92417
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An analysis of the determinants of flood damages AgEcon
Ferreira, Susana.
In this paper we analyze mortality caused by 2,194 large flood events between 1985 and 2008 in 108 countries. Unlike previous studies that looked at natural-disaster mortality, we find that year-to-year changes in income and institutional determinants of vulnerability do not affect flood mortality directly. Income and institutions influence mortality only indirectly, through their impact on the intensity and frequency of floods. Population exposure affects the number of deaths both directly and indirectly. Higher population exposure results in more deaths once the flood has occurred, but it is associated with smaller floods. In developing countries it also reduces the count of floods.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Natural Disasters; Floods; Mortality; Adaptation; Climate Change; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Development; Land Economics/Use; Risk and Uncertainty; Q54.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98381
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An Economic Analysis of Water Infrastructure Investments, Agricultural Productivity and Climate Change in the Mekong Delta: Adapting to Increased Salinity and Sea Level Rise AgEcon
Corderi Novoa, David; Williams, Jeffrey C.; Howitt, Richard E.; Lund, Jay R..
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/24/11.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Climate change; Adaptation; Agriculture; Water resources; Dynamic programming; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Development; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty; Q54; Q25; Q15.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103875
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