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Registros recuperados: 11
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Accommodating the Challenges of Climate Change Adaptation and Governance in Conventional Risk Management: Adaptive Collaborative Risk Management (ACRM) Ecology and Society
May, Bradley; Adaptation and Impacts Research Section, Environment Canada; Bradley.May@ec.gc.ca; Plummer, Ryan; Brock University, Canada; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; ryan.plummer@brocku.ca.
Risk management is a well established tool for climate change adaptation. It is facing new challenges with the end of climate stationarity and the need to meaningfully engage people in governance issues. The ways in which conventional approaches to risk management can respond to these challenges are explored. Conventional approaches to risk management are summarized, the manner in which they are being advanced as a tool for climate change adaptation is described, and emerging themes in risk management and climate change adaption are documented. It is argued that conventional risk management for climate change adaptation can benefit from the insights and experiences of adaptive co-management. A hybrid approach termed adaptive collaborative risk management...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Adaptive collaborative risk management; Adaptive co-management; Climate change adaptation; Climate change governance; Risk management.
Ano: 2011
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Charting the New Territory of Adaptive Co-management: A Delphi Study Ecology and Society
Plummer, Ryan; Brock University; rplummer@brocku.ca; Armitage, Derek R; Wilfrid Laurier University; darmitag@wlu.ca.
Complex systems understanding implies a world characterized by dynamic, nonlinear interactions, discontinuities, and surprises. Such conditions are not amenable to conventional resource management approaches that stress command-and-control, and therefore, novel governance approaches more suited to complexity and uncertainty are required. Adaptive co-management has emerged as an interdisciplinary response to this need, and blends the adaptive management and collaborative management narratives. However, concepts associated with adaptive co-management are relatively new and quickly expanding from multiple perspectives. The objective of this paper is to take stock of this relatively recent concept and synthesize current thinking in terms of: (1) the core...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive co-management; Adaptive management; Collaboration; Delphi method; Environmental governance..
Ano: 2007
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Enhancing the Fit through Adaptive Co-management: Creating and Maintaining Bridging Functions for Matching Scales in the Kristianstads Vattenrike Biosphere Reserve, Sweden Ecology and Society
Olsson, Per; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; per@ctm.su.se; Folke, Carl; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences; calle@system.ecology.su.se; Galaz, Victor; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; victor@ctm.su.se; Hahn, Thomas; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; hahn@ctm.su.se; Schultz, Lisen; Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University; lisen@ecology.su.se.
In this article, we focus on adaptive governance of social–ecological systems (SES) and, more specifically, on social factors that can enhance the fit between governance systems and ecosystems. The challenge lies in matching multilevel governance system, often characterized by fragmented organizational and institutional structures and compartmentalized and sectorized decision-making processes, with ecosystems characterized by complex interactions in time and space. The ability to create the right links, at the right time, around the right issues in multilevel governance systems is crucial for fostering responses that build social–ecological resilience and maintain the capacity of complex and dynamic ecosystems to generate services for...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive co-management; Adaptive governance; Cross-level links; Cross-scale interactions; Ecosystem management; Resilience; Social– Ecological systems; Social networks.
Ano: 2007
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Linking Resilience Theory and Diffusion of Innovations Theory to Understand the Potential for Perennials in the U.S. Corn Belt Ecology and Society
Atwell, Ryan C; Iowa State University; ryancardiffatwell@gmail.com; Schulte, Lisa A; Iowa State University; lschulte@iastate.edu; Westphal, Lynne M; U.S. Forest Service Northern Research Station; lwestphal@fs.fed.us.
In the last 200 yr, more than 80% of the land in the U.S. Corn Belt agro-ecosystem has been converted from natural perennial vegetation to intensive agricultural production of row crops. Despite research showing how re-integration of perennial vegetation, e.g., cover crops, pasture, riparian buffers, and restored wetlands, at strategic landscape positions can bolster declining regional ecosystem functions, the amount of land area devoted to row crop production in the Corn Belt continues to increase. As this region enters a time of fast-paced and uncertain reorganization driven by the emerging bioeconomy, changes in land use will continue to take place that will impact the resilience of the Corn Belt’s linked social and ecological systems for...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive co-management; Agriculture; Iowa; Learning; Nonpoint source pollution; Restoration; Scale; Social-ecological systems; Row crops; Corn Belt.
Ano: 2009
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Monitoring the Governance Dimension of Natural Resource Co-management Ecology and Society
Cundill, Georgina; Rhodes University, South Africa; Centre for Scientific and Industrial Research, South Africa; georgina.cundill@gmail.com; Fabricius, Christo; Rhodes University, South Africa; christo.fabricius@gmail.com.
The governance outcomes of natural resource co-management have been neither systematically monitored nor rigorously assessed. We identified system attributes and key variables that could form the basis for monitoring the governance dimension of adaptive co-management. A methodology for collaboratively monitoring these system attributes and key variables was tested in four localities in South Africa. Our results suggest that creating the conditions that facilitate self-organization, and particularly cross-scale institutional linkages, is the major challenge facing attempts to initiate adaptive co-management. Factors requiring greater attention include community perceptions of support from outside agencies, access to long-term funding for adaptive decision...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Adaptive co-management; Governance; Monitoring; Self-organization; Social capital.
Ano: 2010
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Powerless Spectators, Coping Actors, and Adaptive Co-managers: a Synthesis of the Role of Communities in Ecosystem Management Ecology and Society
Fabricius, Christo; Rhodes University, South Africa; christo.fabricius@gmail.com; Folke, Carl; Stockholm University; calle@ecology.su.se; Cundill, Georgina; Rhodes University, South Africa; g.cundill@ru.ac.za; Schultz, Lisen; Stockholm University; lisen@ecology.su.se.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Adaptive co-management; Community-based ecosystem management; Governance; Livelihoods; Millennium Ecosystem Assessment.
Ano: 2007
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Rethinking the Galapagos Islands as a Complex Social-Ecological System: Implications for Conservation and Management Ecology and Society
The Galapagos Islands are among the most renowned natural sites in the world. Unlike other oceanic archipelagos, the ecological and evolutionary processes characteristic of Galapagos have been minimally affected by human activities, and the archipelago still retains most of its original, unique biodiversity. However, several recent reports suggest that the development model has turned unsustainable and that the unique values of the archipelago might be seriously at risk. In response to international concern, UNESCO added Galapagos to the list of World Heritage in Danger in 2007. Our goal was to provide new insights into the origins of the present-day crisis and suggest possible management alternatives. To this end, we re-examined the Galapagos situation...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Adaptive co-management; Adaptive cycle; Biodiversity conservation; Galapagos Islands; Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Sustainability science.
Ano: 2008
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Social-Ecological Transformation for Ecosystem Management: the Development of Adaptive Co-management of a Wetland Landscape in Southern Sweden Ecology and Society
Olsson, Per; Center for Transdisciplinary Environmental Research; potto@system.ecology.su.se; Folke, Carl; ;; Hahn, Thomas; ;.
We analyze the emergence of an adaptive co-management system for wetland landscape governance in southern Sweden, a process where unconnected management by several actors in the landscape was mobilized, renewed, and reconfigured into ecosystem management within about a decade. Our analysis highlights the social mechanisms behind the transformation toward ecosystem management. The self-organizing process was triggered by perceived threats among members of various local stewardship associations and local government to the area’s cultural and ecological values. These threats challenged the development of ecosystem services in the area. We show how one individual, a key leader, played an instrumental role in directing change and transforming...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptability; Adaptive co-management; Ecosystem management; Key individuals; Leaders of change; Organizational change; Resilience; Self-organization; Social memory; Social-ecological systems; Transformability.
Ano: 2004
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The Adaptive Co-Management Process: an Initial Synthesis of Representative Models and Influential Variables Ecology and Society
Plummer, Ryan; Department of Tourism and Environment, Brock University; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University ; ryan.plummer@brocku.ca.
Collaborative and adaptive approaches to environmental management have captured the attention of administrators, resource users, and scholars. Adaptive co-management builds upon these approaches to create a novel governance strategy. This paper investigates the dynamics of the adaptive co-management process and the variables that influence it. The investigation begins by summarizing analytical and causal models relevant to the adaptive co-management process. Variables that influence this process are then synthesized from diverse literatures, categorized as being exogenous or endogenous, and developed into respective analytical frameworks. In identifying commonalities among models of the adaptive co-management process and discerning influential variables,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Adaptive co-management; Co-management; Environmental governance; Resilience; Social– Ecological systems.
Ano: 2009
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The Influence of Philosophical Perspectives in Integrative Research: a Conservation Case Study in the Cairngorms National Park Ecology and Society
Evely, Anna C.; Institute of Biological Sciences, Aberdeen University; anna_evely@abdn.ac.uk; Fazey, Ioan; University of Wales, Aberystwyth; irf@aber.ac.uk; Pinard, Michelle; Institute of Biological Sciences, Aberdeen University; m.a.pinard@abdn.ac.uk; Lambin, Xavier; Institute of Biological Sciences, Aberdeen University; x.lambin@abdn.ac.uk.
The benefits of increasing the contribution of the social sciences in the fields of environmental and conservation science disciplines are increasingly recognized. However, integration between the social and natural sciences has been limited, in part because of the barrier caused by major philosophical differences in the perspectives between these research areas. This paper aims to contribute to more effective interdisciplinary integration by explaining some of the philosophical views underpinning social research and how these views influence research methods and outcomes. We use a project investigating the motivation of volunteers working in an adaptive co-management project to eradicate American Mink from the Cairngorms National Park in Scotland as a...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Adaptive co-management; Interdisciplinarity; Philosophy; Social– Ecological resilience.
Ano: 2008
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The politics of establishing catchment management agencies in South Africa: the case of the Breede-Overberg Catchment Management Agency Ecology and Society
Meissner, Richard; Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, South Africa; Centre for Water Resources Research, University of KwaZulu-Natal; RMeissner@csir.co.za; Funke, Nikki; Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, South Africa; nfunke@csir.co.za; Nortje, Karen; Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, South Africa; knortje@csir.co.za.
We reflect on the politics of establishing catchment management agencies in South Africa with a specific focus on the Breede-Overberg Catchment Management Agency (BOCMA), which was recently replaced by the Breede-Gouritz Catchment Management Agency (BGCMA). We do so by applying the framework of adaptive comanagement and its institutional prescriptions: collaboration, experimentation, and a bioregional approach. We start by introducing the history of this catchment management agency (CMA) and then describe the establishment of CMAs in South Africa in general and that of BOCMA in particular. We follow the framework for rule types and types of river basin organizations set out by the editors of this special feature with reference to adaptive comanagement...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive co-management; Breede-Gouritz Catchment Management Agency; Breede-Overberg Catchment Management Agency; Catchment management agency; River basin organization; South Africa.
Ano: 2016
Registros recuperados: 11
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