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Registros recuperados: 109
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A Classification Framework for Running Adaptive Management Rapids Ecology and Society
Harm Benson, Melinda; University of New Mexico; mhbenson@unm.edu; Morrison, Ryan R.; University of New Mexico; rmorriso@unm.edu; Stone, Mark C.; University of New Mexico; stone@unm.edu.
While adaptive management (AM) is becoming a preferred natural resource management approach, the conditions necessary to engage in AM are not always present. In order for AM to work, there must be an ability to engage in experimentation and then incorporate what is learned. Just as few rivers are unequivocally either “runnable” or “unrunnable” by a whitewater boater, successful AM depends on a number of factors, including legal frameworks and requirements, resource allocation regimes, and existing infrastructure. We provide a classification framework for assessing the physical and institutional capacity necessary for AM using the international classification for whitewater. We then apply this classification framework...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Conceptual model; Rio Chama; River restoration.
Ano: 2013
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A Classification of Collaborative Management Methods Ecology and Society
Blumenthal, Dana M; University of Minnesota; dblumenthal@npa.ars.usda.gov; Jannink, Jean-Luc; University of Minnesota; jjannink@iastate.edu.
Collaboration among multiple stakeholders can be crucial to the success of natural resource management. In recent years, a wide variety of methods have been developed to facilitate such collaboration. Because these methods are relatively new and come from different disciplines, little attention has been paid to drawing comparisons among them. Thus, it is very difficult for potential users to sort through the increasingly large literature regarding such methods. We suggest the use of a consistent framework for comparing collaborative management methods, and develop such a framework based on five criteria: participation, institutional analysis, simplification of the natural resource, spatial scale, and stages in the process of natural resource management. We...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Agriculture; Agroecosystem analysis; Collaboration; Ecosystem management; Natural resource management; Participatory rural appraisal; Rapid rural appraisal; Soft systems analysis.
Ano: 2000
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A Framework for Resilience-based Governance of Social-Ecological Systems Ecology and Society
Garmestani, Ahjond S; Environmental Protection Agency, USA; garmestani.ahjond@epa.gov; Benson, Melinda Harm; University of New Mexico, USA; mhbenson@unm.edu.
Panarchy provides a heuristic to characterize the cross-scale dynamics of social-ecological systems and a framework for how governance institutions should behave to be compatible with the ecosystems they manage. Managing for resilience will likely require reform of law to account for the dynamics of social-ecological systems and achieve a substantive mandate that accommodates the need for adaptation. In this paper, we suggest expansive legal reform by identifying the principles of reflexive law as a possible mechanism for achieving a shift to resilience-based governance and leveraging cross-scale dynamics to provide resilience-based responses to increasingly challenging environmental conditions.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Adaptive governance; Adaptive management; Environmental governance; Intermediaries; Panarchy; Reflexive law; Resilience; Resilience-based governance.
Ano: 2013
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A Framing Approach to Cross-disciplinary Research Collaboration: Experiences from a Large-scale Research Project on Adaptive Water Management Ecology and Society
Dewulf, Art; Center for Organizational and Personnel Psychology (K.U.Leuven); art.dewulf@psy.kuleuven.be; Taillieu, Tharsi; Center for Organizational and Personnel Psychology (K.U.Leuven); tharsi.taillieu@psy.kuleuven.be.
Although cross-disciplinary research collaboration is necessary to achieve a better understanding of how human and natural systems are dynamically linked, it often turns out to be very difficult in practice. We outline a framing approach to cross-disciplinary research that focuses on the different perspectives that researchers from different backgrounds use to make sense of the issues they want to research jointly. Based on interviews, participants’ evaluations, and our own observations during meetings, we analyze three aspects of frame diversity in a large-scale research project. First, we identify dimensions of difference in the way project members frame the central concept of adaptive water management. Second, we analyze the challenges...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Cross-disciplinary research; Framing.
Ano: 2007
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A Governing Framework for Climate Change Adaptation in the Built Environment Ecology and Society
Mazmanian, Daniel A.; University of Southern California; mazmania@price.usc.edu; Jurewitz, John; Pomona College; john.jurewitz@gmail.com; Nelson, Hal T.; Claremont Graduate University; hal.nelson@cgu.edu.
Developing an approach to governing adaptation to climate change is severely hampered by the dictatorship of the present when the needs of future generations are inadequately represented in current policy making. We posit this problem as a function of the attributes of adaptation policy making, including deep uncertainty and nonstationarity, where past observations are not reliable predictors of future outcomes. Our research links organizational decision-making attributes with adaptation decision making and identifies cases in which adaptation actions cause spillovers, free riding, and distributional impacts. We develop a governing framework for adaptation that we believe will enable policy, planning, and major long-term development decisions to be made...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; California; Climate change adaptation; Governance; Planning.
Ano: 2013
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Adapting Science to Adaptive Managers: Spidergrams, Belief Models, and Multi-agent Systems Modeling Ecology and Society
Lynam, Timothy; Tropical Resource Ecology Program, University of Zimbabwe; tlynam@science.uz.ac.zw; Bousquet, Francois; CIRAD Tera; bousquet@cirad.fr; Le Page, Christophe; CIRAD Tera; lepage@cirad.fr; d'Aquino, P.; CIRAD Tera; daquino@telecomplus.sn; Barreteau, Olivier; Cemagref Division Irrigation; barreteau@montpellier.cemagref.fr; Chinembiri, Frank C; Agritex;; Mombeshora, Bright; ;.
Two case studies are presented in which models were used as focal tools in problems associated with common-pool resource management in developing countries. In the first case study, based in Zimbabwe, Bayesian or Belief Networks were used in a project designed to enhance the adaptive management capacity of a community in a semiarid rangeland system. In the second case study, based in Senegal, multi-agent systems models were used in the context of role plays to communicate research findings to a community, as well as to explore policies for improved management of rangelands and arable lands over which herders and farmers were in conflict. The paper provides examples of the use of computer-based modeling with stakeholders who had limited experience with...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Bayesian belief networks; Developing country; Dynamic modeling; Multi-agent systems; Participatory modeling; Semiarid rangeland; Senegal; Spidergrams; Zimbabwe.
Ano: 2002
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Adaptive Co-management Networks: a Comparative Analysis of Two Fishery Conservation Areas in Sweden Ecology and Society
Rova, Carl; Division of Social Science/Political Science Unit, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden; carl.rova@ltu.se.
Co-management constitutes a certain type of institutional arrangement that has gained increased attention among both policy makers and researchers involved in the field of natural resource management. Yet the concept of co-management is broad, and our knowledge about how different kinds of management structures affect the ability to deal with challenges pertinent to the commons is limited. One of these challenges is to foster an adaptive management process, i.e., a process in which rules are continuously revised and changed according to what is known about the ecological system. We aim to address the relationship between different kinds of co-management structures and adaptive management. To this end, we conducted a comparative case study of two Fishery...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Co-management; Governance; Natural resource management; Social networks; Social network analysis; SNA.
Ano: 2010
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Adaptive Ecosystem Management in the Pacific Northwest: a Case Study from Coastal Oregon Ecology and Society
Gray, Andrew N; U.S. Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station; agray01@fs.fed.us.
Adaptive ecosystem management has been adopted as a goal for decision making by several of the land management and regulatory agencies of the U.S. government. One of the first attempts to implement ecosystem management was undertaken on the federally managed forests of the Pacific Northwest in 1994. In addition to a network of reserve areas intended to restore habitat for late-successional terrestrial and aquatic species, "adaptive management areas" (AMAs) were established. These AMAs were intended to be focal areas for implementing innovative methods of ecological conservation and restoration and meeting economic and social goals. This paper analyzes the primary ecological, social, and institutional issues of concern to one AMA in the Coast Range in...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Adaptive management area; Ecosystem management; Forest ecology; Landscape ecology; Models; Monitoring; Old-growth forest; Public involvement.
Ano: 2000
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Adaptive Management and Social Learning in Collaborative and Community-Based Monitoring: a Study of Five Community-Based Forestry Organizations in the western USA Ecology and Society
Fernandez-Gimenez, Maria E.; Colorado State University; gimenez@warnercnr.colostate.edu; Ballard, Heidi L.; University of California - Davis; hballard@ucdavis.edu; Sturtevant, Victoria E.; Southern Oregon University; sturtevant@sou.edu.
Collaborative and community-based monitoring are becoming more frequent, yet few studies have examined the process and outcomes of these monitoring approaches. We studied 18 collaborative or community-based ecological assessment or monitoring projects undertaken by five community-based forestry organizations (CBFs), to investigate the objectives, process, and outcomes of collaborative ecological monitoring by CBF organizations. We found that collaborative monitoring can lead to shared ecological understanding among diverse participants, build trust internally and credibility externally, foster social learning and community-building, and advance adaptive management. The CBFs experienced challenges in recruiting and sustaining community participation in...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Collaborative monitoring; Multiparty monitoring; Community-based monitoring; Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Social learning.
Ano: 2008
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Adaptive management in crop pest control in the face of climate variability: an agent-based modeling approach Ecology and Society
Climate changes are occurring rapidly at both regional and global scales. Farmers are faced with the challenge of developing new agricultural practices to help them to cope with unpredictable changes in environmental, social, and economic conditions. Under these conditions, adaptive management requires a farmer to learn by monitoring provisional strategies and changing conditions, and then incrementally adjust management practices in light of new information. Exploring adaptive management will increase our understanding of the underlying processes that link farmer societies with their environment across space and time, while accounting for the impacts of an unpredictable climate. Here, we assessed the impacts of temperature and crop price, as surrogates...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Agent-based model; Agro-ecosystems; Farmers; Pest.
Ano: 2015
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Adaptive Management of the Water Cycle on the Urban Fringe: Three Australian Case Studies Ecology and Society
Gilmour, Alistair; Macquarie University; agilmour@gse.mq.edu.au; Walkerden, Greg; Wyong Shire Council; gregw@acay.com.au; Scandol, James; University of Sydney; jscandol@bio.usyd.edu.au.
Our group at Macquarie University has run three adaptive management projects in New South Wales, Australia. Their objectives were: (1) to evaluate water cycle management strategies to minimize impacts of urban development on water quality in the Hawkesbury-Nepean basin; (2) to evaluate development planning policies to minimize water quality impacts on a series of coastal lakes; and (3) to carry out a preliminary assessment of the potential impacts of greater recreational use of Sydney water catchments. These projects are examined to evaluate the contribution of the adaptive management approach to water cycle management on the urban fringe in New South Wales. The role of the adaptive management approach in education, as a negotiation process, and in policy...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Conservation biology; Ecosystem management; Sustainability transition; Sustainable development; Water quality; Watershed management..
Ano: 1999
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Adaptive Management Planning Projects as Conflict Resolution Processes Ecology and Society
Walkerden, Greg; Macquarie University; gmw@bwassociates.com.au.
Adaptive management planning projects use multiparty, multidisciplinary workshops and simulation modeling to facilitate dialogue, negotiation, and planning. However, they have been criticized as a poor medium for conflict resolution. Alternative processes from the conflict resolution tradition, e.g., principled negotiation and sequenced negotiation, address uncertainty and biophysical constraints much less skillfully than does adaptive management. When we evaluate adaptive management planning using conflict resolution practice as a benchmark, we can design better planning procedures. Adaptive management planning procedures emerge that explore system structure, dynamics, and uncertainty, and that also provide a strong negotiation process, grounded in...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Conflict resolution; Crossing; Ecosystem management; Environmental management; Negotiation; Planning; Practice; Principled negotiation; Professional practice; Resource management; Strategic environmental assessment..
Ano: 2006
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Adaptive wetland management in an uncertain and changing arid environment Ecology and Society
Downard, Rebekah; Utah State University; rdownard8@gmail.com; Endter-Wada, Joanna; Utah State University; joanna.endter-wada@usu.edu; Kettenring, Karin M.; Utah State University; karin.kettenring@usu.edu.
Wetlands in the arid western United States provide rare and critical migratory bird habitat and constitute a critical nexus within larger social-ecological systems (SES) where multiple changing land-use and water-use patterns meet. The Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge in Utah, USA, presents a case study of the ways that wetland managers have created adaptive management strategies that are responsive to the social and hydrological conditions of the agriculture-dominated SES within which they are located. Managers have acquired water rights and constructed infrastructure while cultivating collaborative relationships with other water users to increase the adaptive capacity of the region and decrease conflict. Historically, water management involved diversion...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Collaboration; Great Salt Lake Utah; Social-ecological systems; Water policy; Wetlands.
Ano: 2014
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An appraisal of adaptive management planning and implementation in ecological restoration: case studies from the San Francisco Bay Delta, USA Ecology and Society
Nagarkar, Mita; University of Copenhagen; mita.nagarkar@gmail.com; Raulund-Rasmussen, Karsten; University of Copenhagen; krr@ign.ku.dk.
Adaptive management has been defined and redefined in the context of natural resource management, yet there are few examples of its successful application in ecological restoration. Although the 2009 Delta Reform Act now legally requires adaptive management for all restoration efforts in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, in California, USA, projects in this region still encounter problems with implementation. We used a comparative case study analysis to examine adaptive management planning and implementation both in and around the Delta, assessing not only why adaptive management is not yet well implemented, but also what changes can be made to facilitate the adaptive management approach without sacrificing scientific rigor. Adaptive management seems to be...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Ecological restoration; Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta; Social ecological systems; Tidal marsh.
Ano: 2016
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An information ecology approach to science–policy integration in adaptive management of social-ecological systems Ecology and Society
Eddy, Brian G; Atlantic Forestry Centre, Natural Resources Canada; Brian.Eddy@NRCan.gc.ca; Hearn, Brian; Atlantic Forestry Centre, Natural Resources Canada; Brian.Hearn@NRCan-RNCan.gc.ca; Luther, Joan E; Atlantic Forestry Centre, Natural Resources Canada; JoanE.Luther@NRCan-RNCan.gc.ca; van Zyll de Jong, Michael; Environmental Policy Institute, Grenfell Campus, Memorial University of Newfoundland; michaelv@grenfell.mun.ca; Bowers, Wade; Environmental Policy Institute, Grenfell Campus, Memorial University of Newfoundland; wbowers@grenfell.mun.ca; Parsons, Reg; Atlantic Forestry Centre, Natural Resources Canada; Reg.Parsons@NRCan-RNCan.gc.ca; Piercey, Douglas; Atlantic Forestry Centre, Natural Resources Canada; Douglas.Piercey@NRCan-RNCan.gc.ca; Strickland, Guy; Atlantic Forestry Centre, Natural Resources Canada; Guy.Strickland@NRCan-RNCan.gc.ca; Wheeler, Barry; Atlantic Forestry Centre, Natural Resources Canada; Barry.Wheeler@NRCan-RNCan.gc.ca.
Adaptive management of social-ecological systems requires integration and collaboration among scientists, policy makers, practitioners, and stakeholders across multiple disciplines and organizations. Challenges associated with such integration have been attributed to gaps between how human systems are organized and how ecosystems function. To address this gap, we explore the application of information ecology as a theoretical basis for integrating human systems and natural systems. First, we provide an overview of information ecology with reference to its relationship with information theory and how we define “information.” Principles governing whole-part relationships, i.e., holons and holarchies, are then used to develop a general...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Ecosystems-based management; Holons; Information ecology; Information theory; Science– Policy integration.
Ano: 2014
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Appraising Adaptive Management Ecology and Society
Lee, Kai N; Williams College; Kai.N.Lee@williams.edu.
Adaptive management is appraised as a policy implementation approach by examining its conceptual, technical, equity, and practical strengths and limitations. Three conclusions are drawn: (1) Adaptive management has been more influential, so far, as an idea than as a practical means of gaining insight into the behavior of ecosystems utilized and inhabited by humans. (2) Adaptive management should be used only after disputing parties have agreed to an agenda of questions to be answered using the adaptive approach; this is not how the approach has been used. (3) Efficient, effective social learning, of the kind facilitated by adaptive management, is likely to be of strategic importance in governing ecosystems as humanity searches for a sustainable economy.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Conservation biology; Ecosystem management; Sustainability transition; Sustainable development.
Ano: 1999
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Are There Scientific Criteria for Putting Short-term Conservation Ahead of Learning? No. Ecology and Society
Hinrichsen, Richard A; Hinrichsen Environmental Services; hinrich@seanet.com.
Kai Lee asks "Are there clearly articulated scientific criteria for putting short-term conservation ahead of learning? (That is, are there conservation situations where we know enough not to need to worry about surprises?)" There can be no such scientific criteria, even in the most trivial of circumstances, because it is really a question of societal values. In cases in which societal values favor conservation of an endangered or threatened population, reliable learning is unlikely to be placed ahead of short-term conservation, partly because it is uncertain whether learning will really improve the prospects for population recovery. Given the prevailing societal values and scientific realities surrounding endangered or threatened populations, the question...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Snake River; Adaptive management; Chinook salmon; Endangered populations; Learning; Scientific criteria; Short-term conservation; Societal values.
Ano: 2000
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Assessing Management Regimes in Transboundary River Basins: Do They Support Adaptive Management? Ecology and Society
Raadgever, G.T. (Tom); Centre for River Basin Administration, Delft University of Technology; G.T.Raadgever@tudelft.nl; Mostert, Erik; Centre for River Basin Administration, Delft University of Technology; E.Mostert@tudelft.nl; Kranz, Nicole; Ecologic - Institute for International and European Environmental Policy; Kranz@ecologic.de; Interwies, Eduard; InterSus - Sustainability Services; Interwies@intersus.eu; Timmerman, Jos G.; RWS Centre for Water Management; J.G.Timmerman@riza.rws.minvenw.nl.
River basin management is faced with complex problems that are characterized by uncertainty and change. In transboundary river basins, historical, legal, and cultural differences add to the complexity. The literature on adaptive management gives several suggestions for handling this complexity. It recognizes the importance of management regimes as enabling or limiting adaptive management, but there is no comprehensive overview of regime features that support adaptive management. This paper presents such an overview, focused on transboundary river basin management. It inventories the features that have been claimed to be central to effective transboundary river basin management and refines them using adaptive management literature. It then collates these...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Management regime; Orange; Rhine; River basin; Transboundary.
Ano: 2008
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Assessment and Management of Invasive Alien Predators Ecology and Society
Park, Kirsty; University of Stirling; k.j.park@stir.ac.uk.
Although invasive alien species have been identified as the second greatest threat to biodiversity after habitat loss, characterizing and quantifying their impacts on native species and habitats remains a fundamental problem in conservation biology. Here, I review the techniques that are currently used to assess the impact of invasive alien species on biodiversity, highlighting both their uses in invasive species ecology and their limitations in establishing a causal relationship. Adopting a hypothesis-driven experimental approach to impact assessment, and to eradication efforts through adaptive management, would benefit our ecological understanding of invasive species without delaying critical management action that could reduce the spread of invasive...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Experimental; Impact assessment; Invasive alien species; Predation.
Ano: 2004
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Avoiding Environmental Catastrophes: Varieties of Principled Precaution Ecology and Society
Johnson, Alan R; Clemson University; Alanj@Clemson.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Aldo Leopold; Ambiguity; Blaise Pascal; Daniel Ellsberg; Decision theory; Future generations; Gifford Pinchot; Intelligent tinkering; Precautionary principle; Resilience; Risk; Uncertainty.
Ano: 2012
Registros recuperados: 109
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