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An Economic Analysis of the Impact of Food Prices and Other Factors on Adult Lifestyles: Choices of Physical Activity and Healthy Weight AgEcon
Chen, Yanni; Huffman, Wallace E..
This paper examines women’s and men’s decisions to participate in physical activity and to attain a healthy weight. These outcomes are hypothesized to be related to prices of food, drink and health care services and products, the respondent’s personal characteristics (such as education, reading food labels (signaling a concern for good health), adjusted family income, opportunity cost of time, occupation, marital status, race and ethnicity) and his or her BMI at age 25. These decisions are represented by a trivariate probit model that is fitted to data for adults in the NLSY79 panel with geocodes that have been augmented with local area food, drink and health care prices. Separate analyses are undertaken for men and women due to basic physiological...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Physical activity; Obesity; Food prices; Adults; Developed country; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; I10; D10; J24.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49987
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An open multicenter study of the use of gatifloxacin for the treatment of non-complicated acute bacterial rhinosinusitis in adults BJID
Weckx,L.L.M.; Campos,C.A.H.; Sakano,E.; Pignatari,S.S.N.; Figueiredo,C.R..
The bacteriological and clinical efficacy and the safety of gatifloxacin for the treatment of non-complicated acute rhinosinusitis was evaluated in 49 adult patients in an open-label multicenter study in Brazil. Patients under age 18, or with associated systemic diseases, were excluded. Diagnosis was based on symptoms, otorhinolaryngological examination, and X-rays of the sinus. At the first visit, all patients were treated with a single daily dose of 400 mg gatifloxacin for 10 days. Middle nasal meatus secretion was collected and sent for culture before and after treatment. Patients were all reevaluated at days 3 to 5; days + 1 to + 5 and 18 to 25 days + 7 to + 14 . Ninety three percent of the patients were considered clinically cured at the end of the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Rhinossinusitis; Adults; Gatifloxacin.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702005000200007
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Apparent digestibility coefficient of chickpea, maize, high-quality protein maize, and beans diets in juvenile and adult Nile tilapia ( Oreochromis niloticus ) R. Bras. Zootec.
Montoya-Mejía,Magnolia; Hernández-Llamas,Alfredo; García-Ulloa,Manuel; Nolasco-Soria,Héctor; Gutierrez-Dorado,Roberto; Rodríguez-González,Hervey.
ABSTRACT The objective of our study was to assess the apparent digestibility of plant ingredients in diets for juvenile (50 g) and adult (220 g) Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Dietary dry matter and protein apparent digestibility coefficients of four plant-derived feedstuffs (chickpea, maize, high-quality maize protein, and beans) were tested. The beans diet had the lowest apparent digestibility coefficient of dry matter (ADCDM) (69.41%), while no significant differences were detected in ADCDM among the other diets; ADCDM was significantly higher in adults compared with juveniles (77.02 vs. 73.76%). Apparent dry matter digestibility coefficient of ingredients (ADCI) was significantly higher in the chickpea (70.48%) and high-quality protein maize...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Adults; Feedstuffs; In vivo digestibility; Juveniles; Plant ingredients.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982016000800427
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Bartonellosis: suggestive case reports in adult and pediatric patients and therapeutic issues BJID
Manfredi,Roberto; Sabbatani,Sergio.
Cat-scratch disease warrants extensive investigation, from an epidemiological, a diagnostic, but especially a therapeutic point of view. Two suggestive episodes of Bartonella henselae-caused cat-scratch disease are reported, and discussed in the light of the most recent literature evidence. The first case occurred in a 60-year-old man, thus suggesting that it is important to maintain an elevated level of suspicion for this disease in adults as well. Both episodes were characterized by a very prolonged and complicated disease course (with the involvement of three lymph node sets in the first case), a need for lymph-node drainage, and apparently negligible activity of many antimicrobial courses, with a very slow local cure. While specific culture and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Adults; Antimicrobial chemotherapy; Bartonellosis; Bartonella henselae; Case reports; Children; Clinical presentation; Outcome; Treatment.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702006000600012
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Descrição dos adultos de Camelobaetidius billi (Ephemeroptera, Baetidae) Iheringia, Sér. Zool.
Salles,Frederico Falcão; Dias,Lucimar Gomes.
The adults of Camelobaetidius billi Thomas & Dominique, 2000 are described for the first time. They can be distinguished from the other known adults of the genus by the following combination of characters: in males, turbinate portion of the compound eyes orange, abdominal color pattern, and the shape and relative length of the forceps articles; in females by the abdominal color pattern. The specimens were collected at Presidente Figueiredo, State of Amazonas, Brazil, and represent the first report of the species in Brazil.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ephemeroptera; Baetidae; Camelobaetidius; Adults; Brazil.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0073-47212004000300007
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Effect of simulated acid rain on the survival, mortality, behaviour and morphology of African mud catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) Animal Sciences
Mustapha, Moshood; Mohammed, Zainab Olayide.
This study simulated acidic habitat for different life stages of Clarias gariepinus to know the effect on survival, mortality, morphology and behaviour. The fish were exposed to pHs 3, 4, 5, 6 and 8.01 (control) for 35 days. 100% mortality was recorded for all the life stages in pH 3, and 80, 62 and 36% of mortality of fingerlings, juveniles and adults respectively were recorded in pH 4. In pH 5, 30, 26 and 12% mortalities of fingerlings, juveniles and adults respectively were recorded and at pH 6 mortalities of fingerlings, juveniles and adults were 12, 10 and 4% respectively. Control pH mortalities were 10, 6 and 2% for fingerlings, juveniles and adults respectively. Mortality was due to lack of oxygen uptake, stress and circulatory collapse. All these...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Fingerlings; Juveniles; Adults; PH; Stress; Sulphur oxides..
Ano: 2017 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/36900
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Factors Influencing the Body Mass Index of Adults in Canada AgEcon
Cranfield, John A.L..
This paper explores socio-demographic, economic and behaviour factors influencing body mass index (BMI) amongst 20 to 64 year old adults in Canada. BMI scores in Canada have increased, with gains stemming from disproportionate increases in female BMI. Econometric results indicate higher BMI scores for males, those born in Canada, those in food insecure homes and whites. Age-gender interactions suggest different patterns of BMI adjustment over the life of males and females; a pronounced inverse quadratic relationship between with age and male BMI is noted, while female BMI increases with age. Education, used as a gauge of inequality, is inversely related to BMI, while income has a muted effect. BMI is inversely related to level of physical activity, an...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Obesity; BMI; Canada; Socio-demographic; Economic; Adults; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; I10; J1.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6837
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Head Circumference in Canadian Male Adults: Development of a Normalized Chart International Journal of Morphology
Nguyen,A.K.D; Simard-Meilleur,A. A; Berthiaume,C; Godbout,R; Mottron,L.
Macrocephaly has been reported as one of the few physiological markers of several syndromes which are identified during childhood. However, only a limited number of studies have investigated whether macrocephaly persists in adults in these conditions, due to an absence of up-to-date reference charts constructed for typically developing adults. Available adult head circumference reference charts either don't measure individuals beyond 21 years of age, are outdated, mostly use homogeneous samples and most importantly do not account for the individual's height and weight at the same time. Two hundred twenty-one male adults were recruited in a large urban community. For each participant, height, weight and head circumference were measured. A significant...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Head circumference; Reference chart; Height; Weight; Adults.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022012000400033
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Immunogenicity and safety of Southern Hemisphere inactivated quadrivalent influenza vaccine: a Phase III, open-label study of adults in Brazil BJID
Zerbini,Cristiano A.F.; Ribeiro dos Santos,Rodrigo; Jose Nunes,Maria; Soni,Jyoti; Li,Ping; Jain,Varsha K.; Ofori-Anyinam,Opokua.
Abstract The World Health Organization influenza forecast now includes an influenza B strain from each of the influenza B lineages (B/Yamagata and B/Victoria) for inclusion in seasonal influenza vaccines. Traditional trivalent influenza vaccines include an influenza B strain from one lineage, but because two influenza B lineages frequently co-circulate, the effectiveness of trivalent vaccines may be reduced in seasons of influenza B vaccine-mismatch. Thus, quadrivalent vaccines may potentially reduce the burden of influenza compared with trivalent vaccines.In this Phase III, open-label study, we assessed the immunogenicity and safety of Southern Hemisphere inactivated quadrivalent influenza vaccine (Fluarix™ Tetra) in Brazilian adults (NCT02369341). The...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Quadrivalent; Influenza; Vaccine; Immunogenicity; Safety; Brazil; Adults.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702017000100063
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In an Ileal Diverticulum (Meckel's Diverticulum) - Gastric Perforation: Report of a Fatal Case International Journal of Morphology
Moorthy,Sujatha Narayana; Arcot,Rekha.
The ileal diverticulum (Meckel's diverticulum) is a congenital outpouching located in the distal ileum which occurs due to the failure of obliteration of the yolk stalk. The peak age in which this anomaly is mostly found is the pediatric age especially below the age of two. Hence it is noted as an uncommon cause of intestinal obstruction and fatality in adult life. We present a case of a 26 year old man with abdominal pain and vomiting for 6 days associated fever for 3 days. Emergency laparotomy revealed ileal diverticulitis with small bowel obstruction. Ileal diverculectomy with ileal resection and ileoileal anastamosis was performed. However, the patient developed renal dysfunction leading to Multiorgan Dysfunction Syndrome and died on the fourth post...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Ileal diverticulum; Meckel's diverticulum; Gastric ectopic rest; Adults; Death.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022010000400045
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Inventory of caddisflies (Trichoptera: Insecta) of the Campos do Jordão State Park, São Paulo State, Brazil Biota Neotropica
Spies,Marcia Regina; Froehlich,Claudio Gilberto.
Due to the incipient state of knowledge of the caddisflies of Brazil, faunistic inventories are extremely important. An inventory of the Trichoptera fauna of Campos do Jordão State Park (CJSP), São Paulo State, based on adults and larvae, is presented here, as well as comments on its taxonomic composition and the implications this poses for the value of conserving the Araucaria Forest. The samples were taken between August 2005 and February 2007. Larvae were collected with a Surber sampler in several kinds of mesohabitats, in 1st to 4th order streams throughout CJSP. Adults were sampled with light and Malaise traps, and also entomological nets. In all, 40 genera of Trichoptera belonging to 15 families were recorded. The CJSP fauna include 60% of the genera...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Larvae; Adults; Araucaria Forest; Gondwanan relict; Serra da Mantiqueira.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1676-06032009000400021
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Key to the genera of Ephemerelloidea (Insecta: Ephemeroptera) from Brazil Biota Neotropica
Dias,Lucimar G.; Salles,Frederico F.; Francischetti,Cesar N.; Ferreira,Paulo Sérgio F..
A key to the Brazilian genera of Ephemerelloidea, nymphs and adults, belonging to the families Coryphoridae, Leptohyphidae and Melanemerellidae is presented. Currently, seven genera of this superfamily are known in Brazil. The Leptohyphidae is the most representative family, with five genera registered from the country, Leptohyphes Eaton, 1882, Leptohyphodes Ulmer, 1920, Traverhyphes Molineri, 2001, Tricorythodes Ulmer, 1920 and Tricorythopsis Traver, 1958. The families Coryphoridae and Melanemerellidae are monotypic, represented by Coryphorus Peters, 1981and Melanemerella Ulmer, 1920.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ephemerelloidea; Nymphs; Adults; Illustrated key; Brazil.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1676-06032006000100015
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Key to the subfamilies, tribes and genera of adult Dytiscidae of Argentina (Coleoptera: Adephaga) Rev. Soc. Entomol. Argent.
Libonatti,María L.; Michat,Mariano C.; Torres,Patricia L. M..
Dytiscids constitute the world's most speciose family of water beetles, whose identifi cation in Argentina is problematic with current keys. In this work, a key (both in English and Spanish) to the eight subfamilies, 16 tribes and 31 genera of adult Dytiscidae of Argentina is presented. The key was constructed using stable qualitative characters of the external morphology and chaetotaxy, easily visualizable and interpretable. Characters such as size and shape of the body, color pattern and geographic distribution were also used. Illustrations of a great number of morphological structures as well as SEM micrographs were included to aid in the interpretation of the text. One subfamily (Hydrodytinae) and fi ve genera (Agaporomorphus Zimmermann, Bidessodes...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Dytiscidae; Diving beetles; Adults; Key; Argentina.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0373-56802011000200016
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Micronutrient Malnutrition, Obesity, and Chronic Disease in Countries Undergoing the Nutrition Transition: Potential Links and Program/Policy Implications AgEcon
Eckhardt, Cara L..
Background: The nutrition transition occurring in many developing countries may invite the misconception that diets are moving entirely away from undernutrition toward problems of excess. But despite the sufficiency of energy in these countries, diet quality is poor and micronutrient deficiencies often remain. In this context, micronutrient deficiencies may actually contribute to the development and severity of diet-related chronic diseases. Objectives: This paper discusses the potential long-term effects of micronutrient malnutrition in early childhood on obesity and related disease outcomes. The links between early micronutrient malnutrition, stunting, and subsequent short adult stature— emerging risk factors for obesity and associated chronic...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Diet quality; Micronutrient malnutrition; Obesity; Chronic disease; Cancer; Adults; Children; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55889
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Morphometric Study of Lumbar Vertebrae in Adult South African Subjects International Journal of Morphology
Azu,O. O; Komolafe,O. A; Ofusori,D. A; Ajayi,S. A; Naidu,E. C. S; Abiodun,A. A.
Lumbar vertebral dimensions provide vital clinical information of immense diagnostic benefits to medical experts. The present study provides data for lumbar vertebral dimensions of a cohort of specimens of South African females and males. Measurements were obtained from lumbar vertebrae from the osteological collections in the Discipline of Clinical Anatomy, Nelson Mandela School of Medicine using a digital caliper. The antero-posterior body diameter (APD), interpedicular distance (IPD), midsagittal diameter (MSD) and pedicle length (PL) were measured while ratio of MSD to APD was calculated. Results showed gradual increase from L1 to L5 for mean APD and IPD, and a decrease for mean PL from L1 to L5. Mean MSD was observed to present a "U" curve pattern...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Lumbar vertebrae; Morphometry; Adults; South Africa.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022016000400028
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Regimes Alimentaires et Modifications des Structures Mandibulaires (Leach) (Decapoda, Palaemonidae) Etudiees a l'Aide du Microscope Electronique a Balayage. ArchiMer
Heral, Maurice; Saudray, Yves.
The object of this study is to complete the knowledge of the mandibles structure in a eucarid: P. varians (Leach). Its rearing has permitted the study, parallell to the evolution of the mandibles structure, of the diet of larvae and adults.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Palaemonetes varians; Larval development; Adults; Larvae; Diets.
Ano: 1979 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1980/publication-1939.pdf
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Reliability and validity of heart rate variability threshold assessment during an incremental shuttle-walk test in middle-aged and older adults BJMBR
Dourado,V.Z.; Guerra,R.L.F..
Studies on the assessment of heart rate variability threshold (HRVT) during walking are scarce. We determined the reliability and validity of HRVT assessment during the incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) in healthy subjects. Thirty-one participants aged 57 ± 9 years (17 females) performed 3 ISWTs. During the 1st and 2nd ISWTs, instantaneous heart rate variability was calculated every 30 s and HRVT was measured. Walking velocity at HRVT in these tests (WV-HRVT1 and WV-HRVT2) was registered. During the 3rd ISWT, physiological responses were assessed. The ventilatory equivalents were used to determine ventilatory threshold (VT) and the WV at VT (WV-VT) was recorded. The difference between WV-HRVT1 and WV-HRVT2 was not statistically significant (median and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Heart rate variability; Exercise; Walking; Adults.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2013000200194
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Rotavirus in adults, Brazil, 2004–2011: G2P[4] dominance and potential impact on vaccination BJID
Luchs,Adriana; Cilli,Audrey; Morillo,Simone Guadagnucci; Carmona,Rita de Cassia Compagnoli; Timenetsky,Maria do Carmo Sampaio Tavares.
Objectives:The aim of this study was to monitor rotavirus (RV) infections in adults >18 years with acute gastroenteritis during 2004–2011 national Brazilian RV surveillance. In addition, to characterize the RV group A (RVA) strains in order to gain insight into the supposed vaccine selective pressure imposed to Brazilian children population.Methods:A total of 2102 convenient fecal specimens were investigated by ELISA, PAGE, and RT-PCR.Results:RV was detected in 203 (9.6%) of 2102 specimens, and showed a marked peak of detection in September. RVA infection was detected in 9.4% (197/2102) and RV group C (RVC) in 0.3% (6/2102). The most frequent genotypes detected in 2004 and 2005 were G9P[8] (38.5%; 5/13) and G1P[8] (54.5%; 6/11), respectively. The...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Rotavirus group A; Rotavirus group C; Adults; Vaccination; Brazil.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702014000100053
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Sex ratios in juveniles and adults of Dichroplus maculipennis (Blanchard) and Borellia bruneri (Rehn) (Orthoptera: Acrididae) Rev. Bras. entomol.
Mariottini,Yanina; Pocco,Martina E.; Wysiecki,María L. de; Lange,Carlos E..
Dichroplus maculipennis and Borellia bruneri are two of the 18 grasshopper species of actual or potential economic relevance as pests in Argentina. The objective of this study was to estimate the sex ratios for adults and older nymphs of D. maculipennis and B. bruneri in the field, and analyze possible temporal variations. The study was conducted during seven seasons (2005-06 to 2011-12) in representative plant communities of the southern Pampas region. A total of 4536 individuals of D. maculipennis, and 6038 individuals of B. bruneri were collected. The sex ratio registered in older nymphs for D. maculipennis and B. bruneri did not deviate from a 1:1 ratio (p > 0.05), suggesting that these species have such a primary sex ratio. However, a significant...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Acrididae; Adults; Nymphs; Pampas region; Sex ratio.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0085-56262015000200096
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