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A rapid quantitative fluorescence-based bioassay to study allelochemical interactions from Alexandrium minutum ArchiMer
Long, Marc; Tallec, Kevin; Soudant, Philippe; Lambert, Christophe; Le Grand, Fabienne; Sarthou, Geraldine; Jolley, Dianne; Hegaret, Helene.
Harmful microalgal blooms are a threat to aquatic organisms, ecosystems and human health. Toxic dinoflagellates of the genus Alexandrium are known to produce paralytic shellfish toxins and to release bioactive extracellular compounds (BECs) with potent cytotoxic, hemolytic, ichtyotoxic and allelopathic activity. Negative allelochemical interactions refer to the chemicals that are released by the genus Alexandrium and that induce adverse effects on the physiology of co-occurring protists and predators. Releasing BECs gives the donor a competitive advantage that may help to form dense toxic blooms of phytoplankton. However BECs released by Alexandrium minutum are uncharacterized and it is impossible to quantify them using classical chemical methods....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Harmful algal bloom; Alexandrium; Allelopathy; Cytotoxicity; PAM fluorometry; Bioassay.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00453/56424/58116.pdf
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A simple procedure for the purification of active fractions in aqueous extracts of plants with allelopathic properties Acta Botanica
Borghetti,Fabian; Lima,Elisa Coutinho de; Silva,Lucas de Carvalho Ramos.
Most studies conducted to test the allelopathic activity of plant parts have made use of water as solvent. However, the presence of polar, water-soluble substances, such as proteins and carbohydrates, tends to hamper the purification of active compounds. In this study, we present a simple purification procedure that separates the active fraction of the extract from the undesirable substances, thus facilitating the search for active molecules through standard chromatographic methods. Aqueous leaf extracts of three Cerrado species (Caryocar brasiliense, Qualea parviflora and Eugenia dysenterica) were prepared at 5% concentration (w/v) and stored at 4ºC (crude extracts). After 24 h, these solutions were filtered and freeze-dried. The powder obtained was...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Allelopathy; Cerrado; Freeze-drying; Leaf extract; Purification.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33062013000100007
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Ação alelopática de sementes de Canavalia ensiformis contra Cyperus rotundus. Repositório Alice
FORSTER, R.; SAITO, M.L.; MORICONI, W..
Ação alelopática da leguminosa Canavalia ensiformis (feijão de porco) já é praticada em campo semeado com essa leguminosa. Tentativa de esclarecer o modo de ação, levou a testar as partes, raízes, caules, folhas moídas misturadas a terra, plantando-se em seguida os tubérculos de Cyperus rotundus L. em ambiente de laboratório ou em casa de vegetação. Utilizando copos plásticos com capacidade de 160ml, terra argilosa misturada com quantidades diferentes das partes acima citadas, não revelaram qualquer ação sobre a capacidade de brotação dos tubérculos do Cyperus. Utilizando o mesmo método com vagens secas do feijão de porco, e separadamente com sementes, foi possível observar pequena ação da vagem seca, e pronunciada ação das sementes moídas, observou que...
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Alelopatia; Canavalia ensiformis; Cyperus rotundus; Leguminosa; Tiririca; Planta daninha; Planta invasora; Elemento ativo; Bioensaio; Allelopathy; Leguminosae; Weed; Bioassay; Active agent.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/12420
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Activities and Novel Applications of Secondary Metabolite Coumarins Planta Daninha
HUSSAIN,M.I.; QAMAR ABBAS,S.; REIGOSA,M.J..
ABSTRACT: This review covers biological activity of secondary metabolites, coumarin and their derivatives on different organisms (pests, pathogens, weeds), as well as their applications in agriculture as eco-friendly pesticides and weed control agents. Naturally occurring coumarins have shown biological and allelopathic potential on a broad range of organisms. Coumarin inhibits seed germination, root growth, morphology, histology, water uptake, respiration, photosynthesis, cell elongation, cell división and differentiation. Coumarin demonstrate excellent insecticidal potential against eggs, larvae and adult insects. Coumarin showed antifeedent responses in a wide range of memebers from invertebrates to vertebrates. The information provided in this review...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Coumarin; Secondary metabolites; Multifunctionality; Herbivory; Allelopathy; Phytotoxicity; Weed control.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582018000100220
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Alelopatia de extratos de adubos verdes sobre a germinação e crescimento inicial de alface. Repositório Alice
CARVALHO, W. P. de; CARVALHO, G. J. de; ABBADE NETO, D. de O.; TEIXEIRA, L. G. V..
RESUMO: Extratos aquosos obtidos de palhas de três gramíneas e três leguminosas nas concentrações de 2,5%, 5% e 10% foram preparados com o objetivo de determinar o potencial alelopático dessas espécies utilizadas como adubos verdes sobre alface (Lactuca sativa L.), e estimar a melhor concentração para uso desses extratos em bioensaios de laboratório. Para análise da germinação foram consideradas as variáveis porcentagem de germinação e índice de velocidade de germinação. Para análise do crescimento inicial consideraram-se as variáveis porcentagem de plantas normais, comprimento de raiz e parte aérea, massa fresca de raiz e parte aérea e massa seca de raiz e parte aérea. Os adubos verdes utilizados para preparação dos extratos foram as leguminosas...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Alface; Alelopatia; Planta de cobertura; Adubação; Lactuca sativa; Lettuce; Allelopathy; Vegetation cover; Fertilizer application.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1008526
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Alelopatia do ácido aconítico sobre soja e teores de lignina. Repositório Alice
VOLL, E.; KRZYZANOWSKI, F. C.; GAZZIERO, D. L. P.; ADEGAS, F. S..
2010
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Soja; Alelopatia; Erva daninha; Soybeans; Weeds; Allelopathy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/862727
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Alelopatia em ecossistema de pastagem cultivada. Infoteca-e
SOUZA FILHO, A. P. da S.; ALVES, S. de M..
Histórico. Fontes de substancias alelopáticas. Natureza das substancias alelopáticas. Função nas plantas. Síntese de substancias alelopáticas. Fatores que afetam a síntese de substancias alelopáticas. Liberação para o meio ambiente. Mecanismo de transporte no meio ambiente. Mecanismo de ação dos aleloquímicos. Fatores que interferem na ação dos aleloquímicos. Provas da existência de alelopatia. Interação alelopática em ecossistemas de pastagens. Alelopática e suas perspectivas futuras.
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Alelopatia; Pastagem cultivada; Ecossistema; Resposta da planta; Amazônia; Brasil; Allelopathy; Pastures; Ecosystems; Plant response.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/388173
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Algicidal effects of Zostera marina L. and Zostera noltii Hornem. extracts on the neuro-toxic bloom-forming dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella ArchiMer
Laabir, Mohamed; Grignon-dubois, Micheline; Masseret, Estelle; Rezzonico, Bernadette; Soteras, Giselle; Rouquette, Manuel; Rieuvilleneuve, Fabien; Cecchi, Philippe.
The inhibitory effects of crude extracts of Zostera marina L and Zostera noltii Hornemann on the growth of the toxic red tide dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella were investigated through bio-assays. Methanolic and aqueous extracts were prepared from fresh and detrital leaves of Z. marina and Z. noltii collected in the Thau lagoon and Arcachon bay (France). All the extracts exhibited significant inhibition of A. catenella growth, whatever the species and without the need of continuous addition of extracts. The effective concentrations (EC50) varied in the range 0.036-0.199 g L-1 for Z. noltii and 0.036-0.239 g L-1 for Z. marina. Methanolic extracts prepared from fresh plant tissues were the most potent, with EC50 of 0.036-0.039 and 0.036-0.045 g L-1, for...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Growth inhibition; Allelopathy; Alexandrium catenella; Zostera marina; Zostera noltii; Phenolics.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00170/28095/26720.pdf
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Allelochemicals from Alexandrium minutum induce rapid inhibition of metabolism and modify the membranes from Chaetoceros muelleri ArchiMer
Long, Marc; Tallec, Kevin; Soudant, Philippe; Le Grand, Fabienne; Donval, Anne; Lambert, Christophe; Sarthou, Geraldine; Jolley, Dianne F.; Hegaret, Helene.
Allelochemical interactions are likely to be a contributing factor explaining the success of large blooms of the harmful marine dinoflagellate Alexandrium, however, the physiological mechanisms of allelochemical interactions remain poorly described. Here we investigated the sub-lethal effects (on an hourly scale) of a filtrate containing allelochemicals from Alexandrium minutum on the physiology of the common diatom Chaetoceros muelleri. The filtrate induced deleterious effects to the diatom physiology within only 30 min of exposure. Esterase activity and photosynthesis were drastically inhibited, with up to 34% of the population being metabolically inactive and up to 30% reduction in photosystem II quantum yield when exposed to the filtrate. In addition,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Allelopathy; Alexandrium; Metabolism; Photoinhibition; Lipids; Pigments.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00460/57133/59748.pdf
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Allelopathic action of parthenium and its rhizospheric soil on maize as influenced by growing conditions Planta Daninha
Safdar,M.E.; Tanveer,A.; Khaliq,A.; Naeem,M.S..
Biosynthesis and subsequent release of allelochemicals by a plant into the environment is supposed to be influenced by its growing conditions. To ascertain what will be the allelopathic action of plant parts and rhizospheric soils of parthenium (Parthenium hysterophorus) growing at various farm locations with varied growing conditions, germination and seedling growth of maize hybrid (DK 6142) were assayed by sowing its seeds in petri plates lined with filter paper and pots filled with soil. Minimum germination percentage (30.0%), germination index (2.01), germination energy (36.3), seedling length (3.3 cm), seedling biomass (10 mg) and seedling vigor index (99.0) of maize were observed in leaf extract followed by fruit and whole plant extracts of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Allelopathy; Parthenium hysterophorus; Plant bioassay; Soil bioassay; Zea mays; Phenolic compounds.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582014000200001
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Allelopathic activity and isolation of a phytotoxic compound in sorghum (Sorghum vulgare Pers.) International Rice Research Institute
Kim, Sang Yeol.
82 leaves : ill. Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of the Philippines at Los Baños
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Sorghum; Sorghum vulgare; Allelopathy; Phytotoxins.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/852
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Allelopathic activity and potential natural herbicide from sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) International Rice Research Institute
Park, Kwang Ho.
132 l. : ill. Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of the Philippines at Los Baños
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Sunflower oil; Allelopathy; Herbicides; Weeds; Chemical control; Rice.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/932
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Allelopathic Activity of Crop Residue Incorporation Alone or Mixed Against Rice and its Associated Grass Weed Jungle Rice (Echinochloa colona [L.] Link) Chilean J. Agric. Res.
Khaliq,Abdul; Matloob,Amar; Ata Cheema,Zahid; Farooq,Muhammad.
Weed suppression is one of the several benefits achieved by soil incorporation of crop residues and such suppression is believed to be allelopathic in nature. The allelopathic potential of different crop residues: viz. sorghum (Sorghum bicolor [L.] Moench), sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.), brassica (Brassica campestris L.) was evaluated in rice (Oryza sativa L.) and jungle rice (Echinochloa colona [L.] Link). Chopped crop residues were soil-incorporated alone and mixed at 6 g kg-1 soil (12 t ha-1) and compared with a control without residues. Soil incorporation of residues substantially delayed germination of jungle rice. The time to start germination, time to 50% emergence, mean emergence time, emergence index, and final germination percentage were all...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Residues; Allelopathy; Sorghum; Sunflower; Brassica; Weed control.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-58392011000300012
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Allelopathic bioactivity of fresh and infused aqueous extracts of Brazilian cherry (Eugenia uniflora L.) on lettuce and maize Biological Sciences
Boiago, Nayara Parisoto; Fortes, Andréa Maria Teixeira; Pilatti, Daiane Maria; Silva, Paulo Sérgio Siberti da.
 This study aimed to analyse the allelopathic bioactivity of fresh and infused aqueous extracts of Brazilian cherry leaves on the germination of lettuce and the initial development of maize. Brazilian cherry leaves were used to prepare a fresh aqueous extract (200 g L-1) and an infused extract (100 g L-1), which were diluted to concentrations of 0.4, 0.8, 1.2, 1.6 or 2.0% w/v. The variables evaluated in lettuce were the germination rate (GR), germination time index (GTI), germination speed index (GSI) and root length (RL). To determine the effect on the initial development of maize, we measured the shoot (SL) and root (RL) length. The experimental design included a factorial 2 × 5 design (two extracts and five concentrations), in addition to a control...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: 2.03.00.00-0; 2.03.03.00-9 Lactuca sativa; Zea mays; Allelopathy; Allelochemicals; Chemical ecology. Botânica; Fisiologia Vegetal.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciBiolSci/article/view/40972
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Allelopathic effect of black mustard tissues and root exudates on some crops and weeds Planta Daninha
Al-Sherif,E; Hegazy,A.K.; Gomaa,N.H.; Hassan,M.O..
Laboratory and greenhouse experiments were conducted to evaluate the phytotoxic effect of black mustard extracts and root exudates on two crops: Trifolium alexandrinum and Triticum aestivum, and two weeds: Phalaris paradoxa and Sisymbrium irio. The seeds were treated with aqueous and ethanolic extracts and chloroform for eight days, or subjected to root exudates of just harvested mustard in a greenhouse for five weeks. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to quantify phytotoxins from plant tissues. Seed germination of P. paradoxa was reduced with the lowest concentration of the different extracts. However, the aqueous extract at 4% completely curtailed the germination of all the target species. In general, plant extracts had a...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Allelopathy; Brassica nigra; Plant extracts; Isothiocyanates (ITCs); Phenolic acids.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582013000100002
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ALLELOPATHIC EFFECT OF LEGUMINOUS WEEDS ON RATE, SYNCHRONIZATION AND TIME OF GERMINATION, AND BIOMASS PARTITIONING IN RICE Planta Daninha
ZOHAIB,A.; ANJUM,S.A.; JABBAR,A.; TABASSUM,T.; ABBAS,T.; NAZIR,U..
ABSTRACT The present study was aimed at determining the allelopathic influence of water extracts at varying concentrations (2.5% and 5% w/v) and residues with varying decomposition periods (0, 15 and 30 days) at 2% (w/w) concentration of four weeds (Trigonella polycerata, Vicia sativa, Lathyrus aphaca, Medicago polymorpha) against rate, synchronization and time of germination, and biomass partitioning of rice through plant and soil bioassays. Germination and biomass partitioning in rice plants were inhibited by extracts and residues. The maximum decrease in energy of germination (88.6%) and increase in time for 50% germination (210.4%) were caused by the L. aphaca extract at 5% concentration as compared to control. Root and shoot, fresh weight (13.6 and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Allelopathy; Leguminous weeds; Rice; Germination; Biomass partitioning.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582017000100269
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Allelopathic Effect of Parthenium hysterophorus on Germination and Growth of Some Important Crops and Weeds of Economic Importance Planta Daninha
HASSAN,G.; RASHID,H.U.; AMIN,A.; KHAN,I.A.; SHEHZAD,N..
ABSTRACT: Parthenium hysterophorus being a declared invasive weed worldwide is threatening the biodiversity of Pakistan. To study its allelopathic potential, laboratory and pots based studies were undertaken during July-August and October-November, 2010 in Weed Research Laboratory, Department of Weed Science, The University of Agriculture Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. The experiments were conducted to investigate the allelopathic effect of parthenium on crops Triticum aestivum, Cicer arietinum and Brassica campestris, and weeds including Avena fatua, Asphodelus tenuifolius and Lolium rigidum The fresh leaves of P.hysterophorus were dried in shade and grinded. The desired quantity of powder was soaked for 16 hr. in the desired quantity of water...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Parthenium; Allelopathy; Wheat.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582018000100331
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Allelopathic effects of aqueous and organic fractions of Euphorbia dracunculoides Lam. on germination and seedling growth of chickpea and wheat Chilean J. Agric. Res.
Tanveer,Asif; Kamran Jabbar,Muhammad; Kahliq,Abdul; Matloob,Amar; Nadeem Abbas,Rana; Mansoor Javaid,Muhammad.
Identification of weed species with allelopathic potential and characterization of their adverse effects against associated crops is required for better understanding of weed-crop interactions. Phytotoxic activity of Euphorbia dracunculoides Lam. on germination and seedling growth of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) was investigated under controlled conditions. Two separate studies were done with each of four organic solvent fractions (n-hexane, chloroform, ethylacetate, 1-butanol) and crude aqueous (1:10 and 1:20) whole plant fractions of E. dracunculoides using distilled water and 0.05% (v/v) dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) as control. Different aqueous and organic fractions of E. dracunculoides had a significant bearing on...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Allelopathy; Weeds; Germination attributes; Suppression; Phenolics.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-58392012000400006
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Allelopathic effects of aqueous extracts of Artistolochia esperanzae O.Kuntze on development of Sesamum indicum L. seedlings Acta Botanica
Gatti,Ana Beatriz; Ferreira,Alfredo Gui; Arduin,Marcos; Perez,Sonia Cristina Gualtieri de Andrade.
Aristolochia esperanzae is a climbing plant that occurs in the savanna regions of Brazil. The aim of this work was to identify the effects of aqueous extracts of A. esperanzae on germination, root growth and xylem cell development of sesame seedlings. Leaf and shoot extracts were prepared at concentrations of 1.5 and 3%. Extracts caused marked changes in germination and seedling growth with greatest inhibition produced by root extracts. Morphological changes and decreased growth and development of seedlings were also observed. The extracts of A. esperanzae caused a reduction of 50% in the size of root xylem cells and marked changes in the primary root and in the number of secondary roots.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: "Papo-de-perú"; Allelopathy; Root growth; Xylem development; Savanna.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33062010000200016
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Allelopathic Effects of Different Plant Water Extracts on Yield and Weeds of Wheat Planta Daninha
NAEEM,M.; CHEEMA,Z.A.; IHSAN,M.Z.; HUSSAIN,Y.; MAZARI,A.; ABBAS,H.T..
ABSTRACT: Use of synthetic herbicides to control weeds poses serious threats to sustainable agricultural production around the globe. The phytotoxic effect of different plant water extracts (i.e., sorghum, sunflower and mulberry) against weeds has been previously studied; however, their combined effects at different rates are yet to be explored. In this study, mixtures of allelopathic water extracts of sorghum + sunflower and sorghum + sunflower + mulberry were sprayed each at 12, 15, 18 and 21 L ha-1 at 40 and 55 days after sowing in wheat to control wild oats (Avena fatua), little seed canary grass (Phalaris minor), lamb’s quarters (Chenopodium album) and swine cress (Coronopus didymus). A synthetic herbicide Affinity 50 WP (Carfentrazone-ethyl 0.75% +...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Herbicide; Weed management; Allelopathy.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582018000100299
Registros recuperados: 137
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