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Anthropometric and Physical Fitness Characterization of Male Elite Karate Athletes International Journal of Morphology
Sánchez-Puccini,María B; Argothy-Bucheli,Rodrigo E; Meneses-Echávez,José F; López-Albán,Carlos Alejandro; Ramírez-Vélez,Robinson.
This study aimed to assess anthropometric and physical fitness characteristics of male elite karate athletes. Our study was carried out on a sample of 19 male Karate Athletes from Colombia (mean age 31.6±8.8 years). Different anthropometric measurements were taken (weight, height, diameters, circumferences, body composition) from which several anthropometric indices were calculated (body mass index, ponderal index, body index adiposity), and the somatotype was then determined. The performance tests carried out were: Astrand-Ryming protocol, vertical jump, anaerobic power and Wingate anaerobic test. The results (mean±SD) showed a body mass (65.4±12.0 kg), height (167.4±9.3 cm), percent body fat (13.6±3.0 %), ponderal index (41.0±1.8) and body adiposity...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Karate; Body Composition; Somatotype; Fitness; Anthropometry.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022014000300045
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Anthropometrical Characteristics and Somatotype of Young Macedonian Soccer Players International Journal of Morphology
Gontarev,Seryozha; Kalac,Ruzdija; Zivkovic,Vujica; Ameti,Vullnet; Redjepi,Agim.
The success in sport performance is closely related to the physical condition of the sportsman. In the assessment of the physical status except physiological and fitness parameters, significant influence have the anthropometric parameters. The aim of the study was dual: to assess the changes in the anthropometric characteristics and the somatotype of young soccer players at different ages and to compare these characteristics with the general population. The analyzed measurements of 486 young soccer players who play in teams of the First national league, with an average age 15.8±1.4. The soccer players were divided into five subgroups, at age difference of 1 year. In the sample height, weight, BMI index, diameters, volumes and skin folds were measured, also...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Soccer; Young; Anthropometry; Somatotype; Growth; Age.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022016000100024
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Anthropometry of Internal Acoustic Meatus International Journal of Morphology
Farahani,Reza Masteri; Nooranipour,Mehrdad; Nikakhtar,Kamran Vafaei.
Knowledge of the normal dimensions and local anatomy of the internal acoustic canal (IAM) is necessary during evaluation of temporal bone trauma, congenital anomalies, affecting the individual nerves, and some neuro-otologic surgeries. The purpose of this study was therefore to characterize the anthropometry of the IAM. We made the following measurements in 14 normal temporal bones of Iranian male skulls from individuals 35 to 60 years of age (average of 50): Height and width of the middle portion of the IAM (mean 4.04 and 3.69mm), Height and width of the fundus of the IAM (mean 2.86 and 2.43mm), inferior and superior length of the IAM (mean 8.39 and 10.75mm).This study provides baseline information that maybe used to evaluate the congenital anomalies of...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Internal acoustic meatus; Anthropometry; Anatomy; Temporal Bone.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022007000400029
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Application of a More Advanced Procedure in Defining Morphological Types International Journal of Morphology
Jaksic,Damjan; Lilic,Ljubisa; Popovic,Stevo; Matic,Radenko; Molnar,Slavko.
It is well known that the most evident differences in humans are those related to anthropometric characteristics, and that during continuous monitoring the relation between human behavior and human abilities concerning their anthropometric characteristics was observed. The aim of this study was to detect and define the morphological types with the use of slightly different and more advanced methodologies. The sample included 149 male subjects, first-year students of the Faculty of Sport and Physical Education in Novi Sad, using an anthropometric measurement technique. A total of 12 anthropometric measures, defined according to the four-dimensional morphological model was used. For all variables, basic descriptive statistics were calculated while student...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Neural network; Intruder; Students; Anthropometry; Somatotypology.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022014000100019
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Are traditional body fat equations and anthropometry valid to estimate body fat in children and adolescents living with HIV? BJID
Lima,Luiz Rodrigo Augustemak de; Martins,Priscila Custódio; Alves Junior,Carlos Alencar Souza; Castro,João Antônio Chula de; Silva,Diego Augusto Santos; Petroski,Edio Luiz.
Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the validity of traditional anthropometric equations and to develop predictive equations of total body and trunk fat for children and adolescents living with HIV based on anthropometric measurements. Forty-eight children and adolescents of both sexes (24 boys) aged 7-17 years, living in Santa Catarina, Brazil, participated in the study. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used as the reference method to evaluate total body and trunk fat. Height, body weight, circumferences and triceps, subscapular, abdominal and calf skinfolds were measured. The traditional equations of Lohman and Slaughter were used to estimate body fat. Multiple regression models were fitted to predict total body fat (Model 1) and trunk fat...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Body fat; HIV; Skinfold thickness; Anthropometry; DXA.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702017000400448
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Asymmetry, Handedness and Auricle Morphometry International Journal of Morphology
Tatlisumak,Ertugrul; Yavuz,Mehmet Sunay; Kutlu,Necip; Asirdizer,Mahmut; Yoleri,Levent; Aslan,Asim.
The aims of this study were to determine various morphometric measurements of auricle, to investigate asymmetry and its relation with handedness in both sexes. Main morphometric measurements of both auricles and hand preferences were determined on 200 male and 200 female healthy university students. All measurements of the auricles were larger in males than the corresponding ones in females and all the differences except earlobe widths were statistically significant. All measurements of left and right auricles were statistically significantly different in both sexes except earlobe length in males, and distance from the highest point of the auricle to the bottom of the intertragic notch and earlobe length in females. Auricle length and distance from the...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Asymmetry; Handedness; Auricle Morphometry; Lateralization; Anthropometry.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022015000400057
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Biometry of Hard Palate on Digital Photographs: A Methodology for Quantitative Measurements International Journal of Morphology
Saviolo Moreira,Rafael; Alexandre Sgrott,Emerson; Seiji,Fernando; Luiz Smith,Ricardo.
The objective of this paper is to establish, validate and test the reproducibility and accuracy of a digital method to measure linear and angular distances in human hard palate of dry skulls. Digital photographs were made in 10 human adult skulls and measurements were made with the aid of AutoCAD software and with a digital caliper in the same skulls by one observer in a blind fashion to compare both methods. To validate the digital method, measurements was made in 20 skulls by 3 observers. The differences of the measurements were not statistically significant between both method and between the 3 observers. The use of digital cameras followed by image analysis with AutoCAD, a software initially developed for engineering and architecture, revealed to be an...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Biometry; Palate; Digital photography; Anthropometry.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022006000100004
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Body Asymmetries in Young Male Road Cyclists International Journal of Morphology
Rauter,Samo; Vodicar,Janez; Simenko,Jozef.
An anthropometric analysis was conducted on 64 competitive young male road cyclists of different age categories (U17; U19; & U23 years of age). The purpose of the study is to find asymmetries between the left and right side of upper and lower limbs with the NX-16 (TC2) 3D body scanner, which includes measurement of left and right upper arm girth, elbow girth, forearm girth, wrist girth, thigh girth, knee girth, thigh length, calf girth, and shin length. Body composition was measured by the bioelectrical impedance machine InBody 720 (Biospace Ltd.). Results of body composition measurements of male road cyclists showed that U17 and U19 youth road cyclist differed statistically in five (from 11) paired variables, and the U23 age group differed...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Morphology; Anthropometry; Circumferences; Cycling; Symmetry.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022017000300018
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Body composition and lipodystrophy in prepubertal HIV-infected children BJID
Palchetti,Cecilia Zanin; Patin,Rose Vega; Gouvêa,Aída de Fátima Thomé Barbosa; Szejnfeld,Vera Lúcia; Succi,Regina Célia de Menezes; Oliveira,Fernanda Luisa Ceragioli.
OBJECTIVE: To identify lipodystrophy in prepubertal HIV-infected children using anthropometric parameters and body composition assessment. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 40 prepubertal HIV-infected children of both genders seen at the Care Center of the Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases - Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo city, Brazil, was carried out from August to December 2008. Age, clinical and immunological status, prophylaxis, transmission and highly active antiretroviral therapy were recorded. Body mass index z-score and height-for-age z-score were calculated to characterize the nutritional status. Circumferences were measured with flexible tape and skinfolds were assessed by an adipometry. Fat mass and lean mass were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: HIV; Child; Lipodystrophy; Body composition; Anthropometry.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702013000100001
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Comparative Study of Cranial Capacity of the Non-tribal with Korku Tribal Population of Madhya Pradesh, India International Journal of Morphology
Gohiya,Vineet Kumar; Shrivatava,Sudha; Gohiya,Sarita.
Knowledge of cranial capacity is useful in differentiation of racial and sexual differences, which indirectly reflects the brain volume in different populations. Most of these studies have been done on the dry skulls using linear dimensions. Only few studies have been done on living subjects. The aim of this study was to compare cranial capacity of particular age group of Korku tribe & Non-tribal population of Madhya Pradesh a state of India. This study was carried on 800 healthy volunteer of 20 - 25 year-old age group (in which each 400 males and females) in Korku tribe and Non-tribal population of Madhya Pradesh state of India, by using linear dimensions of head (Lee Pearson's formula). The mean cranial capacity and SD in Non-tribal males and...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Anthropometry; Cranial capacity; Skull; Sex; Tribe.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022012000100047
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Comparative Study of the Cephalic Index of the Population from the Regions of the North and South of Brazil International Journal of Morphology
Alves,H. A; Santos,M. I. M. P; Melo,F. C. L; Wellington,R.
Since the beginning of the century in various countries, investigations to determine the anthropometric characteristics of a population were carried out. The issue of miscegenation in Brazil is of great importance in this study to define a population representative data on the cranial anthropometry. The large size of Brazil, with 8.514.876 km2 leads to an investigation between the two extreme regions of the country: North and South, because of the ethnic composition of their colonizers. This study aims to investigate, compare and rank possible differences in cephalic index of the populations from these regions of Brazil. Therefore, an anthropometric study was performed at the School of Aeronautics Expert (single training center for graduates of Brazilian...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Anthropometry; Cephalometry; Cephalic index.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022011000400050
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COPD in Non-smoking Elderly Men at Sea Level and High Altitude: Comparing Anthropometric Characteristics and Physiological Responses International Journal of Morphology
Moreno,Angel; Espinoza-Navarro,Omar.
The World Health Organization considers cigarette smoke as a major risk factor and causal agent of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); however, smoke from biomass in poorly ventilated environments may be the major causative agent in developing countries. There is little epidemiological evidence of COPD in relation to the use of biomass fuels and altitude of the place of residence, and there is no record of the morphological and physiological characteristics of patients with COPD living at different altitudes. The objective of this research was to compare a) morphological characteristics: weight, height and body mass index (BMI) and b) physiological responses: spirometric record, heart rate, oxygen saturation and hemoglobin concentration in a...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: COPD; Altitude; Anthropometry; Elderly men; Chile.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022013000200044
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Corpus Callosum Size, is There a Sexual Difference? International Journal of Morphology
Yasin,Mohammad; Farahani,Reza Mastery.
Physical anthropometry is a subdivision of human anatomy science, which has uses in medical industries. A lot of studies showed that genetic, racial, and socioeconomic factors and educational background play rule in anthropometry. We aim this study to determine the presence of differences between gender and corpus callosum size. MRIs were collected from Ardebil and Kermanshah states done in 2013, the participants were informed about this study. They were selected based on age more than 20-years old, absence of demyelization and degenerative diseases, clean history of for neurosurgery, and previous cerebrovascular accidents. MRIs were analyzed by PmsDview program in the midsagittal section by using 9 landmarks, and the data was analyzed by SPSS 19.0. The...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Corpus callosum; Sex-related size; Sex-related; Anthropometry; Iran; MRI; Sexual dimorphism.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022015000100016
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Correlation of Skull Size and Brain Volume, with Age, Weight, Height and Body Mass Index of Arak Medical Sciences Students International Journal of Morphology
Bayat,Parvin-Dokht; Ghanbari,Ali; Sohouli,Pardis; Amiri,Sara; Sari-Aslani,Payam.
Anthropometric indices that are indicators of nutrition status in children and adults can be affected by racial and geographic factors. The aim of present study was to investigate the relation of skull size and brain volume of Arak University of Medical Sciences students with their age, weight, height and body mass index. The present study was a cross-sectional study on 18-26 years old students of Arak University of Medical Sciences (150 female and 136 male) in 2009-2010 educational year. Sampling methods were probability and multi-stage methods which were performed using students' educational file and interviewing the subjects. Questions regarding anthropometric data (height, weight, age, body mass index and skull index) were included in the personal...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Anthropometry; Body Mass Index (BMI); Skull Index; Iran.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022012000100028
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Dietary fiber, energy intake and nutritional status during the treatment of children with chronic constipation BJMBR
Speridião,P.G.L.; Tahan,S.; Fagundes-Neto,U.; Morais,M.B..
The present prospective study was carried out to determine dietary fiber and energy intake and nutritional status of children during the treatment of chronic constipation. Twenty-five patients aged 2 to 12 years with chronic constipation were submitted to clinical evaluation, assessment of dietary patterns, and anthropometry before and after 45 and 90 days of treatment. The treatment of chronic constipation included rectal disimpaction, ingestion of mineral oil and diet therapy. The standardized diet prescribed consisted of regular food without a fiber supplement and met the nutrient requirements according to the recommended daily allowance. The fiber content was 9.0 to 11.9 g for patients aged less than 6 years and 12.0 to 18.0 g for patients older than 6...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Constipation; Anthropometry; Nutritional status; Energy intake; Dietary fiber.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2003000600011
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DNA damage in children and adolescents with cardiovascular disease risk factors Anais da ABC (AABC)
Kliemann,Mariele; Prá,Daniel; Müller,Luiza L.; Hermes,Liziane; Horta,Jorge A.; Reckziegel,Miriam B.; Burgos,Miria S.; Maluf,Sharbel W.; Franke,Silvia I.R.; Silva,Juliana da.
The risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) is related to lifestyle (e.g. diet, physical activity and smoking) as well as to genetic factors. This study aimed at evaluating the association between CVD risk factors and DNA damage levels in children and adolescents. Anthropometry, diet and serum CVD risk factors were evaluated by standard procedures. DNA damage levels were accessed by the comet assay (Single cell gel electrophoresis; SCGE) and cytokinesis-blocked micronucleus (CBMN) assays in leukocytes. A total of 34 children and adolescents selected from a population sample were divided into three groups according to their level of CVD risk. Moderate and high CVD risk subjects showed significantly higher body fat and serum CVD risk markers than low...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cardiovascular diseases; Micronucleus test; Comet assay; Diet; Anthropometry; Child; Adolescent.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652012000300025
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Effects of Altitude on Anthropometric and Physiological Patterns in Aymara and Non-Aymara Population Between 18 and 65 Years in the Province of Parinacota Chile (3.700 masl) International Journal of Morphology
Espinoza-Navarro,O; Diaz,J; Rodríguez,H; Moreno,A.
The aim of the study was to compare anthropometric and physiological patterns in a sample of 522 Aymara and non-Aymara individuals from Parinacota, Chile (3.700m). After signing voluntary informed consent forms, the residents were separated in two age groups. Groups A: 18 to 35 years, and Group B: 36 to 65 years, by sex and Aymara and non-Aymara ethnicity. The results of this study determined that anthropometric anteroposterior diameter (DAP) are higher in Aymara population. Biacromial diameter (DBA) is significantly lower in the Aymara population. Aymara males between 18 and 35 years are smaller than non-Aymara males. Aymara women had significantly lower heart rates. The respiratory rate is significantly lower in Aymara males and females from 18 to 35...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Aymara; Altitude; Anthropometry; Physiological patterns.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022011000100005
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Effects of Anthropometric Factors on Foot Size in Normal Preschool Children of Iran International Journal of Morphology
Bayat,Parvin- Dokht; Ahmadi,Mohammad Mehdi; Moradi,Mojtaba; Ghanbari,Ali.
The growth pattern of children is affected by anthropometric dimensions. This study was aimed to investigate anthropometric factors related to growth of preschool children of a sample population in Iran. This study was performed in year 2011 on 1320 of 4­7 years old preschool children in Arak. To classify, body mass index (BMI), height and weight were recorded. The four contact points (head, back, buttocks, and heels) were maintained against the spine of the stadiometer during measurement. The head was positioned in the Frankfurt plane, and the sliding bar was lowered the crown of the head. Height was measured and recorded by the researchers. A pair of manual calibrated Seca scales was used to measure body mass in kilograms. The participants were least...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Anthropometry; Body mass index; Iran; Obesity; Sex.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022015000300053
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Estimation of Cranial Capacity in 17-20 Years Old in South East of Caspian Sea Border (North of Iran) International Journal of Morphology
Jafar Golalipour,Mohammad; Jahanshaei,Mehrdad; Haidari,Kamran.
It is natural that there is close relationship between cranial capacity, and the size of brain, several studies have estimated the cranial capacity which indirectly reflects the brain volume in different countries. In the present study cranial capacity has been estimated in Turkmans and native Fars17-20 years old groups in North of Iran. This study was carried out on 808 normal 17-20 years old (male 398, female 410) in Turkman and native Fars groups in South-East of Caspian Sea border (North of IRAN). By using linear dimensions of the head. The mean and SD of cranial capacity in Turkmans males and females were 1420.6±85 ml and 1227.2±120 ml, respectively. The mean and SD of cranial capacity in native Fars male and females were 1369±142ml, 1215.8±125ml,...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Anthropometry; Craniometry; Cranial capacity; Sex.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022005000400003
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Estimation of Cranial Capacity in 20­25 Year Old Population of Madhya Pradesh, a State of India International Journal of Morphology
Gohiya,Vineet Kumar; Shrivatava,Sudha; Gohiya,Sarita.
It is known that there exists close relationship between cranial capacity and size of the brain. Several studies have estimated the cranial capacity, which indirectly reflects the brain volume in different populations. The aim of this study was to estimate cranial capacity of a particular age group of population of Madhya Pradesh. This study was carried out on 400 healthy 20-25 year old (200 male and 200 female) individuals of Madhya Pradesh state of India, by using linear dimensions of head (Lee Pearson's formula). The mean cranial capacity and SD in males &amp; females were 1380.52±94.63 cc and 1188.75±91.16 cc respectively. This study has shown a significant (p<0.05) difference between male and female population, being higher in males than in...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Anthropometry; Cranial; Capacity; Skull; Sex.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022010000400035
Registros recuperados: 35
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