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A di-O-dihydrogeranylgeranyl glycerol from Thermococus S 557, a novel ether lipid, and likely intermediate in the biosynthesis of diethers in Archaea ArchiMer
Gonthier, Isabelle; Rager, Marie-noëlle; Metzger, Pierre; Guezennec, Jean; Largeau, Claude.
The lipids of a deep-sea hydrothermal vent arch ae on, Thermococcus S 557, were isolated, purified and structurally determined. Based on acid methanolysis and spectroscopic studies, the polar lipids were shown to comprise diphytanyl glycerol and dibiphytanyl diglycerol, typical membrane lipids of Arch aea. From the neutral lipids, 2,3-di-O-dihydro-14,15-geranylgeranyl glycerol was isolated. This novel ether lipid is, very likely, a close intermediate in the biosynthesis of diphytanyl glycerol diether in Arch aea.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mass spectrometry; NMR; Novel glycerol diether lipid; Thermococcus sp; Archaea.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/publication-736.pdf
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An abyssal mobilome: Viruses, plasmids and vesicles from deep-sea hydrothermal vents ArchiMer
Lossouarn, Julien; Dupont, Samuel; Gorlas, Aurore; Mercier, Coraline; Bienvenu, Nadege; Marguet, Evelyne; Forterre, Patrick; Geslin, Claire.
Mobile genetic elements (MGEs) such as viruses, plasmids, vesicles, gene transfer agents (GTAs), transposons and transpovirions, which collectively represent the mobilome, interact with cellular organisms from all three domains of life, including those thriving in the most extreme environments. While efforts have been made to better understand deep-sea vent microbial ecology, our knowledge of the mobilome associated with prokaryotes inhabiting deep-sea hydrothermal vents remains limited. Here we focus on the abyssal mobilome by reviewing accumulating data on viruses, plasmids and vesicles associated with thermophilic and hyperthermophilic Bacteria and Archaea present in deep-sea hydrothermal vents.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Deep-sea hydrothermal vent; Bacteria; Archaea; (Hyper-)thermophiles; Mobilome.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00260/37145/36731.pdf
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Archaeal Methane Cycling Communities Associated with Gassy Subsurface Sediments of Marennes-Oleron Bay (France) ArchiMer
Roussel, Erwan; Sauvadet, Anne Laure; Allard, Jonathan; Chaduteau, Carine; Richard, Pierre; Cambon Bonavita, Marie-anne; Chaumillon, Eric.
In Marennes-Oleron Bay, a macro-tidal bay located on the French Atlantic coast, kilometer-scale acoustic turbidity reveals an accumulation of free gas in the sediment. Large concentrations of organic matter and rapid sedimentation rates provide ideal settings for biogenic methane cycling. We integrate seismic, sedimentologic, biogeochemical and molecular genetic approaches to determine whether microbial methane cycling is involved in this process. Here we show that the acoustic turbidity upper boundary matched with X-ray facies displaying fissures with the highest methane concentrations, demonstrating the existence of methane bubbles in the sediment. 16S rRNA and mcrA gene clone libraries were dominated by sequences affiliated to the three known ANME...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sediment; Methane; McrA; 16S rRNA; Archaea.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6165.pdf
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Ardra profiles of bacteria and archaea in mangrove sediments with different levels of contamination in the estuarine complex of Paranaguá, Brazil BABT
Ribeiro,Catherine Gérikas; Steffens,Maria Berenice Reynaud; Etto,Rafael Mazer; Galvão,Carolina Weigert; Martins,César de Castro; Pedrosa,Fábio de Oliveira; Kolm,Hedda Elisabeth.
The mangrove's sediments from the coastal areas under human activities may contain significant contaminations by hydrocarbons, even when there are no visual evidences of it. The microorganisms are essential to these ecosystems, especially in the control of their chemical environment. Sediment samples were collected in two regions under different environment conditions (pristine and contaminated) of the Paranaguá Estuarine Complex (Paranaguá Bay and Laranjeiras Bay), Brazil. Aliphatic hydrocarbons were determined by the GC-FID to assess the status of contamination of the studied areas. The total DNA was extracted from these samples. The 16S rRNA gene was amplified by the PCR reactions with the pair of primers 21F and 958R for the archaeal domain, and 27F...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Diversity; Mangroves; Archaea; Bacteria; 16S rRNA; ARDRA; Aliphatic hydrocarbons.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132013000200013
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Binding to PCNA in Euryarchaeal DNA Replication Requires Two PIP Motifs for DNA Polymerase D and One PIP Motif for DNA Polymerase B ArchiMer
Castrec, Benoit; Rouillon, Christophe; Henneke, Ghislaine; Flament, Didier; Querellou, Joel; Raffin, Jean-paul.
Replicative DNA polymerases possess a canonical C-terminal proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)-binding motif termed the PCNA-interacting protein (PIP) box. We investigated the role of the PIP box on the functional interactions of the two DNA polymerases, PabPol B (family B) and PabPol D (family D), from the hyperthermophilic euryarchaeon Pyrococcus abyssi, with its cognate PCNA. The PIP box was essential for interactions of PabPol B with PCNA, as shown by surface plasmon resonance and primer extension studies. In contrast, binding of PabPol D to PCNA was affected only partially by removing the PIP motif. We identified a second palindromic PIP box motif at the N-terminus of the large subunit of PabPol D that was required for the interactions of PabPol...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Archaea; PIP box; PCNA binding motifs; DNA polymerases; DNA replication.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-7317.pdf
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Caractérisation des ADN polymérases de Pyrococcus abyssi en présence de matrices ADN endommagées ArchiMer
Palud, Adeline.
Hyperthermophilic archaea cope with harsh conditions such as high temperatures, high pressures, pH shifts and ionising radiations. Such environments favour the apparition of DNA lesions like apurinic (AP) sites or oxidized DNA bases (8-oxo-dG and 8-oxo-dA). Here, Pyrococcus abyssi (Pab) was used as an attractive model to analyse the impact of such lesions onto the maintenance of genome integrity. The first part aimed at detecting DNA damages in the genome of Pab: -Endogenous AP sites and the oxidized DNA base 8-oxo-dG persist at a slightly higher level in Pab genome compared with Escherichia coli. -Under oxydative stress conditions performed in a gas-lift bioreactor for the first time, the 8-oxo-dG increasing rate is correlated to the important cell...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: PCR on damaged DNA; Gas lift bioreactor; Detection of lesions; Translesion; 8 oxo dGTP; 8 oxo dA; 8 oxo dG; AP sites; Archaea; DNA polymerases; PCR sur ADN endommagé; Bioréacteur gas lift; Détection de lésions; Translésion; 8 oxo dGTP; 8 oxo dA; 8 oxo dG; Sites AP; Archaea; ADN polymérases.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/these-6931.pdf
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Comparison of microbial communities associated with three Atlantic ultramafic hydrothermal systems ArchiMer
Roussel, Erwan; Konn, Cecile; Charlou, Jean-luc; Donval, Jean-pierre; Fouquet, Yves; Querellou, Joel; Prieur, Daniel; Cambon-bonavita, Marie-anne.
The distribution of Archaea and methanogenic, methanotrophic and sulfate-reducing communities in three Atlantic ultramafic-hosted hydrothermal systems (Rainbow, Ashadze, Lost City) was compared using 16S rRNA gene and functional gene (mcrA, pmoA and dsrA) clone libraries. The overall archaeal community was diverse and heterogeneously distributed between the hydrothermal sites and the types of samples analyzed (seawater, hydrothermal fluid, chimney and sediment). The Lost City hydrothermal field, characterized by high alkaline warm fluids (pH>11; T<95 °C), harbored a singular archaeal diversity mostly composed of unaffiliated Methanosarcinales. The archaeal communities associated with the recently discovered Ashadze 1 site, one of the deepest active...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Archaea; Hydrothermal vent; Mid-Atlantic Ridge; 16S rRNA gene; Sediment; Ultramafic.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00067/17836/15573.pdf
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Development of an Effective 6-Methylpurine Counterselection Marker for Genetic Manipulation in Thermococcus barophilus ArchiMer
Birien, Tiphaine; Thiel, Axel; Henneke, Ghislaine; Flament, Didier; Moalic, Yann; Jebbar, Mohamed.
A gene disruption system for Thermococcus barophilus was developed using simvastatin (HMG-CoA reductase encoding gene) for positive selection and 5-Fluoroorotic acid (5-FOA), a pyrF gene for negative selection. Multiple gene mutants were constructed with this system, which offers the possibility of complementation in trans, but produces many false positives (<80%). To significantly reduce the rate of false positives, we used another counterselective marker, 6-methylpurine (6-MP), a toxic analog of adenine developed in Thermococcus kodakarensis, consistently correlated with the TK0664 gene (encoding a hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl-transferase). We thus replaced pyrF by TK0664 on our suicide vector and tested T. barophilus strain sensitivity to 6-MP...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Archaea; Piezophiles; Hyperthermophiles; Genetics; Gene deletion; Deep sea; Hydrothermal vents.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00425/53679/54523.pdf
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Differential Activities of DNA Polymerases in Processing Ribonucleotides during DNA Synthesis in Archaea ArchiMer
Lemor, Melanie; Kong, Ziqing; Henry, Etienne; Brizard, Raphael; Laurent, Sebastien; Bosse, Audrey; Henneke, Ghislaine.
Consistent with the fact that ribonucleotides (rNTPs) are in excess over deoxyribonucleotides (dNTPs) in vivo, recent findings indicate that replicative DNA polymerases (DNA Pols) are able to insert ribonucleotides (rNMPs) during DNA synthesis, raising crucial questions about the fidelity of DNA replication in both Bacteria and Eukarya. Here, we report that the level of rNTPs is 20-fold higher than that of dNTPs in Pyrococcus abyssi cells. Using dNTP and rNTP concentrations present in vivo, we recorded rNMP incorporation in a template-specific manner during in vitro synthesis, with the family-D DNA Pol (PolD) having the highest propensity compared with the family-B DNA Pol and the p41/p46 complex. We also showed that ribonucleotides accumulate at a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Archaea; DNA replication and repair; DNA polymerase; Nucleotide pool; Translesion synthesis.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00464/57603/59796.pdf
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Direct and indirect effects of a pH gradient bring insights into the mechanisms driving prokaryotic community structures. Repositório Alice
LAMMEL, D. R.; BARTH, G.; OVASKAINEN, O.; CRUZ, L. M.; ZANATTA, J. A.; RYO, M.; SOUZA, E. M. de; PEDROSA, F. O..
Background: pH is frequently reported as the main driver for prokaryotic community structure in soils. However, pH changes are also linked to ?spillover effects? on other chemical parameters (e.g., availability of Al, Fe, Mn, Zn, and Cu) and plant growth, but these indirect effects on the microbial communities are rarely investigated. Usually, pH also co-varies with some confounding factors, such as land use, soil management (e.g., tillage and chemical inputs), plant cover, and/or edapho-climatic conditions. So, a more comprehensive analysis of the direct and indirect effects of pH brings a better understanding of the mechanisms driving prokaryotic (archaeal and bacterial) community structures. Results: We evaluated an agricultural soil pH gradient (from 4...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Sub-tropical soil; 16S rRNA; Illumina sequencing; Ecologia microbiana; Solo sub tropical; Ph; Bactéria; Química do Solo; Microbial ecology; Soil chemistry; Archaea.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1099575
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Diversite de populations microbiennes thermophiles d'une cheminée hydrothermale océanique profonde : cultures d'enrichissement en bioréacteur et isolement d'espèces nouvelles ArchiMer
Postec, Anne.
To explore the microbial diversity at deep sea vents, molecular techniques based on the analysis of the gene coding the 16S ribosomal RNA permitted to highlight a large archaeal and bacterial diversity. Nevertheless, the diversity of the hydrothermal microorganisms cultivated to date remains much lower than the diversity described with molecular tools. Innovative methods should therefore be used in order to cultivate new microorganisms, and also determine their metabolic properties and their potential role in the ecosystem. That was the purpose of this study: a bioreactor gas-lift was used to perform enrichment cultures in continuous, during 50 days, in thermophilic (60°C) and hyperthermophilic (90°C) conditions. A hydrothermal chimney sample (Rainbow...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Strain isolation and characterization; Hybridization; Sequencing; Cloning; DGGE; Gas lift bioreactor; Enrichment cultures; Deep sea hydrothermal vents; Bacteria; Archaea; Diversity; Isolement et caractérisation de souche; Hybridation; Séquençage; Clonage; DGGE; Bioréacteur gas lift; Cultures d'enrichissement; Sources hydrothermales océaniques profondes; Bacteria; Archaea; Diversité.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/these-367.pdf
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Diversité et activité des communautés microbiennes dans des sédiments marins associés aux émissions de fluides froids ArchiMer
Lazar, Cassandre Sara.
A large portion of the greenhouse gas methane on Earth is trapped in marine sediments. However, little methane actually reaches the hydrsphere and the atmosphere, because it is efficiently consumed by anaerobic methane-oxidizing Archaea (ANME). This methane is mainly biogenic in marine sédiments, and is produced by methanogenic Archaea. Methane ascends from deep sources to the seabed, in cold seep sites of continental margins. In order to study microbial community diversity in cold seeps, and to determine geochemical factors that control these microbial communities, we compared four geochemically and geologically distinct sites. In this work, molecular tools (PCR, RT-PCR, DGGE, cloning) as well as genetic markers (16S rRNA, mcrA, dsrB) were employed, to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Diversité moléculaire; Archaea; Méthanogène; ANME; McrA; DsrB; DGGE; Volcan de boue; Pockmark; Saumures; Fluides froids; Méthane; Mer de Norvège; Mer Méditerranée; Sédiments.; Molecular diversity; Archaea; Methanogen; ANME; McrA; DsrB; DGGE; Mud volcano; Pockmark; Brines; Cold seep; Methane; Norwegian Sea; Mediterranean Sea; Sediments..
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00031/14250/11534.pdf
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Diversité phylogénétique et fonctionnelle des communautés microbiennes incultivées des sédiments marins de la marge de Sonora, Bassin de Guaymas (Golfe de Californie) ArchiMer
Vigneron, Adrien.
At continental margins, and more particularly in cold seep areas, microbial and animal communities were locally detected at the surface of the sediments. These communities grow using reduced chemical compounds (H2S, Methane, COZ ...) contained in the percolated cold fluids and produced by both geological and microbial processes. ln order to study microbial community diversity in these ecosystems and their role in the environment as well as to understand the environmental factors influencing the distribution and ecophysiology of these communities, surface (0-20 cmbsf) but also deeper (<9 mbsf) sediments were collected at the Sonora Margin. Microbial communities have been studied using various molecular, cultural and microscopy approaches. This research...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fluides froids; Marge de Sonora; Bassin de Guaymas; Diversité moléculaire; Communautés microbiennes; Archaea; Bacteria; Méthanogènes; Methanogens; Microbial communities; Molecular diversity; Guaymas Basin; Sonora Margin; ANME; SRb; Methane; Sediments; Cold seeps.
Ano: 2012 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00498/60956/64359.pdf
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Diversity and three-dimensional structures of the alpha Mcr of the methanogenic Archaea from the anoxic region of Tucuruí Lake, in Eastern Brazilian Amazonia Genet. Mol. Biol.
Santana,Priscila Bessa; Ghilardi Junior,Rubens; Alves,Claudio Nahum; Silva,Jeronimo Lameira; McCulloch,John Anthony; Schneider,Maria Paula Cruz; Silva,Artur da Costa da.
Methanogenic archaeans are organisms of considerable ecological and biotechnological interest that produce methane through a restricted metabolic pathway, which culminates in the reaction catalyzed by the Methyl-coenzyme M reductase (Mcr) enzyme, and results in the release of methane. Using a metagenomic approach, the gene of the a subunit of mcr (mcrα) was isolated from sediment sample from an anoxic zone, rich in decomposing organic material, obtained from the Tucuruí hydroelectric dam reservoir in eastern Brazilian Amazonia. The partial nucleotide sequences obtained were 83 to 95% similar to those available in databases, indicating a low diversity of archaeans in the reservoir. Two orders were identified -the Methanomicrobiales, and a unique Operational...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Amazonian; Archaea; Diversity; Methyl-coenzyme M reductase; Mcrα; Homology modeling.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572012000100018
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DNA polymerase switching on homotrimeric PCNA at the replication fork of the euryarchaea Pyrococcus abyssi ArchiMer
Rouillon, Christophe; Henneke, Ghislaine; Flament, Didier; Querellou, Joel; Raffin, Jean-paul.
DNA replication in Archaea, as in other organisms, involves large protein complexes called replisomes. In the Euryarchaeota subdomain, only two putative replicases have been identified, and their roles in leading and lagging strand DNA synthesis are still poorly understood. In this study, we focused on the coupling of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)loading mechanisms with DNA polymerase function in the Euryarchaea Pyrococcus abyssi. PCNA spontaneously loaded onto primed DNA, and replication factor C dramatically increased this loading. Surprisingly, the family B DNA polymerase (Pol B) also increased PCNA loading, probably by stabilizing the clamp on primed DNA via an essential motif. In contrast, on an RNA-primed DNA template, the PCNA/Pol B...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: RF C; PCNA loading; DNA polymerase switching; DNA replication; Archaea.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2638.pdf
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Draft genome sequence of sulfur-reducing archaeon Thermococcus thioreducens DSM 14981T BJM
Hong,Sung-Jun; Park,Chang Eon; Park,Gun-Seok; Kim,Min-Chul; Jung,Byung Kwon; Shin,Jae-Ho.
Abstract Thermococcus thioreducens DSM 14981T, a sulfur-reducing archaeon, was isolated from the rainbow hydrothermal vent site on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Herein, we report the draft genome sequence of T. thioreducens DSM 14981T; we obtained 41 contigs with a genome size of 2,052,483 bp and G + C content of 53.5%. This genome sequence will not only help understand how the archaeon adapts to the deep-sea hydrothermal environment but also aid the development of enzymes that are highly stable under extreme conditions for industrial applications.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Archaea; Hyperthermophile; Thermococcus thioreducens.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822017000100003
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Effect of pre-weaning diet on the ruminal archaeal, bacterial, and fungal communities of dairy calves. Repositório Alice
DIAS, J.; MARCONDES, M. I.; NORONHA, M. F.; RESENDE, R. T.; MACHADO, F. S.; MANTOVANI, H. C.; DILL-McFARLAND, K. A.; SUEN, G..
At birth, calves display an underdeveloped rumen that eventually matures into a fully functional rumen as a result of solid food intake and microbial activity. However, little is known regarding the gradual impact of pre-weaning diet on the establishment of the rumen microbiota. Here, we employed next-generation sequencing to investigate the effects of the inclusion of starter concentrate (M: milk-fed vs. MC: milk plus starter concentrate fed) on archaeal, bacterial and anaerobic fungal communities in the rumens of 45 crossbred dairy calves across pre-weaning development (7, 28, 49, and 63 days). Our results show that archaeal, bacterial, and fungal taxa commonly found in the mature rumen were already established in the rumens of calves at 7 days old,...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Microbiota; Archaea; Bacteria; Fungi; Rumen; Dairy calves; Diet; Age.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1083389
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Exploration des communautés virales thermophiles dans les écosystèmes chauds des Terres australes et antarctiques françaises ArchiMer
Parikka, Kaarle Joonas.
Viruses thrive in all types of ecosystems where life is found. They represent the most abundant biological entity of our biosphere. Though several studies have been conducted on viral abundance and dynamics in mesophilic aquatic ecosystems, these aspects remain largely unexplored in extremophilic environments, such as hot springs. In this study, prokaryotic and associated viral communities of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands hot springs were explored. First, prokaryotic cells and Virus-like particles (VLP) were enumerated in several terrestrial and inshore hot springs. The results reveal an abundance of 105 - 106 particles/ml in both types of hot springs studied. The virus-to-prokaryote ratios (VPR) were generally low, confirming thus actual...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bactérie; Archée; Induction virale; Lysogénie; Source chaude; Abondance; Bacteria; Archaea; Phage; Thermophile; Viral induction; Lysogeny; Hot spring; Abundance.
Ano: 2013 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00609/72139/70891.pdf
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Exploring the biotechnologial applications in the archaeal domain BJM
Alquéres,S.M.C.; Almeida,R.V.; Clementino,M.M.; Vieira,R.P.; Almeida,W.I.; Cardoso,A.M.; Martins,O.B..
Archaea represent a considerable fraction of the prokaryotic world in marine and terrestrial ecosystems, indicating that organisms from this domain might have a large impact on global energy cycles. The extremophilic nature of many archaea has stimulated intense efforts to understand the physiological adaptations for living in extreme environments. Their unusual properties make them a potentially valuable resource in the development of novel biotechnological processes and industrial applications as new pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, nutritional supplements, molecular probes, enzymes, and fine chemicals. In the present mini-review, we show and discuss some exclusive characteristics of Archaea domain and the current knowledge about the biotechnological uses of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Archaea; Biotechnology; Extremozymes; Genomic; Molecular Phylogeny.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822007000300002
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Extremely thermophilic microorganisms and their polymer-hidrolytic enzymes Rev. Microbiol.
Andrade,Carolina M.M.C.; Pereira Jr.,Nei; Antranikian,Garo.
Thermophilic and hyperthermophilic microorganisms are found as normal inhabitants of continental and submarine volcanic areas, geothermally heated sea-sediments and hydrothermal vents and thus are considered extremophiles. Several present or potential applications of extremophilic enzymes are reviewed, especially polymer-hydrolysing enzymes, such as amylolytic and hemicellulolytic enzymes. The purpose of this review is to present the range of morphological and metabolic features among those microorganisms growing from 70oC to 100°C and to indicate potential opportunities for useful applications derived from these features.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Archaea; Extremophiles; Amylases; Xylanases; Pullulanases; Thermostability.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37141999000400001
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