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A cultural landscape approach to community-based conservation in Solomon Islands Ecology and Society
Walter, Richard K; University of Otago; richard.walter@otago.ac.nz; Hamilton, Richard J; The Nature Conservancy, Asia Pacific Division; ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University; rhamilton@tnc.org.
International environmental organizations have an increasing commitment to the development of conservation programs in high-diversity regions where indigenous communities maintain customary rights to their lands and seas. A major challenge that these programs face is the alignment of international conservation values with those of the indigenous communities whose cooperation and support are vital. International environmental organizations are focused on biodiversity conservation, but local communities often have a different range of concerns and interests, only some of which relate to biodiversity. One solution to this problem involves adoption of a cultural landscape approach as the ethical and organizational foundation of the conservation program. In our...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Archaeology; Biodiversity; Climate change; Coral Triangle; Heritage; Solomon Islands.
Ano: 2014
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A new age to an old site: the earliest Tupiguarani settlement in Rio de Janeiro State? Anais da ABC (AABC)
Scheel-Ybert,Rita; Macario,Kita; Buarque,Angela; Anjos,Roberto M.; Beauclair,Mariana.
This paper presents unexpectedly early dates for a Tupiguarani settlement in Southeastern Brazil. One radiocarbon dating of 1740 ± 90 yr BP (1820-1390 cal yr BP) was already available for the Morro Grande site (Araruama, southeastern coast of Rio de Janeiro State). Two new dates, obtained from charcoal samples, are reported here. An age of 2920 ± 70 yr BP (3220-2790 cal yr BP) was obtained from a specialized hearth, probably used for cooking ceramics; a funerary hearth at the same archaeological locus was dated at 2600 ± 160 yr BP (3000-2150 cal yr BP). Both measurements were made independently, indifferent laboratories, arguing for their validity. These results considerably age the arrival time of Tupiguarani populations to the coastal region of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Radiocarbon dating; Prehistoric occupation; Archaeology; Tupiguarani; Brazil.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652008000400015
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Age Prediction in the Adult Based on the Pulp-to-Tooth Ratio in Lower Third Molars: A Cone-beam CT Study International Journal of Morphology
Alsoleihat,Firas; Al-Shayyab,Mohammad H; Kalbouneh,Heba; Al-Zer,Heba; Ryalat,Soukaina; Alhadidi,Abeer; Saoud,Hamza; Shaweesh,Ashraf I; Al-Omoush,Salah A; Khraisat,Ameen.
Estimation of age-at-death is an integral part of the identification process of individuals in many forensic odontology cases where their identity cannot be determined by visualization or other ways. Dental age estimation in the adult is more challenging as most of the dentition is completely developed by 18 years of age. This study employs a mesio-distal (MD) pulp-to-tooth ratio taken at the neck of lower third molars (LM3) to provide an estimation of age at the time of radiographic imaging based on the well-known fact that pulp volume tends to decrease with advancing age due to continued apposition of secondary dentine throughout adulthood. A total of 155 Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) radiographs of LM3s for a random sample of 155 Jordanian Arabs...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Estimation of age-at-death; Forensic odontology; Archaeology; Paleontology; Dental age estimation; Third molars.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022017000200017
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Amazonian dark earths in the fertile floodplains of the Amazon River, Brazil: an example of non-intentional formation of anthropic soils in the Central Amazon region. Repositório Alice
MACEDO, R. S.; TEIXEIRA, W. G.; LIMA, H. N.; SOUZA, A. C. G. de; SIVA, F. W. R.; ENCINAS, O. C.; NEVES, E. G..
Amazonian dark earths (ADEs) are fertile soils created by pre-Columbian Amerindian societies of the Amazon Basin. However, it is still not clear whether these soils were produced intentionally to improve infertile Amazonian upland soils or if they resulted from the accumulation of organic matter from sedentary settlements. This study characterizes the ADEs found in the naturally fertile alluvial floodplains of the Amazon River in the Central Brazilian Amazon according to total, exchangeable, and available contents of elements and organic carbon in soil profiles. ADEs contained higher levels of available elements and total P, Ca, Zn, and Cu. High total Cr, Ni, Co, and V content in these soils indicate that mafic minerals contributed to their composition,...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Gleissolos; Arqueologia amazônica; Antrossolos; Gleysols; Anthrosols; Archaeology; Amazonia.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1110470
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Archaeological material for the study of crop evolution Scientia Agricola
Freitas,Fábio de Oliveira; Martins,Paulo Sodero.
This research studies archaeological samples of maize (Zea mays mays) and cassava (Manihot esculenta), from Januaria, MG, Brazil, for samples between 1010 (for the oldest sample) and 570 years (for the most recent) as estimated through radiocarbon dating. Maize cobs were morphologically analysed by using length, basal and apical diameters, largest diameter, number of rows, number of grains per row, and number of grains per row per length parameters. The maize cob length presented increases through time, allowing an increase on the number of seed per cob, but the size of seeds did not vary significantly. Starch present in the reserve organs of the maize and cassava were analysed morphologically through Scanning Electron Microscopy, and compared to...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Zea mays; Manihot esculenta; Archaeology; Indigenous; Starch.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162003000200027
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Besoins en technologie de l'archeologie sous-marine ArchiMer
Tchernia, A; Pomey, P.
Underwater vehicles are used to discover the wrecks, and the author deals with the using of the new marine technology in the archaeology.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Underwater equipment; Archaeology; Marine technology.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1990/acte-1170.pdf
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Contributions to the Dart versus Arrow Debate: New Data from Holocene Projectile Points from Southeastern and Southern Brazil Anais da ABC (AABC)
Okumura,Mercedes; Araujo,Astolfo G.M..
Lithic bifacial points are very common in the southern and southeastern regions of the Brazilian territory. Dated from Early to Late Holocene, these artifacts have not been studied in terms of their propulsion system. Given the characteristics of the bow and arrow compared to the atlatl and dart, there are important differences in the size and weight of arrowheads and dart points. Applying the techniques proposed by Shott (1997), Bradbury (1997), Fenenga (1953), Hughes (1998), and Hildebrandt and King (2012) to specimens recovered from eight sites dating from the early to the late Holocene, this work aims to present preliminary results to better understand the potential presence of darts and arrows in southeastern and southern Brazil. There was a variation...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Archaeology; Arrow; Atlatl; Bow; Dart; Umbu Tradition.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652015000502349
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Crustáceos no cerrito Ariano Souza, Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul e distribuição de Callinectes sapidus (Brachyura, Portunidae) Iheringia, Sér. Zool.
Santos,Cléverson Ranniéri M. dos; D'Incao,Fernando.
While all species of the genus Callinectes Stimpson, 1860 have a continuous distribution on the Atlantic coast of the Americas, Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, 1896 is the only one with disjunct distribution. Considering that this species was introduced in Europe and Japan, it has been suggested that the occurrence of C. sapidus on the southern coast of Brazil was due to the transport by ballast water. In the archaeological site Ariano Souza, located in the estuary of the Patos Lagoon (southern Brazil), remains of crustaceans, including claws of approximately two thousand years ago, were found. A preliminary analysis of this material showed Callinectes chelae. Because this archaeological site is located inside the estuary, it has been hypothesized that these...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biogeography; Callinectes; Decapoda; Morphology; Archaeology.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0073-47212004000100013
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Egan, D., and E.A. Howell, editors. 2001. The Historical Ecology Handbook: a Restorationist's Guide to Reference Ecosystems. Island Press, Washington. D. C., USA Ecology and Society
Pfeiffer, Jeanine; University of California at Davis; jmpfeiffer@ucdavis.edu; Espeland, Erin; ; ekespeland@ucdavis.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Archaeology; Cultural ecology; Historical ecology; Human ecology; Paleobotany; Paleoecology; Reference ecosystems; Restoration ecology.
Ano: 2003
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Estudo dos vestígios de peixes dos sítios arqueológicos da área de influência da Usina Hidrelétrica Machadinho, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Rev. Bras. Zool.
Ricken,Cláudio; Malabarba,Luiz Roberto.
The analysis of the material obtained in the rescue of archaeological sites in the area surrounding the Hydroelectric Plant of Machadinho, Rio Grande do Sul, revealed that a considerable amount of bones and fish scales incorporated in the alimentary remains. Using an osteological collection as reference, we identified remains of Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier, 1816) (Characidae), Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes, 1849) (Characidae), Pogonopoma obscurum Quevedo & Reis, 2002 (Loricariidae), Hemiancistrus fuliginosus Cardoso & Malabarba, 1999, Prochilodus lineatus (Valenciennes, 1836) (Prochilodontidae), Schizodon sp. (Anostomidae), Leporinus sp. (Anostomidae), Hoplias sp. (Erythrinidae), Hypostomus sp. (Loricariidae) and Crenicichla sp....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Alimentary remains; Archaeology; Ichthology; Paleoenviroment; Zooarcheology.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702009000300011
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Global Oceanographic Data Archaeology and Rescue (GODAR) OceanDocs
Levitus, S..
The IOC Global Oceanographic Data Archaeology and Rescue (GODAR) Project was established by the IOC in 1993. The goal of the project is to expand the historical database of ocean profile-plankton data. The project does this by: 1) locating historical data that are at risk of being lost due to media decay and disasters (archaeology). For example, paper and/or electronic media can become unreadable with time and/or they can be lost due to fire, flooding and other disasters; 2) digitizing manuscript data and copying data in electronic form that are at risk of loss and transferring these data into internationally available databases (rescue). The IOC World Ocean Database (WOD) Project was established by the IOC in 2001. The purpose of the WOD Project is to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Oceanographic data; Archaeology.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/1826
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Global Oceanographic Data Archaeology and Rescue (GODAR) and World Ocean Database Projects OceanDocs
Levitus, Sydney.
Since its inception in 1993 as an IOC project, the Global Oceanographic Data Archaeology and Rescue (GODAR) Project continues its progress in locating, collecting, quality controlling, and disseminating in electronic form, historical ocean profile and plankton data that are at risk of loss due to media decay. Only data for the pre-1992 period are considered to be “historical” data for the purposes of the GODAR project. Since its inception in 2001 the IOC World Ocean Database (WOD) Project continues adding new data types, e.g., temperature and salinity from Gliders and variables, e.g., tracers such as freons as well as archiving standard oceanographic data. Special attention has been paid to the speed of transfer of modern data into integrated,...
Tipo: Conference Material Palavras-chave: Oceanographic data; Archaeology; World; World; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_24920.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2988
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Historical Meadow Dynamics in Southwest British Columbia: a Multidisciplinary Analysis Ecology and Society
Lepofsky, Dana; Simon Fraser University; dlepofsk@sfu.ca; Heyerdahl, Emily K; USDA Forest Service; eheyerdahl@fs.fed.us; Lertzman, Ken; Simon Fraser University; lertzman@sfu.ca; Mierendorf, Bob; North Cascades National Park Service Complex; Bob_Mierendorf@nps.gov.
The recent encroachment of woody species threatening many western North American meadows has been attributed to diverse factors. We used a suite of methods in Chittenden Meadow, southwestern British Columbia, Canada, to identify the human, ecological, and physical factors responsible for its historical dynamics and current encroachment by woody vegetation. We evaluated three hypotheses about the origin and processes maintaining the meadow: the meadow is (1) of recent human origin; (2) of ancient human origin, maintained by aboriginal burning; and (3) of ancient non-human origin, not maintained by aboriginal burning. Our data supported the idea that the meadow had ancient non-human origins and its recent history and current status have resulted from...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Anthropogenic influence; Archaeology; British Columbia; Cascade Range; Chittenden Meadow; Climate change; Dendrochronology; Fire suppression; Historical dynamics; Meadows; Ponderosa pine; Tree encroachment.
Ano: 2003
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Long-term influence of early human occupations on current forests of the Guiana Shield ArchiMer
Odonne, Guillaume; Van Den Bel, Martijn; Burst, Maxime; Brunaux, Olivier; Bruno, Miléna; Dambrine, Etienne; Davy, Damien; Desprez, Mathilde; Engel, Julien; Ferry, Bruno; Freycon, Vincent; Grenand, Pierre; Jérémie, Sylvie; Mestre, Mickael; Molino, Jean-françois; Petronelli, Pascal; Sabatier, Daniel; Hérault, Bruno.
To decipher the long‐term influences of pre‐Columbian land occupations on contemporary forest structure, diversity and functioning in Amazonia, most of the previous research focused on the alluvial plains of the major rivers of the Amazon basin. Terra firme, i.e. non‐flooded forests, particularly from the Guiana Shield, are yet to be explored. In this study, we aim to give new insights into the subtle traces of pre‐Columbian influences on present‐day forests given the archaeological context of terra firme forests of the Guiana Shield. Following archeological prospects on 13 sites in French Guiana, we carried out forest inventories inside and outside archaeological sites and assessed the potential pre‐Columbian use of the sampled tree species using an...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Amazonian forest; Archaeology; Ethnobotany; Guiana Shield; Historical ecology; Pre-Columbian settlements; Ring-ditched hills.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00504/61558/65471.pdf
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Population Aggregation in Ancient Arid Environments Ecology and Society
Janssen, Marco A; School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University; Marco.Janssen@asu.edu.
Human societies have adapted to spatial and temporal variability, such as that found in the prehistoric American Southwest. A question remains as to what the implications are of different social adaptations to long-term vulnerability of small-scale human societies. A stylized agent-based model is presented that captures small-group decision making on movements and resource use in ancient arid environments. The impact of various assumptions concerning storage, exchange, sharing, and migration on indicators of aggregation and sustainability are explored. Climate variability is found to increase the resilience of population levels at the system level. Variability reduces the time a population stays in one location and can degrade the soils. In addition to...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Agent-based model; Archaeology; Arid landscapes; Climate variability.
Ano: 2010
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Resilience Lost: Intersecting Land Use and Landscape Dynamics in the Prehistoric Southwestern United States Ecology and Society
Peeples, Matthew A.; School of Human Evolution & Social Change, Arizona State University; Matthew.Peeples@asu.edu; Barton, C. Michael; School of Human Evolution & Social Change, Arizona State University; Center for Social Dynamics and Complexity, Arizona State University; Michael.Barton@asu.edu; Schmich, Steven; School of Human Evolution & Social Change, Arizona State University; Steven.Schmich@asu.edu.
The interdisciplinary framework known as resilience theory used by ecologists, social scientists, as well as policy makers, is primarily concerned with the sources of transformation and stability in complex socioecological systems. The laboratory of the long and diverse archaeological record is uniquely suited to testing some of the implications of this theoretical perspective. In this paper, we consider the history of land use and landscape change across the transition from foraging to agricultural subsistence economies in the Middle Chevelon Creek region of northern Arizona. Through this discussion, we highlight the potential roles of diversity and flexibility at multiple spatial and temporal scales in the resilience of human land use practices from the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive cycle; Agriculture; Archaeology; Human environmental impacts; Land use; Landscape dynamics; Resilience theory; Southwestern United States..
Ano: 2006
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Resisting Diversity: a Long-Term Archaeological Study Ecology and Society
Nelson, Margaret C; ; mnelson@asu.edu; Hegmon, Michelle; Arizona State University;; Kulow, Stephanie R; Arizona State University;; Peeples, Matthew A; Arizona State University;; Kintigh, Keith W; Arizona State University;; Kinzig, Ann P; Arizona State University;.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Archaeology; Long-term; Resilience; Social diversity; Vulnerability.
Ano: 2011
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Sustainable Small-Scale Agriculture in Semi-Arid Environments Ecology and Society
Spielmann, Katherine A; Arizona State University; kate.spielmann@asu.edu; Nelson, Margaret; Arizona State University; mnelson@asu.edu; Ingram, Scott; Arizona State University; singram@asu.edu; Peeples, Matthew A; Arizona State University; Matthew.Peeples@asu.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive strategy; Archaeology; Climate; Risk; Semi-arid environments; Small-scale farming; U.S. Southwest.
Ano: 2011
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Synthesis: Vulnerability, Traps, and Transformations—Long-term Perspectives from Archaeology Ecology and Society
Schoon, Michael; Arizona State University; michael.schoon@asu.edu; Fabricius, Christo; Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University; christo.fabricius@gmail.com; Anderies, John M.; Arizona State University; m.anderies@asu.edu; Nelson, Margaret; Arizona State University; mnelson@asu.edu.
In this synthesis, we hope to accomplish two things: 1) reflect on how the analysis of the new archaeological cases presented in this special feature adds to previous case studies by revisiting a set of propositions reported in a 2006 special feature, and 2) reflect on four main ideas that are more specific to the archaeological cases: i) societal choices are influenced by robustness–vulnerability trade-offs, ii) there is interplay between robustness–vulnerability trade-offs and robustness–performance trade-offs, iii) societies often get locked in to particular strategies, and iv) multiple positive feedbacks escalate the perceived cost of societal change. We then discuss whether these lock-in traps can be prevented or...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Archaeology; Robustness; Trade-offs; Transformation; Vulnerability.
Ano: 2011
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The Global Oceanographic Data Archaeology and Rescue Project (GODAR): Sea Level Data Proposal OceanDocs
Woodworth, Philip; Rickards, Lesley.
At its meeting in May 1999, the IOC Group of Experts on the Global Sea Level Observing System (GE-GLOSS) discussed the need for data archaeology of historic sea level records in order to possibly extend existing time series and/or gain access to observations which are not in digital form. Following on from this, a member of the GE-GLOSS attended the GODAR Review Conference in Silver Spring, Maryland in July 1999, and suggested that sea-level data also be included in the GODAR project. The GODAR sea level proposal is this. In many countries there are considerable amounts of historical sea level data in paper form such as charts or tabulations. These need to be computerised (a) as a backup for data security, and (b) so that they can be subject to modern...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Oceanographic data; Archaeology; Sea level; Sea level; Data; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_34115; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_49816.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/1821
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