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Registros recuperados: 39
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American consumer and Retailer Attitudes to wards Hand-Made Thai paper crafts Thai Agricultural
Rosalind, C. P.; Thanapase, W.; Winitchai, P..
Palavras-chave: Consume; Retailer; Attitudes; Hand-made; Paper; Crafts.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://anchan.lib.ku.ac.th/agnet/handle/001/5012
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“I know, therefore I adapt?” Complexities of individual adaptation to climate-induced forest dieback in Alaska Ecology and Society
Oakes, Lauren E.; Emmett Interdisciplinary Program in Environment and Resources, Stanford University; leoakes@stanford.edu; Ardoin, Nicole M.; Graduate School of Education and Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University; nmardoin@stanford.edu; Lambin, Eric F.; School of Earth, Energy, and Environmental Sciences, Stanford University; Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University; elambin@stanford.edu.
Individual actions to avoid, benefit from, or cope with climate change impacts partly shape adaptation; much research on adaptation has focused at the systems level, overlooking drivers of individual responses. Theoretical frameworks and empirical studies of environmental behavior identify a complex web of cognitive, affective, and evaluative factors that motivate stewardship. We explore the relationship between knowledge of, and adaptation to, widespread, climate-induced tree mortality to understand the cognitive (i.e., knowledge and learning), affective (i.e., attitudes and place attachment), and evaluative (i.e., use values) factors that influence how individuals respond to climate-change impacts. From 43 semistructured interviews with forest managers...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Attitudes; Climate change; Forest management; Individual adaptation; Knowledge; Place attachment; Use values.
Ano: 2016
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Attitudinal determinants of willingness-to-pay for river ecosystem improvements in central Chile: A choice experiment Ciencia e Investigación Agraria
Huenchuleo,Carlos A; Barkmann,Jan; Marggraf,Rainer.
A respondent’s preference for non-market goods depends not only on the attributes of the goods but also on the respondent’s attitude towards the goods being valued. Accounting for these characteristics may substantially improve the ability of stated choice models to represent preference heterogeneity. In this regard, we analyzed the influence of respondent attitudes on the valuation of river ecosystem quality attributes affected by pulp mill wastewater in two central Chilean watersheds. We applied the Choice Experiment (CE) method to assess preferences on river pollution risk, water quality effects, threatened species and the yield in local fisheries. The payment vehicle was an additional annual charge to the electricity bill. All three...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Attitudes; Choice modeling; Economic valuation; Water resource.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-16202016000100011
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Biased estimates in discrete choice models: the appropriate inclusion of psychometric data into the valuation of recycled wastewater AgEcon
Gibson, Fiona L.; Burton, Michael P..
The introduction of measurement bias in parameter estimates into non-linear discrete choice models, as a result of using factor analysis, was identified by Train et al. (1987). They found that the inclusion of factor scores, used to represent relationships amongst like variables, into a subsequent discrete choice models introduced measurement bias as the measurement error associated with each factor score is excluded. This is an issue for non-market valuation given the increase in popularity of including psychometric data, such as primitive beliefs, attitudes and motivations, in willingness to pay estimates. This study explores the relationship between willingness to pay and primitive beliefs through a case study eliciting Perth community values for...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Discrete choice models; Attitudes; Factor analysis; Measurement models; Recycled wastewater.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47943
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CAMPFIRE and Human-Wildlife Conflicts in Local Communities Bordering Northern Gonarezhou National Park, Zimbabwe Ecology and Society
Gandiwa, Edson; Resource Ecology Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands; Scientific Services, Gonarezhou National Park, Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority, Chiredzi, Zimbabwe; egandiwa@gmail.com; Lokhorst, Anne M.; Knowledge, Technology and Innovation Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands; annemarike.lokhorst@wur.nl; Prins, Herbert H.T.; Resource Ecology Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands; School of Life Sciences, University of Kwazulu-Natal, Westville Campus, Durban, South Africa; Herbert.Prins@wur.nl; Leeuwis, Cees; Communication and Innovation Studies Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands; Cees.Leeuwis@wur.nl.
Human-wildlife conflicts are a global problem, and are occurring in many countries where human and wildlife requirements overlap. Conflicts are particularly common near protected areas where societal unrest is large. To ease conflict, integrated conservation and development projects (ICDPs) have been implemented. The Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous Resources (CAMPFIRE) is an example of an ICDP. We hypothesized that (i) a higher perceived effectiveness of CAMPFIRE would be associated with a decline in human-wildlife conflicts, and (ii) local communities with higher perceived effectiveness of CAMPFIRE programs would have more favorable attitudes towards problematic wild animals. Four focus group discussions and interviews with 236...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Attitudes; Benefits; Human-wildlife conflicts; Integrated conservation and development projects; Perception; Protected areas.
Ano: 2013
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Challenging the win-win discourse on conservation and development: analyzing support for marine protected areas Ecology and Society
Chaigneau, Tomas; Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter; T.W.B.Chaigneau@exeter.ac.uk; Brown, Katrina; Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter; katrina.brown@exeter.ac.uk.
Conservation designations such as protected areas are increasing in numbers around the world, yet it is widely reported that many are failing to reach their objectives. They are frequently promoted as opportunities for win-win outcomes that can both protect biodiversity and lead to economic benefits for affected communities. This win-win view characterizes the dominant discourse surrounding many protected areas. Although this discourse and the arguments derived from it may lead to initial acceptance of conservation interventions, this study shows how it does not necessarily result in compliance and positive attitudes toward specific protected areas. Consequently, the discourse has important implications not just for making the case for protected area...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Attitudes; Behavior; Compliance; Fisheries; Natural resource management; Philippines.
Ano: 2016
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Changing Attitudes: Does Personal Experience Matter? A Structural Equilibrium Equation Modeling Approach with Panel Data AgEcon
Tutkun, Aysel.
Conversion to particularly animal-friendly stabling (PAFS) is one of the programs for which Swiss farmers receive direct payments from the government. This conversion to PAFS is analysed within a structural equation model in order to 1) review the link between intention to convert and observed conversion behavior, 2) prove the influence of personal experience on changing attitudes and norms, after having converted. The behavior model encompasses three theoretical constructs which influence the Behaviour: Attitude toward PAFS and Subjective Norm regarding PAFS, which both affect Intention to perform PAFS. Lastly, Intention influences the Behavior, i.e. observed conversion to PAFS. These variables are available for two time points, so one can...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Attitudes; Subjective norm; Personal experience; Observed behavior; Conversion to particularly animal friendly stabling; Theory of reasoned action; Consumer/Household Economics; Livestock Production/Industries; C8; D1; Q12; Z13.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7971
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Citizens' Attitudes Towards Multifunctional Agriculture AgEcon
Hyytia, Nina; Kola, Jukka.
This paper examines Finnish citizens' attitudes towards multifunctional agriculture and further, the connections among these attitudes, consumers' willingness to pay, and some socio economic factors. Attitudinal dimensions were executed by using factor analysis. The respondents (N=1300) were distributed into clusters based on their attitudes. It would be expected that people who have positive attitudes, would also state high values of WTP. Instead, this study suggests that attitudes and WTP do not have a positive relation. People are willing to support domestic agriculture as a provider of safe and high-quality food. However, a remarkable proportion of Finnish citizens have a positive attitude towards externalities and joint products of agriculture.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Multifunctional agriculture; Agricultural prices; Attitudes; Consumer/Household Economics; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24736
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Consequences of BSE on Consumers' Attitudes, Perceptions and Willingness to Pay for Certified Beef in Spain AgEcon
Angulo, Ana Maria; Gil, Jose Maria.
The BSE crisis has increased consumers' concerns on beef safety. Product quality systems and controls have been reinforced. Traceability certification and quality labels have been developed to communicate consumers the safety characteristics of the labelled beef and recover consumption. As a consequence, production costs have increased, which have been ultimately transmitted to consumer prices. The objective of this paper is to develop a conceptual model able to analyse main factors influencing consumers' willingness-to-pay for certified beef. A three-equation recursive model is jointly estimated. Results indicate that income, level of beef consumption, the average price consumers paid for beef and beef safety perception are main determinants of Spanish...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Certified beef; Willingness-to-pay; Attitudes; Food safety; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24999
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Consumer Market for Functional Foods in South Brazil AgEcon
de Barcellos, Marcia Dutra; Lionello, Rafael Laitano.
This study aims at investigating the consumer market for functional foods (FF) in Porto Alegre, South Brazil. Functional food is any healthy food claimed to have a health-promoting or disease-preventing property beyond the basic function of supplying nutrients. Health has been named as the most significant trend and innovation driver in the global food and drinks market. Brazil is one of the leading countries in food production and consumption, and the market for functional foods have been growing 10% per year, three times more than the market for conventional foods. Although this food category is considered mature in some developed markets (such as in Japan, in the Nordic countries and in the U.S), it is still unknown for many consumers, especially those...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Functional foods; Consumer market; Attitudes; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Production Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121853
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Consumer Perceptions and Attitudes Towards Food Safety in Portugal AgEcon
Ventura-Lucas, Maria Raquel.
The recent food crises and its great diffusion through the media had as consequence a reduction of the European consumer's confidence, in general, and of the Portuguese ones in particular, in the products that they buy and consume. These events also served to disclose some of the existing problems in the current marketing chain, in which many sectors result to have low, or no transparency or unknown ones to the consumers. For moreover, these crises had demonstrated that science and technology, in set with the governmental regulation do not offer guarantees that the risks associated with food have acceptable levels. All these questions triggered the interest of researchers to study the impact of food safety related issues on consumer behaviour. The...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food safety; Consumer behaviour; Perceptions; Attitudes; Portugal; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24986
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Cultural attitudes are stronger predictors of bushmeat consumption and preference than economic factors among urban Amazonians from Brazil and Colombia Ecology and Society
van Vliet, Nathalie; Center for International Forestry Research; vanvlietnathalie@yahoo.com; Schor, Tatiana; Departamento de Geografia, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Brazil; tatiana.schor@gmail.com.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Attitudes; Beliefs; Bushmeat sharing; Human behavior; Hunting; Income; Legality; Social norms; Social relations; Taboos; Wealth.
Ano: 2015
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Determining the change in welfare estimates from introducing measurement error in non-linear choice models AgEcon
Gibson, Fiona L.; Burton, Michael P..
Observed and unobserved characteristics of an individual are often used by researchers to explain choices over the provision of environmental goods. One means for identifying what is typically an unobserved characteristic, such as an attitude, is through some data reduction technique, such as factor analysis. However, the resultant variable represents the true attitude with measurement error, and hence, when included into a non-linear choice model, introduces bias in the model. There are well established methods to overcome this issue, which are seldom implemented. In an application to preferences over two water source alternatives for Perth in Western Australia, we use structural equation modeling within a discrete choice model to determine whether...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Contingent valuation; Attitudes; Structural equation modeling; Recycled water; Environmental Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q51; Q53; C13.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103428
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Explaining the Changing Institutional Organisation of Dutch Farms: The Role of Farmer's Attitude, Advisory Network and Structural Factors AgEcon
Jongeneel, Roelof A.; Polman, Nico B.P.; Slangen, Louis H.G..
Although the family farm remains the dominant organisational form for farms there are changes in the legal mode of organisation. Applying the new institutional economics and economic organisation theory the different organisation modes are explained, mainly in terms of control and income rights. Important factors are (limited) liability, risk-bearing costs, transaction costs, and residual control and income rights. In an empirical follow-up, based on a sample among 3100 farmers in the Netherlands, the impact of farmers' attitudes, farm advisory network, and structural variables on organisation choice are analysed. Especially the financial advisors appear to play a significant role in the choice of organisation mode. Other factors are age, branche...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm organisation; Ownership and management; Liability; Risk; Residual control and income rights; Attitudes; Advisory network; Farm Management; Industrial Organization; Q12.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24526
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Explaining the Changing Institutional Organisation of Dutch Farms: The Role of Farmer's Attitude, Advisory Network and Structural Factors AgEcon
Jongeneel, Roelof A.; Slangen, Louis H.G..
Although still the family farm is the dominant farm type there are changes in the legal mode of organization. Applying the new institutional economics and economic organisation theory the different organisation modes are explained, mainly in terms of control and income rights. Important factors are (limited) liability, risk-bearing costs, transaction costs, and residual control and income rights. This is subsequently applied to Dutch agriculture, taking into account its special characteristics. In an empirical follow-up, based on a sample of all the farmers in the Netherlands, the farmers attitudes and the farm advisory network are analysed. Finally, farm types are explained using bivariate logit analysis, taking into account attitudinal, advisory-network...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm organization; Ownership and management; Liability; Risk; Residual control and income rights; Attitudes; Advisory network; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24441
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Factors Affecting Farmers' Participation in Agri-Environmental Measures: Evidence from a Case Study AgEcon
Defrancesco, Edi; Gatto, Paola; Runge, C. Ford; Trestini, Samuele.
Starting from the McSharry reform in 1992, environmental conservation and minimization of negative agricultural impacts through adoption of agri-environmental farming practices have gained momentum within the European Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). Agenda 2000 and the recent issuing of Regulation 1698/2005 – with its strong accent on CAP’s second pillar – have further emphasized the need to reduce environmental risks within the context of sustainable and integrated rural development. Nowadays, agrienvironmental measures are the only compulsory measure for Member States in the Rural Development Programs. The result of this shift in CAP objectives is the increased agri-environmental spending in the total EU agricultural budget and the parallel growth in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental schemes; Farmers’ participation; Attitudes; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6688
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Factors Influencing Private Landowner Restoration Investment Decisions in Coastal Louisiana AgEcon
Dedah, Cheikhna O.; Kazmierczak, Richard F., Jr.; Keithly, Walter R., Jr..
Coastal wetland loss has been a major problem in Louisiana, exceeding 1.2 million acres over the last century alone. Although federal, state, and local efforts have attempted to combat this loss from a public perspective, little has been done to encourage private landowners to maintain and protect their coastal lands. This paper investigates the factors that influence private landowners to invest in coastal wetland restoration and maintenance activities in Louisiana. We surveyed private coastal landowners to determine their general socioeconomic characteristics, attitudes toward risks, attitudes toward wetland conservation, current uses of landholdings, and previous investments in wetland restoration and maintenance projects. Using this survey data, an...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Wetlands; Restoration; Investment; Risk; Attitudes; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56451
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Forest owner representation of forest management and perception of resource efficiency: a structural equation modeling study Ecology and Society
Ficko, Andrej; University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Forestry and Renewable Forest Resources; andrej.ficko@bf.uni-lj.si; Boncina, Andrej; University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Forestry and Renewable Forest Resources; andrej.boncina@bf.uni-lj.si.
Underuse of nonindustrial private forests in developed countries has been interpreted mostly as a consequence of the prevailing noncommodity objectives of their owners. Recent empirical studies have indicated a correlation between the harvesting behavior of forest owners and the specific conceptualization of appropriate forest management described as “nonintervention” or “hands-off” management. We aimed to fill the huge gap in knowledge of social representations of forest management in Europe and are the first to be so rigorous in eliciting forest owner representations in Europe. We conducted 3099 telephone interviews with randomly selected forest owners in Slovenia, asking them whether they thought they managed...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Attitudes; Conceptualization; Management concepts; Natural resources; Private forest owners; Social representations theory; Timber supply; Values.
Ano: 2015
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Habitus and Interest in Agroforestry Practices in Missouri AgEcon
Flower, Todd; Valdivia, Corinne; Dorr, Hilary.
This study analyzes the factors driving interest in two agroforestry practices, riparian buffers and forest farming. Because agroforestry is outside main stream commodity production in US agriculture, the purpose is to evaluate a framework to understand attitudes. The framework incorporates Pierre Bourdieu's notions of "habitus" and "field" along with individual economic and demographic characteristics of farm operators' traditionally used in adoption studies. Four attitudes are analyzed: disengagers, conservatives, lifestyle, and accumulators. A Logit regression measures the effects of respondents' attitudes, and other internal and external factors to assess interest in each practice. The data used is from a household survey of 364 farm-operators from...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Adoption; Attitudes; Forest farming; Habitus; Interest; Riparian; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19279
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Identifying farmer attitudes towards genetically modified (GM) crops in Scotland AgEcon
Hall, Clare.
Consumer attitudes towards genetically modified (GM) food are well documented but there has been much less focus on farmer attitudes to GM technology in agriculture. This paper reports findings from a study investigating farmers’ attitudes to GM crops in Scotland. Results from a Q methodology study reveal three discourses, one apparently pro-GM and demonstrating an expectation of benefits, the second representing a more uncertain position, wary of the potential risks of the technology but likely to be reluctant adopters, and the third describing a group who demonstrate a somewhat fatalistic attitude towards the issue of GM technology adoption and impact. The paper also reports findings from a postal survey conducted as part of the Q methodology study....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Genetically modified crops; Farmers; Q methodology; Attitudes; Scotland; Technology adoption; Farm Management.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45993
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