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Registros recuperados: 27
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Allocation of CO2 Emissions Allowances in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Cap-and-Trade Program AgEcon
Burtraw, Dallas; Palmer, Karen L.; Kahn, Danny.
Cap-and-trade programs for air emissions have become the widely accepted, preferred approach to cost-effective pollution reduction. One of the important design questions in a trading program is how to initially distribute the emissions allowances. Under the Acid Rain program created by Title IV of the Clean Air Act, most emissions allowances were distributed to current emitters on the basis of a historic measure of electricity generation in an approach known as grandfathering. Recent proposals have suggested two alternative approaches: allocation according to a formula that is updated over time according to some performance metric in a recent year (the share of electricity generation or something else) and auctioning allowances to the highest bidders....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Emissions trading; Allowance allocations; Electricity; Air pollution; Auction; Grandfathering; Generation performance standard; Output-based allocation; Cost-effectiveness; Greenhouse gases; Climate change; Global warming; Carbon dioxide; Sulfur dioxide; Nitrogen oxides; Mercury; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q2; Q25; Q4; L94.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10650
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An Experimental Analysis of Auctioning Emission Allowances Under a Loose Cap AgEcon
Shobe, William; Palmer, Karen L.; Myers, Erica; Holt, Charles; Goeree, Jacob K.; Burtraw, Dallas.
The direct sale of emission allowances by auction is an emerging characteristic of cap-and-trade programs. This study is motivated by the observation that all of the major implementations of cap-and-trade regulations for the control of air pollution have started with a generous allocation of allowances relative to recent emissions history, a situation we refer to as a “loose cap.” Typically more stringent reductions are achieved in subsequent years of a program. We use an experimental setting to investigate the effects of a loose cap environment on a variety of auction types. We find that all auction formats studied are efficient in allocating emission allowances, but auction revenues tend to be lower relative to competitive benchmarks when the cap is...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Auction; Carbon dioxide; Greenhouse gases; Allowance trading; Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative; RGGI; Cap and trade; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90827
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Auctioning Payment Entitlements AgEcon
Nielsen, Kurt.
Payment entitlements is a new commodity that arises from the new European common agricultural policy. The agricultural subsidies are decoupled from the actual production and replaced by the so-called payment entitlements. A payment entitlement has a farm specific value and may be freely traded. This paper discusses the complexity of this new market and suggests an auction that simplifies the complexity. The suggested auction allows a buyer to simultaneously bid on all payment entitlements. The prices are found by a tatonnement that monotonically approximates the equilibrium prices for the different types of payment entitlements for sale. The auction enhances the competition and efficiency of the market, which is essential for the individual members of the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Auction; Multiple goods; Bidding agents; Tatonnement; Agricultural subsidies; Agricultural Finance; D44; Q13.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24566
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CO2 Allowance Allocation in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and the Effect on Electricity Investors AgEcon
Burtraw, Dallas; Kahn, Danny; Palmer, Karen L..
The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) is an effort by nine Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states to develop a regional, mandatory, market-based cap-and-trade program to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the electricity sector. The initiative is expected to lead to an increase in the price of electricity in the RGGI region and beyond. The implications of these changes for the value of electricity-generating assets and the market value of the firms that own them depends on the initial allocation of carbon dioxide allowances, the composition of generating assets owned by the firm, and the locations of those assets. Changes in asset values inside the RGGI region may be positive or negative, whereas changes outside of the RGGI region are almost...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Emissions trading; Allowance allocations; Electricity; Air pollution; Auction; Grandfathering; Generation-performance standard; Output-based allocation; Cost-effectiveness; Greenhouse gases; Climate change; Global warming; Carbon dioxide; Asset value; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q2; Q25; Q4; L94.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10495
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COMPETITIVE BIDDING ON IMPORT TENDERS: THE CASE OF MINOR OILSEEDS AgEcon
Wilson, William W.; Diersen, Matthew A..
Auctions and bidding play an important role in agricultural marketing. A common and noteworthy application of auctions and bidding is that of import tendering which is used for both price determination and the allocation of purchases among sellers. In this study we develop a model to evaluate bidding strategies and competition in Egyptian oilseeds imports. Information included the values of bids submitted by each supplier in each tender over the period 1990 to 1993. Results indicate that generally bids could be predicted for all bidders with a relatively high degree of confidence using simple relationships and accessible data. In addition, for each oil tender there appeared to be groups of bidders characterized by differences in their bid functions....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bidding; Auction; International Grain Competition; Grains; Importing; Marketing; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23421
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Do Native and Invasive Labels Affect Consumer Willingness to Pay for Plants? Evidence from Experimental Auctions AgEcon
Yue, Chengyan; Hurley, Terrance M.; Anderson, Neil O..
The ultimate objective of commercial horticultural activities is to satisfy the needs of the final consumer. Consumer demand for novel plants drives the ornamental plant industry. Therefore, dispersal of native and invasive horticultural plants can be understood by considering the decisions/choices of consumers who decide which plants to purchase from retailers. In contrast to previous studies on invasive and native plants, this study uses an experimental auction to elicit consumers’ willingness to pay (WTP) for labeled native and invasive attributes. Results from a censored random effect model show that consumers’ WTP for plants decreases when the plants are labeled as invasive and increases when plants are labeled as native. The study finds that...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Native plants; Invasive plants; Willingness to pay; Labeling; Auction; Marketing; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49212
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ESTIMATING THE VALUE OF SOURCE VERIFICATION OF FEEDER CATTLE AgEcon
Lawrence, John D.; Yeboah, Godfred.
Source-verified (SV) feeder cattle auctions were held in Bloomfield, Iowa, each October, November, and December from 1997-2000. This study compares price data from these SV auctions to traditional auctions at the same location to determine whether a premium exists for SV feeder cattle. Hedonic pricing models were estimated to evaluate the price effects of lot characteristics, market forces, and type of market (SV versus regular sale). The SV cattle were sorted and pooled into large lots. The larger lot size, consistent with early research, earned large price premiums. After accounting for lot size, the SV premium for lighter cattle (< 650/600-pound steers/heifers) was estimated at $1.30/cwt, and was significant. The SV premium over and above lot size...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Auction; Cattle; Hedonic pricing model; Markets; Source-verified auction; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14722
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EVALUATING THE POTENTIAL CONTRIBUTION OF CONTRACT AUCTIONS TO AEP'S EFFICIENCY AgEcon
Gallerani, Vittorio; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
Agri-Environmetal Policy (AEP) application raised a wide debate about the determination of payment levels and the efficiency of the economic instruments used. In particular, some aspects support the hypothesis of relevant rents due to an overcompensation of farmers� compliance costs. A policy tool suitable for improving the efficiency of AEP can be the adoption of auctions mechanisms in contract allocation. In theory, in an auction mechanism, the farmers have incentives to reveal their compliance costs, helping to reduce the information rents and increase cost-effectiveness. A crucial problem therefore arises from the uneven distribution of information between landowners and the public administration. Auctions mechanism can be useful in reducing...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Auction; Agri-Environmental Policy; Information asymmetries.; Agricultural Finance; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6660
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Evaluating the potential contribution of contract auctions to Agri-Environmental Policy efficiency: A simulation model for Emilia-Romagna (Italy) AgEcon
Viaggi, Davide; Raggi, Meri; Gallerani, Vittorio.
Auctions are a potentially suitable policy tool for increasing the efficiency of Agri- Environmental Schemes (AES) through an improved allocation of contracts. In theory, through the auction mechanism, farmers have incentives to reveal their compliance costs, helping to reduce information rents and increase policy cost-effectiveness. The aim of this paper is to simulate the potential contribution of auction mechanisms to the efficiency of AES in Emilia-Romagna (Italy). The results show advantages for auctions compared with traditional flat rate payments based on average compliance costs. However, their performance is worse than flat payments based on marginal compliance costs.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Auction; Contract; Agri-Environmental Policy; Information asymmetry; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q15; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118671
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EXPERIMENTAL EXAMINATION OF A THIN MARKET: PRICE BEHAVIOR IN A DECLINING TERMINAL MARKET REVISITED AgEcon
Nelson, Robert G.; Turner, Steven C..
Perceived characteristics of thin markets are described and approaches to furthering their study are suggested. Design features of a laboratory thin market, patterned after a typical livestock marketing situation, are described. Price bias and variation from a "thick" private negotiation market with 22 traders is compared to that from a "thin" auction market with 8 traders. No systematic price bias was found in any of the markets. Price variation was actually lower in the thin auction market.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Auction; Experimental economics; Price discovery; Thin market; Marketing.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15328
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FEEDLOT '99, PART I: BASELINE REFERENCE OF FEEDLOT MANAGEMENT PRACTICES, 1999 AgEcon
The National Animal Health Monitoring System (NAHMS) is sponsored by the USDA:APHIS: Veterinary Services (VS). The NAHMS Feedlot '99 Study included feedlots of 1000-head or greater capacity from the 12 leading cattle feeding states. Feedlots included in the study represented 84.9 percent of U.S. feedlots of this size and contained 96.1 percent of the U.S. feedlot cattle inventory on feedlots with 1000-head or greater capacity as of January 1, 2000. For the purposes of the study, operations were grouped into two size categories: those with capacities of between 1000 and 7999 head, and those with capacities of 8000 head or more. Beef animals were the main type of cattle placed in feedlots regardless of operation size. Approximately one-half of the placements...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: NAHMS; Cattle; Cow; Calf; Beef cow-calf; Beef; Cow-calf; Feedlot; Steer; Heifer; Auction; Custom feeding; Feed; Lot; Management; Markets; Weaning; Disease; Region; Environment; Ionophore; Coccidiostat; Probiotic; Quality; Quality assurance; Nutrition; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32768
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Implementing the Efficient Auction: Initial Results from the Lab AgEcon
Margolis, Michael; Shogren, Jason F..
The efficient auction is designed to induce truthful bidding for bidders with affiliated values. Herein we implement the auction in the lab, and observe that inexperienced people can bid systematically in this more complex environment, albeit yielding a flatter bid function than the truthful one.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Auction; Affiliation; Experiments; Valuation; Financial Economics; C9; D44.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10733
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IMPORT TENDERS AND BIDDING STRATEGIES IN WHEAT AgEcon
Wilson, William W.; Dahl, Bruce L..
Bidding competition plays an important role in price discovery and the determination of suppliers in international grains. In this paper we analyze international bidding competition for wheat for a specific importer. Tender data over the period 1993-1999 were analyzed and bid functions estimated by class of wheat (hard red spring, hard amber durum, and hard red winter denoted as HRS, HAD, and HRW, respectively) and by selling firm. A stochastic simulation model was developed to determine the optimal bid and to analyze factors affecting bidding behavior and competition. The tender data indicated there was a surprisingly wide range of bids. Variation of bids across firms submitted for individual HRS tenders had standard deviations that ranged from $5/mt...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Auction; Bidding; Wheat tenders; Optimal bid; U.S.; Canada; Marketing.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23285
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International Flower Networks: Transparency and Risks in Marketing Channel Choice AgEcon
Wijnands, Jo H.M.; van der Lans, Karin; Hobbs, Jill E..
Two thirds of Kenyan cut flowers are marketed through Dutch flower auctions, while the remainder is marketed directly to retailers. Auctions do not restrict the volumes marketed; however price determination is based on a spot market. A Transaction Cost approach is used to investigate the differences in marketing costs between the channels. The results suggest that there are no differences between the channels in terms of uncertainty about prices, finding buyers or transparency of quality standards. Auction growers pay a higher marketing fee but they have significantly fewer office employees and flower varieties compared to growers who market directly.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Transaction Costs; Auction; Flowers; Kenya; Netherlands; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7759
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On the Use of Valuation Mechanisms to Measure Consumers' Willingness to Pay for Novel Products: A Comparison of Hypothetical and Non-Hypothetical Values AgEcon
Silva, Andres; Nayga, Rodolfo M., Jr.; Campbell, Benjamin L.; Park, John L..
Willingness to pay (WTP) estimates for novel products are needed to assess consumers' valuation of these products as well as for product adoption and optimal pricing strategies. Using experiments in a retail setting, we compare hypothetical and non-hypothetical WTP values between a Becker-DeGroot-Marshak (BDM) auction mechanism and conjoint analysis. Our results suggest that the auction WTP values are higher than conjoint analysis WTP values. Moreover, the hypothetical WTP values are higher than the non-hypothetical WTP values in both elicitation mechanisms.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Conjoint analysis; Willingness-to-pay; Auction; Hypothetical; Non-hypothetical; Consumer/Household Economics; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8186
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PARTICIPATION AND LEARNING IN AUCTIONS: BIDDING DECISIONS IN EGYPTIAN OILSEED AUCTIONS AgEcon
Wilson, William W.; Wilson, Wesley W..
Auctions are common mechanisms for identifying prices and suppliers of commodities and are particularly important in agricultural marketing. Information asymmetries among bidders may be ameliorated over time through some form of learning. In this study, we incorporate prior decisions to participate, information from previous auctions, and firm-specific attributes to explain both the decision to bid and the level of the bid. Our analysis uses data from Egyptian oilseed tenders, an important market both for oilseeds and tendering. Because of the unbalanced nature of the panel data, we are able to evaluate the effects of signals received from previous tenders. We find that firms learn from previous auctions and can gain an informational advantage through...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Auction; Bidding; Tenders; Optimal bids; Learning; Marketing.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23647
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Price Determinants of Ranch Horses Sold at Auction in Texas AgEcon
Lange, Kelly Y.; Johnson, Jeffrey W.; Wilson, Kris; Johnson, Wesley.
A hedonic pricing model was used to determine parameters affecting ranch horse prices at two Texas auctions. Color, sex, age-sex interaction, sale order, and consigning ranch were all found to significantly affect price. Sire analysis found that progeny performance records did not significantly affect price.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Auction; Hedonic model; Ranch horses; Demand and Price Analysis; Livestock Production/Industries; C01; Q10.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56491
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PRICE DETERMINANTS OF SHOW QUALITY QUARTER HORSES AgEcon
Taylor, Mykel R.; Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.; Kastens, Terry L.; Douthit, Megan; Marsh, Thomas L..
This study estimates the price determinants of show quality Quarter Horses sold at auction. Several characteristics including genetic and physical traits, the quality of pedigree, and the sale order affect price. Sale price is positively affected by a strong performance record of the horse as well as the performance record of the horse's offspring. A common practice at horse auctions is for the seller to reject the final bid offered and not sell the horse. The market prices predicted by the model for these horses indicate that they are not undervalued by the final bids, based on their characteristics.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Auction; Censored regression; Hedonic model; Quarter Horses; Demand and Price Analysis; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36199
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RESERVATION PRICE ANNOUNCEMENT IN SEALED BID AUCTIONS: COMMENT AgEcon
Schroeter, John R..
This comment corrects some errors of analysis contained in a 1993 paper by Carey in the Journal of Industrial Economics.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Auction; Reservation price; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18261
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Show Quality Quarter Horse Auctions: Price Determinants and Buy-Back Practices AgEcon
Taylor, Mykel R.; Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.; Kastens, Terry L.; Douthit, Megan; Marsh, Thomas L..
This study estimates the price determinants of show quality quarter horses sold at auction. Several characteristics including genetic and physical traits, quality of pedigree, and performance record of the horse, as well as the horse's offspring, were found to significantly impact selling price. Sale order positively affected price and appears to be driven by buyers rather than intentional ordering of the horses. A common practice at horse auctions is for the seller to reject the final bid offered and buy back the horse. Model-predicted prices for these buy-back horses indicate they are not undervalued by the final bids, based on their characteristics.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Auction; Equine; Hedonic pricing; Quarter horses; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8631
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