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Registros recuperados: 185
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3D modelling of seasonal evolution of Loire and Gironde plumes on Biscay Bay continental shelf ArchiMer
Lazure, Pascal; Jegou, Anne-marie.
A 3D model of the Atlantic shelf has been developed and applied to study shelf dynamics and evolution of hydrology. The model takes the combined effects of tide, wind, river discharges and surface heat flux into account. Time scales vary from 1 day to several years. Following a brief description of the model and forcing variables, the behaviour of the Loire and Gironde plumes is described, first for winter and spring, then over a period of several years, under realistic forcing. The results show that plume evolution depends on the high Variability of river runoff and winds. Model simulations performed over 7 years (1990 to 1996) have highlighted several features of these plumes: 1) In early winter and periods of high river runoff, plumes usually spread...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Panache; Modélisation; Dynamique du plateau continental; Golfe de Gascogne; River plume; Modelling; Shelf dynamics; Bay of Biscay.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1998/publication-847.pdf
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A bio-economic analysis of long term changes in the production of French fishing fleets operating in the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Steinmetz, Fabien; Thebaud, Olivier; Blanchard, Fabian; Le Floc H, Pascal; Bihel, J.
Selective fishing pressure on more highly valued marine living resources is one of the key factors proposed to explain changes occurring in fish communities and associated landings of commercial fisheries. The aim of this paper is to establish the nature of changes in the landings of French fishing fleets operating in the Bay of Biscay in the period 1973-2002, and whether these changes could be related to the relative economic attractiveness of different fish species. The analysis focuses on trends observed in the landings of all commercial fish species over the last three decades. It is based on data of annual quantities landed and ex-vessel prices compiled from official French landings records, and on bio-geographical descriptors of these species derived...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: North Eastern Atlantic; Bay of Biscay; Long term changes; Bio economic analysis; French fisheries production.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-5926.pdf
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A coupled movement and bioenergetics model to explore the spawning migration of anchovy in the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Politikos, Dimitrios; Huret, Martin; Petitgas, Pierre.
Adult anchovies in the Bay of Biscay perform north to south migration from late winter to early summer for spawning. However, what triggers and drives the geographic shift of the population remains unclear and poorly understood. An individual-based fish model has been implemented to explore the potential mechanisms that control anchovy's movement routes toward its spawning habitats. To achieve this goal, two fish movement behaviors – gradient detection through restricted area search and kinesis – simulated fish response to its dynamic environment. A bioenergetics model was used to represent individual growth and reproduction along the fish trajectory. The environmental forcing (food, temperature) of the model was provided by a coupled...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Individual-based model; Behavioral movement; Dynamic Energy Budget; Anchovy; Bay of Biscay.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00273/38446/36868.pdf
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A multi-decadal hindcast of a physical–biogeochemical model and derived oceanographic indices in the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Huret, Martin; Sourisseau, Marc; Petitgas, Pierre; Struski, Caroline; Leger, Fabien; Lazure, Pascal.
Multiple year oceanographic simulations (hindcast) are identified as a priority oceanography product for fisheries and environment studies since they provide a unique continuous long-term dataset allowing integrated assessment of the ocean state and evolution. We performed a 37 year (1972–2008) hindcast run with a coupled physical–biogeochemical model in the Bay of Biscay. The coupled model and the hindcast configuration are described. A model skill assessment is performed with a large set of in-situ data. Average seasonal currents show major circulation patterns over the shelf. Among tracers, temperature and salinity have the best agreement, ahead of nitrates and silicates, chlorophyll, and finally phosphates and ammonium. For chlorophyll, improved...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Physical-biogeochemical model; Hindcast; Skill assessment; Environmental indices; Seasonal pattern; Interannual variability; Fisheries oceanography; Bay of Biscay.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00114/22538/20237.pdf
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A partnership between science and industry for a monitoring of anchovy & sardine in the Bay of Biscay: When fishermen are actors of science ArchiMer
Masse, Jacques; Sanchez, Florence; Delaunay, Damien; Robert, J. M.; Petitgas, Pierre.
Anchovy and sardine are small pelagic species occupying similar geographic areas in the Bay of Biscay (North-East Atlantic). Their biomass is strongly dependent on recruitment, making the annual assessment of TAC (Total Allowable Catch) a risky strategy due to uncertainty in predicting the magnitude of recruitment. Monitoring these resources more often and throughout their life cycle could allow management strategies to be adjusted based on observations which indicate the level of recruitment. In order to achieve a more frequent monitoring, an innovative data collection strategy involving a partnership between fishermen and scientists, was developed in 2009 and 2010 called “pilot sentinel surveys”. This paper details the partnership, the information such a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sporadic acoustic surveys; Bay of Biscay; Small pelagic monitoring; Recruitment indicators; Fishermen's surveys.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00301/41214/41006.pdf
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A quantitative estimate of the function of soft-bottom sheltered coastal areas as essential flatfish nursery habitat ArchiMer
Trimoreau, E.; Archambault, Benoit; Brind'Amour, Anik; Lepage, Mario; Guitton, Jerome; Le Pape, O..
Essential fish habitat suitability (EFHS) models and geographic information system (GIS) were combined to describe nursery habitats for three flatfish species (Solea solea, Pleuronectes platessa, Dicologlossa cuneata) in the Bay of Biscay (Western Europe), using physical parameters known or suspected to influence juvenile flatfish spatial distribution and density (i.e. bathymetry, sediment, estuarine influence and wave exposure). The effects of habitat features on juvenile distribution were first calculated from EFHS models, used to identify the habitats in which juvenile are concentrated. The EFHS model for S. solea confirmed previous findings regarding its preference for shallow soft bottom areas and provided new insights relating to the significant...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Coastal and estuarine dependent species; Nursery ground; Habitat suitability models; Geographic Information System; Bay of Biscay.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00164/27546/25720.pdf
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A restricted fishing area as a tool for fisheries management: Example of the Capbreton canyon,southern Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Sanchez, Florence; Morandeau, Gilles; Bru, Noelle; Lissardy, Muriel.
Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are generally considered as one of the most important tools, among the many regulations, designed to preserve marine resources as well as enhance fisheries. In the southern Bay of Biscay, local French fishermen requested creation of a restricted area to help settle disputes between the various métiers operating there. This restricted area, which lies mainly in French waters, covers part of a deep submarine canyon off the French and Spanish coasts, known to have a large population of mature hake. This study aims to better understand the effects of a restricted area upon French fleets operating there, particularly upon three main métiers – longliners, gillnetters and trawlers. The study area includes three ICES statistical...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Biscay; Restricted area; Submarine canyon; Economic dependence; Metiers' dynamics.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00128/23961/22005.pdf
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A toolbox to evaluate data reliability for whole-ecosystem models: Application on the Bay of Biscay continental shelf food-web model ArchiMer
Lassalle, Geraldine; Bourdaud, Pierre; Saint-beat, Blanche; Rochette, Sebastien; Niquil, Nathalie.
Ecosystem models are always simplifications of reality and as such their application for ecosystem-based management requires standard validation. Here, the “DataReli” toolbox is proposed to evaluate the quality of the data used during the construction of ecosystem models, their coherence across trophic levels, and whether data limitations prevent the model long-term applications. This toolbox is the combination of three operational and complementary analyses: (i) the pedigree index to determine to what extent a model was calibrated on data of local origin; (ii) the graphical analysis known as PREBAL to assess whether a model respects some basic ecological and fisheries principles; and (iii) a sensitivity analysis to evaluate the robustness of model...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Food-web model; Ecopath; Model evaluation; Parameter uncertainty; Ecosystem-based management; Bay of Biscay.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00188/29969/28484.pdf
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Acoustic detection of the spatial and temporal distribution of fish shoals in the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Scalabrin, Carla; Masse, Jacques.
Echo sounder data were used to investigate the spatio-temporal variability of shoal behaviour in the Bay of Biscay. Data collected from annual surveys were processed using MOVIES-B software in order to mcasure this variability. The software was designed to measure morphological, energetic and space-time distribution descriptors from the acoustic signal received from fish shoals. Two surveys, DAAG 90 and DAAG 91, provided the appropriate characteristics for such an analysis. The survey's objective was to obtain relative abundance indices for the anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) biomass in the Bay of Biscay. The surveys were carried out in the same area (southern Bay of Biscay), at the same period (April) within one year interval (1990 and 1991), using the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fish shoal; Fisheries acoustics; Bay of Biscay; Pelagic fish.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00190/30111/28580.pdf
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Acoustic observations in the Bay of Biscay: Schooling, vertical distribution, species assemblages and behaviour ArchiMer
Masse, Jacques.
Eight acoustic surveys were carried our in the Bay of Biscay, during 1989-94, to study the distribution and abundance of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus, L.) in that area. Acoustic data were stored using the INES/MOVIES acquisition and processing system. Species-specific distribution patterns were confirmed through complementary sampling with a mid-water trawl. This paper summarises the combination of technical procedures used for acoustic assessments, and the results of acoustic surveys in the Bay of Biscay that pertain to the dynamics of this stock. Information is presented on the distribution and abundance of anchovy and co-occuring species, and on the movement patterns detected within the pelagic fish community, in relation to environmental conditions....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Acoustic; Anchovy; Engraulis encrasicolus; Schooling; Pelagic; Behaviour; Bay of Biscay.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00191/30265/28719.pdf
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Activité et production des navires français – Façade "Manche est" et Façade "Loire-Gironde" ArchiMer
Delpech, Jean-paul; Mehault, Sonia; Rostiaux, Emilie; Leaute, Jean-pierre; Leblond, Emilie; Demaneche, Sebastien; Coppin, Franck; Mahe, Kelig; Vaz, Sandrine.
This report is a result of a contract between Ifremer and the French Ministry of Industry. The aim was to provide map the fisheries activity and landings for french fishing vessels, located in the Eastern Channel and the Bay of Biscay during the year 2005. Two areas have been selected: - the "Eastern Channel" area, including 7 administrative departments : Nord, Pas-de-Calais, Somme, Seine-Maritime, Eure, Calvados and Manche. - the "Loire-Gironde" area, including 4 administrative departments : Loire-Atlantique, Vendée, Charente-Maritime and Gironde.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fishing fleets; Fishing gears; Bay of Biscay; Eastern Channel; Mapping; Landings; Fisheries activity; Flottilles; Pêche; Engins; Golfe de Gascogne; Manche est; Cartographie; Production; Activité halieutique.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/rapport-6645.pdf
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Activity of the turbidite levees of the Celtic-Armorican margin (Bay of Biscay) during the last 30,000 years: Imprints of the last European deglaciation and Heinrich events ArchiMer
Toucanne, Samuel; Zaragosi, S; Bourillet, Jean-francois; Naughton, F; Cremer, M; Eynaud, F; Dennielou, Bernard.
High-resolution sedimentological and micropaleontological studies of several deep-sea cores retrieved from the levees of the Celtic and Armorican turbidite systems (Bay of Biscay - North Atlantic Ocean) allow the detection of the major oscillations of the British-Irish Ice Sheet (BIIS) and 'Fleuve Manche' palaeoriver discharges over the last 30,000 years, which were mainly triggered by climate changes. Between 30 and 20 cal ka, the turbiditic activity on the Celtic-Annorican margin was weak, contrasting with previous stratigraphic models which predicted a substantial increase of sediment supply during low sea-level stands. This low turbidite deposit frequency was most likely the result of a weak activity of the 'Fleuve Manche' palaeoriver and/or of a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Turbidites; Heinrich events; LGM; Last deglaciation; Palaeoriver; Fleuve Manche; British irish ice sheet; Bay of Biscay.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-3729.pdf
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Analyse des flottilles du sud du golfe de Gascogne, de 1986 à 2002 – De Noirmoutier à Bayonne. Description et évolution des composantes de pêche ArchiMer
Leaute, Jean-pierre.
This document presents a comparative assessment of six triennal analysis carried out between 1986 and 2002, on 1300 boats, on average, from the 35 ports of Southern Bay of Biscay fishing fleets (from Loire river to Spanish border). Fisheries statistics allow the identification of different fishing practices and fishing boats associated with them within the fleets. In order to allow comparison and analysis of the evolution that has taken place during the study period, the same variables (gears used, landed species) and multivariate analysis procedures have been used to produce groupings of vessels. Over the period, 11 components, on average, have been identified, grouped in two entities, mobile and fixed gears. If the discriminative characteristics...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Typologie; Flottilles de pêche; Composantes; Golfe de Gascogne; Analyse multivariée; Typology; Fishing fleet; Components; Bay of Biscay; Multivariate analysis.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00001/11234/7756.pdf
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Analyse des petits pelagiques, sardine et anchois, dans le golfe de Gascogne ArchiMer
Coiffec, Gaelle; Duhamel, Erwan; Biseau, Alain; Danzart, Marc.
Since 1993 the yearly amounts of sardine landings for the Bay of Biscay fishing ports have experienced a constant increase (10,000 tonnes in 1993); on that account sardine is the first species landed in the fishing ports of the Bay of Biscay (15,000 tonnes in 2003). It is sold 0.54 € / kg (constant price over ten years) which means a 8,100 k€ turnover in 2003 and the 12th rank in value landed in the fishing ports of Bay of Biscay. Though anchovy landings have decreased over the last ten years, especially since 2001, this species occupies the 3rd rank of the highest landings (7,300 tonnes) of the Atlantic shoreline in 2003.The decrease of anchovy landings over the last ten years may account for the high increase of its constant sale price of 1.5 € / kg from...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Purse seiner; Midwater pair trawler; Sardine; Anchovy; Pelagic; Bay of Biscay; Recrutement; Senneur; Chalutier pelagique; Bolincheur; Sardine; Anchois; Pelagique; Golge de Gascogne.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/rapport-2287.pdf
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Analysis of salinity measurements near islands on the French continental shelf of the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Lazure, Pascal; Jegou, Anne-marie; Kerdreux, Michel.
The Bay of Biscay is characterised by large fresh water inputs from two major rivers, the Loire and the Gironde, with a mean discharge of about 900 m(3)/s. To describe the spatial and temporal variability of the Loire and Gironde plumes, continuous salinity measurements were made at 4 locations on French coastal islands over periods lasting at least two years. These islands are located at a distance from the large local gradients linked to local inputs. Whereas sea surface salinity in the centre of the Bay of Biscay is 35.6, salinities at the coast vary between about 35 in summer to occasionally less than 30 in late winter or in spring. Minimum salinities do not occur at the same time along the coast, indicating a strong spatial gradient. Near the Loire...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Biscay; Continental shelf; River plume; Seasonal variability; Salinity; Hydrology.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-3957.pdf
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Analysis of tagging data from North Atlantic Albacore (Thunnus Alalunga): Attrition Rate Estimates ArchiMer
Ortiz De Zarate, Victoria; Bertignac, Michel.
In this study, an attempt is made to estimate natural mortality rate for North Atlantic albacore. We implement a spatially aggregated tag-attrition model to analyse the results of an albacore tagging experiment conducted in the Bay of Biscay from 1988 to 1991. The model predicts probabilities of the possible fates of tagged fish and the tags that they carry. The model includes several parameters consisting of catchabilities by fleets involved in recaptures and a combination of natural mortality plus emigration from the study area. Model fitting is carried out by finding the maximum of a multinomial likelihood function. Effect of reporting rate values on the estimations are evaluated and several hypothesis on the pre-mixing period of the tagged fish...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Biscay; Attrition rate; Model; Natural mortality estimation; Albacore.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/publication-977.pdf
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Anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) egg density measurements in the Bay of Biscay: evidence for the spatial variation in egg density with sea surface salinity ArchiMer
Goarant, Anne; Petitgas, Pierre; Bourriau, Paul.
Knowledge of the pelagic vertical distribution of fish eggs is central for several aspects of fisheries science including fisheries recruitment and egg production studies. In modelling egg vertical distributions, variation in fish egg density is an important issue. Though variation in egg density between individual eggs has been reported, evidence for significant spatial variation in egg density is novel. The present study provides evidence that egg density of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) varies spatially across spawning sites in the Bay of Biscay, depending on the regional scale variation in sea water properties due to river discharge. We measured the density of the eggs using a density gradient column at 17 stations in 2005 and 2006 as well as their...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Biscay; Anchovy; Fish egg density; Density gradient column.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3007.pdf
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Application d’un protocole de suivi habitat « récifs » au large de la côte basque. Application méthodologique Index-Cor ArchiMer
De Casamajor, Marie-noelle; Lissardy, Muriel.
The purpose of this report is to test a sampling protocol to define a conservation status index for reef habitat in circalittoral environments to characterize benthic populations from surveys at 4 sites located in the Natura 2000 area “côte Basque rocky and extension offshore”. Due to the complexity of this habitat and the gaps in knowledge, an analysis of the protocol and its modalities is necessary. In parallel, optimization proposals are necessary for the relevance of the information provided and for apprehending a possible conservation status.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Golfe de Gascogne; Circalittoral; Indice; État de conservation; Aires marines protégées; Bay of Biscay; Circalittoral; Conservation index; Marine Protected Area.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00382/49334/50278.pdf
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Apports des données de la 'couleur de l'eau' à la modélisation couplée physique-biogéochimie en milieu dynamique côtier : Application au Rio de la Plata et au Golfe de Gascogne ArchiMer
Huret, Martin.
Continental margins play a crucial role in biogeochemical fluxes between the continents and the open ocean. They are also highly sensitive to human perturbations. Primary production is highly dependent on the complex dynamics of these coastal zones, and on the river supply in nutrients, as well as in Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM) which limit light availability. The quantification of the production is a prerequisite in many applications, from the understanding of the role of the coastal ocean in climate change, to eutrophication and fisheries resources issues within the frame of the integrated management of the coastal zone. Coupled physical-biogeochemical models are useful in studying and monitoring primary production. Because of the numerous complex...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Parameter estimation; Data assimilation; Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM); Chlorophyll a; Phytoplankton blooms; Physical biogeochemical coupled model; Ocean color; Satellite data; Coastal area; Bay of Biscay; Rio de la Plata; Estimation de paramètres; Assimilation de données; Matières En Suspension (MES); Chlorophylle a; Blooms phytoplanctoniques; Modèle couplé physique biogéochimie; Couleur de l'eau; Donnée satellitale; Milieu côtier; Golfe de Gascogne; Rio de la Plata.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/these-337.pdf
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Are trawl marks a good indicator of trawling pressure in muddy sand fishing grounds? ArchiMer
Merillet, Laurene; Kopp, Dorothee; Robert, Marianne; Salaun, Michele; Mehault, Sonia; Bourillet, Jean-francois; Mouchet, Maud.
The development of the vessel monitoring system (VMS) in the recent years has offered high-resolution data to map the distribution and intensity of fishing activities and contributed to enhancing the potential identification of fishing impacts. However, impacts could vary at very small scale and the resolution of VMS data might not be fine enough. Other proxy could be used, such as trawl marks visible on the seabed observed by underwater video or side-scan sonar to evaluate small-scale trawling effort. In the Bay of Biscay, an underwater video survey of the Nephrops norvegicus fishing ground was conducted and provided environmental characteristics such as depth and number of trawl marks at 152 transects. The relevance of observed trawl marks as a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Biscay; Fishing intensity; Sediments; Underwater video; Vessel monitoring system.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00410/52112/52854.pdf
Registros recuperados: 185
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