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Comment épargner les juvéniles de soles et de gadidés dans la pêcherie crevettière : expériences de chalut sélectif en baie de Vilaine, première partie ArchiMer
Dupouy, Herve; Vacherot, Jean-philippe; Meillat, Marc.
The French brown shrimp (Crangon crangon) fishery employs on a seasonal basis around 140 ships about 10 metres in length and with engines of about 100 kilowatts of power. It takes place mainly along the coastal bottoms of silted-up sand at a depth of 2 to 10 metres and occupies principally the coasts of the eastern English Channel and those of the Gulf of Gascony. The brown shrimp catch is performed by bottom trawl, with exempted meshing of 20 mm (stretched mesh), which causes numerous rejects of immature fish that live on the same bottoms. The main part of these juveniles is made up of flat fish (sole, in particular) and of gadidae (whiting and pout). To reduce these undesirable catches that are also detrimental to other fisheries, some ingenious...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Selective trawl; Devisme trawl; Asselin trawl; Brittany; Bay of Vilaine; Gadides; Sole; Whiting; Pout; Juvenile; Chalut devisme; Chalut Asselin; Chalut sélectif; Baie de Vilaine; Gadidés; Soles; Merlan; Tacaud; Juvéniles.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1997/rapport-2669.pdf
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Comment épargner les juvéniles de soles et de gadidés dans la pêcherie de crevette grise, Deuxième partie ArchiMer
Vacherot, Jean-philippe; Dupouy, Herve; Meillat, Marc.
Starting from the year 2000, the European Union planned to establish the use of a selective trawl in brown shrimp (Crangon crangon) fisheries. In fact, the brown shrimp is caught by a bottom trawl equipped with stretched 20 mm exempted meshing in estuary areas where the nurseries of flat fish and gadidae are located. For Vilaine's estuary, Dupouy et al (1997) estimated at about 1 tonne of flat fish and one tonne of gadidae the loss in equivalent fish of marketable size, per landed tonne of brown shrimp. In this document, the authors introduce improvements resulting from the use of selective trawls developed in France (Asselin and Devismes trawls), and they show by what means the selectivity of these trawls can be improved further.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Vilaine; Common shrimp; Selective trawl; Whiting; Pout; Gadides; Soles; Juveniles; Baie de Vilaine; Crevette grise; Chalut sélectif; Merlan; Tacaud; Gadidés; Soles; Juvéniles.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1998/rapport-2670.pdf
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Comparaison des performances d'élevage de moules en 4 sites mytilicoles de la baie de Vilaine, de février 2000 à février 2001 ArchiMer
Mazurie, Joseph; Bouget, Jean-francois; Claude, Serge; Fleury, Pierre-gildas; Langlade, Aime.
Mussel samples have been placed in plastic-mesh bags hung on wood poles (« bouchots »), at 4 locations of a mussel culture area in the bay of Vilaine (South Brittany, France). They have been monitored for one year, from February 2000 to February 2001. The recorded growth have been rather fast (plus 1.2 g per month between April and September), and mortalities moderate (between 15% to 25%), with better results in southern stations, further from the estuary. Among the physico-chemical parameters recorded, the most striking were very low salinities (below 10 g/l) recorded for days, after heavy rains. They provoqued a valve closure of mussels (recorded by a « valvometer »). Some physiological indicators being tested (muscle force and hermeticity) seemed to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Valve movements; Hermeticity; Muscle strength; Mortality; Growth; South Brittany; Bay of Vilaine; Mytilus edulis; Mussel; Écartements valvaires; Herméticité; Force musculaire; Mortalité; Croissance; Bretagne sud; Baie de Vilaine; Mytilus edulis; Moule.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/rapport-6373.pdf
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Comparative study of isotopic trends in two coastal ecosystems of North Biscay: A multitrophic spatial gradient approach ArchiMer
Mortillaro, J. M.; Schaal, G.; Grall, Jacques; Nerot, C.; Brind'Amour, Anik; Marchais, V.; Perdriau, M.; Le Bris, H..
In coastal estuarine embayments, retention of water masses due to coastal topography may result in an increased contribution of continental organic matter in food webs. However, in megatidal embayments, the effect of topography can be counterbalanced by the process of tidal mixing. Large amounts of continental organic matter are exported each year by rivers to the oceans. The fate of terrestrial organic matter in food webs of coastal areas and on neighboring coastal benthic communities was therefore evaluated, at multi-trophic levels, from primary producers to primary consumers and predators. Two coastal areas of the French Atlantic coast, differing in the contributions from their watershed, tidal range and aperture degree, were compared using carbon and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Brest; Bay of Vilaine; Benthic; Filter-feeders; Stable isotopes; Organic matter.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00167/27847/26203.pdf
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Evolution du peuplement halieutique de la baie de Vilaine au cours des décennies 1980 et 1990 ArchiMer
Desaunay, Yves; Guerault, Daniel.
A beam trawl survey of the Bay of Vilaine was conducted from 1981 to 1997. Changes in the commercial fish community were analyzed by comparing the characteristics at the year and decadal scales. The community structure and nursery function of the Bay were steady during the period. However, specific richness, assiduity and distribution indices demonstrated a reduction in the second decade. The global abundance fell from 105.8 ind.ha-1 to 31.3 ind.ha-1. This trend was less marked for the external more marine stratum, which exhibited the lowest densities. The results are discussed in terms of ecological meaning of such a community, compared with the overall demersal fish community. The reasons of the decrease are questioned regarding nursery habitat, local...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Habitat; Survey; Bay of Vilaine; Fish community; Habitat; Suivi; Baie de Vilaine; Poissons; Peuplement.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/rapport-1288.pdf
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