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Registros recuperados: 66
Primeira ... 1234 ... Última
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Acúmulo da mistura dos herbicidas ametrina e tebutiurom em tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Repositório Alice
CHALUPE, V. C.; QUEIROZ, S. C. do N. de; FERRACINI, V. L.; MELLO, M. A. M. M. e; JONSSON, C. M..
Resumo: A prática de uso intensivo de herbicidas na atividade canavieira há elevado risco de comprometimento da qualidade das águas e dos organismos que ai habitam devido às perdas de herbicidas por escoamento superficial, lixiviação ou outros processos. Apesar de não permitido, o herbicida tebutiurom é usado pelas usinas de cana-de-açúcar em mistura com a ametrina na dose de 1,2 e 2,0 kg.ha-1 de ingrediente ativo (i.a.), respectivamente. No presente trabalho avaliou-se a dinâmica de uma associação dos herbicidas ametrina e tebutiurom quanto à sua incorporação e eliminação do tecido muscular de tilápias (Oreochromis niloticus) submetidas a doses subletais. A maior relação "Concentração no peixe/Concentração na água" (14 dias de exposição), adotada para o...
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Bioconcentração; Resíduo químico; Herbicida; Alimento; Peixe de água doce; Tilapia; Herbicides; Bioaccumulation; Fish.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1006660
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Analyse et comparaison des niveaux de contamination en Polychlorobiphényles et pesticides organochlorés dans les foies de juvéniles de soles provenant de nourriceries du Golfe de Gascogne, de la Baie de Seine et de la Somme ArchiMer
Jegaden, Marine.
Ce rapport de stage (2 mois et demi) traite du dosage de contaminants organiques, les Polychlorobiphényles (PCB) et les pesticides organochlorés chez les juvéniles de soles, dans différentes zones côtières de nourriceries sur le littoral français en Manche Est et dans le Golfe de Gascogne. Ces composés, hydrophobes, persistants et potentiellement bioaccumulables, se trouvent concentrés dans les tissus des poissons et en particulier dans le foie, riche en lipides. Les 16 congénères de PCB et les pesticides organochlorés sont dosés selon un protocole comprenant trois étapes : l'extraction, la purification par chromatographie d'adsorption pour séparer les composés, puis la quantification par chromatographie en phase gazeuse munie d'un détecteur à capture...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Soles; Nourriceries; PCB; Pesticides organochlorés; Bioaccumulation; Métabolisation; Réseau National d'Observation.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00444/55522/57110.pdf
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Bioaccumulation des métaux chez le mytilidae hydrothermal Bathymodiolus sp. de la ride médio-atlantique ArchiMer
Rousse, N; Boulegue, J; Cosson, Rp; Fiala-medioni, A.
The hydrothermal environment is characterised, among other things, by a high metal concentration, related to the convective sea-water circulation inside the oceanic crust and its interaction with basaltic rocks. The biological communities associated with the hydrothermal system can survive in this toxic environment owing to their ability to regulate their intracellular metal levels by excretion or accumulation of metal ions in non-toxic forms. Various detoxification processes have been previously studied within an hydrothermal organism: immobilisation and precipitation of the metal in lysosomal systems, or binding to specific and soluble ligands such as metallothioneins. The later are heat stable and characterised by a high content of cysteine. The...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bio-accumulation; Métallothionéines; Lysosomes; Toxicité; Hydrothermal; Bioaccumulation; Metallothioneins; Lysosomes; Toxicity; Hydrothermal.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00325/43662/43238.pdf
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Bioaccumulation of copper, zinc, cadmium and lead by Bacillus sp., Bacillus cereus, Bacillus sphaericus and Bacillus subtilis BJM
Costa,Antonio Carlos Augusto da; Duta,Flavia Pereira.
This work presents some results on the use of microbes from the genus Bacillus for uptake of cadmium, zinc, copper and lead ions. Maximum copper bioaccumulations were 5.6 mol/g biomass for B. sphaericus, 5.9 mol/g biomass for B. cereus and B. subtilis, and 6.4 mol/g biomass for Bacillus sp. Maximum zinc bioaccumulations were 4.3 mol/g biomass for B. sphaericus, 4.6 mol/g biomass for B. cereus, 4.8 mol/g biomass for Bacillus sp. and 5.0 mol/g biomass for B. subtilis. Maximum cadmium bioaccumulations were 8.0 mol/g biomass for B. cereus, 9.5 mol/g biomass for B. subtilis, 10.8 mol/g biomass for Bacillus sp. and 11.8 mol/g biomass for B. sphaericus. Maximum lead biomaccumulations were 0.7 mol/g biomass for B. sphaericus, 1.1 mol/g biomass for B. cereus, 1.4...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bioaccumulation; Bacillus; Heavy metals.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822001000100001
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Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in Liza saliens from the Esmoriz-Paramos coastal lagoon, Portugal IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
Fernandes, Conceição; Fontaínhas-Fernandes, A.; Peixoto, Francisco; Salgado, Maria Antónia.
Heavy metal (Cu and Zn) concentrations in liver, gills, and muscle of leaping grey mullet, Liza saliens, from the Portuguese Esmoriz–Paramos coastal lagoon were measured to evaluate their bioaccumulation as a function of sediment contamination. The highest metal concentrations were observed in the liver (254mg Cu kg 1) and gills (114 mgZn kg 1). Bioaccumulation factors (BAFs) were found to follow the order: Cu-liver4Cu-gills4Cu-muscle and Zn-gills4Zn-liver4Zn-muscle. The highest BAFs were observed in the organs mainly implicated in metal metabolism and a significant positive relationship was found between BAFs and fish age. These results suggest the loss of homeostatic capacity of L. saliens under chronic metal exposure leading to bioaccumulation....
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Bioaccumulation; Chronic exposure Heavy metals Liza saliens.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/3936
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Bioaccumulation of mercury in some marine organisms from Lake Timsah and Bitter Lakes (Suez Canal, Egypt) OceanDocs
El-Moselhy, K.M..
The present work is devoted to determine the level of total mercury in the different tissues of fish Mugil seheli, crab Portunus pelagicus, shrimp Metapenaeus stebbingi, and bivalves Paphia undulata and Gafrarium pectinatum collected from Lake Timsah and Bitter Lakes during spring 2003. In addition, factors affecting the accumulation of mercury in these organisms were studied. Levels of Hg in the edible parts of the investigated organisms showed the ranges 2.62 – 25.45 and 0.94 – 7.94 ng/g wet wt. in fish, 16.02 – 117.26 and 9.86 – 64.18 ng/g wet wt. in crab, 4.55 – 14.67 and 5.76 – 15.58 ng/g wet wt. in shrimp, and 1.06 – 36.31 and 5.38 – 69.59 ng/g wet wt. in bivalves from Lake Timsah and Bitter Lakes, respectively. High accumulation of Hg was recorded...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Chemistry Studies; Mercury; Bioaccumulation; Marine organisms; Heavy metals; Bioaccumulation; Mercury; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_32389; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4751.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/1451
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Bioavailability of particulate metal to zebra mussels: Biodynamic modelling shows that assimilation efficiencies are site-specific ArchiMer
Bourgeault, Adeline; Gourlay-france, Catherine; Priadi, Cindy; Ayrault, Sophie; Tusseau-vuillemin, Marie-helene.
This study investigates the ability of the biodynamic model to predict the trophic bioaccumulation of cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni) and zinc (Zn) in a freshwater bivalve. Zebra mussels were transplanted to three sites along the Seine River (France) and collected monthly for 11 months. Measurements of the metal body burdens in mussels were compared with the predictions from the biodynamic model. The exchangeable fraction of metal particles did not account for the bioavailability of particulate metals, since it did not capture the differences between sites. The assimilation efficiency (AE) parameter is necessary to take into account biotic factors influencing particulate metal bioavailability. The biodynamic model, applied with AEs...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bioaccumulation; Active biomonitoring; Bioavailability of particulate metals; Assimilation efficiency; Chemical sequential extraction.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00051/16218/14040.pdf
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Biological availability of sediment-bound trace metals. ArchiMer
Luoma, S.
It has been established that direct uptake of (at least some) trace metals from sediments contributes to metal concentrations in benthic organisms. Important controls on metal uptake from sediment are the concentration of the exposure, the partitioning of the metals among components of the sediment, and the redox potential of the sediment. Important problems in ecology, physiology, geochemistry and biogeochemistry remain unresolved, however, and a concentrated interdisciplinary research effort will be necessary before a complete understanding of the fate and impact of sediment-bound metals will be possible.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bioaccumulation; Benthos; Food webs; Biogeochemical cycle; Sediments; Availability; Trace metals.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1985/acte-1302.pdf
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Cadmium pathways in an exploited intertidal ecosystem with chronic cadmium inputs (Marennes-Oleron, Atlantic coast, France) ArchiMer
Pigeot, J; Miramand, P; Guyot, T; Sauriau, Pierre-guy; Fichet, D; Le Moine, Olivier; Huet, V.
The Marennes-Oleron Bay is subject to chronic pollution by cadmium (Cd) from the Gironde watershed. An ecosystem approach was used to study the fate of cadmium in the different biological compartments. The median Cd concentration was 0.4 mu g g(-1) dry weight for the 63 benthic species measured. When combined with the respective biomasses for the different species studied, we estimated that 7 kg of Cd is partitioned into the soft tissues of the benthic species in the bay. The majority of this cadmium was distributed between primary producers, mainly microphytobenthos (40 %), and suspension-feeders, mainly oysters (40 %). All other benthic species measured were associated with negligible masses of Cd. Two trophic levels contained 98 % of the Cd: 3 kg was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marennes Oleron Bay; Trophic food web; Bioaccumulation; Cadmium; Macrofauna; Microphytobenthos; Macrophytes.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-3615.pdf
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Campagne de surveillance DCE 2015 en Méditerranée française. Districts « RHONE ET COTIERS MEDITERRANEENS » ET « CORSE » ArchiMer
Witkowski, Fanny; Andral, Bruno; Derolez, Valerie; Tomasino, Corinne.
Sur la façade méditerranéenne, l'Ifremer a assuré en 2015 une partie logistique de la quatrième campagne du contrôle de surveillance DCE et la coordination de la caractérisation de plusieurs éléments de qualité. Les résultats de la quatrième campagne de contrôles de surveillance DCE permettent de caractériser la qualité de 45 masses d’eau littorales suivies en 2015. Dans le district « Rhône et côtiers méditerranéens » (volet 1), 3 des 18 masses d’eau côtières (MEC) sont déclassées pour la chimie au regard des résultats acquis dans la matière vivante, tandis que l'ensemble des MEC suivies pour le phytoplancton affichent un bon état. Dans les masses d’eau de transition (MET), la chimie matière vivante déclasse 7 MET, le suivi dans l'eau (échantillonneurs...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Surveillance; Phytoplancton; Macrophytes; Substances prioritaires; Bioaccumulation; État biologique; État chimique; Eaux côtières; Eaux de transition.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00394/50583/51272.pdf
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Caractérisation et modélisation des processus de bioaccumulation des PCB chez le merlu (Merluccius merluccius) du golfe du Lion ArchiMer
Bodiguel, Xavier.
Understanding bioaccumulation mechanisms of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) is a major issue for environmental risk assessment. In this work, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), a model contaminant family, has been studied in the European hake (Merluccius merluccius), a high trophic level species from the Gulf of Lions. High concentrations of PCBs were measured in hake from this area compared to those encountered in the population of the Bay of Biscay. PCB biomagnification was highlighted along its food web from marine phytoplankton, suggesting a strong influence of diet on contamination levels. The role of other biological processes was also apprehended in order to understand the high variability of observed levels. Thus, growth, sex, and also the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: DEB theory; Bioenergetic model; Gulf of Lions; Biomagnification; Food web; Hake; Bioaccumulation; Polychlorinated biphenyls; Organic contaminants; Théorie DEB; Modèle bioenergétique; Golfe du Lion; Bioamplification; Réseau trophique; Merlu; Bioaccumulation; Polychlorobiphényles; Contaminants organiques.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/these-6490.pdf
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Chemical composition of some marine algae from the mediterranean sea of alexandria, egypt OceanDocs
El-Sarraf, W.M.; El-Shaarawy, G..
No abstract is included
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Accumulation; Bioaccumulation; Biochemical composition; Algae; Bioaccumulation.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/1243
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Chemical contaminants (trace metals, persistent organic pollutants) in albacore tuna from western Indian and south-eastern Atlantic Oceans: Trophic influence and potential as tracers of populations ArchiMer
Chouvelon, Tiphaine; Brach-papa, Christophe; Auger, Dominique; Bodin, Nathalie; Bruzac, Sandrine; Crochet, Sylvette; Degroote, Maxime; Hollanda, Stephanie J.; Hubert, Clarisse; Knoery, Joel; Munschy, Catherine; Puech, Alexis; Rozuel, Emmanuelle; Thomas, Bastien; West, Wendy; Bourjea, Jerome; Nikolic, Natacha.
Albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga) is a highly commercial fish species harvested in the world's Oceans. Identifying the potential links between populations is one of the key tools that can improve the current management across fisheries areas. In addition to characterising populations' contamination state, chemical compounds can help refine foraging areas, individual flows and populations' structure, especially when combined with other intrinsic biogeochemical (trophic) markers such as carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes. This study investigated the bioaccumulation of seven selected trace metals – chromium, nickel, copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg) and lead – in the muscle of 443 albacore tunas, collected over two seasons and/or years in the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Top predator; Bioaccumulation; Inorganic elements; Organic contaminants; Stable isotopes; Intrinsic markers.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00384/49532/51152.pdf
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Comparative study of potential transfer of natural and anthropogenic cadmium to plankton communities in the North-West African upwelling ArchiMer
Auger, Pierre-amael; Machu, Eric; Gorgues, Thomas; Grima, Nicolas; Waeles, Mathieu.
A Lagrangian approach based on a physical-biogeochemical modeling was used to compare the potential transfer of cadmium (Cd) from natural and anthropogenic sources to plankton communities (Cd-uptake) in the NorthWest African upwelling. In this region, coastal upwelling was estimated to be the main natural source of Cd while the most significant anthropogenic source for marine ecosystem is provided by phosphate industry. In our model experiment, Cd-uptake (natural or anthropogenic) in the North-West African upwelling is the result of an interplay between the Cd dispersion (by advection processes) and the simulated biological productivity. In the Moroccan waters, advection processes limit the residence time of water masses resulting in a low natural...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Cadmium; North-West African upwelling; Phosphate industry; Dispersion; Bioaccumulation; Plankton ecosystem.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00252/36310/35200.pdf
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Comportement chimique et geochimique des elements a l'état de traces dans l'estuaire de la Seine: Synthese des discussions ArchiMer
Guegueniat, P.
In the synthesis of discussions about the chemistry of the Seine Bay, the author after a note on natural references for metal concentrations, speaks about fluorides, nutrients, PCB, and metallic elements. In conclusion some suggestions about pollutants transfer towards ecosystems link, are enumerated.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: PCB; Fluorides; Chemical pollution; Trace metals; Food webs; Bioaccumulation; Biogeochemical cycle; Trace elements.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1985/acte-1303.pdf
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Contamination chimique du milieu marin : de la mesure à l'évaluation des risques ArchiMer
Abarnou, Alain.
This activity report entitled (“Chemical contamination of the marine environment: from measurement to risk assessment”) summarizes the main stages my career at Ifremer from November 1975 to june 2013. The first chapter deals with the seawater chlorination and chlorinated waters released into the sea, the identification and the conditions of the formation of various by-product of these processes. The second chapter concerns PCBs, their nature, their chemical analysis in environmental matrices. PCBs are considered as the best examples of persistant and bioaccumulable compounds and therefore, in all this report they are flagship contaminants to which other groups of studied substances are compared. The third chapter refers to studies performed within marine...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Chlore; Chloration de l’eau de mer; Oxydant; Bromoforme; Impact environnemental; Mécanismes réactionnels; Désinfection; Polluants organiques persistants (POP); PCB; Dioxines; HAP; PBDE; Chlordécone; Baie de Seine; Organismes marins; Moules; Poissons; Surveillance environnementale; Analyse; Bioaccumulation; Chlorine; Seawater chlorination; Oxidizing agent; Bromoform; Environmental impact; Reaction mechanisms; Disinfection; Persitsent organic pollutants (POPs); PCBs; Dioxins; PAHs; PBDEs; Chlordecone (kepone); Baie de Seine; Marine organisms; Mussel; Fish; Environmental monitoring; Chemical analysis; Bioaccumulation.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00168/27946/26237.pdf
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Contamination de l'estuaire et de la baie de Seine par le PCB-Bilan des etudes ArchiMer
Abarnou, Alain; Simon, S.
This report is a synthesis of data concerning PCB concentrations in water, sediments and organisms (Bivalvia, Malacostraca, Pisces). Water analysis shows that Seine River is the primordial factor affecting PCB dispersion in the bay. Sediment contamination is higher near estuary along Calvados coast. PCB levels in Mytilidae and in Pectinidae set the problem of polluant origin, dispersion and effects on estuarine organisms.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bioaccumulation; Sediment pollution; Water pollution; PCB; Environmental impact.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1985/acte-1319.pdf
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Contamination des crustacés décapodes par les composes organohalogénés : étude détaille de la bioaccumulation des PCB chez l'araignée de mer Maja brachydactyla ArchiMer
Bodin, Nathalie.
Marine decapod crustaceans are macrobenthic opportunist species, of great commercial interest, and can accumulate pollutants. Worrying about consumers' safety, polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs), polybromodiphenyl Ethers (PBDEs) and dioxins (PCDD/Fs) were analyzed in four crustacean species from the coastal waters of Brittany and Normandy. As regards to regulations, the consumption of crustacean muscle doesn't raise any health problems. The second objective of this study was to evaluate the biological processes influencing PCB bioaccumulation in the spider crab Maja brachydactyla. From a quantitative point of view, organotropism, diet and age were the major factors acting on contamination. From a qualitative point of view, PCB fingerprints depended on sex, and to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Food safety; Biotransformation; Biomagnification; Food webs; Stable isotopes; Decapod crustaceans; Bioaccumulation; Polychlorinated biphenyls; Organic contaminants; Sécurité sanitaire; Biotransformation; Bioamplification; Réseaux trophiques; Isotopes stables; Crustacés décapodes; Bioaccumulation; Contaminants organiques.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/these-1149.pdf
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Contrasting bioaccumulation and transport behaviour of two artificial radionuclides (Am-241 and Cs-134) in cuttlefish eggshell ArchiMer
Bustamante, Paco; Teyssie, J; Fowler, S; Warnau, M.
Radionuclide experiments were performed to study the accumulation, retention and transport of Am-241 and Cs-134 in egos of the common cuttlefish Sepia officinalis. Experiments were designed to determine the processes controlling uptake of both radionuclides following, exposure via seawater. The bioaccumulation of both radionuclides displayed saturation kinetics with steady state in uptake being reached in 10 d for Am-241 and 6 d for (CS)-C-134. Am-241 was readily taken up by the eggs which reached a concentration factor (CF) of 20 after 10 d of exposure. During embryonic development. the eggshell acted as an effective shield against Am-241 penetration with 98% of the radionuclide associated with this membrane. In contrast. (CS)-C-134 was transported across...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Cephalopods; Bioaccumulation; Biokinetics; Radionuclides.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1871.pdf
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Development of a flow-through system for the study of toxicity and bioaccumulation processes in aquatic invertebrates OMA
Blust, R.; Decleir, W..
A flow-through test system for the study of toxicity and bioaccumulation processes is described. The apparatus can operate within a very wide range of flow rates. Flow deviations are less than 2% and the variation in test-agent concentration, (determined for copper) ranges from 3 to 8%. As a practical test a copper-toxicity experiment on adult <i>Artemia</i> was carried out and the results compared with data obtained from a similar but static assay. The results indicate that: - bioassay and accumulation experiments must preferably be carried out under flow-through conditions to keep the concentration and bioavailability of the toxicant as constant as possible;- the data analysis must be based upon measured test-solution toxicant-concentrations...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bioaccumulation; Marine invertebrates; Toxicity tests.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://www.vliz.be/nl/open-marien-archief?module=ref&refid=3261
Registros recuperados: 66
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