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15Nitrogen transfer from legumes to neighbouring plants in multi-species grassland Organic Eprints
Pirhofer-Walzl, K.; Høgh-Jensen, H.; Rasmussen, J.; Rasmussen, J.; Søegaard, K.; Eriksen, J..
This study investigates the N transfer from legumes to neighbouring plants, grasses, legumes and herbs in a temperate grassland. In a field experiment white clover (Trifolium repens), red clover (Trifolium pratense) and lucerne (Medicago sativa) were leaf-labelled with 15N enriched urea. The 15N tracer was measured in above-ground plant tissue of eight neighbouring plants in two subsequent harvests in 2008. The three legumes donated 15N to all neighbouring plants, of which grasses, white and red clover were strong receivers. Results show that N transfer increases with N application and from the 1st to the 2nd cut.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/17887/4/17887.pdf
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15Nitrogen uptake from shallow- versus deep-rooted plants in multi-species mixtures and monoculture grassland Organic Eprints
Pirhofer-Walzl, K.; Høgh-Jensen, H.; Rasmussen, J.; Rasmussen, J.; Søegaard, K.; Eriksen, J..
Only few studies have explored the importance of functional diversity in temperate agricultural grasslands in relation to nitrogen (N) uptake. This study investigates the consequence of growing deep-rooted plants together with grass-clover mixtures in terms of N uptake efficiency from deep soil layers. The objective was to compare the N uptake of the shallow-rooted grassland species Lolium perenne and Trifolium repens; and the deep-rooted species Cichorium intybus and Medicago sativa in monocultures and mixtures. We hypothesized that growing deep-rooted plant species in mixture with shallow-rooted species increases the N uptake from deep soil layers partly through competition. A 15N tracer study was carried out with 15N enriched ammonium-sulphate placed at...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/17886/1/EGF_conference_for_organic_e_prints.pdf
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2016-ban is folytatódnak az ÖMKi ökológiai búzafajta összehasonlító kísérletei, minden eddiginél több fajtával és még több helyszínen Organic Eprints
Földi, Mihály.
Idén több új ökológiai búzafajta (pl. KG Vitéz, MV Bojtár, MV Ménrót, MV Mente) tesztelésére kerül sor hazánkban, a régiek mellett újabb helyszíneken is. Az új fajtákkal együtt a kísérletsorozatba bevont ökológiai búzafajtaszám eléri a százat.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Crop husbandry; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Hungary.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30122/1/os1604.pdf
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50 érv a biogazdálkodás mellett Organic Eprints
Az összeállítás az ökológiai gazdálkodás mellett szóló érveket felsorakoztatva mutatja be, hogy ez a termesztési mód milyen sokféle előnyt nyújt a társadalom számára. A fogyasztók részéről joggal mutatkozik rá egyre erősebb igény, és a szakmapolitika is megalapozottan támogatja.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Animal husbandry; Crop husbandry; Soil tillage; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/22767/1/omki%2050%20erv%20vegleges%20honlapon.pdf
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90 Argumente für den Biolandbau Organic Eprints
Schmutz, Res.
Die aufgelisteten guten Gründe für den Biolandbau zeigen auf, dass diese Landbaumethode vielfältige Vorteile bietet und deshalb zu Recht von den Konsumentinnen und Konsumenten immer stärker Zuspruch erhält und von der Politik gefördert wird. Die Liste stützt sich stark auf die FiBL Forschung ab. Viele der zitierten Quellen sind in der Datenbank OrganicEprints zugänglich. Der entsprechende Link ist jeweils bei der Quelle angegeben.
Tipo: Web product Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/9979/1/1440%2Dargumente.pdf
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90 argumentů pro ekologické zemědělství Organic Eprints
Tato publikace ukazujeme v přehledné formě výhody ekologického zemědělství. K argumentům uvádíme vysvětlení a vždy nejméně jeden odkaz na literární zdroj, který je možno vyhledat a podrobně prostudovat. Argumenty se opírají především o výsledky výzkumu, ale také o platné směrnice a předpisy pro ekologické zemědělství.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/20486/1/90argumentutext%2Dweb.pdf
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A Amazônia e os novos paradigmas de desenvolvimento rural: uma breve reflexão teórica. Organic Eprints
Bezerra, Nicolle Rafaella Costa.
O presente artigo é uma revisão de literatura elaborada a partir de uma olhar sobre os reflexos da política de modernização agrária na Amazônia no sistema tradicional de uso da terra de agricultores familiares da comunidade São João onde foram implantados sistemas agroflorestais (SAF´s) através do projeto Raízes da Terra. A metodologia utilizada mesclou abordagens quantitativas e qualitativas com a realização de entrevistas, questionários, observações e revisão de literatura em um estudo de caso constituído por 15 famílias de agricultores. As principais conclusões mostram que a implantação de SAF´s foi uma proposta idealizada e organizada por agentes externos à comunidade São João e conhecedores da realidade local, que através do projeto Raízes da Terra,...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems; Farming Systems; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/23063/1/Bezerra_Amaz%C3%B4nia.pdf
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A Combination of Traditional Turkish and Japanese. Agriculture in Afyon Bașmakçı Organic Eprints
Ersöz, Vehbi.
Farming since 1983, Vehbi Ersoz always thought there were some problems with the conventional farming methods. Using a different pesticide for each varmint and a different fertilizer for each missing substance in the soil made him question the function and procedures in conventional agriculture. Favoring a more holistic perspective in agriculture, he tried many methods to enrich the soil and increase the soil microorganisms, which in turn do the actual work. In his region he brought many leading and innovative techniques to life. Some of them are greenhouse farming, organic farming, biodynamic agriculture and Shumei method of agriculture. As a side benefit of applying many different techniques, he discovered that methods applied in one philosophy, may in...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Farm economics; Networks and ownership; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/23773/7/23773.pdf
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A communicative approach to involving farmers in protecting aesthetic and ecological landscape values Organic Eprints
Højring, Katrine; Noe, Egon.
A communicative approach to involving farmers in protecting aesthetic and ecological landscape values.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/10496/1/10496.doc
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A Credit Point System for assessing and enhancing biodiversity at the farm scale – and beyond Organic Eprints
Zellweger-Fischer, Judith; Birrer, Simon; Jenny, Markus; Stoeckli, Sibylle; Pfiffner, Lukas.
Conclusions The Credit Point System is a suitable tool to assess biodiversity at the farm scale. The resulting CPS score reflects biodiversity efforts made by farmers on their land. The CPS as an assessment tool and the uptake of biodiversity directives in a label programme for sustainable and wildlife friendly foods have opened up new perspectives towards promoting farmland biodiversity at a large scale.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/32871/1/Zellweger_et_al_2015_Teagasc_-_A_Credit_Point_System_for_assessing_and_enhancing_biodiversity_at_the_farm_scale_-_and_beyond.pdf
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A framework for a European network for a systematic environmental impact assessment of genetically modified organisms (GMO) Organic Eprints
Graef, Frieder; Römbke, Jörg; Binimelis, Rosa; Myhr, Anne Ingeborg; Hilbeck, Angelika; Breckling, Boder; Dalgaard, Tommy; Stachow, Ulrich; Catacora-Vargas, Georgina; Bohn, Thomas; Quist, David; Darvas, Béla; Dudel, Gert; Oehen, Bernadette; Meyer, Hartmut; Henle, Klaus; Wynne, Brian; Metzger, Marc J.; Knäbe, Silvio; Settele, Josef; Székács, András; Wurbs, Angelika; Bernard, Jeannette; Murphy-Bokern, Donal; Buiatti, Marcello; Giovannetti, Manuela; Debeljak, Marko; Andersen, Erling; Paetz, Andreas; Dzeroski, Saso; Tappeser, Beatrix; van Gestel, Cornelis A.M.; Wosniok, Werner; Séralini, Gilles-Eric; Aslaksen, Iulie; Pesch, Roland; Maly, Stanislav; Werner, Armin.
The assessment of the impacts of growing genetically modified (GM) crops remains a major political and scientific challenge in Europe. Concerns have been raised by the evidence of adverse and unexpected environmental effects and differing opinions on the outcomes of environmental risk assessments (ERA). The current regulatory system is hampered by insufficiently developed methods for GM crop safety testing and introduction studies. Improvement to the regulatory system needs to address the lack of well designed GM crop monitoring frameworks, professional and financial conflicts of interest within the ERA research and testing community, weaknesses in consideration of stakeholder interests and specific regional conditions, and the lack of comprehensive...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/23020/1/Graef-etal-2012-BioRisk-Vol7-p73-97.pdf
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A global synthesis of the effects of diversified farming systems on arthropod diversity within fields and across agricultural landscapes Organic Eprints
Lichtenberg, Elinor M.; Kennedy, Christina M.; Kremen, Claire; Batáry, Péter; Berendse, Frank; Bommarco, Riccardo; Bosque-Pérez, Nilsa A.; Carvalheiro, Luísa G.; Snyder, William E.; Williams, Neal M.; Winfree, Rachael; Klatt, Björn K.; Åström, Sandra; Benjamin, Faye; Brittain, Claire; Chaplin-Kramer, Rebecca; Clough, Yann; Danforth, Bryan; Diekötter, Tim; Eigenbrode, Sanford D.; Ekroos, Johan; Elle, Elizabeth; Freitas, Breno M.; Fukuda, Yuki; Gaines-Day,, Hannah R.; Grab, Heather; Gratton, Claudio; Holzschuh, Andrea; Isaacs, Rufus; Isaia, Marco; Jha, Shalene; Jonason, Dennis; Jones, Vincent P.; Klein, Alexandra-Maria; Krauss, Jochen; Letourneau, Deborah K.; Macfadyen, Sarina; Mallinger, Rachel E.; Martin, Emily A.; Martinez, Eliana; Memmott, Jane; Morandin, Lora; Neame, Lisa; Otieno, Mark; Park, Mia G.; Pfiffner, Lukas; Pocock, Michael J. O.; Ponce, Carlos; Potts, Simon G.; Poveda, Katja; Ramos, Mariangie; Rosenheim, Jay A.; Rundlöf, Maj; Sardiñas, Hillary; Saunders, Manu E.; Schon, Nicole L.; Sciligo, Amber R.; Sidhu, C. Sheena; Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf; Tscharntke, Teja; Veselý, Milan; Weisser, Wolfgang W.; Wilson, Julianna K.; Crowder, David W..
Agricultural intensification is a leading cause of global biodiversity loss, which can reduce the provisioning of ecosystem services in managed ecosystems. Organic farming and plant diversification are farm management schemes that may mitigate potential ecological harm by increasing species richness and boosting related ecosystem services to agroecosystems. What remains unclear is the extent to which farm management schemes affect biodiversity components other than species richness, and whether impacts differ across spatial scales and landscape contexts. Using a global metadataset, we quantified the effects of organic farming and plant diversification on abundance, local diversity (communities within fields), and regional diversity (communities across...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31821/1/Lichtenberg-etal-2017_GlobChangBiol_global_metastudy_arthropods_org_conv_.pdf
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A long-term field experiment demonstrates the influence of tillage on the bacterial potential to produce soil structure-stabilizing agents such as exopolysaccharides and lipopolysaccharides Organic Eprints
Cania, Barbara; Vestergaard, Gisle; Krauss, Maike; Fliessbach, Andreas; Schloter, Michael; Schulz, Stefanie.
Background: Stable soil aggregates are essential for optimal crop growth and preventing soil erosion. However, tillage is often used in agriculture to loosen the soil, which disrupts the integrity of these aggregates. Soil aggregation can be enhanced by bacteria through their ability to produce exopolysaccharides and lipopolysaccharides. These compounds stabilize soil aggregates by “gluing” soil particles together. However, it has yet to be shown how tillage influences the bacterial potential to produce aggregate-stabilizing agents. Therefore, we sampled conventional and reduced tillage treatments at 0–10 cm, 10–20 cm and 20–50 cm from a long-term field trial in Frick, Switzerland. We compared the stable aggregate fraction of the soil and the bacterial...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil biology; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/35214/1/Cania_EnvMic_2019.pdf
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A method for soil health assessment in the conversion to organic farming Organic Eprints
Mata, Macarena; Garrido, Marisol; Longhurst, Phil; Seaton, Roger.
This paper was presented at the UK Organic Research 2002 Conference of the Colloquium of Organic Researchers (COR). The regulation for the assessment of the conversion to organic farming establishes the use of soil/produce pollution and the type of agricultural practices as indicators of performance. However, these indicators don’t reflect the complexity of the soil ecosystem and soil health. Therefore, complementary indicators were sought (soil biostructure and field capacity), and a specific three-steps method for the assessment and monitoring of soil health during the conversion process was developed.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil biology; Technology transfer; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Soil quality.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://orgprints.org/8236/1/mata_soil_health_assessment_conversion.pdf
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A new European Project on cover crops Organic Eprints
Baresel, Jörg Peter; Döring, Thomas F.; Finckh, Maria R..
Poster of the summary of the EU FP7 project OSCAR.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil tillage; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/28916/1/OSCAR-ESA2012poster_4.pdf
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A New Lease on Life for Marginal Farmland: Convergence of Prairie Restoration with Biofuel Production Organic Eprints
Borsari, Bruno; Onwueme, Inno.
The prairie ecosystem that occupied most of the North American continent has been mostly converted into agricultural farmland. The looming global scarcity of fossil fuels has spurred interest in producing ethanol from corn (Zea mays) but legitimate objections remain to the idea of supporting this vision. The purpose of this study was to initiate a prairie restoration on marginal soil of a 16.2 ha. farm in southeastern Minnesota and to determine which restoration procedure (only native grass species versus a mixture of grasses and forbes) was most effective for the establishment of prairie on the land that may yield biomass for biofuels. We planted 11.4Kg./ha. of grasses on 4.7 ha. and 0.70Kg./ha. of forbs on 3.2 ha., in June 2007. An evaluation of...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/11300/1/Borsari_11300_ed.doc
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A row cropping system with cover crops for balancing weed and soil fertility management in organic cereal production Organic Eprints
Phan, Hong TT; Thorup-Kristensen, Kristian.
This manuscript shows the result from testing the new row cropping system for its ability to produce a balanced combination of inter-row hoeing and undersown cover crop in order to obtain a sufficient N supply and an effective weed control as well as to identify optimal sowing time for high biomass production and cover crop species suited for late undersowing. The new system produced a sufficient N supply and an acceptable weed control effect, leading to an improvement in the subsequent crop yield. Yield in this system is potentially improved further because some managements are suggested to increase its weed control effect, especially for the perennial creeping thistle cirsium arvense.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Nutrient turnover; Research communication and quality; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Farm nutrient management; Europe.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/35191/1/Manuscript-rowcrop%20system.pdf
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A STUDY ON THE EFFICIENCY OF LOW COST VERMICOMPOSTING STRUCTURE Organic Eprints
Sarma, Pallab; Saikia, Pinki; Baruah, Tapan.
The present study was conducted at the Dryland Technology Park ,All India Coordinated Research Project for Dryland Agriculture, Biswanath Chariali Center, Biswanath College of Agriculture, Assam Agricultural University, Biswanath Chariali, District sonitpur Assam, India during 2012 -2013 with the objective to find out the efficiency of the low cost vermicomposting unit as compared to conventional units involving higher cost of construction. The experiment was laid out in a randomized block design (RBD) with 4 treatments i.e T1: Vermicomposting with Perionyx excavates in concrete pits (Control) with dimension 2.5 m(L) X 0.91 m (B) X 0.91 m(D),T2: Vermicomposting with Perionyx excavates in low cost vermicomposting unit with dimension of 2.5 m(L) X 0.91 m...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil biology; Technology assessment; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/23720/1/23720_MM.pdf
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Aanleg en onderhoud van akkerranden: Onkruid de baas blijven Organic Eprints
Luske, Boki; Hospers-Brands, A.J.T.M.; Janmaat, Leen.
Deze brochure geeft praktische tips over de aanleg en het beheer van akkerranden. Akkerranden zijn functioneel op het landbouwbedrijf omdat ze schuilplaatsen, overwinteringsplekken en voedsel bieden voor nuttige insecten die helpen bij de plaagbeheersing. Akkerrandenbeheer past binnen geïntegreerde plaagbeheersing op het akkerbouwbedrijf maar in de praktijk lopen veel telers tegen praktische problemen aan. De ervaringen zijn daarom gebundeld in deze brochure met de do’s en don’ts voor akkerrandenbeheer.
Tipo: Other Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/30020/1/3039.pdf
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Abeilles sauvages et pollinisation Organic Eprints
Pfiffner, Lukas; Müller, Andreas.
La publication résume l’état actuel des connaissances scientifiques sur l’importance des abeilles sauvages dans la pollinisation des plantes sauvages et cultivées. Elle cite les causes actuellement connues du recul des abeilles sauvages, présente l’effet de l’agriculture biologique et propose une liste de mesures destinées à favoriser et à protéger ces pollinisateurs en plus de celles qui sont déjà appliquées.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/26321/1/1646-abeilles-sauvages.pdf
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