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A census of marine life: Unknowable or just unknown? ArchiMer
Decker, Cj; O'Dor, R.
As an introduction to the entire volume, this article outlines the relationships among the five elements of the Census of Marine Life (CoML) that create new knowledge: (1) The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), a marine component of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, links marine databases around the world to provide an Internet accessible, dynamic interface for comparing species-level, geo-referenced biodiversity data in relation to ocean habitats. The entire CoML field project data will be managed in and accessible through OBIS. (2) The History of Marine Animal Populations (HMAP) is a unique new synthesis of historical and biological research that will document marine biodiversity, globally, up to 500 years ago, before significant...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biodiversité; Recensement; Recherche; Biogéographie; Biodiversity; Census; Global; Research; Biogeography.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00322/43299/43035.pdf
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A closer look at Batillipes dicrocercus and new records of Batillipes potiguarensis (Tardigrada: Arthrotardigrada) from the Brazilian coast with comments on intra- and interspecific variability Iheringia, Sér. Zool.
Santos,Érika; Gomes Jr,Edivaldo; Rocha,Clélia M. C. da; Bartels,Paul J.; Fontoura,Paulo.
ABSTRACT Batillipes specimens collected in the Southwestern Atlantic Ocean, on the Brazilian Coast (Campos Basin and Potiguar Basin) with a bifurcated caudal appendage similar to B. dicrocercus Pollock, 1970 were assigned to B. potiguarensis Santos, da Rocha, Gomes Jr & Fontoura, 2017. This species was described as having a roundish caudal protrusion but, as shown in this study, it exhibits intraspecific variability of the morphology of the caudal apparatus. The examination of specimens of B. dicrocercus from the type locality (Massachussetts, U.S.A.) and the analysis of the original description and two subsequent emended descriptions, one from the Gulf of Mexico (U.S.A.) and another from the Mediterranean Sea, used for comparison, revealed important...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Batillipedidae; Biogeography; Meiofauna; Atlantic Ocean; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0073-47212018000100241
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A comparative study of coastal and clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa BJM
Nair,Anusree V.; Joseph,Neetha; Krishna,Kiran; Sneha,K. G.; Tom,Neenu; Jangid,Kamlesh; Nair,Shanta.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a ubiquitous Gram-negative bacterium having a versatile metabolic potential and great ecological and clinical significance. The geographical distribution of P. aeruginosahas revealed the existence of an unbiased genetic arrangement in terrestrial isolates. In contrast, there are very few reports about P. aeruginosa strains from marine environments. The present work was aimed at studying the distribution of P. aeruginosa in coastal waters along the Indian Peninsula and understanding the environmental influence on genotypic, metabolic and phenotypic characteristics by comparing marine and clinical isolates. Of the 785 marine isolates obtained on selective media, only 32 (~4.1%) were identified as P. aeruginosa, based on their fatty...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Biogeography; FAME profiling; Arbitrarily primed PCR; Environmental distribution.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822015000300725
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A Miocene perspective on the evolution of the Amazonian biota Naturalis
Wesselingh, F.P.; Salo, J.A..
Between c. 23 and 8 Ma, western Amazonia was occupied by the vast Pebas long-lived lake/wetland system. The Pebas system had a variety of influences over the evolution of Miocene and modern Amazonian biota; it formed a barrier for the exchange of terrestrial biota, a pathway for the transition of marine biota into freshwater Amazonian environments, and formed the stage of remarkable radiations of endemic molluscs and ostracods. The lithological variation of the Pebas Formation has furthermore enhanced edaphic heterogeneity in western Amazonia, sustaining present-day high terrestrial diversity in the region.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Miocene; Amazonia; Biogeography; Biodiversity; Mollusca; 42.73; 38.22.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/209738
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A new cryptic species of lizard (Sauria: Teiidae: Gymnophthalmus) from Venezuela Naturalis
Hoogmoed, M.S.; Cole, C.J.; Ayarzaguena, J..
Gymnophthalmus cryptus spec. nov. is described and illustrated on the basis of males and females collected in the Territorio Federal Amazonas, southern Venezuela. Some details on ecology and distribution are also presented. The females of G. cryptus are very similar to the unisexual Gymnophthalmus underwoodi, which also occurs in the Guianan Region. In fact, G. cryptus is one of the best candidates for future genetic research to determine whether it is the missing ancestor of G. underwoodi, a parthenogenetic species of hybrid origin (G. speciosus x G. spec.?). Two other series of previously unreported species of Gymnophthalmus from Venezuela are also discussed.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Gymnophthalmus; Teiidae; Biogeography; Guianan Region; Venezuela; 42.82.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/318307
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A new deep-sea isopod from the Weddell Sea, Antarctica: Coperonus pinguis n. sp. (Crustacea, Isopoda, Munnopsidae) Naturalis
Brandt, Angelika.
A new species of Coperonus, C. pinguis, is described from the Antarctic deep sea. It is the first record of an Antarctic deep-sea species in this genus and the southernmost record of Coperonus.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Taxonomy; Biogeography; Antarctica; Weddell Sea; Deep sea; Coperonus.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/503974
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A new genus and species of characid fish from the Amazon basin: the recognition of a relictual lineage of characid fishes (Ostariophysi: Cheirodontinae: Cheirodontini) Neotropical Ichthyology
Bührnheim,Cristina M.; Carvalho,Tiago P.; Malabarba,Luiz R.; Weitzman,Stanley H..
Amazonspinther dalmata, a new miniature characid from the streams of rio Purus and rio Madeira, right bank tributaries of the rio Amazonas, is described as a new genus and species of the subfamily Cheirodontinae. The unique characters of the new genus and species are the three remarkable black blotches on the base of the dorsal, anal, and caudal fins, the anteriormost proximal radial of the anal fin with an anteriorly extended lamina entering the abdominal cavity, and the extremely elongate caudal peduncle. The reduced number of ventral procurrent caudal-fin rays (7-9), and the hemal spines of only posterior one, two, or sometimes three caudal vertebrae directly articulating with the ventral procurrent caudal-fin rays further diagnoses the new taxon from...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Phylogeny; Biogeography; Miniaturization; Spintherobolus; Priocharax.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1679-62252008000400016
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A new Silver Dollar species of Metynnis Cope, 1878 (Characiformes: Serrasalmidae) from Northwestern Brazil and Southern Venezuela Neotropical Ichthyology
Ota,Rafaela Priscila; Py-Daniel,Lúcia Helena Rapp; Jégu,Michel.
ABSTRACT A new Metynnis is described from the rio Negro in Brazil and Venezuela, and from black- or clearwater tributaries in Brazil including the rios Parauari, Uatumã, Trombetas, and Sucunduri (the latter belonging to the rio Madeira basin). The new species can be distinguished readily from all congeners by having a high concentration of dark chromatophores on the lateral line scales. It can be further distinguished by the combination of head length 24.3-27.5% of SL, 13-18 gill-rakers on upper limb and 16-24 gill-rakers on lower limb. The new species is most similar to and likely most closely related to Metynnis hypsauchen . These two species share a similar color pattern, body shape and sexual dimorphism of the anal fin. However, they differ in that M....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biogeography; Metynnis hypsauchen; Osteological description; Phylogeny; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1679-62252016000400205
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A new species of Austrolebias Costa (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) from northeastern Uruguay, with comments on distribution patterns Neotropical Ichthyology
Loureiro,Marcelo; Duarte,Alejandro; Zarucki,Matías.
A new species of Austrolebias is described based on individuals from the middle and upper río Negro (río Uruguay basin) and río Yaguarón (Patos-Merín system). The new species can be differentiated from all other species of the genus by the unique presence in males of uniform bluish gray pigmentation on flanks (without vertical bands) and unpaired fins. The new species is also distinguished by the combination of characters associated with a reduction of the squamation of the abdominal, preopercular, and opercular regions. The new species presents some morphological characteristics similar to A. gymnoventris and A. luteoflammulatus. The distribution of the new species is concordant with three other species of Austrolebias and may represent a case of drainage...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Annual fishes; Biogeography; Systematics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1679-62252011000200010
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A new species of Gangara Moore (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae), with a note on the genus Naturalis
Jong, R. de.
A new species, Gangara tumpa, is described from N. Sulawesi. The monophyly, phylogeny and biogeography of the genus are discussed, also in relation to related genera.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Lepidoptera; Hesperiidae; Gangara; Phylogeny; Biogeography; Oriental Region; 42.75.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/318620
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A new species of Hemigrammus Gill, 1858 (Characiformes: Characidae) from the rio Madeira and rio Paraguai basins, with a redescription of H. lunatus Neotropical Ichthyology
Ota,Rafaela P.; Lima,Flávio C. T.; Pavanelli,Carla S..
A new Hemigrammusis described from the rio Paraguai and rio Madeira basins, Mato Grosso and Rondônia States, Brazil. The new species is characterized by possessing a wide dark horizontal stripe across the eye, a vertically elongated humeral blotch, and 4-5 gill-rakers on upper branch and 9-10 on lower. The new species can be easily diagnosed from H. lunatus, the sympatric and morphologically most similar congener, by the shape of humeral blotch and the number of gill rakers. Data of the type material of both Hemigrammus lunatus and H. maxillaris, as well as extensive examination of specimens, allowed us to conclude that H. maxillarisis a junior subjective synonym of H. lunatus. A redescription of H. lunatus, as well as a formal restriction of its type...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biogeography; Characidae incertae sedis; Hemigrammus maxillaris; Hemigrammus ulreyi; Type locality.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1679-62252014000200265
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A new species of Hyphessobrycon Durbin (Characiformes: Characidae) from the middle rio São Francisco and upper and middle rio Tocantins basins, Brazil, with comments on its biogeographic history Neotropical Ichthyology
Dagosta,Fernando C. P.; Marinho,Manoela M. F.; Camelier,Priscila.
A new species of Hyphessobrycon Durbin is described from tributaries of the rio Grande (rio São Francisco basin) draining east to the Serra Geral de Goiás, of the rio São Domingos (upper rio Tocantins basin) and rio do Sono basins (middle rio Tocantins basin). Hyphessobrycondiastatos can be diagnosed from its congeners by the absence of humeral spot, 15-18 branched anal-fin rays, 1-3 maxillary conical to tricuspid teeth, a relatively well-defined dark caudal-peduncle spot, and elongation of dorsal- and anal-fin rays in mature males. The biogeographical significance of the distribution of the new species is evaluated and discussed.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Adipose fin; Biogeography; Headwater capture; Serra Geral de Goiás; Sexual dimorphism.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1679-62252014000200365
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A new species of Serracutisoma (Opiliones: Gonyleptidae: Goniosomatinae) from the coastal Atlantic Rain Forest of Paraná and São Paulo states, Brazil Rev. Bras. Zool.
DaSilva,Marcio B..
Serracutisoma gnaspinii sp. nov. is described from the coastal Ombrophylous Dense Atlantic Rain Forest of Paraná and São Paulo states. It differs from other Serracutisoma by having a retrolateral row of spines on femur IV, a rounded white-mark on the carapace and a low dorsal apophysis on trochanter IV. It is likely the sister-species of S. proximum, and with it and other five species forms the S. proximum group, herein formally proposed. Given that the biologic, phylogenetic and biogeographic aspects of Serracutisoma have been studied, the implications of the discovery of a new species are discussed, for instance the evolution of male fight, aggregation and maternal care, traits that are shared with other species. The geographic range of Serracutisoma...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Alpha and beta males; Biogeography; Territorial fights; Tropical Rain Forest; Vicariance.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702014000400008
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A perspective on the census of marine life. The role of natural history institutions for this programme ArchiMer
Pierrot-bults, Ac.
The Census of marine life programme (CoML) is expected to generate a large amount of information on the diversity, distribution, and abundance of marine communities, many of them new or poorly known. Institutions such as natural history museums can play a crucial role in providing the necessary tools to allow the CoML to advance knowledge in the fields of marine systematics and biogeography. These institutions can contribute taxonomic expertise to provide quality-controlled identifications of species; specimen collections to allow for cross-checking of occurrences and a historical context for new data; information, both paper and electronic, on taxonomy, ecology and other topics to enable researchers to review past work; education opportunities to inform...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Taxonomie; Biogéographie; Communautés marines; Taxonomy; Biogeography; Marine communities.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00322/43300/43036.pdf
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A portal for the ocean biogeographic information system ArchiMer
Zhang, Yq; Grassle, Jf.
Since its inception in 1999 the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) has developed into an international science program as well as a globally distributed network of biogeographic databases. An OBIS portal at Rutgers University provides the links and functional interoperability among member database systems. Protocols and standards have been established to support effective communication between the portal and these functional units. The portal provides distributed data searching, a taxonomy name service, a GIS with access to relevant environmental data, biological modeling, and education modules for mariners, students, environmental managers, and scientists. The portal will integrate Census of Marine Life field projects, national data archives,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: OBIS; Portail; Biogéographie; OBIS; Portal; Biogeography.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00322/43301/43037.pdf
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A review of the systematic biology of fossil and living bony-tongue fishes, Osteoglossomorpha (Actinopterygii: Teleostei) Neotropical Ichthyology
Hilton,Eric J.; Lavoué,Sébastien.
ABSTRACT The bony-tongue fishes, Osteoglossomorpha, have been the focus of a great deal of morphological, systematic, and evolutionary study, due in part to their basal position among extant teleostean fishes. This group includes the mooneyes (Hiodontidae), knifefishes (Notopteridae), the abu (Gymnarchidae), elephantfishes (Mormyridae), arawanas and pirarucu (Osteoglossidae), and the African butterfly fish (Pantodontidae). This morphologically heterogeneous group also has a long and diverse fossil record, including taxa from all continents and both freshwater and marine deposits. The phylogenetic relationships among most extant osteoglossomorph families are widely agreed upon. However, there is still much to discover about the systematic biology of these...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biogeography; Osteoglossidae; Paleontology; Phylogeny; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1679-62252018000300304
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A taxonomic, phylogenetic and biogeographic study of the genus Acanthophora (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta) Naturalis
Jong, Yde S.D.M. de; Hitipeuw, Creusa; Prud’homme van Reine, Willem F..
A cladistic analysis, based on a taxonomic revision is carried out for 7 Acanthophora species using 19 characters. Hypotheses on species affinities are based primarily on morphological characters. Because most species show only few distinctive characters, emphasis was placed on features of spine development, either in relation to vegetative or to reproductive structures. Global distribution of 7 Acanthophora species: viz. A. aokii, A. dendroides, A. muscoides, A. nayadiformis, A. pacifica, A. ramulosa, and A. spicifera, shows a discontinuous pattern. Although widely distributed species are present (A. muscoides and A. spicifera), a disjunct distribution of other species occurs in the Pacific (A. aokii), Indian Ocean (A. dendroides), East-Atlantic region...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Rhodomelaceae; Rhodophyta; Biogeography; Phylogenetics; Seaweeds; Taxonomy.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/525490
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A taxonomic revision of Bulbophyllum, sections Adelopetalum, Lepanthanthe, Macrouris, Pelma, Peltopus, and Uncifera (Orchidaceae) Naturalis
Vermeulen, J.J..
A revision is presented of six sections of the genus Bulbophyllum (Orchidaceae): sect. Adelopetalum (mainly occurring in Australia), sect. Lepanthanthe, sect. Macrouris, sect. Pelma, sect. Peltopus, and sect. Uncifera (all mainly occurring in New Guinea). Together these include 110 species and 9 subspecies. Fortyseven species and 4 subspecies are new; they are either described in this revision or in precursors to this revision. The genus Dactylorhynchus is reduced to Bulbophyllum. Keys to the species, as well as synonymy, descriptions and illustrations of each species are provided. Some aspects of the morphology of the plants are discussed. A cladistic analysis of each revised section is given. A method to select the closest outgroup species from a number...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Orchidaceae; Bulbophyllum; East Malesia; New Guinea; Australia; Cladistics; Biogeography.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/509470
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A taxonomic revision of the Neotropical electric fish genus Brachyhypopomus (Ostariophysi: Gymnotiformes: Hypopomidae), with descriptions of 15 new species Neotropical Ichthyology
Crampton,William G. R.; Santana,Carlos D. de; Waddell,Joseph C.; Lovejoy,Nathan R..
ABSTRACT The bluntnose knifefish genus BrachyhypopomusMago-Leccia, 1994, is diagnosed from other Rhamphichthyoidea (Rhamphichthyidae + Hypopomidae) by the presence of a disk-like ossification in the anterior portion of the palatoquadrate, and by the following external characters: short snout, 18.7-32.6% of head length (vs. 33.3-68.6% in Hypopomus, Gymnorhamphichthys, Iracema, and Rhamphichthys), absence of a paired accessory electric organ in the mental or humeral region (vs. presence in Hypopygus and Steatogenys), presence of 3-4 pectoral proximal radials (vs. 5 in Akawaio), presence of the antorbital + infraorbital, and the preopercular cephalic lateral line canal bones (vs. absence in Racenisia). Brachyhypopomus cannot be diagnosed unambiguously from...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biogeography; Bluntnose knifefish; Electroreception; Identification key; Rhamphichthyoidea.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1679-62252016000400002
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A taxonomic survey of seaweeds from Eritrea Naturalis
Ateweberhan, M.; Prud’homme van Reine, W.F..
A survey of seaweeds was made in Eritrea in December 1995 and January 1996 on some islands of the Dahlak Archipelago and the surroundings of the port town of Massawa. During our study 101 specific and infraspecific taxa were identified, including 26 Chlorophyta, 20 Phaeophyta and 55 Rhodophyta. The survey resulted in 36 new records for Eritrea (11 Chlorophyta, 7 Phaeophyta and 18 Rhodophyta). Of these Eritrean records, 26 are new for the Red Sea (5 Chlorophyta, 4 Phaeophyta and 17 Rhodophyta). Comparison of records of seaweeds from localities in Eritrea to those from other localities in Eritrea as well as from other coasts of the western Indian Ocean have revealed that the regional distribution of seaweeds in the Red Sea is very patchy and that generally...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Benthic marine macroalgae; Biogeography; Eritrea; Red Sea; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/524925
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