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Registros recuperados: 4
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Bioaccumulation of Hg, Cu, and Zn in the Azores triple junction hydrotherinal vent fields food web ArchiMer
Colaco, Ana; Bustamante, Paco; Fouquet, Yves; Sarradin, Pierre-marie; Serrao Santos, R.
In this work, mercury (Hg), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) concentrations and tissue distribution are determined in seven benthic invertebrates species (the key species) from the Mid Atlantic Ridge (MAR) hydrothermal vent fields. The samples were collected from three hydrothermal vent fields - Menez Gwen, 840 m;, Lucky Strike, 1700 m and Rainbow, 2300 m - near the Azores Triple Junction. These fields are characterized by different depths, geological context and chemical composition of the hydrothermal fluid, particularly the metal content, which is reflected by the metal concentrations in the organisms. Indeed, our results show that organisms from Menez Gwen presented the highest Hg concentrations, while those from Lucky Strike and Rainbow were richer in Cu and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mid Atlantic Ridge; Trophic relations; Trophic transfer; Biomagnification; Vent ecosystems; Heavy metals.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-2305.pdf
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Caractérisation et modélisation des processus de bioaccumulation des PCB chez le merlu (Merluccius merluccius) du golfe du Lion ArchiMer
Bodiguel, Xavier.
Understanding bioaccumulation mechanisms of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) is a major issue for environmental risk assessment. In this work, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), a model contaminant family, has been studied in the European hake (Merluccius merluccius), a high trophic level species from the Gulf of Lions. High concentrations of PCBs were measured in hake from this area compared to those encountered in the population of the Bay of Biscay. PCB biomagnification was highlighted along its food web from marine phytoplankton, suggesting a strong influence of diet on contamination levels. The role of other biological processes was also apprehended in order to understand the high variability of observed levels. Thus, growth, sex, and also the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: DEB theory; Bioenergetic model; Gulf of Lions; Biomagnification; Food web; Hake; Bioaccumulation; Polychlorinated biphenyls; Organic contaminants; Théorie DEB; Modèle bioenergétique; Golfe du Lion; Bioamplification; Réseau trophique; Merlu; Bioaccumulation; Polychlorobiphényles; Contaminants organiques.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/these-6490.pdf
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Contaminação por mercúrio em sedimento e moluscos da Bacia do rio Bento Gomes, MT. Infoteca-e
VIEIRA, L. M.; ALHO, C. J. R..
Os níveis de mercúrio total detectados no sedimento e tecidos moles de moluscos gastrópodos provenientes da bacia hidrográfica do rio Bento Gomes, embora baixos, mostraram indícios de contaminação. De um total de 69 amostras de sedimento analisadas, 26% apresentaram níveis de mercúrio total variando de 0,01 a 0,25 µg.g-1 de mercúrio (peso úmido). Os níveis de mercúrio obtidos em 54 amostras dos moluscos Ampullaria scalaris; A. canaliculata e Marisa planogira evidenciaram que 39% estavam contaminadas com níveis variando de 0,02 a 1,6 µg.g-1 de peso úmido. Estes resultados indicam que o mercúrio utilizado na extração de ouro de aluvião está atingindo o ambiente aquático e contaminado o sedimento e os organismos bentônicos desta área do Pantanal.
Tipo: Boletim de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Molusco; Biomagnificação; Mercúrio; Sedimento; Pantanal; Mollusc; Biomagnification; Mercury; Sediment; Pantanal wetland.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/811631
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Contamination des crustacés décapodes par les composes organohalogénés : étude détaille de la bioaccumulation des PCB chez l'araignée de mer Maja brachydactyla ArchiMer
Bodin, Nathalie.
Marine decapod crustaceans are macrobenthic opportunist species, of great commercial interest, and can accumulate pollutants. Worrying about consumers' safety, polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs), polybromodiphenyl Ethers (PBDEs) and dioxins (PCDD/Fs) were analyzed in four crustacean species from the coastal waters of Brittany and Normandy. As regards to regulations, the consumption of crustacean muscle doesn't raise any health problems. The second objective of this study was to evaluate the biological processes influencing PCB bioaccumulation in the spider crab Maja brachydactyla. From a quantitative point of view, organotropism, diet and age were the major factors acting on contamination. From a qualitative point of view, PCB fingerprints depended on sex, and to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Food safety; Biotransformation; Biomagnification; Food webs; Stable isotopes; Decapod crustaceans; Bioaccumulation; Polychlorinated biphenyls; Organic contaminants; Sécurité sanitaire; Biotransformation; Bioamplification; Réseaux trophiques; Isotopes stables; Crustacés décapodes; Bioaccumulation; Contaminants organiques.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/these-1149.pdf
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