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A Morphological and Biometric Study of the Infraorbital Foramen (E2 - Sibai Point) in Adult Skulls International Journal of Morphology
Oliveira Junior,E. M. de; Moreira,R. T; Neto,B. L; Silva,C. M. F. da; Lima,F. J. C.
The objective of this work was to study the morphology and biometry of the infraorbital foramen (FIO), variations in its shape, size and number as well as to obtain measurements of its location. 60 dry skulls were analyzed. The test of Qui-quadrant and the T Test were used in measurements with a 5% significance. On the right side, the FIO was measured at a distance of 6.49(±1.68) mm from the lower, 39.65(±3) mm from the upper, 17.7(±2.97) mm from the medial and 20.46(±2.9) mm from the lateral margin of the orbit; its pear-shaped opening distance was 13.67(±2.17) mm. On the left side, the distance of the FIO to the lower margin of the orbit was 6.52(±1.82) mm; to the upper margin was 39.9(±2.62) mm and to the lateral and medial margin were 17.93(±2.58) mm...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Infraorbital foramen (E2-Sibai Point); Acupuncture; Biometry.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022012000300036
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Additions to the revision of the genus Hemistephanus Enderlein (Hymenoptera: Stephanidae), with inclusion of four taxa and description of two new species Pap. Avulsos de Zool. (São Paulo)
Aguiar,Alexandre Pires.
Four additional species are included in the genus Hemistephanus: H. villosus (Kieffer) comb. n. and H. colombiensis (Ceballos) comb. n., transferred from Megischus and redescribed, and H. costaricensis sp. n. and H. stenogulatus sp. n., described as new; H. artiosulcatus Aguiar is proposed as a junior synonym of H. villosus Kieffer. The males of H. arctatus, H. colombiensis, H. submaculatus, and H. villosus are described for the first time. Much new or additional morphometric data is incorporated and discussed for these species and for H. carinatus, H. erugatus, H. erythrocephalus, H. limpidipennis, H. orfilanus, H. ruficeps, and H. velutinus. New geographical records are presented for all mentioned species and for H. cylindricus. Errata for publications...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biometry; Key; Megischus; Neotropical; Central America.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0031-10492004000200001
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An Attempt to Determine the Size of Biometric Differences in the Skull of Two Colour Variants of American Mink (Neovison vison) International Journal of Morphology
Baranowski,Piotr; Pezinska-Kijak,Katarzyna; Felska-Blaszczyk,Lidia; Zuk,Krzysztof; Nowak,Piotr; Kosecka,Joanna; Oczeretko,Kamila; Chukwu,Peter; Mazur,Pawel.
This study aimed at answering the question whether production of new colour variants of American mink in mink farms using mutations may entail changes in skull morphology and relationships between the bone elements building it. Analyses were made on the skulls of 56 eight-month-old males and females of two American mink colour variants (standard Brown and mutant Sapphire) from the same farm. Mean values, standard deviations and coefficients of variation were determined for carcass weight, cranial and mandibular weights and 7 dorsal surface, 8 lateral surface and 11 basal surface traits of the skull. The values of 24 cranial and mandibular indices and the values of sexual size dimorphism (SSD), i.e. a coefficient describing differences between sexes, were...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Biometry; Neovison vison; Viscerocranium; Neurocranium; Skull.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022014000300024
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Avaliação da produtividade agrícola da cana-planta e cana-soca sob diferentes espaçamentos entre plantas para produção de açúcar e etanol. Infoteca-e
SILVA, F. C. da; ANTONIOLLI, A.; FREITAS, P. L. de; ZOTELLI, H. B.; DONAGEMMA, G. K.; MAMEDE, R. de Q.; PIRES, R. F.; CARVALHO, J. R. P. de; SCHIAVINATO, S. R..
Para avaliar a influência da variação do espaçamento entre linhas na produtividade e na qualidade da cana-de-açúcar para produção de etanol e açúcar foi instalado um experimento em gleba sob reforma na área agrícola da Usina Renuka - Unidade Madhu. Tal unidade sucroalcooleira, localizada na Bacia do Médio Rio Tietê, com área agrícola no Município de Guaiçara, SP, é uma das cinco maiores do mundo, com capacidade de moagem de 6,5 milhões de toneladas de cana-de-açúcar por ano.
Tipo: Boletim de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Cana-de-açúcar; Espaçamento de plantio; Reforma de canavial; Espaçamento de base larga; Qualidade tecnológica; Sugar cane reform area; Wide base spacing; Sugar cane biometrics; Produtividade; Biometria; Sugarcane; Biometry.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1039010
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Biometria e métodos para superação da dormência de sementes de taxi-branco, Sclerolobium paniculatum Vogel. Infoteca-e
CARVALHO, J. E. U. de; FIGUEIREDO, F. J. C..
bitstream/item/42025/1/Boletim-Pesquisa-114-CPATU.pdf
Tipo: Séries anteriores (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Taxi-branco; Belém; Pará; Brasil; Leguminous; Seed.; Biometria; Dormência; Germinação; Leguminosa; Semente.; Sclerolobium Paniculatum; Amazonia; Germination.; Biometry; Dormancy.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/382566
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Biometric and statistical investigations on the cnidoma of the genus Hydra (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) Iheringia, Sér. Zool.
Deserti,Maria I.; Zamponi,Mauricio O..
This paper deals about the nematocysts like a source of biometric information for comparison between the species Hydra vulgaris Pallas, 1766, Hydra vulgaris pedunculata Deserti et al., 2011 and Hydra pseudoligactis (Hyman, 1931). This biometric tool lets us carry out statistical comparisons and adding these results to the identification of specimens from different classificatory groups. In this particular study, we obtained significant differences between species, individuals of each species and nematocysts type when compared the biometry of its nematocysts. Another result was the variation in of particular nematocysts, like atrichous isorhiza and holotrichous isorhiza for the species H. vulgaris in relation to the column size.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Nematocysts; Biometry; Statistical analysis.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0073-47212012000300008
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Biometry of Hard Palate on Digital Photographs: A Methodology for Quantitative Measurements International Journal of Morphology
Saviolo Moreira,Rafael; Alexandre Sgrott,Emerson; Seiji,Fernando; Luiz Smith,Ricardo.
The objective of this paper is to establish, validate and test the reproducibility and accuracy of a digital method to measure linear and angular distances in human hard palate of dry skulls. Digital photographs were made in 10 human adult skulls and measurements were made with the aid of AutoCAD software and with a digital caliper in the same skulls by one observer in a blind fashion to compare both methods. To validate the digital method, measurements was made in 20 skulls by 3 observers. The differences of the measurements were not statistically significant between both method and between the 3 observers. The use of digital cameras followed by image analysis with AutoCAD, a software initially developed for engineering and architecture, revealed to be an...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Biometry; Palate; Digital photography; Anthropometry.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022006000100004
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Biometry of the Skull of Wild and Farm Long-tailed Chinchilla (Chinchilla laniger, Molina, 1782) International Journal of Morphology
Baranowski,Piotr; Wróblewska,Magdalena; Nowak,Piotr; Pezinska,Katarzyna.
This study aimed at presenting the values of 47 metric traits and 20 cranial indices of the skull of 291 mature farm chinchillas and comparing these data with those being determined on 32 chinchilla skull specimens from the Natural History Museum in London. Measurements of the viscerocranium, neurocranium and mandible parameters were taken. No normal distribution of these traits was observed. The values of selected Spearman's rank correlation coefficients were calculated. It was found that most cranial traits of the farm chinchillas showed statistically significantly higher values (P0.01) when compared to those being determined on the skulls of museum specimens. The effect of the farm environment, in which the farm chinchillas had been kept for many...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Biometry; Chinchilla; Viscerocranium; Neurocranium; Skull.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022013000300038
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Biometry of Trypanosoma vivax found in a calf in the state of Maranhão, Brazil Ciência Rural
Guerra,Rita de Maria Seabra Nogueira de Candanedo; Feitosa Júnior,Assuero Batista; Santos,Hamilton Pereira; Abreu-Silva,Ana Lúcia; Santos,Ana Clara Gomes dos.
Blood samples from cattle presenting signs of anemia, lethargy, weakness and general weight loss were collected. Trypanosoma vivax was detected in the blood smears of a calf. This paper reports the first recorded occurrence of T. vivax in the state of Maranhão, northeastern region of Brazil, and provides the biometrical data of the parasite.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Trypanosoma vivax; Maranhão; Bovine; Biometry.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782008000300041
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Body weight-length relationships in giant otters (Pteronura brasiliensis) (Carnivora, Mustelidae) BABT
Rosas,Fernando César Weber; Rocha,Carla Soares da; Mattos,Gália Ely de; Lazzarini,Stella Maris.
Few giant otters (Pteronura brasiliensis) have been measured and weighed and its actual size is controversial in the literature. This study presents the weight-length relationship of Amazonian giant otters using 15 captive individuals. The maximum length and weight were 163cm and 22.5kg, and 162cm and 28.8kg, for the males and females, respectively. The weight-length relationships were not significantly different between the sexes (t = 0.658, d.f.=11, P>0.05) and can be expressed by the equation: W=1.48x10-5 L2.81. Considering that some of the giant otters used in this study were old individuals (more than 10 years old), and that all the animals analyzed were healthy, it is possible to assume that the weight-length relationships obtained are probably a...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Giant otters; Pteronura brasiliensis; Biometry; Amazonia; Threatened species.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132009000300010
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Brief history of Eucalyptus breeding in Brazil under perspective of biometric advances Ciência Rural
Castro,Carla Aparecida de Oliveira; Resende,Rafael Tassinari; Bhering,Leonardo Lopes; Cruz,Cosme Damião.
ABSTRACT: Forest breeding is a science that has been developing in Brazil since 1941 being the Eucalyptus a highlighted genus in this scenario. In a global scene, Brazil is displayed prominently in productivity of Eucalyptus planting, due to favorable environmental conditions to cultivation development, and the incentive in research for improvement of traits of interest t observed in it species and hybrids. This research included a historical review of Eucalyptus breeding over the years under genetic biometric perspective in Brazil, from reports describing the pioneer planting up to the current genome wide selection (GWS) that came as a complement of forest breeding success. This review showed some of the tracks performed by researchers aiming to improve...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Genetics; Crossing; History; Current scenario; Biometry; Genomic.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782016000901585
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CHARACTERIZATION OF MANGABEIRA TREES AND FRUITS IN THE SAVANNAH-RESTINGA TRANSITION ZONE Rev. Bras. Frutic.
SILVA,LARISSA DE PAULA VIANA DA; ARAUJO,JOSÉ RIBAMAR GUSMÃO; ROCHA,ARIADNE ENES; CARVALHO,MARY JANE NUNES; BRAUN,HEDER; MESQUITA,MÁRIO LUIZ RIBEIRO.
ABSTRACT Brazil is the third largest fruit producer in the world, but many native fruits remain underexploited, as is the case for mangabeira (Hancornia speciosa Gomes). Little is known about general aspects of this species in its naturally occurring environment. Thus, this study aimed to characterize plant and fruit morphologies from native mangabeira selections in the Savannah-Restinga vegetation transition zone. The experiment was carried out in Patizal, Recanto and Recurso villages located in the Morros municipality, Maranhão State, dominated by extensive Savannah-Restinga vegetation transition zone with naturally occurring mangabeiras. Forty five mangabeira trees were randomly chosen from native selections in the three villages. Data collected were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Hancornia speciosa Gomes; Native selections; Biometry.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-29452017000400703
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Cluster evaluation of Brazilian and Moroccan goat populations using physical measurements R. Bras. Zootec.
Pires,Luanna Chácara; Machado,Théa Mírian Medeiros; Araújo,Adriana Mello de; Silva,João Batista Lopes da; Euclydes,Ricardo Frederico; Costa,Márcio da Silva; Olson,Timothy Aanen.
The aim of this study was to compare the genetic diversity of 12 populations of goats in Brazil and Morocco (n = 796) through the use of physical measurements and different multivariate techniques. Traits measured included wither height (WH), distance from the brisket to the ground (BH) and ear length (EL). The standardized Euclidean distance (D) was adopted. The D values were submitted to clustering analysis using hierarchical methods (from nearest neighbor and UPGMA - Unweighted Pair Group Method with Arithmetic Mean) and the numbers of clusters were analyzed using the Tocher optimization method. The population clustering was different depending on the method of analysis used. Among the hierarchical methods, UPGMA showed the best fit (CCC = 0.82). The...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biometry; Divergence genetic; Genetic resources; Multivariate; Zoometric indexes.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982013001000004
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Do the structures of macaw palm fruit protect seeds in a fire-prone environment? Acta Botanica
Bicalho,Elisa Monteze; Rosa,Bruno Luan; Souza,Anna Elisa de; Rios,Camilla Oliveira; Pereira,Eduardo Gusmão.
ABSTRACT Fire is an abiotic disturbance that regulates vegetation structure and biodiversity. Some plant species have adapted to fire prone environments by evolving protective structures. Acrocomia aculeata (macaw palm) is widely distributed throughout tropical America, and is found in environments continuously influenced by anthropogenic fire. We aimed to determine whether the fruit characteristics of A. aculeata enable seeds to resist the effects of fire and also the consequent effects of fire on fruit biometric traits and embryo viability. After a fire event in a region of pasture-forest transition, we marked 30 individuals of A. aculeata. The trees were separated by UPGMA analysis into 5 groups according to fire exposure, ranging from trees with no...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Acrocomia aculeata; Biometry; Burning; Climate change; Seed viability.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33062016000400540
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Donnees preliminaires sur les caracteres biometriques des anchois Engraulis encrasicolus (Linne, 1758) des cotes de Tunisie et du Lac Ichkeul ArchiMer
Quignard, J.p; Hamdouni, T; Zaouali, J.
Researchers have studied the number of rays in the dorsal and anal fins, the number of branchiospines and of vertebrae of the anchovies of the Tunisian coast. Regarding the number of vertebrae, the anchovies of the North West belong to the 'West Mediterranean' group and those of the North East and South East to the 'East Mediterranean' group, according to Fage's classification. The anchovies found in Lake Ishkeul are well individualised morphologically and biologically speaking and could be classified in the large group of the anchovies living in Mediterranean brackish waters; the number of their vertebrae is slightly inferior to that of the groups living in the neighbouring sea waters.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Tunisia; Mediterranean sea; Geographical distribution; Anchovy; Vertebrae; Branchiospine; Biometry; Engraulis.
Ano: 1973 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1973/publication-2162.pdf
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Estimation of total leaf area and D leaf area of pineapple from biometric characteristics Rev. Bras. Frutic.
Santos,Marlúcia Pereira dos; Maia,Victor Martins; Oliveira,Fernanda Soares; Pegoraro,Rodinei Facco; Santos,Silvânio Rodrigues dos; Aspiazú,Ignacio.
Abstract The estimation of pineapple total leaf area by simple, fast and non-destructive methods allow inferences related to carbon fixation estimative, biotic and abiotic damages and correlating positively with yield. The objective was to estimate D leaf area and total leaf area and of ‘Pérola’ pineapple plants from biometric measurements. For this purpose, 125 slips were selected and standardized by weight for planting in pots. Nine months after planting in a greenhouse, the plants were harvested to evaluate the total leaf area of the plant, D leaf area and D leaf length and width using a portable leaf area meter. Pearson correlation analysis was made and it was observed significative positive and strong correlation among the studied variables. Then,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Ananas comosus var. comosus; Correlation; Biometry; ‘Pérola’.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-29452018000600602
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Estimativa do percentual de casca e do fator de forma em povoamentos jovens de teca(Tectona grandis L. f.). Infoteca-e
FIGUEIREDO, E. O.; SCOLFORO, J. R. S.; OLIVEIRA, A. D. de.
Um dos principais objetivos nos diagnósticos florestais é a obtenção de estimativas de volume total e comercial de madeira. Para isso existem metodologias que propiciam diferentes detalhamentos destas informações, como as funções de afilamentos e as equações de volume, dentre outras. Porém, em levantamentos rápidos, o fator de forma e as estimativas de percentual de casca podem ser empregados com segurança. O percentual de casca é um dos aspectos mais importantes no processo de avaliação de povoamentos florestais implantados, visto que, em algumas espécies florestais e em função da idade, o volume de casca representa um significativo percentual do volume total. Para teca, o comércio de toras é feito com base no diâmetro da extremidade mais fina da tora sem...
Tipo: Comunicado Técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Teak; Tecnona grandis; Form factor; Fator de forma; Factor de forma; Dendrometry; Análisis estadístico; Corteza; Rodales.; Teca; Povoamento florestal; Análise estatística; Biometria; Casca; Dendrometria.; Forest stands; Bark.; Biometry; Statistical analysis.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/510535
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Etude biometrique et remarques concernant la population de Raja clavata Linne, 1758 du plateau continental casablancais (Maroc atlantique) ArchiMer
Aloncle, Henri.
During the hypotremata (l) study undertaken while we were in Morocco (1959-1967), we happened upon large batches of Raja clavata Linné, 1758. The abundance of the material thus made available to us prompted us to study a little more closely this species that is very widely dominant between -150 and -200m on the Casablanca continental shelf.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Casablanca; Continental shelf; Raja clavata; Biometry; Accroissement; Maroc atlantique; Hypotremata; Raja clavata; Etude biometrique.
Ano: 1980 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1980/publication-1942.pdf
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Etude morphologique du loup Dicentrarchus labrax L. de la region de Sete ArchiMer
Barnabe, Gilbert.
Sampling of a population of D. Labrax was one with spear diving catches. Morphometric and meristic data were used to calculate a biometric index. This index showed that all the bass of the Sete area belong to Dicentrarchus labrax, even if they were black spotted on the upper part of the body. Morphology was slightly different according to sex, but sex determination was not always possible using morphometric data. This inshore population shows some morphological characteristics (branchiospine and lateral line scale number) different from the data collected on the same sp along the Maroc Atlantic coast by Gravier, 1961.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mediterranean sea; Biometry; Anatomy; Morphology; Dicentrarchus labrax.
Ano: 1973 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1973/publication-2153.pdf
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Évaluation des potentialités de l'IRM pour la recherche sur la Physiologie des Bivalves Premiers résultats anatomiques et perspectives ArchiMer
Pouvreau, Stephane; Davenel, A; Quellec, S; Rambeau, M.
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) is increasingly used in biology and the appearance of imaging and structural and/or metabolic spectroscopy (MRI/MSR) platforms (Rennes, Strasbourg, Marseille...) devoted to this small animal shows the recent keen interest in these research techniques. However, to this day and to our knowledge, no approach of this style has been developed for sea molluscs and even less so for the cup oyster, Crassostrea gigas. Because of its economic importance, this bivalve mollusc is the subject of much research in physiology, to the point of becoming, at IFREMER, a biological model for marine invertebrates. Nonetheless, most of the methodologies developed for studying it are destructive, which (1) prevents individual follow-up, (2)...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance; Anatomy; Biometry; Physiology; Bivalvia.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/rapport-1560.pdf
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