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Registros recuperados: 35
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A gap analysis of confined field trial application forms for genetically modified crops in East Africa: evaluating the potential for harmonization AgEcon
Linacre, Nicholas A.; Cohen, Joel I..
The regulatory approval of genetically modified crops in the field initially requires small, restricted experimental trials known as confined field trials. These small scale experiments provide researchers with important information on environmental interactions and agronomic performance of the crop in a safe and contained manner. To authorize confined field trials regulatory review is required, with formats for obtaining relevant information differing from country to country. In this paper, a Gap Analysis is used to identify informational gaps and potential for harmonization of confined field trial application processes in three East African countries - Tanzania, Kenya, and Uganda. The basic principle behind gap analysis is a comparison of the status quo...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Genetically modified crops; Gap analysis; Confined field trials; Biotechnology; Biosafety; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55421
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Accidents with biological material among undergraduate nursing students in a public Brazilian university BJID
Reis,Renata Karina; Gir,Elucir; Canini,Silvia Rita M. S..
During their academic activities, undergraduate nursing students are exposed to contamination by bloodborne pathogens, as well as by others found in body fluids, among which are the Human Immunodeficiency (HIV), Hepatitis B and C viruses. We developed a profile of victimized students, characterizing accidents with biological material occurring among undergraduate nursing students at a public university in São Paulo State, Brazil. We identified the main causes and evaluated the conduct adopted by students and their reactions and thoughts concerning the accidents. Seventy-two accidents were identified, of which 17% involved potentially contaminated biological material. Needles were the predominant cause of accidents. The most frequently involved topographic...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Undergraduate students; Occupational accident; Biosafety.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702004000100003
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An analysis of trade related international regulations of genetically modified food and their effects on developing countries AgEcon
Gruere, Guillaume P..
This paper reviews current trade-related regulations of genetically modified (GM) food and discusses their effects on developing countries. There is a large heterogeneity in current import approval and marketing policies of GM food worldwide. At the international level, the harmonization efforts are led by the Codex Alimentarius Commission, the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and the World Trade Organization. While internationally harmonized guidelines for safety approval have been finalized, we show that there is no clear consensus on labeling regulations for GM food, and there is an increasing risk of conflicts among international agreements. We analyze the GM food regulations of two large rich importers, Japan and the European Union (EU) and discuss...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Genetically modified food; Developing countries; Biotechnology; Biosafety; Trade regulation; Labeling; International trade; Tariff; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55422
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Anais... Infoteca-e
SIMPÓSIO BRASIL SUL DE AVICULTURA, 18.; BRASIL SUL POULTRY FAIR, 9., 2016, Chapecó..
bitstream/item/160221/1/final8528.pdf
Tipo: Livro técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Avicultura; Produção animal; Cadeia produtiva; Agronegócio; Biossegurança; Sanidade animal; Aviculture; Poultry production; Agribusiness; Biosafety; Animal health.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1070017
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Artificial tritrophic exposure system for environmental risk analysis on aphidophagous predators Anais da ABC (AABC)
PAULA,DÉBORA P.; SOUZA,LUCAS M. DE; ANDOW,DAVID A.; SOUSA,ALEX A.T. CORTÊS DE; PIRES,CARMEN S.S.; SUJII,EDISON R..
ABSTRACT We evaluated an artificial tritrophic exposure system for use in ecotoxicological evaluations of environmental stressors on aphidophagous predators. It consists of an acrylic tube with a Parafilm M sachet containing liquid aphid diet, into which can be added environmental stressors. Immature Cycloneda sanguinea, Harmonia axyridis and Chrysoperla externa, and adult H. axyridis were reared on Myzus persicae. Larval and pupal development and survival of all species and reproductive parameters of H. axyridis were similar to published results. The system provides a suitable tritrophic exposure route, enables ex-ante evaluation of stressors, and improves the accuracy of the assessment.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Beneficial insects; Biosafety; Ecotoxicology; Exposure routes.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652016000401569
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Comparative analysis of the national biosafety regulatory systems in East Africa AgEcon
Jaffe, Gregory.
This paper analyzes the current and proposed biosafety systems in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda using a set of components and characteristics common to functional and protective biosafety regulatory systems. It also assesses how those systems take into account the major international legal obligations that relate to biosafety, such the Cartagena Biosafety Protocol. The paper identifies certain areas in each country’s biosafety regulatory systems where further development and clarification would improve the biosafety system, making it more functional and protective. Those areas include: (1) the addition of procedures to ensure the food safety of genetically engineered organisms; (2) the inclusion of the standard and criteria for making an approval decision;...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Biosafety; Food safety; Genetically modified organisms; Genetic engineering; Regulatory systems; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55425
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Desenvolvimento de comunicação estratégica sobre biossegurança de plantas geneticamente modificadas: o caso do projeto LAC-Biosafety no Brasil. Infoteca-e
ARANTES, O. M. N.; SILVEIRA, J. M. F. J. da; BORGES, I. de C.; CAPALBO, D. M. F.; SCHNEIDER, D. R. S.; GATTAZ, N. C.; LIMA, E. de S..
bitstream/item/40208/1/Documentos-85.pdf
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Plantas geneticamente modificadas; Consulta social; Divulgação científica; Communication.; Biossegurança; Planta transgênica; Comunicação; Biosafety; Transgenic plants..
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/898401
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Detecting adventitious transgenic events in a maize center of diversity Electron. J. Biotechnol.
Gamarra,Luis Fernando Rimachi; Delgado,Jorge Alcántara; Villasante,Yeny Aquino; Ortiz,Rodomiro.
Background: The genetic diversity of maize in Peru includes several landraces (within race clusters) and modern open pollinated and hybrid cultivars that are grown by farmers across various regions, thereby making this country a secondary center of diversity for this crop. A main topic of controversy in recent years refers to the unintended presence of transgenic events in locally grown cultivars at main centers of crop diversity. Peru does not yet have biosafety regulations to control or permit the growing of genetically modified crops. Hence, the aim of this research was to undertake a survey in the valley of Barranca, where there were recent claims of authorized transgenic maize grown in farmers fields as well as in samples taken from feed storage and...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Biosafety; Corn; Sampling; Transgenes; Zea mays.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-34582011000400009
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Does Bt maize cultivation affect the non-target insect community in the agro ecosystem? Rev. Bras. entomol.
Resende,Daniela Chaves; Mendes,Simone Martins; Marucci,Rosangela C.; Silva,Alessandra de Carvalho; Campanha,Mônica Matoso; Waquil,José Magid.
ABSTRACT The cultivation of genetically modified crops in Brazil has led to the need to assess the impacts of this technology on non-target species. Under field conditions, the potential effect on insect biodiversity was evaluated by comparing a homogeneous corn field with conventional and transgenic maize, expressing different Bt proteins in seven counties of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The richness pattern of non-target insect species, secondary pests and natural enemies were observed. The results do not support the hypothesis that Bt protein affects insect biodiversity. The richness and diversity data of insects studied were dependent on the location and other factors, such as the use of insecticides, which may be a major factor where they are used.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biosafety; GM maize; Tri-trophic interactions; Integrated pest management.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0085-56262016000100082
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Economics, Ecology and GMOs: Sustainability, Precaution and Related Issues AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
Ecological, evolutionary and economic issues involved in introducing genetically modified organisms (GMOs), mainly in agriculture, are discussed. The ecological and evolutionary impacts identified hamper (economic) valuation of GMOs and their biosafety regulation and creates difficulties for planning for sustainable development. Assessment of the desirability of releasing GMOs is difficult because of lack of communal agreement about the risks involved, about how much precaution should be exercised given collective risks, and disagreement on the appropriate social criterion to apply. Changes in legal liability are not always economic and cannot eliminate the social conflict generated by GMOs. The economics of developing and marketing GMOs is explored,...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Biosafety; Genetically modified organisms; GMOs; Intellectual property rights; Market structure; Sustainable development; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122726
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Effects of the Cartagena Biosafety Protocol on Trade in GMOs, WTO Implications, and Consequences for China AgEcon
Xue, Dayuan; Tisdell, Clement A..
The UN Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety adopted in Montreal, 29 January, 2000 and opened for signature in Nairobi, 15-26 May, 2000 will exert a profound effect on international trade in genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and their products. In this paper, the background to the drafting and negotiation of the Protocol is outlined, and potential effects of various articles of the Protocol on international trade in GMOs are analyzed. Based on the present status of imports of GMOs and domestic research and development of biotechnology in China, likely trends in imports of foreign GMOs and related products after China accedes to WTO is explored. Also, China’s strategies and countermeasures to control and regulate imports of GMOs in line with implementation...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Biosafety; Cartagena Protocol; Genetically modified organism; Trade; China; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48011
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Embarcadouro para granjas de reprodutores suínos certificadas (GRSC) ? modelo Embrapa Suínos e Aves. Infoteca-e
DALLA COSTA, O. A.; DALLA COSTA, F. A.; JACOB, J. de S.; AMARAL, A. L. do; MORES, N..
bitstream/item/160204/1/final8370.pdf
Tipo: Comunicado Técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Bem-estar animal.; Suíno; Transporte rodoviário; Embarque; Granja; Desinfecção; Biossegurança; Limpeza.; Animal welfare; Swine; Animal transport; Aseptic conditions; Biosafety.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1070000
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Emerging and reemerging diseases in Brazil: data of a recent history of risks and uncertainties BJID
Cardoso,Telma Abdalla de Oliveira; Navarro,Marli B.M. de Albuquerque.
This article discusses the emergence and reemergence of infectious diseases on the basis of a review of the literature. It shows the critical situations faced worldwide and in special Brazil's susceptible position due to its complexity, mostly represented by the mega-biodiversity of the country and its socio-economic problems directly affecting public health. It approaches the discussions around the issue with emphasis to the recommended investments in the health sector, directed to surveillance and to strengthening the epidemiological, laboratorial and clinical bases and centered on preventive and control measures in the affected areas including Biosafety.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Emerging and reemerging infectious diseases; Epidemiology; Public health; Biosafety.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702007000400013
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GMOs: building the future on the basis of past experience Anais da ABC (AABC)
Reis,Luiz F.L.; Van Sluys,Marie-Anne; Garratt,Richard C.; Pereira,Humberto M.; Teixeira,Mauro M..
Biosafety of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and their derivatives is still a major topic in the agenda of government and societies worldwide. The aim of this review is to bring into light that data that supported the decision taken back in 1998 as an exercise to stimulate criticism from the scientific community for upcoming discussions and to avoid emotional and senseless arguments that could jeopardize future development in the field. It must be emphasized that Roundup Ready® soybean is just one example of how biotechnology can bring in significant advances for society, not only through increased productivity, but also with beneficial environmental impact, thereby allowing more rational use of agricultural pesticides for improvement of the soil...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biosafety; Genetically modified organisms; Transgene.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652006000400005
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Health surveillance, biosafety and emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases in Brazil BJID
Cardoso,Telma Abdalla de Oliveira; Navarro,Marli BM de Albuquerque; Costa Neto,Cristina; Moreira,Josino Costa.
The present paper presents compulsory notification data for infectious diseases and epidemiologic ones recorded at the Center for Strategic Information and Health Surveillance (CIEVS) for the period of March 2006 to April 2007. Data is presented in accordance with geographic distribution, time and risk classification of the etiologic agents found, according to Ministry of Health regulations. The importance of this epidemiologic surveillance system is presented, debating the main topics required for quality improvement and information analysis. It is concluded, from the analysis of epidemiologic events and their relation to risk management, that the compulsory notification system in Brazil is incomplete, irregular, delayed and, in a large percentage of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biosafety; Epidemiologic surveillance; Infectious diseases; Public health.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702010000500018
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Incorporating Collateral Information Using an Adaptive Management Framework for the Regulation of Transgenic Crops AgEcon
Linacre, Nicholas A.; Burgman, Mark A.; Ades, Peter K.; Stewart-Oaten, Allen.
A lack of data often makes biological management decisions difficult and has been an area of contention in the debate over the approval of transgenic crops. Our knowledge of natural systems is limited and our ability to gain additional information, quickly and effectively, is often handicapped by statistical complexity. To adequately cope with this requires new approaches and models that integrate decision-making and management. This paper describes one possible approach to the integration of decision-making and management, which may have application for the regulatory approval of transgenic crops. In many situations countries wishing to approve transgenic crops will have limited data on the environmental performance of the crop. The approach outlined in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bayesian estimation; Collateral data; Inference; GMO; Transgenic plants; Bayesian theory; Biotechnology; Biosafety; Regulatory systems; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59233
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Introducing a Genetically Modified Banana in Uganda: Social Benefits, Costs, and Consumer Perceptions AgEcon
Kikulwe, Enoch M.; Wesseler, Justus; Falck-Zepeda, Jose Benjamin.
Banana is a staple crop consumed by Ugandan households. The Uganda National Agricultural Research Organization has implemented conventional and biotechnology programs that seek improving bananas and address the crop’s most important pest and disease problems. A major thrust is the development of genetically modified (GM) bananas. The purpose of this paper is to examine potential social welfare impacts of adopting a GM banana in Uganda. The study has three objectives. First, suggest and apply an approach to calculate reversible and irreversible benefits and costs of introducing a GM banana. The study applies a real option approach to estimate, ex ante, the maximum incremental social tolerable irreversible costs (MISTICs) that would justify immediate...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: GM banana; Real option; Choice experiment; Biosafety; MISTICs; Uganda; Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42323
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MEDIA COVERAGE OF AGROBIOTECHNOLOGY: DID THE BUTTERFLY HAVE AN EFFECT? AgEcon
Marks, Leonie A.; Kalaitzandonakes, Nicholas G.; Allison, Kevin; Zakharova, Ludmila.
This study examines media coverage of genetically modified (GM) crops in a risk communication framework. Content analysis is employed to investigate how specific environmental, food safety, and landmark events, such as the monarch butterfly and Pusztai controversies, and the cloning of Dolly-the-sheep, were reported by the media. Media coverage is from United Kingdom and United States newspapers over the period 1990 through 2001. On balance, findings show that the UK press has been more negative than the U.S. press in its coverage of GM crops. In addition, environmental and food safety events had a significant impact on the level and cycle of GM crop coverage.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Biosafety; Content analysis; Environment; GM crops; GMOs; Media coverage; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14674
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Monitoring the threat of unintentional transgene flow into maize gene banks and breeding materials Electron. J. Biotechnol.
Mezzalama,Monica; Crouch,Jonathan H; Ortiz,Rodomiro.
The use of transgenic crops is steadily increasing around the world, led by soybean (based on total area) and maize (in terms of total number of countries). Transgenic maize is grown in at least 17 countries across four continents: Africa, America, Asia and Europe. The comprehensive global spread of transgenic maize has significant implications for organizations involved in germplasm conservation and genetic enhancement; particularly as some countries require a GMO-free declaration when receiving shipments of maize germplasm. This article describes the protocol used by the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) for monitoring unintentional transgene flow in maize genebank and breeding plots. The protocol is based on polymerase chain...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Biosafety; Genetic integrity; Germplasm enhancement; GM-maize.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-34582010000200006
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National Agricultural Biotechnology Research Capacity in Developing Countries AgEcon
Cohen, Joel I.; Komen, John; Zepeda, Jose Falck.
Adequate public research capacity is key to the appropriate development of biotechnology, including genetically modified (GM) crops. While commercial crops can be introduced without intensive local research (i.e. insect resistant GM cotton), introducing products of public research depend on indigenous capacity. This paper defines capacity for agricultural biotechnology research and then provides national funding levels for such work in six developing countries. As one indicator of capacity and outputs, GM crops developed from public research in developing countries are documented, and attention given to issues remaining for capacity, research and development. Knowledge of investments in public biotechnology improves policy decisions, clarifies roles of the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Biotechnology; Research Capacity; GMO; Biosafety; Investments; Funding.; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; O31; O38; Q16.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23790
Registros recuperados: 35
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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