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Registros recuperados: 34
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A random sample survey of bovine Brucellosis in the State of Paraíba, Brazil Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci.
Leite,Ricardo de Miranda Henriques; Thompson,James Alan; Gonçalves,Vítor Salvador Picão; Leite,Rômulo Cerqueira; Bandeira,Dimas A.; Lage,Andrey Pereira.
A serosurvey was conducted to estimate the prevalence of bovine brucellosis in the State of Paraíba, Brazil. A random sample of six municipalities was selected from each of three ecoregions of the State: the Agreste/Litoral region (1), the Cariri/Curimatau region (2) and the Sertão region (3). These 18 municipalities were divided in quadrants and one herd was selected at random from each quadrant. The sampling scheme included herds with more than 50 bovines, which excludes small-holder subsistence livestock production. At least 32 animals were sampled within each herd, stratified in four age categories, as follows: (1) at least 8 animals under 6 months of age, (2) at least 8 animals of 7 to 18 months of age, (3) at least 8 animals of 19 to 30 months of age...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Brucellosis; Epidemiology; Cattle; Paraíba; Brazil.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-95962003000900002
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A randomized, comparative study of dual therapy (doxycycline–rifampin) versus triple therapy (doxycycline–rifampin–levofloxacin) for treating acute/subacute brucellosis BJID
Hasanain,Ahmad; Mahdy,Reem; Mohamed,Asmaa; Ali,Mostafa.
Abstract Aim The aim of this study was to compare both the efficacy and safety profile of the WHO-recommended, dual therapy (doxycycline–rifampin) to a quinolone-based, triple therapy (doxycycline–rifampin–levofloxacin) for treating acute/subacute brucellosis. Patients and methods We studied 107 consecutive, naïve patients with acute/subacute brucellosis admitted to Assiut University Hospital. Patients were randomly allocated to receive the dual therapy of doxycycline–rifampin (group-A) or to receive the triple therapy of doxycycline–rifampin–levofloxacin (group-B). Acute/subacute brucellosis was diagnosed based on the presence of: (1) contact with animals or fresh animal products, (2) suggestive clinical manifestations of less than one-year duration,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Brucellosis; Doxycycline; Rifampin; Levofloxacin.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702016000300005
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Anti-Leptospira spp and anti-Brucella spp antibodies in humans from rural area of Monte Negro municipality, state of Rondônia, Brazilian Western Amazon BJM
Aguiar,Daniel M.; Cavalcante,Guacyara T.; Camargo,Luis M. A.; Labruna,Marcelo B.; Vasconcellos,Silvio A.; Souza,Gisele O.; Gennari,Solange M..
Sera from 276 humans living in 71 farms located in Monte Negro Municipality, RO., Western Amazon, Brazil were examined for anti-Leptospira spp antibodies by Microscopic Agglutination Test and for anti-Brucella spp antibodies by Tube Agglutination Test. Leptospira spp antibodies were detected in 28 (10.2%) of them with at least one positive case in 23 farms (32.4%). The most frequent leptospira serovars were Patoc (46.7%), Autumnalis (10.0%) and Shermani (10.0%). The proportion of positive males (14.5%) were higher than females (5.0%; P <0.05) and the contact with river water presented association with Leptospira spp infection (OR: 27; P=0.01). A total of 04 (1.4%) humans reacted against Brucella antigens; three farms (4.2%) presented at least one...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Human; Leptospirosis; Brucellosis; Amazon; Brazil.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822007000100019
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Bibliografia de brucelose nas especies caprina e ovina. Infoteca-e
PINTO, A. F. C.; VIDAL, C. E. S..
Aspecto geral; Etiologia e microbiologia; Epidemiologia; Patologia clinica e reprodutiva; Patologia e patogenia; Imunologia; Diagnostico; Tratamento; Profilaxia; Importancia economica.
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Caprino; Ovino; Brucelose; Bibliografia; Goat; Sheep; Brucellosis; Bibliography.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/514982
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Brucella spp. in equines slaughtered in the south region of Brazil Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Santos,R.F.; Silva,G.C.P.; Assis,N.A.; Mathias,L.A..
ABSTRACT Bacteria of the genus Brucella are widespread in many countries. These microorganisms can infect humans and many wild and domestic animal species. These bacteria have zoonotic potential, and can cause economic and public health problems since they can be transmitted by direct contact with sick animals, through consumption of contaminated milk, raw meat and its derivatives (Soares et al., 2015). Brucellosis is considered a chronic evolving disease, unusual in horses, predominantly caused by Brucella abortus. However, it is not characterized by reproductive disorders in horses, but primarily by abscess in the cervical region, bursa, tendons, and joints. Transmission is likely to occur via ingestion of contaminated water and pastures, especially in...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Equine; Abattoirs; Brucellosis; Fluorescence polarization; Complement fixation.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352016000400853
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Brucella spp. isolation from dogs from commercial breeding kennels in São Paulo state, Brazil BJM
Keid,Lara B.; Soares,Rodrigo M.; Morais,Zenaide M.; Richtzenhain,Leonardo J.; Vasconcellos,Sílvio A..
Dogs from 12 commercial breeding kennels were submitted to clinical investigation and laboratorial tests for diagnosis of Brucella spp. infection. The sampling was carried out between April 2000 and February 2002 and the laboratorial tests employed were agar gel immunediffusion test (AGID) and blood culture. From 171 dogs examinated, 39 (22.8%) showed at least one clinical sign compatible with brucellosis, 58 (33.91%) were AGID positive and 24 (14.03%) were positive by blood culture. Gram negative bacterial cells with a biochemical pattern compatible with that of bacteria belonging to genus Brucella were isolated from blood specimens of 24 animals. According to Kappa index and McNemar test, the association between AGID and blood culture (k=0.360 with 95%...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Dogs; Brucellosis; Brucella canis; Diagnosis; Isolation.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822004000100027
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Brucellar epididymo-orchitis in southeastern part of Turkey: an 8 year experience BJID
Celen,Mustafa Kemal; Ulug,Mehmet; Ayaz,Celal; Geyik,Mehmet Faruk; Hosoglu,Salih.
OBJECTIVE: the different clinical and laboratory features and response to treatment of patients with acute brucellar epididymo-orchitis (BEO) reporting to the reference hospital in Southeastern Anatolia of Turkey. MATERIAL AND METHODS: in this study, 27 male patients with brucellosis, who presented with epididymitis or epididymo-orchitis (EO) at the university hospital in Diyarbakir from 1998 to 2006, were included. They were compared with the other male patients. Positive blood culture or high agglutination titers of > 1/160 and positive clinical manifestations of brucellosis were the main criteria for diagnosing brucellosis. RESULTS: fourteen patients had unilateral EO. Leukocytosis was present in 10 patients; all of them had initial agglutination...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Epididymo-orchitis; Brucellosis; Turkey; Medical treatment.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702010000100021
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Brucelose e tuberculose bovina: epidemiologia, controle e diagnóstico. Infoteca-e
ALMEIDA, R. F. C. de; SOARES, C. O.; ARAÚJO, F. R. de.
Cap. 1: Brucelose bovina: epidemiologia e controle. Cap. 2: Brucelose bovina: diagnóstico. Cap. 3: Tuberculose bovina: epidemiologia e controle. Cap. 4: Tiberculose bovina: diagnóstico.
Tipo: Livro técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Controle; Diagnosis; Control.; Bovino; Brucelose; Diagnostico; Doença Animal; Epidemiologia; Sanidade Animal; Tuberculose.; Animal health; Animal diseases; Epidemiology; Brucellosis; Cattle; Tuberculosis..
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/325789
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Brucelose na espécie caprina. Infoteca-e
ELOY, A. M. X..
bitstream/item/83297/1/Midia-Brucelose-na-especie-caprina.pdf
Tipo: Artigo de divulgação na mídia (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Caprino; Doença animal; Brucelose; Goats; Brucellosis; Animal diseases.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/515295
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Comparison of infection by Brucella spp. in free-ranging and captive wild animals from São Paulo State, Brazil J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Antunes,JMAP; Machado,GP; Costa,LF; Fornazari,F; Cipriano,JRB; Appolinário,CM; Allendorf,SD; Bagagli,E; Teixeira,CR; Megid,J.
The aim of the current study was to evaluate the infection rate by Brucella spp. in wild and in captive animals. Serum samples from 121 animals (94 free-ranging and 27 captive) of different mammal species were evaluated. Sera were submitted to rose Bengal test (RBT) for screening and serum agglutination tests (SAT) and 2-mercaptoethanol test (2-ME) for confirmatory results. Nine animals (five free-ranging and four captive) tested positive in RBT, but negative in the confirmatory tests. Several domestic animal diseases that have control programs are not focused on wild reservoirs, such as brucellosis in Brazil. The study of new reservoirs in wildlife is essential to prevent emerging diseases.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Brucellosis; Wildlife; Zoonosis.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992010000400017
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Contribuição ao conhecimento da incidência da brucelose no Estado do Paraná (Brasil) BABT
Palmquist,Oscar K..
O rebanho bovino paranaense apresenta um índice de brucelose relativamente alto, particularmente no Norte e Leste do Estado. O gado leiteiro revelou um índice de 7,90%, com um foco grave no Município de Castro (29,92%). Bovinos criados em regime extensivo de pastagens naturais se apresentam com menor grau de infecção, pois a maior incidência foi encontrada no Norte do Estado, onde, regra geral, os campos são constituídos de pastos artificiais.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Brucellosis; State of Paraná; Cow’s milk.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132001000500014
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Cost-benefit analysis of sheep and goat brucellosis vaccination with Rev.1 in the north of Portugal from 2000 to 2005 Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Coelho,A.M; Pinto,M.L; Coelho,A.C.
In the North of Portugal, a mass vaccination programme of small ruminants was conducted from 2001 to 2004. A study of cost-benefit was carried out for the 2000/2005 period to ascertain the economic benefits of this strategy. In order to estimate the cost of the zoonosis, the compensation costs paid to farmers for culled animals in the Brucellosis Eradication Campaign, data from vaccine Rev. 1 costs, and costs of people internment due to brucellosis were studied. An increase in the cost was observed from 2000 to 2001 (aproximately US$ 110,000), essentially due to compensation for culled animals, but also from vaccination and human internment costs. However, a progressive decrease was observed from 2001 to 2004 (from more than US$1,200,000 in 2001 to...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Brucellosis; Vaccination; Cost-benefit.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352011000100001
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Development and standardization of a western blotting test for detection of antibodies against B. abortus Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Falcão,M.V.D.; Santana,V.L.A.; Corrêa,F.N.; Tenório,J.A. B.; Mota,R.A..
ABSTRACT Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella spp. with diagnosis based on use of serological techniques. The present study aimed to develop and standardize a western blotting (WB) test for detection of antibodies against B. abortus. Samples from two groups of cattle were analyzed: group I: 60 serum samples from true positive and true negative vaccinated animals (30 positive samples from infected animals according to rose bengal test (RBT), 2-mercaptoethanol, serum agglutination test (SAT) and complement fixation test (CFT) and 30 RBT negatives samples); group II: 383 field samples (90 positive and 293 CFT negative sera). The most reactive band in the western blotting, which properly identified and separated...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Brucellosis; Immunodiagnosis; Proteomics; Serology.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352019000100160
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Diagnostic efficiency of Brucella soluble antigens in immunodiffusion tests and ability to differentiate Brucella abortus strain 19 vaccinated cattle Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci.
DAFFNER,José; ABALOS,Pedro; PINOCHET,Lautaro; SCORTTI,Mariela; URCELAY,Santiago.
Three soluble antigens were compared by radial immunodiffusion (RID) and agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID) tests: a native haptene (NH) from Brucella melitensis 16M, and a polysaccharide (PS) from B. abortus 1119-3, both obtained by non-hydrolytic methods, and the (O-Chain) polysaccharide extracted also from B. abortus 1119-3 but using an hydrolytic method. Three groups of bovine sera were tested: a) Naturally infected (n = 76); b) Non-infected (n = 130) and c) S-19 vaccinated (n = 61); the sensitivity (Se), the specificity (Sp) and the ability to differentiate vaccinated (ADV) were determined in each group a, b and c respectively. The highest Se in the RID test (84.3%) was achieved by NH; while the three antigens gave 100% Sp. The O-Chain showed 100% ADV in...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Brucellosis; Immunodiffusion tests; Vaccination; Cattle.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-95961999000300002
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Disease and Behavioral Dynamics for Brucellosis Control in Elk and Cattle in the Greater Yellowstone Area AgEcon
Xie, Fang; Horan, Richard D..
This paper investigates private responses and ecological impacts of policies proposed to confront the problem of brucellosis being spread from elk to cattle in Wyoming. The policies consist of combinations of changes in elk feeding and population levels. Farmers' responses to these dynamics are modeled along with the associated impacts to livestock population dynamics. Our findings suggest that feedbacks between jointly determined disease dynamics and decentralized economic behavior matter, and the elk feedgrounds do not actually generate economic harm to the individual farmers.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Bioeconomics; Brucellosis; Disease ecology; Epidemiology; Replicator dynamics; Susceptible-infected-recovered (SIR) model; Wildlife disease; Wildlife feeding; Livestock Production/Industries; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50165
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Epidemiological aspects of an infection by Brucella abortus in risk occupational groups in the microregion of Araguaína, Tocantins BJID
Ramos,Taciana Rabelo Ramalho; Pinheiro Junior,José Wilton; Moura Sobrinho,Pedro Alves de; Santana,Vânia Lúcia de Assis; Guerra,Neurisvan Ramos; Melo,Lúcio Esmeraldo Honório de; Mota,Rinaldo Aparecido.
The aim of this paper was to study some epidemiological aspects of the infection by Brucella abortus in risk occupational groups in the microregion of Araguaína, Tocantins. For antibody research, 645 serum samples were analyzed by the complement fixation test (CF). A 4.0% frequency was found (26/645) in patients' serum and among those 4.1% (23/551) were slaughterhouses employees and 8.1% (3/37) rural workers. Of the total positive samples, three (2.0%) were women and 23 (4.7%) men; ten (2.9%) were between the ages of 18 and 30, six (3.4%) between 31 and 40, and nine (8.0%) were above 41 years of age. Risk factors for brucellosis in the study groups were age, background (OR = 2.45; CI 95% = 0.98 to 6.10) and previous work conducted with production animals...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Brucellosis; Epidemiology; Humans; Risk factors.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702008000200007
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Epidemiological assessment of canine brucellosis Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Megid,J.; Brito,A.F.; Moraes,C.C.G.; Fava,N.; Agottani,J..
Observou-se brucelose canina em quatro canis diferentes. Os canis apresentaram animais com história de aborto, mortalidade em neonatos e nascimentos prematuros. A porcentagem de animais soropositivos para brucelose canina, pela prova de imunodifusão em ágar gel, variou de 4,6 a 57,1%. Observou-se correlação positiva entre porcentagem de animais positivos e aspectos reprodutivos e condições de aglomeração.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Dog; Brucellosis; Epidemiology; Serology.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09351999000500007
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Estudio retrospectivo de agentes infecciosos que afectan la reproducción bovina en el departamento del Caquetá, Colombia Rev Salud Anim.
Motta Giraldo,J.L; Waltero García,Indira; Abeledo,Ma. Antonia; Fernández,O.
Se analizaron los resultados de las investigaciones serológicas para brucelosis, leptospirosis, herpesvirus bovino -1 (HVB-1), diarrea viral bovina (DVB) y Neospora caninum, de los casos enviados al laboratorio por los propietarios de los hatos bovinos en el departamento del Caquetá, Colombia, en los años 1999 - 2009. La información fue obtenida de la base de datos del ICA (Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario), seccional Caquetá. Se consideraron las variables: agentes infecciosos, años, municipios, zonas y sexos. El porcentaje promedio de brucelosis fue de 6,4% y los mayores valores se obtuvieron para herpesvirus bovino-1 (HVB-1). En el caso de Neospora, las investigaciones comenzaron en 2007 y en los 3 años solo se trabajaron 36 muestras, de las cuales 12...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Brucellosis; Leptospirosis; Herpesvirus bovino-1; Diarrea viral bovina; Neospora caninum.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://scielo.sld.cu/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0253-570X2012000300004
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Evaluation of DNA extraction protocols for Brucella abortus pcr detection in aborted fetuses or calves born from cows experimentally infected with strain 2308 BJM
Matrone,M.; Keid,L.B.; Rocha,V.C.M.; Vejarano,M.P.; Ikuta,C.Y.; Rodriguez,C.A.R.; Ferreira,F.; Dias,R.A.; Ferreira Neto,J.S.
The objective of the present study was to improve the detection of B. abortus by PCR in organs of aborted fetuses from infected cows, an important mechanism to find infected herds on the eradication phase of the program. So, different DNA extraction protocols were compared, focusing the PCR detection of B. abortus in clinical samples collected from aborted fetuses or calves born from cows challenged with the 2308 B. abortus strain. Therefore, two gold standard groups were built based on classical bacteriology, formed from: 32 lungs (17 positives), 26 spleens (11 positives), 23 livers (8 positives) and 22 bronchial lymph nodes (7 positives). All samples were submitted to three DNA extraction protocols, followed by the same amplification process with the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bovine; Brucellosis; Abortion; PCR; DNA extraction.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822009000300010
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Evaluation of oxidative status in patients with brucellosis BJID
Serefhanoglu,Kivanc; Taskin,Abdullah; Turan,Hale; Timurkaynak,Funda Ergin; Arslan,Hande; Erel,Ozcan.
Oxidative stress can be defined as an increase in oxidants and/or a decrease in antioxidant capacity. We aimed to determine total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total peroxide, malondialdehyde and catalase levels in plasma samples, and calculation of oxidative stress index (OSI) in patients with brucellosis to evaluate their oxidative status using a novel automated method. Sixty-nine patients with brucellosis and 69 healthy control subjects were included in the present study. Plasma levels of total peroxide and malondialdehyde were significantly increased in patients as compared with healthy controls (p<0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). In contrast, TAC level was significantly lower in patients as compared with controls (p<0.001). There was no...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Brucellosis; Oxidants; Antioxidants; Oxidative stress.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702009000400001
Registros recuperados: 34
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