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Availability of betaine present in fine wheat bran in diets for growing pigs R. Bras. Zootec.
Somensi,Marcelo Luiz; Monteiro,Alessandra Nardina Trícia Rigo; Bockor,Luciane; Marx,Fábio Ritter; Vieira,Marcia de Souza; Kessler,Alexandre de Mello.
ABSTRACT The objective of this paper was to investigate the availability of betaine present in fine wheat bran (FWB) in diets for growing pigs. We used thirty crossbred intact males, housed individually in metabolic cages and distributed in a randomized block design, with five treatments and six replicates. Blocks consisted of two periods of 15 days. Average initial body weights were 32.00±1.30 and 44.90±1.32 kg, in the first and second periods, respectively. Treatments were modified only at the level of methionine plus cysteine (Met+Cys) required and the Met+Cys sources, consisting of a negative control (NC), formulated with 80% of Met+Cys requirements, and four positive controls (PC): PCMet - NC supplemented with 1.2 g kg−1 of DL-methionine; PCBet - NC...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Byproduct; Methionine; Nutrition; Swine.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982019000100500
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Bakery waste in sheep diets: intake, digestibility, nitrogen balance and ruminal parameters R. Bras. Zootec.
França,Almira Biazon; Morenz,Mirton José Frota; Lopes,Fernando César Ferraz; Madeiro,Afranio Silva; Morenz,Danilo Antônio; Faria,Bruna Moscat de; Cabral,Luciano da Silva; Fonseca,Carlos Elysio Moreira da.
The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of bakery waste inclusion (0; 25; 50; 75 and 100%, DM basis) in proportion to corn meal in the energetic mixture of the concentrate on intake, digestibility, nitrogen balance and ruminal parameters in sheep. Five male lambs with body weight of 30 kg were used in a 5 × 5 Latin square design. Experimental diets were composed of concentrate and Tifton 85 (Cynodon spp.) hay in a 60:40 forage:concentrate ratio. The concentrate rations were composed of corn meal, soybean meal and bakery waste. The bakery waste:corn meal ratio corresponded to the inclusion of, approximately, 0, 7, 14, 22 and 30% (DM basis) of bakery waste in the diet. There was no effect of bakery waste inclusion on the intake and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ammonia; Byproduct; Lamb; PH; Volatile fat acid.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982012000100022
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Can the Fine Wheat Bran be a Betaine Source in Poultry Diets? Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Somensi,ML; Monteiro,ANTR; Marx,FR; Bockor,L; Vieira,MS; Kessler,AM.
ABSTRACT The effect of fine wheat bran (FWB) as a methyl donor source on performance, metabolism, body composition and blood traits of growing broilers was studied. Three hundred and twenty broilers from eight to 28 d of age, distributed in a randomized block design, with five treatments and eight replicates of eight animals each were used. The experimental diets were: NC, formulated with 72% of the Met+Cys requirement; Met, formulated with 85% of the Met+Cys equivalents by DL-methionine addition; Bet, formulated with 85% of the Met+Cys equivalents by anhydrous betaine addition; Fwb-, formulated with 72% of the Met+Cys requirement and 20% FWB; and Fwb+, formulated with 85% of the Met+Cys requirement and 20% FWB. Feed intake was reduced (p<0.05) by FWB...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Byproduct; Feather synthesis; Methyl groups; Methionine; Nutrition.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2019000100321
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Caracterização da semente de uva da variedade Syrah desengordurada utilizando etanol como solvente. Repositório Alice
COSTA, G. N. S.; SILVA, C. M.; TONON, R. V.; GALDEANO, M. C.; ALMEIDA, E. L.; FREITAS, S. P..
Sementes de uva são um coproduto da indústria vitivinícola. Atualmente, o óleo e os compostos fenólicos são os derivados de maior interesse comercial presentes nestas sementes. No entanto, novos estudos sugerem o uso deste coproduto como uma fonte potencial de fibra alimentar para aplicação na indústria alimentícia. Visando melhorar o rendimento de extração de fibras solúveis, aliado à utilização de um solvente renovável, este trabalho teve como objetivos avaliar a eficiência dos processos de extração do óleo e de compostos fenólicos visando à recuperação posterior de fibras alimentares do resíduo desengordurado, utilizando etanol 95% e etanol absoluto. Nas condições experimentais estudadas (72 °C / 1 h) o uso do etanol 95% não apresentou diferença...
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Byproduct; Dietary fiber; Degreasing; Ethanol; Coproduto; Syrah; Fibra alimentar; Desengorduramento; Food technology; Etanol; Tecnologia de alimento; Food technology.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1057979
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Consumo, digestibilidade e desempenho de novilhas leiteiras alimentadas com dietas contendo torta de dendê. Repositório Alice
MACIEL, R. P.; NEIVA, J. N. M.; ARAÚJO, V. L. de; CUNHA, O. F. R.; PAIVA, J.; RESTLE, J.; MENDES, C. Q.; LOBO, R. N. B..
Resumo: Objetivou-se avaliar os efeitos da inclusão de torta de dendê na dieta sobre o consumo, a digestibilidade das dietas e o desempenho de novilhas leiteiras. Utilizaram-se 16 novilhas leiteiras mestiças Holandês × Zebu, com média de 13 meses de idade e peso vivo inicial de 183,4±32,5 kg, distribuídas em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com quatro níveis de torta de dendê (0; 11,9; 22,9 e 34,2% da matéria seca total), cada um com quatro repetições. Avaliaram-se os consumos de matéria seca (MS), proteína bruta (PB), fibra em detergente neutro (FDN), carboidratos não-fibrosos (CNF), extrato etéreo (EE) e nutrientes digestíveis totais (NDT) e as digestibilidades aparentes da MS, PB, FDN, CNF e EE. Houve redução linear no consumo de MS, PB, FDN, CNF...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Peso corporal; Peso vivo; Elaeis guineensis; Biodiesel; Subproduto; Valor nutritivo; Ganho de peso; Byproduct; Biodiesel; Nutritive value; Weight gain.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/927379
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Consumo e desempenho de ovinos alimentados com dietas contendo diferentes níveis de casca de mamona. Repositório Alice
BESERRA, L. T.; CÂNDIDO, M. J. D.; BONFIM, M. A. D.; SEVERINO, L. S.; BERNARDES, D. F. V.; ANDRADE, R. R. de; GONDIM, M. V. de B.; POMPEU, R. C. F. F.; FURTADO, R. N..
[Intake and performance of sheep fed diets containing different levels of hulls of castor]. Abstract: To evaluate the intake and performance of diets with of four substitution levels (0; 33; 67 and 100%) of castor hulls (CH) by tifton-85 hay (TH) in sheep rations in crossbreed Morada Nova male lambs, not castrated, with mean body weight of 20,3 kg and 7 months of age this study was undertaken. A completely randomized design with four treatments and five replicates (lambs) was used. The roughage:concentrate ratio was 50:50. The termination occurred during 70 days, being 14 days of adaptation and 56 days of collect. It were observed differences between the substitution levels to the dry matter intake (g/sheep/day, %LW and g/kg 0,75), total weight gain,...
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Alimentação animal; Ovino; Nutrição animal; Confinamento; Ganho de peso; Subproduto; Alimento para animal; Consumo; Casca de mamona; Performance; Sheep; Biodiesel; Byproduct; Feedlot; Animal nutrition; Foods for animals; Ricinus communis; Cynodon; Castor bean.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/576125
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Crude glycerin combined with food additives in feeding beef cattle R. Bras. Zootec.
Almeida,Marco Túlio Costa; Ezequiel,Jane Maria Bertocco; Paschoaloto,Josimari Regina; Carvalho,Vanessa Barbosa de; Perez,Henrique Leal; Fávaro,Vanessa Ruiz; D´Aurea,André Pastori; Homem Junior,Antonio Carlos.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of adding crude glycerin with food additives (sodium monensin or essential oils) to the diets of beef cattle on feed intake, ruminal parameters, in vitro digestibility, and production of greenhouse gases. Five ruminally cannulated Nellore steers were randomly assigned in a 5×5 Latin square design. The treatments were: control, without crude glycerin and additives; with essential oils and without crude glycerin; with sodium monensin and without crude glycerin; with essential oils and crude glycerin; and with sodium monensin and crude glycerin. The addition of crude glycerin caused a reduction in dry matter (DM) intake, increase in vitro dry matter digestibility, and decrease in vitro crude...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Byproduct; Essential oil; Ruminal parameters; Sodium monensin.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982018000100616
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Date and their processing byproducts as substrates for bioactive compounds production BABT
Tang,Zhen-Xing; Shi,Lu-E; Aleid,Salah Mohammed.
Date is the most popular fruit in middle-east countries. However, the date production process is accompanied by a substantial increase of loss during picking, storage, commercialization and conditioning process. Date and their byproducts have many essential elements for the growth of microorganisms. Thus, they can be converted into value-added compounds through biotechnology. In this paper, date and their processing byproducts used as substrates for producing value-added products such as organic acids, exopolysaccharide, antibiotics, date flavored probiotic fermented dairy, bakery yeast, etc, were reviewed.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Date; Byproduct; Biotechnology; Fermentation; Review.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132014000500706
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Degradabilidade dos subprodutos do milho derivados da indústria de extração do amido e de destilarias, para ruminantes. Repositório Alice
ARRUDA, F. de A. V.; ALVIR MORENCOS, M.; GÁLVEZ MORROS, F. J.; GONZÁLEZ CANO, X..
1994
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Degradabilidade ruminal; Ruminal degradability; Ovino; Subproduto; Milho; Rúmen; Sheep; Byproduct; Rumen degradability; Rumen digestion.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/514334
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Detoxified castor meal in substitution of soybean meal in sheep diet: growth performance, carcass characteristics and meat yield. Repositório Alice
MENEZES, D. R.; COSTA, R. G.; ARAUJO, G. G. L. de; PEREIRA, L. G. R.; MEDEIROS, G. R. de; OLIVEIRA, J. S.; NASCIMENTO, T. V. C.; RODRIGUES, R. T. de S.; PEREIRA FILHO, J. M.; BUSATO, K. C..
2015
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Biodiesel; Byproduct; Lambs; Performance; Protein concentrate; Ricinus communis.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1035489
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Digestibility of agro-industrial byproducts in 200 and 300-g Nile tilapia R. Bras. Zootec.
Ramos,Ana Paula de Souza; Braga,Luís Gustavo Tavares; Carvalho,João Sérgio Oliveira; Oliveira,Sérgio José Ribeiro de.
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the apparent digestibility coefficients of dry matter (DM), crude protein (CP) and gross energy (GE) of the following agro-industrial byproducts: cassava leaf (Manihot esculenta), mesquite bean (Prosopis juliflora), cotton (Gossypium species), cocoa (Theobroma cacao), soursop (Annona squamata) and African oil palm cake (Elaeis guineensis) for Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Fish from two weight classes (200±11 and 300±32 g) were stocked in tanks and fed a reference diet plus 30% of one tested byproduct with the addition of 0.1% chromic oxide. The fish were routinely moved to digestibility aquariums for feces collection, in a completely randomized design (n=3). The apparent digestibility coefficient...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Alternative food; Apparent digestibility; Byproduct; Nutritive value; Oreochromis niloticus.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982012000200032
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Digestible energy of crude glycerol for pacu and silver catfish Ciência Rural
Balen,Rafael Ernesto; Tetu,Patrick Nereu; Bombardelli,Robie Allan; Pozza,Paulo Cesar; Meurer,Fábio.
The increase in global biodiesel production is originating a glycerol surplus, which has no defined destination. An alternative to overcome this problem is its use as energy source in animal feeding. In Brazil, Pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus) is one of the most farmed native fish species, whereas Silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen) is suitable for production in subtropical region. Considering little knowledge about crude glycerol utilization in feeds for Neotropical fish species, it was evaluated the apparent digestibility coefficients (ADCs) for energy of crude glycerol for P. mesopotamicus and R. quelen. The digestibility and digestible energy content of crude glycerol can be considered excellent even when compared to energy of common ingredients such as...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Byproduct; Glycerin; Non-protein energy; Nutrition.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782014000801448
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Effects of macauba cake on profile of rumen protozoa of lambs R. Bras. Zootec.
Santos,Antonio Carlos Ramos dos; Azevedo,Rafael Alves de; Virginio Júnior,Gercino Ferreira; Rodriguez,Norberto Mario; Duarte,Eduardo Robson; Geraseev,Luciana Castro.
ABSTRACT The present study was conducted to determine the effects of the inclusion of macauba cake, from biodiesel processing, on profile of rumen protozoa of Santa Ines lambs. Twenty-four lambs were randomized in block design supplemented with macauba cake at 0, 100, 200, and 300 g/kg of dry weight of the diet. Concentrations of small, medium, and large protozoa had quadratic relationships with inclusion of macauba cake, with maximum protozoa occurring at 100 g/kg. High genus diversity occurred in rumen fluid of lambs that did not feed macauba cake, comprising 13 protozoa genera. However, only the genera Isotricha, Charonina, Entodinium, Diplodinium, Eodinium, Diploplastron, and Polyplastron were detected in lambs fed 300 g/kg macauba cake, indicating...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Acrocomia aculeata; Byproduct; Protozoa diversity; Sheep.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982017000300251
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Evaluation of soil management and use in an ultisol in a Guava orchard in comparison with a sugarcane field and native forest area. Repositório Alice
SOUZA, W. J. O.; SOUZA, H. A. de; ROZANE, D. E.; NATALE, W..
Abstract: Studies to find out alternative inputs are important for sustainable agriculture. In this respect, the use of byproducts from guava processing can partially replace the requirements of mineral fertilizer and add organic matter to the soil, increased water retention capacity and mitigating the effects of traffic on the soil. The aim of the present study was to assess the physical aspects of the soil in function of fertilization of guava trees with organic and mineral fertilizers and to compare the results with those found in areas of sugarcane and native forest. The soil samples were obtained from a commercial guava orchard planted with the ?Paluma? (8 years) and ?Pedro Sato? (5 years) cultivars, vegetatively propagated, as well as from a cane...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Psidium guajava; Sacharum officinarum; Adubação; Adubo orgânico; Goiaba; Organic manure; Byproduct; Guava.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/949431
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Fatty acid profile, quality lipid index and bioactive compounds of flour from grape residues Ciencia e Investigación Agraria
Lopes,Leilane D; Böger,Bruna R; Cavalli,Kelen F; Silveira-Júnior,José F. dos S.; Osório,Daniel V. C. L.; de Oliveira,Débora F; Luchetta,Luciano; Tonial,Ivane B.
L.D. Lopes, B.R. Böger, K.F. Cavalli, J.F. dos S. Silveira-Júnior, D.V.C.L. Osório, D.F. de Oliveira, L. Luchetta, and I.B. Tonial. 2014. Fatty acid profile, quality lipid index and bioactive compounds of flour from grape residues. Cien. Inv. Agr. 41(2): 225-234. The present study evaluated the proximate composition, the nutrition indexes of lipids and the presence of biologically active compounds in the flour of bagasse from grapes cultivated by conventional (CC) and organic (OC) methods. CC flour had high percentages of proteins, lipids, calories and saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids. On the other hand, OC flour had higher percentages of polyunsaturated fatty acids, especially omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, ash and carbohydrates. The results...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Bioactive compound; Byproduct; Grape bagasse; Lipid quality.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-16202014000200009
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Fermentative losses and chemical composition of elephant grass silage added with castor bean hull Rev. Ciênc. Agron.
Furtado,Rafael Nogueira; Carneiro,Maria Socorro de Souza; Coutinho,Danielle Nascimento; Cândido,Magno José Duarte; Silva,Eranildo Brasil da.
ABSTRACT Fermentation and chemical composition of elephant grass silage was evaluated with 0, 10, 20 and 30% castor been hull based on the natural matter. The experimental design was completely randomized with five replications. Silos were weighed out during manufacture, and reweighed before and after the opening after storage for 30 days. We determined the chemical composition, specific mass and effluent and gas losses, dry matter recovery, pH and ammonia nitrogen of the silage. The specific mass, pH, dry matter content, crude protein, acid detergent fiber, total carbohydrates and cellulose increased linearly (P<0.05) with the inclusion of castor bean hull. Quadratic effect was observed for effluent and gas losses, ammonia nitrogen and non-fibrous...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biodiesel; Byproduct; Forage conservation; Moisture absorbent; Ricinus communis L..
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1806-66902019000100140
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Functional tea from a Brazilian berry: overview of the bioactives compounds. Repositório Alice
SILVA, J. K. da; BATISTA, A. G.; CAZARIN, C. B. B.; DIONISIO, A. P.; BRITO, E. S. de; BIASOTO, A. C. T.; MARÓSTICA JUNIOR, M. R..
The consumption of berries has become a trend with confirmed health properties; however, fruit peels have been wasted despite their high concentrations of bioactive compounds. Tea made from jaboticaba (Myrciaria jaboticaba) peel (JP) could be an alternative to make use of this byproduct and contribute to increased intake of polyphenols. For this reason, this study investigated the JP chemical omposition and bioactive profile, as well as the antioxidant capacity of its aqueous extract (JPT e 25 g L1). The peel corresponded to approximately 35% of fruit weight. Total fiber content was approximately 30 g 100 g1, and the soluble portion represented 8.50 ± 0.21 g 100 g1. JPT showed strong antioxidant capacity according to all methods tested (FRAP, DPPH, and...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Chá funcional; Baga brasileira; Jaboticaba; Chá; Subproduto; Bebida; Compostos fenólicos; Myrtaceae; Byproduct; Tea; Beverage; Phenolic compounds.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1066596
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Glycerin levels while maintaining the electrolyte balance in finishing pig diets R. Bras. Zootec.
Leite,Rafaeli Gonçalves; Corassa,Anderson; Ton,Ana Paula Silva; Komiyama,Claudia Marie; Amorim,Alessandro Borges; Kiefer,Charles.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to evaluate performance and carcass and meat characteristics of finishing pigs fed diets with different levels of glycerin, while maintaining the electrolyte balance. Forty barrows with an initial weight of 97.76±13.44 kg were distributed, in a randomized block design, into four treatments with five replicates. Treatments consisted of diets containing 0, 5, 10, and 15% glycerin. Inclusions of salt and sodium bicarbonate were adjusted to balance the sodium content and maintain the same electrolyte balance of the diets as a function of glycerin inclusions. In vivo backfat thickness, daily feed intake, daily weight gain, and feed conversion were measured. After the animals were slaughtered, pH and temperature were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biodiesel; Byproduct; Carcass quality; Glycerol; Meat quality.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982017000300211
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Intake, apparent nutrient digestibility and ingestive behavior of sheep fed cashew nut meal R. Bras. Zootec.
Pimentel,Patrícia Guimarães; Pereira,Elzânia Sales; Queiroz,Augusto César de; Mizubuti,Ivone Yurika; Regadas Filho,José Gilson Louzada; Maia,Iana Sérvulo Gomes.
The objective of this work was to evaluate intake, nutrient apparent digestibility and ingestive behavior of sheep fed rations with cashew nut meal (CNM) at the levels of 0; 10; 20 and 30% in the concentrate ration. It was used a double 4 × 4 Latin square experimental design. Intakes of dry matter (DM), organic matter, crude protein, mineral matter, non-fibrous carbohydrates and total digestible nutrients were not influenced by the addition of CNM, however, intake of neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber and total carbohydrates presented a quadratic behavior with the increase of content of lipids in the ration. Apparent digestibility of DM, organic matter, crude protein, NDF, acid detergent fiber and non-fibrous carbohydrates was not...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Byproduct; Chewing activity; Lipids; Santa Inês sheep.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982011000500026
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Investigation on chemical composition and optimization of essential oil obtainment from waste Pinus taeda L. using hydrodistillation BABT
Teixeira,Sirlei Dias; Fiorio,Jhonatan Luiz; Galvan,Diego; Sefstrom,Carolina; Cogo,Priscila Morgana; Sales Junior,Valber; Rodrigues,Márcio Barreto; Hendges,Ana Paula Palaro Klein; Maia,Beatriz Helena L. de Noronha Sales; Benghi,Thalita Gilda Santos.
ABSTRACT: The extraction of essential oils obtained by the hydrodistillation of needles/twigs waste of Pinus taeda L. was optimized by applying response surface methodology (RSM), with 24 full factorial design, in order to improve oil essential production, and aggregate value to the production chain of pine wood. Through the model it was possible to ascertain the influence of the variables in the average amount of essential oil (0.1032 mL), being the variables analyzed: biomass - Bm (x1), extraction time - ET (x2), Bm:ET (x1x2) and sample size - SS: drying times - DT (x3x4). Only linear terms (biomass and extraction time) and your interaction demonstrated significant positive values (0.0344, 0.0206 and 0.0131). The major components of the essential oil...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Pinus; Byproduct; Essential oil; Response surface methodology (RSM); Mathematical modeling.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132016000100603
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