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Registros recuperados: 45
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A Mixed Geographically Weighted Approach to Decoupling and Rural Development in the EU-15 AgEcon
Pecci, Francesco; Sassi, Maria.
The CAP reform and the recent EC communication aimed at preparing its Health Check emphasise the need for interventions locally based where agricultural policy integrates with a broader policy for rural areas growth. In this context, the paper investigates the possible different sets policy indicators affecting agricultural productivity at the regional level considering spatial heterogeneity by means of a Mixed Geographically Weighted Regression approach. The analysis is based on a set of policy sensitive indicators selected according to the key component of the CAP reform and referred to a sample of 164 EU-15 regions at NUTS2 level. The methodology adopted, new for the empirical literature on the topic, allows for a more accurate understanding of spatial...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP reform; Agricultural productivity; Spatial analysis; Cluster analysis; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6625
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A Multicommodity EU Policy Framework Incorporating Public Good Criteria into the Direct Payment System in Agriculture AgEcon
Dunne, W.; O'Connell, J.J..
For decades the CAP has been the major influence in shaping EU agriculture and food production. The economic and policy environment in the EU is now very different from that which prevailed in the earlier decades. The future economic, social and geographic diversity of the EU will be further increased by enlargement. Agricultural policies and the related operational frameworks will inevitably change to accommodate this added diversity and the changing societal and consumer values. This paper evaluates how the current shape of EU agriculture has been influenced by the reforms to date. It also attempts to focus on where EU farming may be, or wish to go, over the next decade. The evaluation is restricted to the beef sector as it has been to the forefront in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP reform; Direct payments for public goods; Animal welfare; Environment; Food safety; Production methods; Extensive production; Economic; Social and geographic diversity; Future role of farming; An administrative framework.; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24801
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Agriculture and European Union Enlargement AgEcon
Josling, Timothy E.; Kelch, David R.; Liapis, Peter S.; Tangermann, Stefan.
Potential accession of a number of eastern and central European countries into the European Union (EU) seems destined to lead to further reforms of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). The financial costs of absorbing these countries may be extreme. This report documents the modeling framework (European Simulation Model, ESIM) used to analyze the 1992 CAP reform and discusses possible effects of EU enlargement.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: CAP reform; European Union; EU; European Union enlargement; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33571
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An assessment of the impact of possible CAP reform scenarios on Romanian agriculture AgEcon
Alexandri, Cecilia; Luca, Lucian.
Using a simplified model, with key-variable the prices of two different possible scenarios of CAP reform after 2013 (moderate and radical), this paper present a comparison between the price effects of implementation of each reform scenario at 2015 horizon on Romanian agriculture. This short analysis shows that, under the presented hypotheses, the net welfare effect, due to the price changes, for the selected products, is positive in both reform scenarios, yet greater in the case of the radical reform. Integrated in the large context of Romanian development, it seems that the influence of CAP reform upon agriculture and rural areas will be most likely a gradual one: an interpenetration between the two scenarios is foreseeable, starting with the moderate...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP reform; Romania; Welfare effects; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44022
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Analysis of the Socio-Economic Impact of the Tobacco CMO Reform on Italian Tobacco Sector AgEcon
Arfini, Filippo; Donati, Michele; Menozzi, Davide.
The Tobacco CMO (Common Market Organization) is involved in a intense debate between the European tobacco industry and those who are against to a crop whose transformed product is dangerous to the health. European institutions have shown a strong interest in this complex issue introducing two Reforms (1992 and 1998) and one revision in 2004. This paper aims to analyse and investigate the socio-economic impact of the tobacco CMO Reform of 2004 in Italy, across the scenarios proposed by the EC Commission (2004), both on the tobacco production and processing sector. The considered socio-economic indicators are harvested surfaces, farm income and overall employment, while the sample of farms used in this research belong to the FADN–Italy sample.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Tobacco CMO; CAP reform; Decoupling; Positive Mathematical Programming; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q11; Q12; Q18; J21.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24481
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Assessing the impact of future CAP reforms on the demand of production factors AgEcon
Bartolini, Fabio; Viaggi, Davide; Ronchi, Davide; Gomez y Paloma, Sergio; Sammeth, Frank.
The CAP reform process has been a central issue for agricultural economics research in recent years, and is gaining further attention in view of the post-2013 perspectives. The objective of this paper is to assess ex-ante the effect of different post-2013 CAP and market scenarios on the demand of productions factors. The paper is based on the use of farm household dynamic programming models maximising the net present value with a time horizon until 2030. A representative model has been implemented for 18 different farming systems in 8 EU countries. Changes in marginal values of selected resource constraints (land, labour and capital) are used to assess the potential effect of different scenarios on farm-household demand of production factors. Results...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP reform; Investment behaviour; Farm Household model; Factor markets; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99593
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Bargaining structures in French dairy sector and impact of policy reforms AgEcon
Yu, Jianyu.
The recent CAP reform to reduce gradually the intervention price of some industry products induces changes in both the raw milk price schemes and the bargaining structures in the French dairy sector. In this article, we develop a bargaining model to investigate the reason of current and potential changes. We find that the relative strongness of the downstream processors has great influence on the bargaining outcomes and the equilibrium bargaining structures. The policy reform changes the relative strongness of downstream processors and therefore, induces the change in the equilibrium price schemes and bargaining structures.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bargaining structure; CAP reform; French dairy sector; Agricultural and Food Policy; Industrial Organization; Livestock Production/Industries; Q18; Q13; L10.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6662
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CAP Reform and the Mediterranean EU-Member States AgEcon
Borresch, Rene; Kavallari, Aikaterini; Schmitz, P. Michael.
In the previous years the Mediterranean Member States of the EU came across the Reform of the CAP and especially last year faced the second wave of the Reform for three typical Mediterranean products, namely cotton, olive oil and tobacco. In this paper a partial equilibrium model is used to simulate the impacts of decoupling, as a key point of the decided CAP Reform. The second wave of the Reform appears to be of crucial importance for the southern EU countries and although the producer's income is reduced, there are positive welfare effects.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Decoupling; Partial equilibrium model; CAP reform; Greece; Italy; Spain; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q18; Q17; D59.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24607
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CAP Reform in the Light of the WTO Doha Round Negotiations AgEcon
Halmai, Peter; Elekes, Andrea.
Our paper focuses on the question: how the measures of June 2003 agreement can help the EU to meet the new WTO commitments. As decoupling of direct payments and WTO classification of the new payments seem to be one of the most important questions from the point of view of WTO negotiations, our analysis focuses mainly on the Single Farm Payment (SFP). We assesses the decoupled nature of the single farm payment (SFP) based on WTO and OECD criteria. We conclude that the SFP meets not only the current WTO (design based) criteria of decoupling, but can also be qualified as effective fully decoupled system using the OECD terminology.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP reform; WTO; Decoupling; International Relations/Trade; Q17; Q18; F13; F15.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24693
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CAP REFORM, WHEAT PRICE INSTABILITY AND PRODUCER WELFARE AgEcon
Thompson, Stanley R.; Gohout, Wolfgang.
We use a simple nonlinear commodity market model to illustrate the impact of recent reforms of the CAP on the variability of EU and world wheat prices. Second, within an expected utility framework we estimate the transfer and risk effects on producer welfare due to market liberalizing reforms. We found that wheat producers were over-compensated for the losses due to lower prices following the 1992 reforms. The transfer effect clearly dominated while the risk component was small. Further, we did not find producer incomes to be more unstable following to the 1992 CAP reforms.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Price transmission; CAP reform; Price instability; Producer welfare; Wheat market; Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21780
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Contract Design and Targeting for the Production of Public Goods in Agriculture: The Impact of the 2003 Cap Reform AgEcon
Bartolini, Fabio; Gallerani, Vittorio; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
The objective of this paper is to compare different ways of designing agri-environmental contracts and to set targeting under adverse selection, comparing conditions before and after CAP reform 2003. The results suggest that the present contract structure may be relevantly improved through a more accurate design and a clearer target. The reform, through the decoupling mechanism, will contribute to reduce the opportunity cost of the adoption of agri-environmental measures. This may increase the optimal amount of public goods produced by agriculture and will encourage participation by farmers. However, in order to properly exploit the new conditions brought by the 2003 reform, it is necessary to review the way agri-environmental payments are assigned and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental schemes; Contracts; Multifunctional agriculture; CAP reform; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q1; Q18; Q2.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24559
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CROP SUBSTITUTION ON UK SUGAR BEET FARMS AND ITS EFFECTS ON THE ENVIRONMENT: A MULTI-PRODUCT COST FUNCTION APPROACH AgEcon
Renwick, Alan W.; Revoredo-Giha, Cesar.
This paper analyzes the effect that the imminent reform of the EU sugar beet regime will have on United Kingdom (UK) sugar beet farms. Specifically, we estimate a multi-product cost function to analyze the effect the changes on the sugar beet price support and quota will have on the crop allocation of sugar beet farms and their aggregate use of inputs. Based on these estimates we discuss the implications that changes in the crop patterns may have on farm environmental variables such as soil loss and groundwater pollution.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Multi-product cost function; UK sugar beet production; CAP reform; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31933
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Declining "Common" Agricultural Policy? CAP Reform of 2003 and Its National Implementation in the Member States AgEcon
Halmai, Peter; Elekes, Andrea.
This paper focuses on the basic element of the 2003 CAP reform process: on the single farm payment and its national implementation models. We examine possible economic impacts (production distorting effects, redistribution, restructuring, resource allocation and effects on land market) of the basic SFP models. In sum, we can say that the 2003 CAP reform and the new support provide an opportunity to overcome some of the difficulties the CAP faces with. However, the wide range of national diversities threatens the principle of the single market, and transparency and operation of the common market organizations. As there is a wide range of possible constructions member states can decide for, the common nature of the CAP gets more and more questionable.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP reform; Decoupling; Single farm payment; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q17; Q18; F13; F15.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24480
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Did the CAP reform affect off-farm labour participation in Italian farms? AgEcon
Corsi, Alessandro; Salvioni, Cristina.
The process of change in the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) from trade and market distorting measures to more neutral interventions has been long, but in this process the 2003 reform (the so-called Fischler reform) has been the most important step, leading to a more decoupled, and hence less market distorting, support (Oecd, 2004) and introducing the fully decoupled Single Farm Payment Scheme (SFP). In this paper, we estimate a model of operators’ off-farm labour participation from a panel of Italian COP farms drawn from the FADN. To this purpose we use a random effects probit model, thus controlling for unobserved heterogeneity. The results suggest that the effects of the reform on off-farm labour participation, if any, are weak. No variable directly...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP reform; Off-farm work; Farm household; Agricultural and Food Policy; J220; J430; Q120; Q180.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124098
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Die Logik der europäischen Agrarpolitik: Politische Macht oder ökonomische Gesetzmäßigkeiten? AgEcon
Henning, Christian H.C.A.; Struve, Carsten; Brockmeier, Martina.
This paper derives an applied general political economy model incorporating a model of political decision-making into a computable general economic equilibrium model. Political decision-making among a set of legislators is modeled via a mean voter decision rule derived from a modified non-cooperative legislative bargaining game of a BARON-FEREJOHN type. Legislators’ preferences are endogenously derived from political support maximization, where policies translate into legislators’ support according to a political transformation surface. Each surface reflects specific economic framework conditions of legislators` constituency. The model allows a simultaneous analysis of political and economic factors determining policy outcome. In regard to the Health Check...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Political economy general equilibrium model; European agricultural policy; Endogenous policy preferences; CAP reform; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97590
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Dynamic impacts of a financial reform of the CAP on regional land use, income and overall growth AgEcon
Jansson, Torbjorn; Bakker, Martha M.; Le Mouel, P.; Schirmann-Duclos, D.; Verhoog, A. David; Verkerk, P.J..
In this paper we investigate the impacts of abolishing the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) for the post-2013 European Union (EU) financial perspective and the impacts of re-investing the released funds on research and development (R&D). We apply a linked system of models to analyze the impacts for the EU member states. The linked system consists of five land-use sector models (agriculture, forestry, urban area, tourism and transport infrastructure), which are connected to a macro-econometric model. Additionally, a land cover model is used to disaggregate land use countries to a 1 km² grid. Three scenarios are analysed. In the “baseline” currently decided policies are assumed to be continued until 2025. In the “tax rebate” scenario agricultural support...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP reform; Economical growth; Land use; Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43640
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ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS OF ALTERNATIVE EC POLICIES AgEcon
Liapis, Peter S..
A net trade model that includes environmental variables is used to analyze economic and environmental implications of various EC policies. There are environmental benefits from CAP reform, but a fertilizer tax results in greater nitrate and phosphate abatement. The input tax also results in smaller drops in EC farm income compared to CAP reform.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: CAP reform; Environmental policies; European Community; Fertilizer tax; Net trade model; Nitrate Directive; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15422
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Environmental and socioeconomic impact of the new cotton reform AgEcon
Arriaza Balmón, Manuel.
Following the decoupling of the cotton subsidies in 2006 the production system has become less intensive in input usage with an average yield reduction of 40 per cent. Albeit the farm income has not been reduced, the reform has had a negative effect on the economy of some rural areas of Southern Spain, where there are few productive alternatives to cotton, with a 39% reduction of direct farm labour. Besides, the reform has been borne by the ginning industry (60% reduction), the agrochemical suppliers and the auxiliary sector. On the other hand, the environment has benefits from the extensification of the cotton production since three quarter of the production is now carried out under integrated production that implies a reduction in the amount of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cotton; CAP reform; Decoupling; Spain; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44328
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EU-wide Distributional Effects of EU Direct Payments Harmonization analyzed with CAPRI AgEcon
Gocht, Alexander; Britz, Wolfgang; Ciaian, Pavel; Gomez y Paloma, Sergio.
We argue in this paper that available econometric estimates of farmers’ risk aversion do not measure true farmers’ preferences towards risky outcomes. Available analyses are mostly of static nature and indeed measure the parameters of the synthetic optimal value function rather than the deep parameters of the utility functions. We derive analytical and empirical results in a simple dynamic and stochastic framework showing that that there is not a simple relationship between utility functions and value functions when agents have many decision variables. In particular we find that the value function does not necessarily exhibit DARA when the instantaneous utility function satisfies DARA and conversely. We recommend performing dynamic econometric estimation...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Distributional effects; SPS; Flat-rate payment; CAP reform; Farm level model; CAPRI farm type layer; International Relations/Trade; Q11; Q12; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114624
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Evaluating Changes in Cropping Patterns due to the 2003 CAP Reform. An Ex-post Analysis of Different PMP Approaches Considering New Activities AgEcon
Blanco, Maria; Cortignani, Raffaele; Severini, Simone.
Replaced with revised version of paper 02/22/08.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Ex-post policy evaluation; Positive mathematical programming; CAP reform; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6674
Registros recuperados: 45
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