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Registros recuperados: 13
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Changes in Management Can Improve Returns from Cambodian Upland Crops AgEcon
Farquharson, Robert J.; Sareth, Chea; Somrangchittra, Chapho; Martin, Robert J.; Haigh, Bruce M; Scott, J. Fiona; Sopheap, Ung.
Farming systems research for wet-season non-rice upland crops in Cambodia is being conducted with the overall aim of poverty reduction and food security for farmers in the Provinces of Battambang and Kampong Cham. Some of these cash crops exhibit low and variable incomes, especially when grown in the early wet season. Cambodian farmers may borrow money to buy crop inputs and often sell their produce to companies and traders from neighbouring countries, hence they are price takers. Some new crop technologies are evaluated which relate to soil and crop fertility management interacting with climatic factors. The DSSAT crop simulation model is used to predict outcomes from alternative management strategies. Bio-economic analyses are conducted to assess the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Upland crops; Cambodia; Technology; Economics; Simulation; Risk; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25602
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Escaping Poverty Traps? Collective Action and Property Rights in Post-War Rural Cambodia AgEcon
Weingart, Anne; Kirk, Michael.
This paper introduces and applies an analytical framework to study how formal and informal institutions influence socio–economic change and poverty reduction in rural Cambodia, giving specific reference to property rights and collective action. It focuses on emerging endogenous mechanisms of cooperation as well as on the role of external actors and instruments in forming or enhancing collective action institutions, and enforcing use and ownership rights among the rural poor. Within this framework key contextual factor, such as asset endowments, legal structures, and power relations, have an impact on poverty and rural livelihoods, but are also mediated and changed by property right regimes and local cooperation. Findings indicate that access to and use of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Collective action; Property rights; Cambodia; Poverty traps; Natural resources; Rights; Common property; Food Security and Poverty; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44362
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Exploring Strategies that Build Livelihood Resilience: a Case from Cambodia Ecology and Society
Marschke, Melissa J; York University; marschke@yorku.ca; Berkes, Fikret; University of Manitoba; berkes@cc.umanitoba.ca.
Livelihoods in Cambodian fishing communities are complex and dynamic. Fluctuations in resource abundance, seasonal cycles of resource use, and changes in access create conditions that bring challenges for rural households, as do economic and policy drivers. Nonetheless, people are continuously “doing something” in response to these stresses and shocks. This paper sets out to explore how households and community members attempt to mitigate against such challenges. The analysis of livelihood stresses and shocks in two Cambodian fishing villages shows that diversification is a commonly used strategy for coping and adapting. Analyzing responses at multiple scales, with emphasis on resilience-building strategies at household and community...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Cambodia; Diversification; Livelihood; Resilience; Scale; Uncertainty; Well-being.
Ano: 2006
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Genotypic differences in adaptation to late season drought and infertile soil in rainfed lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Cambodia International Rice Research Institute
Ouk, Makara.
xxii, 245 l. : ill. Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Queensland
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Rice; Plant genetics; Genotype; Genetic variation; Drought; Soil; Genotype-environment interaction; Plant-water relations; Dryland farming; Cambodia; Rainfed lowland rice.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/402
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Governance of Aquatic Agricultural Systems: Analyzing Representation, Power, and Accountability Ecology and Society
Ratner, Blake D.; WorldFish; b.ratner@cgiar.org; Cohen, Philippa; ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University; WorldFish; p.cohen@cgiar.org; Barman, Benoy; WorldFish; b.barman@cgiar.org; Mam, Kosal; WorldFish; k.mam@cgiar.org; Nagoli, Joseph; WorldFish; j.nagoli@cgiar.org; Allison, Edward H.; School of International Development, University of East Anglia; WorldFish; e.allison@cgiar.org.
Aquatic agricultural systems in developing countries face increasing competition from multiple stakeholders over rights to access and use natural resources, land, water, wetlands, and fisheries, essential to rural livelihoods. A key implication is the need to strengthen governance to enable equitable decision making amidst competition that spans sectors and scales, building capacities for resilience, and for transformations in institutions that perpetuate poverty. In this paper we provide a simple framework to analyze the governance context for aquatic agricultural system development focused on three dimensions: stakeholder representation, distribution of power, and mechanisms of accountability. Case studies from Cambodia, Bangladesh, Malawi/Mozambique,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Accountability; Bangladesh; Cambodia; Civil society; Coastal zone management; Environmental governance; Livelihoods; Malawi; Mozambique; Power; Social-ecological resilience; Solomon Islands; Stakeholder representation; Wetlands.
Ano: 2013
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Irrigation and water policies in the Mekong region: Current discourses and practices AgEcon
Molle, Francois.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water resource management; Water policy; Water law; Participatory management; Irrigation management; River basins; Governance; South East Asia; Thailand; Cambodia; Laos; Vietnam; Myanmar; China; Mekong Region; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Political Economy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53062
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Mathematical modelling and improvement of operating practices of sun drying of rice International Rice Research Institute
Meas, P..
xxii, 332 p. : ill. + 1 CDROM. Thesis (Ph.D.) -- Massey University
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Rice; Drying; Mathematical models; Cambodia.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10269/105
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Rice ecosystem analysis for research priority setting in Cambodia International Rice Research Institute
Leng, Tekseng.
146 leaves : ill., maps. Thesis (M.S.) -- Central Luzon State University
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Rice; Ecosystems; Environmental assessment; Soil; Research; Cambodia.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/850
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Rice production in Cambodia International Rice Research Institute
International Rice Research Institute; Cambodia-IRRI-Australia Project; Australia Agency for International Development; Nesbitt, Harry J.
v, 112 p. : ill., maps
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Production; Cambodia.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10269/251
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Rice Production Response in Cambodia AgEcon
Yu, Bingxin; Fan, Shenggen.
This paper analyzes how Cambodian farmers and the government can respond to the rise of rice price. The study estimates rice production response in Cambodia using the Cambodia Socio-Economic Surveys (CSES) conducted in 2004 and 2007. The results indicate that agricultural productivity is far from its potential and can be increased substantially by using modern technology and inputs such as fertilizers and irrigation. Our findings also suggest that the Cambodian government needs to design its investment strategy to relax constraints in rural infrastructure such as transportation and electricity in order to increase its agricultural production and productivity and boost farmers’ income.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Production response; Government investment; Price; Rice; Cambodia; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Food Security and Poverty; Production Economics; C21; O13; Q1.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51042
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Sustainable financing of protected areas in Cambodia: Phnom Aural and Phnom Samkos wildlife sanctuaries AgEcon
Grieg-Gran, Maryanne; de la Harpe, Derek; McGinley, John; MacGregor, James; Bond, Ivan.
In order to increase protected area revenue, and as part of a drive for national economic development, the Cambodian government is starting to issue economic concessions in 'sustainable development zones' of of protected areas. The Phnom Aural and Phnom Samkos wildlife sanctuaries cover nearly 600,000 ha and are important for biodiversity conservation and environmental services. They are home to about 30,000 people who rely on subsistence agriculture, cattle raising, and collection of non-timber forest products for their livelihoods. Under the Cardamom Mountains Wildlife Sanctuaries Project, a joint project of the Cambodian Ministry of Environment and Fauna and Flora International, zoning plans have been developed for both sanctuaries through participatory...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Markets; Economics; Natural Resources; Cambodia; Wildlife; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37920
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The relevance of a coproductive capacity framework to climate change adaptation: investigating the health and water sectors in Cambodia Ecology and Society
Bowen, Kathryn J; National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University; Melbourne Sustainable Society Institute, University of Melbourne, Australia; ; kathryn.bowen@anu.edu.au; Miller, Fiona P; Department of Environment and Geography, Macquarie University, Australia; Department of Resource Management and Geography, University of Melbourne, Australia ; fiona.miller@mq.edu.au; Dany, Va; Department of Environment, Royal University of Phnom Penh, Cambodia; Institute of Sustainable Development and Architecture, Bond University, Australia ; danyenvironment@gmail.com; Graham, Sonia; Department of Resource Management and Geography, University of Melbourne, Australia; sonia.graham@unimelb.edu.au.
Multiple active partnerships in the health and water sectors in Cambodia exist to address climate change adaptation, operating beyond typical sectoral and organizational divides. Decisions around national adaptation policy are made predominantly by the relevant lead ministry, contrasting with where funding originates from (i.e., major donors, multilaterals, United Nation agencies). Adaptation policy is thus the result of a process of coproduction by state and nonstate actors. The research we present sought to understand the relationships that exist between knowledge- and decision-makers with respect to climate change adaptation in the health and water sectors in Cambodia, and the factors that enabled or constrained these relationships. Forty-four...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Actionable knowledge; Cambodia; Climate change adaptation; Knowledge production process; Multiparty collaboration; Social networks.
Ano: 2015
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Upland crop technologies in Cambodia: economic evaluations and some adoption issues AgEcon
Farquharson, Robert J.; Scott, J. Fiona; Sareth, Chea.
Agricultural research and development (R&D) has being conducted in the upland districts of Cambodia to develop new farming systems and crop management technologies. Levels of farm income in these areas are relatively low due to small farm sizes and low crop productivity. Work is also planned to encourage the process of adoption of these technologies, and here we investigate how this process can be facilitated. A literature review identifies two important technology characteristics, ‘relative advantage’ and ‘trialability’, for successful adoption. Minimum or target rates of return on investment in new technologies are discussed as a means of investigating how much improvement in relative advantage might be enough to encourage successful adoption of the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: New technology; Adoption; Upland crops; Cambodia; Economic assessment; Social; Crop Production/Industries; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6008
Registros recuperados: 13
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