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Registros recuperados: 3
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Assessment of the contamination of marine fauna by chlordecone in Guadeloupe and Martinique (Lesser Antilles) ArchiMer
Dromard, Charlotte; Bodiguel, Xavier; Lemoine, Soazig; Bouchon-navaro, Yolande; Reynal, Lionel; Thouard, Emmanuel; Bouchon, Claude.
Chlordecone is an organochlorine pesticide, used in the Lesser Antilles from 1972 to 1993 to fight against a banana weevil. That molecule is very persistent in the natural environment and ends up in the sea with runoff waters. From 2003 to 2013, seven campaigns of samplings have been conducted to evaluate the level of contamination of fish, crustaceans, and mollusks. The present study is the first assessment and the first comparison of the concentrations of chlordecone between marine areas, taxonomic groups, and ecological factors like trophic groups or preferential habitat of fish species. The four most contaminated marine areas are located downstream the contaminated rivers and banana plantations. Crustaceans seemed to be more sensitive to the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Chlordecone; Organochlorine pollution; Marine fauna; Contamination; Guadeloupe; Martinique.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00309/41989/41379.pdf
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Contamination of some aquatic species with the organochlorine pesticide chlordecone in Martinique ArchiMer
Coat, Sophie; Bocquene, Gilles; Godard, Eric.
Martinique is a French overseas department whose economy relies heavily on agriculture. Organochlorine pesticides, mainly chlordecone, were used for banana cultivation to eradicate banana weevil over a period of 40 years. Chlordecone is chemically stable,and has a strong affinity for fatty tissues. It is therefore able to bioaccumulate in animals and thereby represent a threat to ecosystems and man. Soils from banana plantations in Martinique are heavily contaminated with chlordecone. Possible transfer of these molecules from agricultural watersheds to the aquatic environment and the organisms that live in it is feared. The hypothesis that ecosystems of Martinique might be highly contaminated with this organochlorine pesticide was investigated. Chlordecone...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: W Atlantic; Caribbean Islands; Food web; Aquatic organisms; Chlordecone; Contamination; Pesticides.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1662.pdf
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Pesticide contamination of the coastline of Martinique ArchiMer
Bocquene, Gilles; Franco, Alain.
In January and February 2002, the presence of certain agricultural pesticides throughout the coastline of the Caribbean island of Martinique was investigated. The tropical climate of the French West Indies is suitable for banana production, which requires intensive use of pesticides. An inventory of all pesticides used on the island (compounds and tonnage) was compiled. Surveys and analyses revealed the presence of pesticides in the plumes of seven rivers. The organochlorine chlordecone and metabolites of aldicarb were detected at nearly all of the monitored sites, even though the use of chlordecone has been prohibited since 1993. Two triazines (ametryn and simazine) were also identified. The concentrations of carbamates and triazines detected in the water...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aldicarb; Chlordecone; Triazines; Pesticides; Contamination; Martinique Island.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-879.pdf
Registros recuperados: 3
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