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Registros recuperados: 9
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BEHAVIOURS OF CONSERVATION ORGANIZATIONS AND THEIR ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS. Analysis based on New (and not so new) Institutional Economics AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
This article draws mostly (but not entirely) on new institutional economics to consider the likely behaviours of non-government conservation organizations and the implications of these behaviours for biodiversity conservation. It considers how institutional factors may result in behaviour of conservation NGOs diverging from their objectives, including their support for biodiversity conservation; examines aspects of rent capture and conservation alliances; specifies social factors that may restrict the diversity of species supported by NGOs for conservation; considers bounded rationality in relation to the operation of conservation NGOs; and using game theory, shows how competition between NGOs for funding can result in economic inefficiencies and narrow...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Australia; Biodiversity conservation; Bounded rationality; Civil society; Common Agricultural Policy; European Union; Landcare; Mixed goods; New institutional economics; New Zealand; NGOs; Principal-and-agent problem; Political acceptability; Environmental Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Political Economy; Q00; Q2; Q5; Q57; Z13.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6185
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Community empowerment and scaling-up in urban areas: The evolution of push/prospect in Zambia AgEcon
Garrett, James L..
Includes bibliographical references. Urban Challenges to Food and Nutrition Security.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: CARE; Poverty alleviation; Community organizations; Urban poor; Peri-urban areas; Urban programming; Empowerment; Community-driven development (CDD); Food aid; Scaling up; Civil society; Government policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60395
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Debt-for-Nature Swaps in Action: Two Case Studies in Peru Ecology and Society
Gockel, Catherine Kilbane; Santa Clara University and University of Washington; catherine.kilbane@fulbrightmail.org; Gray, Leslie C; Environmental Studies Institute, Santa Clara University; lcgray@scu.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Amazonia; Civil society; Debt-for-nature swaps; Local capacity; Nature conservation; Nature conservation funding; Peru; Program evaluation; Resource management; Tropical Forest Conservation Act.
Ano: 2011
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Governance of Aquatic Agricultural Systems: Analyzing Representation, Power, and Accountability Ecology and Society
Ratner, Blake D.; WorldFish; b.ratner@cgiar.org; Cohen, Philippa; ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University; WorldFish; p.cohen@cgiar.org; Barman, Benoy; WorldFish; b.barman@cgiar.org; Mam, Kosal; WorldFish; k.mam@cgiar.org; Nagoli, Joseph; WorldFish; j.nagoli@cgiar.org; Allison, Edward H.; School of International Development, University of East Anglia; WorldFish; e.allison@cgiar.org.
Aquatic agricultural systems in developing countries face increasing competition from multiple stakeholders over rights to access and use natural resources, land, water, wetlands, and fisheries, essential to rural livelihoods. A key implication is the need to strengthen governance to enable equitable decision making amidst competition that spans sectors and scales, building capacities for resilience, and for transformations in institutions that perpetuate poverty. In this paper we provide a simple framework to analyze the governance context for aquatic agricultural system development focused on three dimensions: stakeholder representation, distribution of power, and mechanisms of accountability. Case studies from Cambodia, Bangladesh, Malawi/Mozambique,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Accountability; Bangladesh; Cambodia; Civil society; Coastal zone management; Environmental governance; Livelihoods; Malawi; Mozambique; Power; Social-ecological resilience; Solomon Islands; Stakeholder representation; Wetlands.
Ano: 2013
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Innovating at the margins: the System of Rice Intensification in India and transformative social innovation Ecology and Society
Prasad, Shambu C; Institute of Rural Management Anand; shambu@irma.ac.in.
I explore transformative social innovation in agriculture through a particular case of agroecological innovation, the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in India. Insights from social innovation theory that emphasize the roles of social movements and the reengagement of vulnerable populations in societal transformation can help reinstate the missing “social” dimension in current discourses on innovation in India. India has a rich and vibrant tradition of social innovation wherein vulnerable communities have engaged in collective experimentation. This is often missed in official or formal accounts. Social innovations such as SRI can help recreate these possibilities for change from outside the mainstream due to newer opportunities that...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Civil society; Innovation networks; Social innovation theory; System of Rice Intensification.
Ano: 2016
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Is It Time to Re-think the WTO? A Return to the Basics AgEcon
Kerr, William A..
The GATT was an organization that was seldom at the centre of political controversy, nor was it the object of virulent protest. The WTO, which succeeded it, however, has not enjoyed the GATT's anonymity. The controversies surrounding the WTO detract from its effectiveness and debase its credibility. In large measure, the contentious issues that the WTO has been attempting to deal with since its inception do not have at their heart trade in goods and services. The framers of the WTO took bold steps to create a new institution during the Uruguay Round--much of which has turned out to be a significant improvement on the GATT. This does not mean, however, that everything that was put in place has proved to be an improvement, or even workable. It may be time to...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Civil society; Trade sanctions; TRIPS; WTO; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23842
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Multilevel governance in community-based environmental management: a case study comparison from Latin America Ecology and Society
Sattler, Claudia; Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), Institute of Socio-Economics; csattler@zalf.de; Meyer, Angela; Organisation for International Dialogue and Conflict Management; angela.meyer@idialog.eu; Giersch, Gregor; Organisation for International Dialogue and Conflict Management; gregor.giersch@idialog.eu; Meyer, Claas; Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), Institute of Socio-Economics; claas.meyer@zalf.de; Matzdorf, Bettina; Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), Institute of Socio-Economics; matzdorf@zalf.de.
We analyze four case studies from Latin America using the concept of multilevel governance to assess at what vertical and horizontal levels and in what roles various state, market, and civil society actors interact for successful community-based environmental management (CBEM). In particular, we address the problem of how a conflict over natural resources with high negative impacts on the livelihoods of the respective communities could be overcome by a governance change that resulted in a multilevel governance arrangement for CBEM. The analysis involves a mixed-methods approach that combines a variety of empirical methods in social research such as field visits, personal interviews, participant observations, and stakeholder workshops. To visualize results,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Civil society; Community management; Ecosystem services; Environmental governance; Intermediaries; Natural resource management.
Ano: 2016
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Scaling up HIV/AIDS intervention through expanded partnerships (STEPs) in Malawi AgEcon
Kadiyala, Suneetha.
Includes bibliographical references.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Capacity strengthening; HIV/AIDS; Collective action; Community organizations; Community mobilization; Scaling up; Community-driven development (CDD); Civil society; Government Policy; Africa; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60399
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The Political Economy of Pro-Poor Livestock Policy-making in Ethiopia AgEcon
Halderman, Michael.
This paper presents a case study of how livestock policies are made and implemented in a national context, and how they can be improved to better serve the interests of the poor. Livestock are extremely important in Ethiopia and could play a key role in pro-poor development strategy. Livestock are estimated to contribute to the livelihoods of 60-70% of the Ethiopian population. There have been several negative livestock-related trends over the past 20-30 years, however, including a decline in: national and per capita production of livestock products, official livestock and livestock product exports and earnings from exports, and per capita consumption of food from livestock origin. The study used the key informant method supplemented with official...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Ethiopia; Political economy; Policy-making; Livestock; Pro-poor livestock policies; Livestock marketing; Livestock exports; Unofficial livestock marketing and exports; Cross border trade; SPS standards; Animal health services; Pastoralists; Pastoral areas; Pastoral development; Settling pastoralists; Highland areas; Urban and peri-urban areas; Land tenure; Governance; Decentralization; Civil society; Conflict mitigation; Political feasibility; Livestock Production/Industries; Political Economy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23770
Registros recuperados: 9
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