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Registros recuperados: 17
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Bilan de l'état zoosanitaire des mollusques en Méditerranée française : 1988-2001 ArchiMer
Pichot, Yves.
The fact that molluscs from the Mediterranean have benefited from a privileged zoosanitary condition compared to those of the other French coasts has for a long time limited the control of farms and natural fields in this area. It is only in the early 70's, because of the pathological problems and risks observed in other areas that Mediterranean molluscs started to be stictly under zoosanitory control. This control was however limited until the early 90's. With the implementation of the European directives 91/67 and 95/70 for the protection of molluscs against diseases and their propagation, with the creation in 1992 of REPAMO- IFREMER (with a watch unit in the Mediterranean), the control of molluscs in the Mediterranean has considerably improved. Since...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Méditerranée; Zoosanitaire; Mortalité; Huître plate; Ostrea edulis; Huître creuse; Crassostrea gigas; Moule; Mytilus galloprovincialis; Palourde; Tapes decussatus; Telline; Donas trunculus; Mediterranean; Zoosanitary; Mortality; Flat oyster; Ostrea edulis; Pacific cupped oyster; Crassostrea gigas; Mussel; Mytilus galloprovincialis; Clam; Tapes decussatus; Coquina clam; Donax trunculus.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00145/25579/23717.pdf
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Bilan des travaux de la cellule zoosanitaire de La Trinité Sur Mer. Réseau de Pathologie des Mollusques. Secteurs Nord-Loire. Année 1998 ArchiMer
Martin, Anne-genevieve; Tige, Gilbert; Hirata, Toshio; Kuntz, Gregoire; Le Coguic, Yvette.
Within the context of the mollusc pathology monitoring network, this report assesses the follow-up and work done by the zoosanitary unit of Trinité-sur-Mer on the whole of the French farming and bed areas of the North Loire for the year 1998.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Herpes virus; Pathology; Mortality; Britanny (France); Normandy; Clam; Abalone; Cockle; Mussel; Pacific cupped oyster; European flat oyster; Herpès virus; Pathologie; Mortalité; Bretagne; Normandie; Naissain; Palourde; Ormeau; Coque; Moule; Huître creuse; Huître plate.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1999/rapport-1920.pdf
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Brown muscle disease (BMD), an emergent pathology affecting Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum in Arcachon Bay (SW France) ArchiMer
Dang, C; De Montaudouin, X; Gonzalez, P; Mesmer Duldons, N; Caill-milly, Nathalie.
We describe an emerging pathology, brown muscle disease (BMD), which specifically affects the Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum in Arcachon Bay (France). BMD induces a transformation of the posterior adductor muscle, which becomes infused by conchiolin and calcified, reducing the ability of clams to bury. The disease affects both types of muscular tissue, with striated muscle becoming affected to a higher degree than smooth muscle. Two indices were created to quantify the symptoms: the Muscle Print Index, used for empty and live shells, and the Final Disease Index, utilized for live clams only. Histological sections were made and observed under light microscopy to examine the muscular damage and to investigate a causal agent. Sections revealed an...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Light microscopy; Pathology; Adductor muscle; Ruditapes philippinarum; Clam; Brown muscle disease.
Ano: 2008 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4556.pdf
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Campagne d'évaluation du stock de palourdes du golfe du Morbihan : mars 2008 ArchiMer
Bouche, Ludovic; Peronnet, Isabelle.
Depuis 2001, une évaluation annuelle de ce stock est réalisée en mars, elle a pour objectif : − d'estimer la biomasse du stock et sa répartition afin de procéder à l'estimation de la biomasse exploitable, en particulier, sur les zones réservées à la pêche professionnelle ; − d'établir un diagnostic sur l'état du stock. Ce document rend compte : − des résultats de l'évaluation directe annuelle du stock de palourde du Golfe du Morbihan et de la rivière de Noyalo qui s'est déroulée, en collaboration avec les professionnels, du 17 au 20 mars 2008 ; − de l'analyse des fiches de pêche concernant la saison de pêche 2007, émanant du CLPMEM d'Auray/Vannes. Ces études constituent une aide à la décision pour l'organisation de...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sampling; Assessment; Morbihan bay; Clam; Échantillonnage; Évaluation; Golfe du Morbihan; Palourde.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/rapport-6107.pdf
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Caractéristiques de dragues et pêcheries ArchiMer
Pitel, Mathilde; Berthou, Patrick; Fifas, Spyros.
Basically, a dredge is a bottom-towed gear and consists of a metal frame with a blade or teeth, to dig into the sediment and extract the shelled molluscs, and a mesh bag to collect the catch. Whereas hand dredging is observed on some intertidal beds (Donax trunculus in France), the use of dredge generally needs a fishing boat. There is a great diversity of dredge types, with specific designs used to target different species in particular beds: Manual dredges for Donax (Donax trunculus), Warty venus (Venus verrucosa) and clams (Venerupis pulastra, Ruditapes sp) Dredges for King scallops (Pecten maximus) Dredges for Warty venus (Venus verrucosa) Dredge for Queen scallops (black and white, Chlamys varia and Chlamys opercularia) Dredges for small...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Management; Environmental impact; Spisula; Bittersweet palourdi; Fishing boat; Clam; Dredge; Brittany; Gestion; Impact environnemental; Spisula; Amande; Navire de pêche; Drague; Bretagne.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/rapport-4608.pdf
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Croissance de jeunes palourdes (Venerupis semidecussata) en nurserie et en mer en fonction des conditions d'élevage ArchiMer
Lucas, Albert.
The japanese palourde Venerupis semidecussata was reared in the Bay of Brest, using hatchery reared spat. Experiments were performed with individuals of lenght 2 to 10 mm raised in a nursery, using raceways with slow running water enriched with unicellular algae, And also with individuals of lenght 8 to 20 mm raised at sea in suspended culture. It was observed that growth depends upon four groups of factors : (1) the functioning and equipment of the raceways, (2) the quantity and quality of the food, (3) the temperature and (4) various physico-chemical factors. When the equipment is satisfactory and when the physico-chemical fac­tors are normal for the species in question, the rate of growth depends essen­tially on the quantity of food, provided that the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Palourde; Venerupis; Bivalves; Croissance; Nourriture; Température; Nurserie; Culture suspendue; Aquaculture; Clam; Venerupis; Bivalves; Growth; Food; Temperature; Nursery; Suspended culture; Aquaculture.
Ano: 1979 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00305/41657/40866.pdf
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Depuration Times of Donax trunculus and Tapes decussatus BJM
Çolakolu,Fatma Arik; Çardak,Mine; Çolakoglu,Serhat; Künili,Ibrahim Ender.
The present study was performed to determine the depuration time and ability of Donax trunculus (Wedge Clam) and Tapes decussatus (Carpet Shell) contaminated with Escherichia coli, Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Clams were contaminated with each bacterium at the level of 7.0 - 8.0 Log10 cfu/g. After contamination, clams were analyzed every 3 h in the first 24 h time period and every 6 h until the 72nd hour. During the depuration process of both clams, the level of bacteria decreased quickly to 40% of initial load in the first 12 h. The results of this study indicate that the depuration time of carpet shells for all bacteria is 66 h. The depuration process of the wedge clam was different from the carpet...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Clam; Purification; Vibrio parahaemolyticus; Escherichia coli; Salmonella typhimurium.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822014000300034
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Evaluation du stock de palourdes du bassin d'Arcachon ArchiMer
Bertignac, Michel; Auby, Isabelle; Sauriau, Pierre-guy; De Montaudouin, Xavier; Foucard, Julie; Martin, Sophie.
As part of a larger project financed by the European Union programme "Community initiative PESCA" on the study of "small scale fisheries" in Aquitaine (France), an estimation of the stock of clams in the Bassin d'Arcachon has been conducted. A two-stage stratified random sampling survey has been designed. Samples have been collected using a Hamon bottom sampler in 237 locations distributed over 24 km2. The clam Tapes philippinarum, which appeared in the basin following a series of aquaculture experiments in the mid eighties, is now the main species accounting for more than 90% of the abundance and the biomass, largely overcoming the European species Tapes decussata. The mean abundance and biomass (26 clams / m2 et l28g / m2) are above those estimated in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Palourde; Tapes philippinarum; Tapes decussata; Evaluation stock; Pêche; Pêche à pied; Echantillonnage; Bassin d'Arcachon; Clam; Tapes philippinarum; Tapes decussata; Stock assessment; Fishery; Sampling; Bassin d'Arcachon.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00105/21658/19240.pdf
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Evaluations locales des populations de bivalves dans le golfe de normand breton. Résultats de la campagne BIVALVES2002 ArchiMer
Pitel, Mathilde; Savina, Marie; Fifas, Spyros; Berthou, Patrick.
The exploited stocks of wild bivalves (common cockles, dog cockles, clams, and spisules) in the Norman-Breton gulf vary according to the fishing activity and the environmental conditions. Different studies, carried out by the Ifremer in this region (between 1982 and 1998), enabled the evaluation of the stocks available for fishing as well as the collection of data on these species (demographic structure, growth...). For more information on the 1993-1994 studies and a presentation of the site and the fishery please refer to the reports by Berthou, 1987 and Noël et al, 1995. The bivalve expedition conducted in May 2002, enabled us to update the data on the populations of dog cockles and banded carpet shells, then of spisules and clams, using the same...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bittersweet palourdi; Spisula; Clam; Brittany norman gulf; Bibalves; Brittany; Fishing; Crepidule; Amande de mer; Spisule; Praire; Palourde; Golfe normand breton; Bivalves; Bretagne; Pêche.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/rapport-4609.pdf
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Growth and survival rates of carpet shell clam (Tapes decussatus Linnaeus, 1758) using various culture methods in Sufa (Homa) Lagoon, Izmir, Turkey ArchiMer
Serdar, Serpil; Lok, Aynur; Kose, Aysun; Yildiz, Harun; Acarli, Sefa; Goulletquer, Philippe.
The carpet shell clam (Tapes decussatus Linnaeus, 1758) is a candidate species for aquaculture development in Turkish waters. Our study aimed to assess the efficiency of three different methods (i.e., net, box and fenced ground) to maximize clam production. Two different net materials (hard plastic net and polyamide net) were tested in the net method trials. Conducted over 1 year between October 2001 and October 2002, an initial calibrated clam population, characterized by a 26.25 ± 0.035 mm shell length and 3.85 ± 0.06 g total wet weight was sampled on a monthly basis to carry out the experiments. By the end of the rearing cycle, clams reached 34.13 ± 0.38 mm and 9.09 ± 0.27 g in shell length and total wet weight, respectively. Significant differences in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Survival rate; Growth; Culture method; Sufa lagoon; Clam; Tapes decussatus.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3111.pdf
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Improving detoxification Efficiency of PSP-contaminated oysters (Crassostrea gigas Thunberg) ArchiMer
Lassus, Patrick; Bardouil, Michele; Baron, Regis; Berard, Jean-baptiste; Masselin, Pierre; Truquet, Philippe; Pitrat, Jp.
Shellfish production, and production of marine bivalve molluscs in particular, is the main form of marine aquaculture in the European Union, with a production estimated at 1,200,000 tons in 1999 (Food and Agricultural Organization). Moreover, aquaculture production is rapidly expanding throughout Europe and is becoming a major economic resource in developing areas such as Northern Greece, Ireland, and northwestern Spain. These shellfish, mainly mussels, oysters, and clams, are produced in a natural environment. Due to variations in their environment, these otherwise edible species may however become unsafe for human consumption. Potential problems are amplified due to the nature of shellfish themselves: as they are filter feeders, they consume large...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Detoxification; PSP toxin; Toxic algae; Bioaccumulation; Contaminant; Clam; Mussel; Oyster; Shellfish culture.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-2271.pdf
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Induced triploidy in the European clam, Ruditapes decussatus (L.) and performance of triploid larvae ArchiMer
Gerard, Andre; Naciri, Yamama; Noiret, Christophe; Ledu, Christophe; Peignon, Jean-marie.
For the first time, effective treatments using cytochalasin B were developed to induce triploidy in the European clam, Ruditapes decussatus (L.). The percentage of triploid embrios was assessed by karyological or image analysis. Two treatments (O.5 or 1 mg of cytochasin B (CB per ml of dimethylsulfoxide in 1 l of sea water) were applied at different times after fertilization (10 to 25 mn), for two different periods (15 and 20 min). Best results were obtained for a CB concentration of 1 mg/l. When treatment was applied 15 min after fertilization for a 20 min period, 94% and 95% of triploid embryos were obtained in two repeated experiments. At metamorphosis, the treated larvae appeared to be no smaller than the control larvae in all experiments. Thowever, in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Genetic; Ruditapes decussatus; Clam; Induced triploidy.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1994/publication-3208.pdf
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La palourde. Dossier d'élevage ArchiMer
Flassch, Jean-pierre.
Introduction: Through the combined works of research, local communities and professionals, a new activity has been created, "vénériculture", i.e. clam farming. Thanks to the knowledge acquired in research as well as production in the shellfish field, clam production results followed shortly thereafter. Rightly so, only 10 years have elapsed since the beginning of the research and the actual production phase (500 t) involving about 300 professionals. Research conducted by IFREMER positively contributes to the creation of new trades as well as diversity within existing professions. Clams are marketed nationally as well as exported. French producers are truly competent, but the prospect of open borders and increasing competition requires maintaining a high...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Company; France; Production; Pathology; Aquaculture; Biology; Clam.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1988/rapport-1757.pdf
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Réseau de Pathologie des Mollusques - Secteurs Nord-Loire - Année 1999. Bilan des travaux de la cellule zoosanitaire de La Trinité-sur-Mer ArchiMer
Martin, Anne-genevieve; Tige, Gilbert; Hirata, Toshio; Le Coguic, Yvette; Chollet, Bruno; Robert, Maeva; Thebault, Anne.
Within the context of the mollusc pathology monitoring network, this report assesses the follow-up and work done by the zoosanitary unit of Trinité-sur-Mer on the whole of the French farming and bed areas of the North Loire for the year 1999.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Herpes virus; Pathology; Mortality; Britanny (France); Normandy; Clam; Abalone; Cockle; Mussel; Pacific cupped oyster; European flat oyster; Herpès virus; Pathologie; Mortalité; Bretagne; Normandie; Naissain; Palourde; Ormeau; Coque; Moule; Huître creuse; Huître plate.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2000/rapport-1921.pdf
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Spatio-temporal patterns of perkinsosis in the Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum from Arcachon Bay (SW France) ArchiMer
Dang, Cecile; De Montaudouin, Xavier; Caill-milly, Nathalie; Trumbic, Zeljka.
Pathogens belonging to the genus Perkinsus infect many bivalve molluscan species around the world, including the Manila clam Ruditapes phihppinarum. We investigated the spatial distribution of this parasite at 34 stations throughout Arcachon Bay (SW France). Prevalence of perkinsosis was 93% and mean infection abundance was 96 x 10(3) cells g(-1) wet gill. Lowest mean abundances were found close to the Leyre River mouth and a significant negative correlation was observed between mean abundance and salinity. Perkinsosis was rare at the oceanic site where salinities and other environmental parameters were stable. A second aim of this study was to survey perkinsosis during annual cycles at 4 sites within Arcachon Bay. Prevalence and intensities (+/-SE) of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ruditapes philippinarum; Perkinsus sp.; Arcachon Bay; Clam; Spatio-temporal variations; Disinfection; Infection.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00017/12812/9755.pdf
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Stable isotopes changes in the adductor muscle of diseased bivalve Ruditapes philippinarum ArchiMer
Dang, Cecile; De Montaudouin, X.; Savoye, N.; Caill-milly, Nathalie; Martinez, P.; Sauriau, Pierre-guy.
In this article, we show how a disease could bias stable isotope analyzes of trophic networks and propose a strategy in the choice of tissues to be analyzed. In the past few years, a new pathology (brown muscle disease or BMD) affecting the posterior adductor muscle of Ruditapes philippinarum has emerged in Arcachon Bay. BMD induces a necrosis of muscle tissues which become infused by conchiolin and hence calcified. As muscle of mollusks are often used for trophic food webs studies through stable isotopic analyzes, this work investigated the effect of BMD on carbon and nitrogen isotopic ratios of anterior and posterior adductor muscles of clams collected in February and August 2007. Infected clams displayed a lower condition index and a posterior adductor...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Calcification; Disease; Adductor muscle; Stable isotopes; Ruditapes philippinarum; Clam.
Ano: 2009 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6270.pdf
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Suivi annuel de l'activité catalase chez des moules et des palourdes originaires de la lagune de Bizerte ArchiMer
Dellali, M; Romeo, M; Aissa, P.
The variations of catalase activity, which is a biochemical biomarker of exposure to an oxidative stress, were followed month by month (from May 1998 to May 1999) in Mediterranean clams (Ruditapes decussatus) collected at three stations (J, A and F), and mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) collected at two stations (J and C) in Lake Bizerte (Tunisia). Several oceanographic parameters were measured together with catalase activity in the animals to evaluate the quality of waters in the lake. Whatever the station taken into consideration, catalase activity in clams significantly varied as a function of the season, with marked increases in September, when the quality of waters was poor. Clams originating from station A presented the highest mean activity...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biomarqueur; Catalase; Lagune de Bizerte; Moule; Palourde; Biomarker; Catalase; Lake Bizerte; Mussel; Clam.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00322/43354/42859.pdf
Registros recuperados: 17
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