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Registros recuperados: 24
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A Tool and Process that Facilitate Community Capacity Building and Social Learning for Natural Resource Management Ecology and Society
Raymond, Christopher M; Institute for Land, Water and Society, Charles Sturt University; Enviroconnect Pty Ltd; chris.raymond@enviroconnect.com.au; Cleary, Jen; Centre for Rural Health and Community Development, University of South Australia; jen.cleary@unisa.edu.au.
This study presents a self-assessment tool and process that facilitate community capacity building and social learning for natural resource management. The tool and process provide opportunities for rural landholders and project teams both to self-assess their capacity to plan and deliver natural resource management (NRM) programs and to reflect on their capacities relative to other organizations and institutions that operate in their region. We first outline the tool and process and then present a critical review of the pilot in the South Australian Arid Lands NRM region, South Australia. Results indicate that participants representing local, organizational, and institutional tiers of government were able to arrive at a group consensus position on the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Co-management; Community capacity; Environmental management; Participatory action research.
Ano: 2013
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Adaptive Co-management Networks: a Comparative Analysis of Two Fishery Conservation Areas in Sweden Ecology and Society
Rova, Carl; Division of Social Science/Political Science Unit, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden; carl.rova@ltu.se.
Co-management constitutes a certain type of institutional arrangement that has gained increased attention among both policy makers and researchers involved in the field of natural resource management. Yet the concept of co-management is broad, and our knowledge about how different kinds of management structures affect the ability to deal with challenges pertinent to the commons is limited. One of these challenges is to foster an adaptive management process, i.e., a process in which rules are continuously revised and changed according to what is known about the ecological system. We aim to address the relationship between different kinds of co-management structures and adaptive management. To this end, we conducted a comparative case study of two Fishery...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Co-management; Governance; Natural resource management; Social networks; Social network analysis; SNA.
Ano: 2010
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Can Co-Management Improve the Governance of A Common- Pool Resource? Lessons From A Framed Field Experiment in A Marine Protected Area in the Colombian Caribbean AgEcon
Moreno-Sanchez, Rocio del Pilar; Maldonado, Jorge Higinio.
Complexities associated with the management of common pool resources (CPR) threaten governance at some marine protected areas (MPA). In this paper, using economic experimental games (EEG), we investigate the effects of both external regulation and the complementarities between internal regulation and non-coercive authority intervention—what we call co-management—on fishermen’s extraction decisions. We perform EEG with fishermen inhabiting the influence zone of an MPA in the Colombian Caribbean. The results show that co- management exhibits the best results, both in terms of resource sustainability and reduction in extraction, highlighting the importance of strategies that recognize communities as key actors in the decision-making process for the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Common-pool resources; Governance; Co-management; Experimental economic games; Fisheries; Latin America.; Environmental Economics and Policy; C93; C72; D02; D70; Q01; Q22; Q28; C23; C25.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60731
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Classroom games of renewable fishery resource : Experimental results at Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine OAK
齋藤, 陽子; 渡邉, 大樹; 河田, 幸視.
学生が被験者として実際に行動する教室実験は,経済学への関心を高めることが期待され実験経済学の分野でもその教育的効果が認識されてきた。小稿では,本学2年生を対象に行った共有資源管理に関する教室実験の結果に基づき,授業で実験を行うことの有効性を議論する。実験は資源管理が不可欠とされる漁業資源を対象に,共同管理の難しさ,現実へ当てはめた場合の問題点を理解することを目的とした。具体的な実験方法としては,いくつかの管理方法(シナリオ)を設定し,学生に魚(あめ玉)の収穫を行ってもらった。ひとつのシナリオを終了する毎に解説・議論することで,参加意欲が高まり,実験の意味や資源管理の難しさを身近に理解することができた。今後は,実験後に被験者への詳細な聞き取りを行うなど,共同管理に失敗する心理的要因を探ることが課題となる。
Palavras-chave: 再生可能資源; 教室実験; 共同管理; 漁業資源; Renewable resource; Classroom games; Experiments; Co-management; Fishery resource.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/2652
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Community-based management of the Mediterranean coastal fisheries: Historical reminiscence or the root for new fisheries governance? ArchiMer
Raicevich, S.; Alegret, J. -l.; Frangoudes, Katia; Giovanardi, O.; Fortibuoni, T..
Historical management experiences of Mediterranean community-based fisheries were particularly effective in fostering both social cohesion and sustainable utilisation of coastal resources. This figure contrasts with the current status of Mediterranean fisheries, where about 90% of stocks are overexploited. The key question then is: can past experiences guide our current approach to reshaping governance in the Mediterranean fisheries? In our effort to answer this question, we analyzed the main attributes of selected fishing governance systems in the Early and Mid-Modern period and their evolution through time. We focussed on the Spanish Cofradías, the French Prud’homies and the Venetian Fraglie (Italy). They were characterized by the establishment of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Co-management; Common Fisheries Policy; Cofradi; Prud'homies; Fraglie; Advisory council.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00409/52023/52683.pdf
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Enhancing social capital for sustainable coastal development : is Satoumi the answer ? ArchiMer
Henocque, Yves.
Social capital constitutes the cultural component of modern societies. Building social capital has typically been seen as a task for ‘second generation’ economic reform, but unlike economic policies and institutions, social capital is not created or shaped by public policy but is inherited throughout local communities successive generations. Enhancing social capital therefore is about promoting local knowledge deeply rooted into local communities’ practices on land and at sea. In Japan, the culturally specific interaction of humans with nature has led to the emergence of specific socio-ecosystems called ‘satoyama’ on the land side and ‘satoumi’ on the coast and sea side. Here, characteristics of related local knowledge include information about consumed...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Social capital; Satoumi; Co-management; Coastal governance; Local involvement.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00114/22518/20231.pdf
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Evaluating Forest Management in Nepal: Views across Space and Time Ecology and Society
Nagendra, Harini; Indiana University; nagendra@indiana.edu; Karmacharya, Mukunda; Nepal Forestry Resources and Institutions; Nepal@ifri.wlink.com.np; Karna, Birendra; Nepal Forestry Resources and Institutions; Nepal@ifri.wlink.com.np.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Buffer zone; Community forestry; Co-management; Institutions; Land-cover change; Nepal; Protected area; Remote sensing.
Ano: 2005
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Factors in Overcoming Barriers to Implementing Co-management in British Columbia Salmon Fisheries Ecology and Society
Pinkerton, Evelyn; Simon Fraser University; evelyn_pinkerton@sfu.ca.
Ten years of research and efforts to implement co-management in British Columbia fisheries have demonstrated that we lack neither good models nor the political will in communities to design and test local and regional institutions for successful involvement in various aspects of management. The barriers lie rather in the distrust and resistance of management agencies and the lack of broadly organized political support. The nature of the barriers and some of the elements of a successful approach to overcoming them are identified and discussed. The analysis is focused around the barriers encountered by two differently situated fishing communities or regions that have launched conservation initiatives through cooperation between local aboriginal and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Aboriginal-nonaboriginal partnerships; Adaptive management; Bottom-up approach; British Columbia; Co-management; Community-based management; Fisheries; Institutional barriers; Onorhynchus spp.; Salmon; Selective fishing; Stewardship..
Ano: 1999
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Management of gillnet fisheries in the south coast of the state of São Paulo, Brazil Anais da ABC (AABC)
MENDONÇA,JOCEMAR T.; PEREIRA,ALINEIDE L.C..
Gillnetting is one of the most practiced fishing methods adopted in the South of Brazil and has been increasingly expanding over the last years. This paper presents the characterization of the activity and discusses its management, in accordance to results from the discussions on the development of regulations on net fisheries in the South Coast Marine Protected Area (APAMLS) in the state of São Paulo. Gillnet fleets are formed by small-scale boats, with low autonomy, and lower fishing capacity, when compared to boats from other ports in the South and Southeast. However, the number of fishing units is high, reaching 1,709 units operating in the South coast of São Paulo in 2010. This kind of fleet uses several types of gillnets, and the activity may be...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Conservation unit; Co-management; Brazil; Gillnet; Fishery assessment; APA Marine South.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652014000301227
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Modelling institutional arrangements and bio-economic impacts of catch share management systems. Application to the Bay of Biscay sole fishery ArchiMer
Bellanger, Manuel.
In France, where fishing rights are non-transferable, the management of fishing quotas is essentially delegated to producer organizations (POs). POs are granted collective allocations based on the aggregate fishing rights of their members and are then responsible for managing their fishing opportunities. The goal of this research, which contains theoretical developments as well as empirical analyses applied to the Bay of Biscay sole fishery, is to determine how outcomes of fisheries management are altered by the presence of POs within institutions as compared to alternative governance systems such as individual transferable quotas (ITQs). This dissertation notably brings together bio-economic approaches and institutional analyses to better anticipate the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Gestion durable des quotas de pêche; Organisations de producteurs; Cogestion; Arrangements institutionnels; Respect des réglementations; Effets redistributifs; Modèle bio-économique; Modèle microéconomique de comportement des pêcheurs; Sustainable management of catch shares; Producer organizations; Co-management; Institutional arrangements; Regulatory compliance; Distributional effects; Bio-economic modelling; Microeconomic model of fishermen behavior.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00392/50357/51058.pdf
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National policy objectives and local management results: the economic, social and environmental performances of the shellfish farming institutions in the Mont-Saint-Michel Bay ArchiMer
Mongruel, Remi; Perez, Jose.
This paper examines the discrepancies between national policy objectives for the development of shellfish farming in France and the results of this policy at the local level. National legislation is claimed to favour a ‘people-oriented’ policy and the sustainable use of marine coastal resources. In practice, stakeholders implement this policy under local institutional arrangements. A case study in the Mont-Saint-Michel Bay compares the economic, social and environmental performances of both mussel and oyster industries. Local management arrangements have avoided overexploitation. Conversely, performances in terms of rent distribution, job retention and contribution to public budgets are inconsistent with national objectives. This suggests that the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aquaculture (shellfish-farming); Co-management; Institutional economics; Policy and decision making; Property rights (and institutional arrangements); Social change (in coastal areas).
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00023/13461/15743.pdf
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Navigating the Back Loop: Fostering Social Innovation and Transformation in Ecosystem Management Ecology and Society
Biggs, Reinette; University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden; oonsie.biggs@stockholmresilience.su.se; Westley, Frances R.; University of Waterloo, Canada; fwestley@uwaterloo.ca; Carpenter, Stephen R.; University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA; srcarpen@wisc.edu.
Addressing the environmental challenges of the 21st century requires substantial changes to the way modern society views and manages ecosystems. In particular, many authors contend that fundamental transformation of the largely sectoral, expert-centered ecosystem-management institutions of modern, Western societies is needed. There is increasing agreement that more adaptive, integrated, collaborative ecosystem-management approaches, interlinked at multiple scales, would improve society’s ability to sustainably manage complex social–ecological systems. Therefore, understanding processes of transformation, and factors that may enable transformation in ecosystem management, has become an active research area. We explore...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Adaptive cycle; Bridging organization; Co-management; Complex systems; Ecosystem management; Social entrepeneur; Social innovation; Transformation.
Ano: 2010
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Scale and Cross-Scale Dynamics: Governance and Information in a Multilevel World Ecology and Society
Cash, David W.; Massachusetts Executive Office of Environmental Affairs; david.cash@state.ma.us; Adger, W. Neil; University of East Anglia; N.Adger@uea.ac.uk; Berkes, Fikret; University of Manitoba; berkes@cc.umanitoba.ca; Garden, Po; Chiang Mai University; po@sea-user.org; Lebel, Louis; Chiang Mai University; llebel@loxinfo.co.th; Olsson, Per; Stockholm University; potto@system.ecology.su.se; Pritchard, Lowell; National Wildlife Federation; pritchard@nwf.org; Young, Oran; University of California; young@bren.ucsb.edu.
The empirical evidence in the papers in this special issue identifies pervasive and difficult cross-scale and cross-level interactions in managing the environment. The complexity of these interactions and the fact that both scholarship and management have only recently begun to address this complexity have provided the impetus for us to present one synthesis of scale and cross-scale dynamics. In doing so, we draw from multiple cases, multiple disciplines, and multiple perspectives. In this synthesis paper, and in the accompanying cases, we hypothesize that the dynamics of cross-scale and cross-level interactions are affected by the interplay between institutions at multiple levels and scales. We suggest that the advent of co-management structures and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Scale; Level; Cross-scale dynamics; Boundary organization; Co-management.
Ano: 2006
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Social Networks in Natural Resource Management: What Is There to Learn from a Structural Perspective? Ecology and Society
Crona, Beatrice; Stockholm University; beatrice@ecology.su.se; Ernstson, Henrik; Stockholm University; henrik@ecology.su.se.
Social networks among actors and stakeholders are gaining attention in studies of natural resource management, particularly those of adaptive management based on different forms of participation and co-management. In this sense, social networks have primarily been envisioned as enabling different actors to collaborate and coordinate management efforts. Here, we continue the discussion initiated by Newman and Dale (2005), which highlighted the fact that not all social networks are created equal. We discuss the relation between some structural characteristics and functions of social networks with respect to natural resource management, thus focusing on structural implications that are often overlooked when studying social networks within the context of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Response Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Co-management; Natural resource management; Social networks; Structure.
Ano: 2006
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Social-Ecological Scale Mismatches and the Collapse of the Sea Urchin Fishery in Maine, USA Ecology and Society
Johnson, Teresa R.; School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine; teresa.johnson@maine.edu; Wilson, James A.; School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine; Jwilson@maine.edu; Cleaver, Caitlin; School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine; caitlin.cleaver@maine.edu; Vadas, Robert L.; School of Biology and Ecology, University of Maine; School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine; vadas@maine.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Collective action; Co-management; Fisheries management; Kelp; Maine USA; Ocean fisheries; Scale mismatches; Sea urchin fishery.
Ano: 2012
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Spatial Organization of Environmental Knowledge: Conservation Conflicts in the Inhabited Forest of Northern Thailand Ecology and Society
Roth, Robin; York University; rothr@yorku.ca.
Managing forests for their satisfactory provision of multiple goods and services to both the global and local commons requires effective cross-scale cooperation between local management institutions and state management institutions. Integrating the distinct sets of knowledge produced and used at the two scales of management has proven very challenging. This paper shows how a better understanding of the spatial expression of knowledge operating at distinct scales can help lead to a more fruitful integration of local knowledge and practice with state knowledge and practice. Using a case study from northern Thailand, this paper examines the links between the production of knowledge and the production of space within resource management institutions. It then...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Mae Tho National Park; Royal Forestry Department; Thailand; Co-management; Environmental knowledge; Forest conservation; National parks; Park-people conflict; Traditional knowledge.
Ano: 2004
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Temporal changes in caiçara artisanal fishing and alternatives for management: a case study on the southeastern Brazilian coast Biota Neotropica
Lopes,Priscila Fabiana Macedo; Begossi,Alpina.
This paper describes a case study of the changes in fishing that occurred in a Brazilian coastal community after a 10 year interval (1992-2002). There was a decrease in the mean amount of fish caught daily (from 14 kg to 11.32 kg) and annually (from 4.2 t to 3.4 t) and in the richness of species caught (from 21 to 17 species); there was also a low similarity in the species composition of the fish landings (Morisita-Horn index Ch = 0.24). These changes suggested a decline in the locally exploited fish populations, which probably caused the discontinuation of commercial artisanal fishing. However, the diversity of fish caught by hook and line and purse-seine fishing was higher in the second period, whereas there was no significant difference in the diversity...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Fishery; Atlantic coast community; Co-management; Temporal changes.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1676-06032008000200005
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Temporal Stability in Fishing Spots: Conservation and Co-Management in Brazilian Artisanal Coastal Fisheries Ecology and Society
Begossi, Alpina; Unicamp; alpina@unicamp.br.
The management of small-scale artisanal fisheries in Brazil should be a priority because of their importance as a source of food for internal markets and their location in sites with high biodiversity, such as the Atlantic Forest coast. Fishing spots, territories, and sea tenure have been widely studied within artisanal fisheries, and, in this study, a fishing spot of this type may be a defended area or an area that imposes rules for users, making the exclusion of outsiders feasible, or even a place in which fishing occurs with some exclusivity. This analysis takes into account the importance of fishing areas for the conservation of artisanal fishing in Brazil and the relative temporal stability of these areas. In particular, examples of the use of the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Artisanal fisheries; Amazon; Atlantic Forest coast Brazil; Co-management; Territoriality; Fishing accords.
Ano: 2006
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The Adaptive Co-Management Process: an Initial Synthesis of Representative Models and Influential Variables Ecology and Society
Plummer, Ryan; Department of Tourism and Environment, Brock University; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University ; ryan.plummer@brocku.ca.
Collaborative and adaptive approaches to environmental management have captured the attention of administrators, resource users, and scholars. Adaptive co-management builds upon these approaches to create a novel governance strategy. This paper investigates the dynamics of the adaptive co-management process and the variables that influence it. The investigation begins by summarizing analytical and causal models relevant to the adaptive co-management process. Variables that influence this process are then synthesized from diverse literatures, categorized as being exogenous or endogenous, and developed into respective analytical frameworks. In identifying commonalities among models of the adaptive co-management process and discerning influential variables,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Adaptive co-management; Co-management; Environmental governance; Resilience; Social– Ecological systems.
Ano: 2009
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The ethnoecological knowledge of fishermen from three coastal lagoons in the northern of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Biota Neotropica
Lopes,Alexandre Ferreira; Bozelli,Reinaldo Luiz.
The current study investigated the ethnoecological knowledge developed by fishermen through their fishing activities and searched for ways to match such knowledge to empirical data available in the scientific literature. The research involved fishermen from three coastal lagoons in the northern region of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, who were consulted through semi-structured interviews after the establishment of a trustful relationship over a period of three years with the interviewer. Their knowledge, in addition to its cultural and historical importance to these populations’ survival, in many ways matches scientific studies based on an ethnoecological approach. Their knowledge considers reproductive aspects, feeding habits, and migratory fishing...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Fishing; Co-management; Ethnoecology.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1676-06032014000400101
Registros recuperados: 24
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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