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Registros recuperados: 26
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A PRODUÇÃO DE SOJA EM PEQUENAS PROPRIEDADES FAMILIARES NA REGIÃO DAS MISSÕES/RS AgEcon
Wesz Junior, Valdemar Joao; Bueno, Viviane Do Nascimento.
A soja é um dos cultivos agrícolas mais praticados no Sul do Brasil, estando presente em milhares de propriedades familiares. Entretanto, estudos acadêmicos vêm comprovando a inviabilidade econômica dessa oleaginosa nas pequenas unidades. Diante disso, o objetivo desse estudo se constitui em verificar os fatores que levam esses agricultores a continuar cultivando essa commodity mesmo em um contexto de inviabilidade econômico-produtivo. Essa pesquisa optou por realizar o trabalho de campo no pequeno município gaúcho de Vitória das Missões, que é caracterizado pelo reduzido tamanho das propriedades e pela enorme difusão da soja nesse contexto. Como procedimento metodológico foram aplicados questionários estruturados aos pequenos produtores que se envolviam...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultura familiar; Produção de soja em pequena escala e commodities; Family agriculture; Soy bean production in small scale; Commodities; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117267
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A PROPOSAL FOR EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AgEcon
Wilson, Maurice.
The paper examines the performance of the agricultural sector over the 10 year period 1995-2004. Indicators suggest that investments in Agricultural Research and Development (used as a proxy for the quantum of technology generated) have had little impact on agricultural production. In this regard, an assumption is made that technology generated has neither been adequately transferred nor adopted. Within the above context a holistic model for effective technology generation has been presented. It is argued that effective technology generation is market driven technology is more likely to be transferred and adopted by agribusiness entities. To implement this process, strategic alliances should be forged in order to address resource limitations. The entire...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Technology generation; Selective process; Added value products; CARDI; CARICOM; Commodities; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36973
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AGRICULTURAL TRADE AND THE DOHA ROUND: LESSONS FROM COMMODITY STUDIES AgEcon
Beghin, John C.; Aksoy, Ataman.
While global analytical approaches to agricultural trade liberalization yield large gains for most economies, there are substantial variations in the policy regimes across commodities. To clarify the multiplicity of distortions and impacts, the World Bank's Trade Department undertook a series of commodity studies. The studies highlight the important challenges faced by negotiating countries in the Doha Round of the World Trade Organization (WTO) trade negotiations. The studies provide a sharper look at the North-South dimensions of the agricultural trade debate, with the North's trade barriers, domestic support, and tariff escalation. They also underscore the South-South challenges on border protection and the reduced rural income opportunities for the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; Commodities; Doha Round; Trade negotiations; WTO; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18301
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ALBERTA AGRICULTURE AND FOOD TRADE: RECENT TRENDS AgEcon
Rosario, Joe A..
Exports have been an integral and essential feature of the agriculture and food industry in Alberta. This is a product of the province’s relatively low population and consumption base on the demand side juxtaposed with a large resource base of prime agriculture land for crop production and an abundance of range and pasture for grazing and forage for raising livestock on the supply side. A host of factors influence the disposition of surplus production or exports including global supply/demand balances, relative cost/price relations, structural changes through farm consolidation and scale economies, market access, exchange rates, sanitary and phyto‐sanitary standards and regulations, disease and pest related issues. The inherent nature of agriculture means...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Alberta; Agriculture; Food; Trade; Food trade; Food industry; Commodities; Food production; Policy; Performance; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade; Public Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60426
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ALBERTA AND THE EU-27: PAST TRADE RELATIONS AND FUTURE OPPORTUNITIES AgEcon
Emter, Nicholas A.; Mirus, Rolf.
Canada and the EU-27 are negotiating a comprehensive economic partnership agreement against the backdrop of the stalled multilateral negotiations under the auspices of the World Trade Organization (WTO). The new agreement is expected to stimulate trade, investment, and technology transfer between the two partners. This report provides a review of the last 15 years of Alberta’s experience in exporting goods to the EU-27, with the goal of gaining insights into how freer trade could affect future exports to the region. First, we summarize the state of bilateral economic relations between the prospective partners, relying in part on a study jointly sponsored by the EU and the Government of Canada. The second part focuses on the exports to the EU from Alberta...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Canada; EU; International trade; Trade; Imports; Exports; Commercial services exports; Merchandise exports; Commercial services imports; Merchandise imports; Manufactured goods; Commodities; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; Public Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60403
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ANÁLISIS DE PRECIOS DE PRODUCTOS BÁSICOS EN TIENDAS DE AUTOSERVICIO DE PACHUCA Y EL COMERCIO DE ZACUALTIPÁN, HIDALGO, 2007-2008 AgEcon
Terrones Cordero, Anibal; Sanchez Torres, Yolanda; Hernandez Martinez, Juvencio.
This research was conducted in shops self-service of Pachuca and local commerce of Zacualtipán, were recorded prices of 24 products: rice, tortilla, tomato, lemon, jalapeno chile, milk, eggs, ham, sausage, beef, chicken meat, toilet paper, soap powder, toilet soap, toothpaste, beans, onions, potatoes, avocado, orange, banana, oil, salt and sugar. The dates for consulting prices were: July 26, 2007, on January 25 and May 29, 2008. The importance of this study is the comparative analysis and trends in prices. The shops self-service offer 9.7% cheaper in 62.5% of the products. The local commerce offer the 12.7% cheaper than the shops self-service in beans, onions, potatoes, avocados, bananas, oil, salt and sugar. During the July 26, 2007 to May 29, 2008,...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Price; Commodities; Small and medium enterprises; Shops self-service; Comparative analysis; Trade.; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53108
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APLICAÇÃO DO MODELO ARIMA À PREVISÃO DO PREÇO DAS COMMODITIES AGRÍCOLAS BRASILEIRAS AgEcon
Pinto, Pablo Aurelio Lacerda De Almeida; Pereira, Elenildes Santana; Oliveira, Marianne Costa; Santos, Jose Marcio Dos; Maia, Sinezio Fernandes.
Atualmente as commodities representam uma significativa parcela do Produto Interno Brasileiro. Entretanto, o volume exportado pode sofrer influência significativa pelo preço apresentado no cenário internacional, alterando sensivelmente a remuneração do produtor. Dentro deste contexto, o presente trabalho se propõe a analisar o comportamento dos preços recebidos pelo produtor das principais commodities agrícola brasileiras: cacau, café, cana de açúcar, laranja e soja. Para tanto, procurou-se realizar uma previsão ex-ante para os preços destes produtos a partir da metodologia ARIMA. Os resultados obtidos fornecem uma ferramenta de análise para o mercado destas commodities, na medida em que demonstram a tendência dos preços para um horizonte de curto prazo,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Modelagem ARIMA; Preços agrícolas; Commodities; ARIMA Modeling; Agricultural prices; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109197
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Factors Contributing to Recent Increases in Food Commodity Prices (PowerPoint) AgEcon
Trostle, Ronald.
Presentation to USDA Economists Group, Washington, DC, 10 June 2008
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food prices; Commodities; Biofuels; Crop production; Food demand; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Security and Poverty; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43902
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Genomics of coffee, one of the world's largest traded commodities. Repositório Alice
LASHERMES, P.; ANDRADE, A. C.; ETIENNE, H..
bitstream/item/177518/1/SP-19574-ID-30669-220-242-CHAPTER-9-COMPLETO.pdf
Tipo: Capítulo em livro científico (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Coffee; Commodities; Café; Coffea.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/190384
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Há potencial para a autossuficiência Infoteca-e
FARIAS, A. R.; MINGOTI, R..
O Brasil produz hoje praticamente o mesmo volume de trigo da segunda metade dos anos 1980. Assim, para suprir o mercado interno, precisa importar quase a metade do consumido. Um estudo da Embrapa diagnosticou o que poderia ser implementado para o Brasil gerar todo o cereal que demanda.
Tipo: Artigo de divulgação na mídia (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Trigo; Cereal; Commodities; Produção de trigo; Autossuficiência; Triticultura.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1069759
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International Agricultural Baseline Projections to 2007 AgEcon
Landes, Rip; Westcott, Paul C.; Wainio, John.
This report provides baseline projections for international supply, demand, and trade for major agricultural commodities to 2007. It is a companion report to USDA Agricultural Baseline Projections, providing the foreign country details supporting those projections. Projections of strong global economic growth, particularly in developing countries, combined with more open foreign markets and the emergence of China as a major bulk commodity importer, support strong projected gains in U.S. farm exports. The value of total U.S. agricultural exports is projected to rise from a record $57.3 billion in FY 1997 to nearly $85 billion in 2007. The projections were completed based on information available as of December 1997, and reflect a composite of model results...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Commodities; International; Projections; Supply; Use; Trade; Production Economics.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33951
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International Commodity Organizations and Governance of Global Value Chains AgEcon
Burger, Kees; Daviron, Benoit; Flores, Vanessa.
International commodity Organizations can play a role in reducing transaction costs between producer and consumer. The current organisations do this partly through statistics and collecting and disseminating market information, undertaking projects and convening meetings. Of a traditional focus on the international part of the trade chain they must extend to the whole chain, until the natural resources on the producer side and treatment of waste on the consumer side. This requires more capacity, stronger mandate and more intensive cooperation for the organisations mutually and with UNCTAD, FAO and the World Bank. The representatives of the governments now play the role of administrators and representatives of the industry. They should be customers, guard...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Global governance; Global value chain; Commodities; Development; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Q13; O19.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51631
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La Industria Habla Reflexiones en la Irracionalidad AgEcon
Gobbee, Jose E..
El articulo analiza algunos componentes de la crisis financiera mundial y las implicancias para el sector agropecuario. Mientras los mercados financieros han tenido fuertes declinaciones con movimientos violentos junto a la irracionalidad de la burbuja clásica, en el sector agropecuario todavía se mantienen fundamentals positivos y sus activos duros pueden servir como destino de inversión durante esta época difícil.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Recesión global; Commodities; Demanda; Crisis financiera; Demand and Price Analysis; Financial Economics; Q10; Q11; Q14.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53803
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Lineamenti del commercio equo e solidale dei prodotti agroalimentari AgEcon
Bracco, Salvatore; Riccardi, Giancarlo.
International trade has increased, in the last few decades, however the economic divide between the advanced economies in the North of the world and the less developed of the South has increased. In the current state of affairs, characterised by the increasing integration between the commodities and service sector, capital and labour sector and the financial markets, diverse initiatives are arising in developed countries, aimed at supporting developing countries, under the impulse from a civic society increasingly concerned about the problems that trouble them. These initiatives, which most importantly include the Fairtrade and the Ethical Finance movements, excel the welfarism that has shaped the policies of the developed countries, and promote ways of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: FairTrade; Commodities; Agroindustrial Chain; International Trade; F12.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48302
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Los cambios en la división internacional del trabajo agrícola y sus efectos en la dinámica espacial de los sistemas agroalimentarios: el caso de México AgEcon
Pensado Leglise, Mario del Roble.
El trabajo tiene el propósito de analizar las principales consecuencias de los cambios en la división internacional del trabajo en las dinámicas espaciales de los sistemas agropecuarios, particularmente en el caso de México. Aquí se utiliza el marco conceptual del estudio sobre empresas trasnacionales y la División Internacional del Trabajo Agrícola, DITA y el relativo a los sistemas agroalimentarios localizados, SIAL. Se revisan los principales aspectos que intervienen en la configuración de la DITA y se utiliza el análisis factorial para distinguir las variables que inciden en la relación entre la productividad agropecuaria y la eficacia de la inserción de México en la globalización. La conclusión principal es que el enfoque SIAL tiene posibilidades de...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Commodities; DITA; Economías a escala y de proximidad y SIAL.; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95214
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Macrologística da exportação de grãos: atualidades e perspectivas dos portos do arco norte. Repositório Alice
CASTRO, G. S. A.; DALMOLIN, T. DE C.; MAGALHÃES, L. A..
O Brasil vem superando anualmente seus recordes de produção agropecuária, balizando grande parte desta evolução no aumento da produção de milho e soja. Essa safra percorre trajetos complexos e sujeitos a pontos frágeis desde sua origem na produção até o seu destino no mercado nacional e internacional. Frente à degradação e à insuficiência da malha viária, as melhorias logísticas podem, em muitos casos, representar ganhos superiores aos da adoção de novas tecnologias agrícolas. Em especial, a logística direcionada para os portos do norte do país, região mais próxima dos mercados internacionais. Objetivou-se com este trabalho quantificar e qualificar os portos dos estados do Amazonas, Pará, Amapá e Maranhão, chamados de Arco Norte, de forma a verificar se a...
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Agronegócio; Commodities; Logística.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1073591
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O ciclo pecuário no Brasil: uma análise usando a metodologia da dinâmica de sistemas AgEcon
Braganca, Raissa Carvalho; Bueno, Newton Paulo.
The purpose of the paper was to study if the dynamics of the Brazilian cattle stocks can be better explained by systemic endogenous factors or either by exogenous changes on beef demand. The conclusion, as proposed by the theory of the cattle cycle, was that systemic factors related to the adoption of the stabilization program in 1994 were apparently more important in explaining the stagnation of the Brazilian herd since 2000. The main policy implication of this conclusion is that it seems to have a space for stabilizing de dynamics of the system through adequate public policies. The methodology used was system dynamics which allows to trace the critical feedback loops that drive de cattle cycle and to identify possible leverage points in the system,...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cattle; System dynamics; Cattle cycle; Commodities; Economic policy; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95069
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PRESENCE OF ASPERGILLUS AND OTHER FUNGAL SYMBIONTS IN COFFEE BEANS FROM COLOMBIA Acta biol.Colomb.
GAMBOA-GAITÁN,MIGUEL ÁNGEL.
Fungi are common inhabitants of plants and plant-derived products. Some of these fungal species are potentially dangerous to human health since they are able to produce chemical substances that alter normal physiological activity. There are no studies about natural mycoflora associated with coffee beans in Colombia, and nothing is known about the presence and abundance of toxigenic fungal species in Colombian coffee. In this study 5,000 coffee beans were studied by plating them on potato-based artificial culture medium and it was shown that potentially toxigenic fungal taxa (mostly from genera Aspergillus, Fusarium, Penicillium), are currently found in Colombian coffee beans. This is true for all steps of coffee processing, from berries in trees to toasted...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Commodities; Food microbiology; Coffee; Mycotoxins.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0120-548X2012000100003
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Previsões para o mercado de commodities agrícolas. Repositório Alice
GAZZOLA, R.; MARRA, R.; SOUZA, G. da S. e.
2008
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Commodities.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/748796
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Proposta de classificação de frutas para dados de comércio internacional no Brasil. Repositório Alice
GAZZOLA, R.; SIMON, M. F.; FILGUEIRAS, H. A. C.; JUNQUEIRA, N. T. V..
Trabalhar com dados de comércio internacional implica encontrar muitas dificuldades na definição das frutas e seu agrupamentos.
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Fruta; Commodities; Classificação de fruta; Comércio internacional.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1061097
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