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Registros recuperados: 7
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Assessment of CBNRM Best Practices in Tanzania. OceanDocs
Kajuni, A.; Alcorn, J.; Winterbottom, B..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Coastal zone; Water resources; Community participation; Pastoral society; Wildlife; Forests; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_37662; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_28741; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_8389; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3062.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/929
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Emergence of Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) Technique as a Strategy towards Sustainable Development: A Sri Lankan Experience JARTS
Koralagama, D. N.; Wijeratne, M.; De Silva, W. N..
In this millennium all the development activities are mostly focused on sustainable development, i.e. the development which fulfils the requirements of the present without disturbing the utilization of future generation. Basically, the sustainable development deals with environmental, social, and economical initiations. In relation to these three objectives, community participation plays a key role as an effective strategy for sustainable development. Among the numerous types of participation, Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) technique is the most relevant effective method to receive the participation. Because, it has been strengthen by bottom up approach, well defined objectives, practicable solutions, and remedies. Hence, the out come of such an event...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Social Science; Development; PRA; Community participation; Tsunami; Sri Lanka.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/119
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Empowering Local People through Community-based Resource Monitoring: a Comparison of Brazil and Namibia Ecology and Society
Rostant, Luke; University of the West Indies; lrostant@gmail.com; Marinelli, Carlos Eduardo; Instituto Socioambiental; caemari@gmail.com.
Biological resource monitoring systems are implemented in many countries and often depend on the participation of local people. It has been suggested that these systems empower local participants while promoting conservation. We reviewed three wildlife monitoring systems in indigenous lands and sustainable development reserves in Brazilian Amazonia and one in Namibian Caprivi conservancies, analyzing the strategies adopted and conditions that facilitated local empowerment, as well as potential impacts on conservation. This provided insights into potential avenues to strengthen empowerment outcomes of monitoring systems in Latin America and Africa. We assessed four dimensions of empowerment at individual and community scales: psychological, social,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Acre; Amazô Nas; Caprivi; Community participation; Decentralization; Indigenous people; Protected area; Wildlife management.
Ano: 2012
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Gender Differences in Mobilization for Collective Action: Case Studies of Villages in Northern Nigeria AgEcon
Abdulwahid, Saratu.
Men and women participate in collective action for different purposes in northern Nigeria. Field work conducted in six villages show that while men engage in community activities such as road repairs, maintenance of schools and hospitals, refuse collection and maintenance of the traditional village government, women mobilize around activities such as savings, house and farm work and care giving. It is argued that men mobilize around community activities outside the home because of their public orientation and because they want to maintain their dominance of that space. Women, in contrast, mobilize around activities in keeping with their domestic orientation and traditional roles such as care giving and housework. Religion also influences the extent of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Northern Nigeria; Gender; Collective action; Community participation; Social capital; Village associations; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50069
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Improved Water Supply in the Ghanaian Volta Basin: Who Uses it and Who Participates in Community Decision-Making? AgEcon
Engel, Stefanie; Iskandarani, Maria; Useche, Pilar.
We examine access to, use of, and participation in decisions on improved water supply in the Volta basin of Ghana, one of the first countries to introduce a community-based approach to rural water supply on a large scale. While 71 percent of the households interviewed have access to improved water, 43 percent of these continue to use unsafe sources as their main domestic water source. Our results indicate that quality perceptions and opportunity costs play an important role in households’ choice of water source. The effect of prices and income levels on this choice differs according to the pricing system used. Given that supply characteristics such as the location and pricing system affect household decisions to use the improved source, households may try...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Water safety; Water use; Community participation; Community-based resource management; Water resource allocation; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59243
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Revolt and Remember: How the Shimshal Nature Trust Develops and Sustains Social-Ecological Resilience in Northern Pakistan Ecology and Society
Abidi-Habib, Mehjabeen; Government College University Lahore; mamie@wol.net.pk; Lawrence, Anna; Oxford University; anna.lawrence@eci.ox.ac.uk.
The Shimshal Nature Trust is an indigenous institution rooted in a thriving and dynamic culture that links the local ecology and society. It has deployed identity, traditional knowledge, science, and institutional innovation to adapt to outside challenges without destroying local commons management. This paper reviews scholarly debate on natural resource management and uses resilience theory to examine this complex adaptive system. Two disturbances to Shimshal resilience prompted by a national park and a new road are traced. Shimshali responses include social processes of learning, knowledge systems, and renewal. Ways in which adaptive renewal cycles involve Revolt, a short, fast reaction, and Remember, a larger, slower cascade, are put in perspective....
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Pakistan; Indigenous institution; Local commons management; Ecological resilience; Complex adaptive systems; Social learning; Renewal; National park; New road; Community participation.
Ano: 2007
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The evolution of local participation and the mode of knowledge production in Arctic research Ecology and Society
Brunet, Nicolas D.; Department of Natural Resource Sciences, McGill University; nicolas.brunet@mail.mcgill.ca; Hickey, Gordon M.; Department of Natural Resource Sciences, McGill University; gordon.hickey@mcgill.ca; Humphries, Murray M.; Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment, McGill University; murray.humphries@mcgill.ca.
Arctic science is often claimed to have been transformed by the increased involvement of local people, but these claims of a new research paradigm have not been empirically evaluated. We argue that the "new" participatory research paradigm emerging in Arctic science embodies many of the principles of the Mode 2 knowledge production framework. Using the Mode 2 thesis as an assessment framework, we examined research articles appearing between 1965 and 2010 in the journal Arctic to assess the extent to which there has been a paradigm shift toward more participatory approaches. Results suggest that the involvement of local people has increased only slightly over the last half century and continues to vary systematically among disciplines, organizations, and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Civic science; Community participation; Environmental change; Mode 2; Research policy; Traditional knowledge.
Ano: 2014
Registros recuperados: 7
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