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A history of rice in Laos International Rice Research Institute
Schiller, J. M.; Hatsadong; Doungsila, K..
p.13-25
Palavras-chave: Agricultural development; Agricultural disasters; Colonialism; Cooperatives; Crop production; Drought; Floods; History; Irrigation systems; Origin; Plant diseases; Plant pests; Political power; Self sufficiency; Laos.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10269/57
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A Life-Cycle Perspective on Governing Cooperative Enterprises in Agriculture AgEcon
Hueth, Brent; Reynolds, Anne.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cooperatives; Governance; Life Cycle; Competition; Finance; Agribusiness; Q12; Q13; Q14.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117411
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A Local Cooperative's Financial and Strategic Analysis of the Evaluation of Potential Merger Partners AgEcon
Fulton, Joan R.; Hine, Susan E.; Vandeburg, Jennifer M.; McNamara, Kevin T..
This is a two-part teaching case developed through in-person interviews which were conducted with the managers of locally owned farm supply/grain marketing cooperatives in Indiana and Colorado in the spring of 2000. The case has been written so that each part can be used individually or together and can also be used in either the undergraduate classroom or in extension programming with cooperative managers and directors. Part I focuses on how to use financial analysis in business reorganization decisions and Part II focuses on how to analyze alternative business reorganization possibilities from a strategic management perspective.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cooperatives; Mergers; Evaluation of alternative business strategies; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8155
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A niche marketing guide for lamb cooperatives AgEcon
Kazmierczak, Tamra Kirkpatrick; Bell, James B..
The two types of niche markets targeted by lamb marketing cooperatives are described in this guide. The first type includes specialty middlemen outlets that cooperatives used to market lamb to specialized niches within the traditional meat marketing system of retail food stores, restaurants, food service outlets, and specialty distributors. The second type includes those outlets that cooperatives used to market lamb directly to the consumer, such as freezer markets, farmers' markets, mobile markets, and mail order sales. This guide also describes the advertising, promotional, and other marketing programs used by cooperatives to target these markets. Finally the competition, product differentiation, capital requirements, market development, management,...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cooperatives; Lamb; Niche marketing; Marketing programs; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49825
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AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES AND THEIR MEMBERSHIP IN COOPERATIVE UNIONS IN SERBIA AgEcon
Sevarlic, Miladin M.; Nikolic, Marija M.; Simmons, Richard.
Goal of this paper is to analyse business of agricultural cooperatives in Serbia and their territorial distribution. Paper also comprehends analyses of premises of directors of agricultural cooperatives towards cooperative associations, based on result of survey conducted on chosen sample. Analysis is based on the hypothesis that reform processes present in the Serbian economy, and completely absent from cooperative sector, have weaken the work of cooperative unions and undermined regular relations between cooperatives and their associations. Paper also analyse premises of directors of agricultural cooperatives on relevant questions on membership and work of 12 regional, provincial and Cooperative union of Serbia, based on result of survey conducted in 148...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Director; Premises; Membership; Cooperatives; Unions; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91127
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Alternative to Disincentive Rice Producer Prices in Madagascar: Case Study in Alaotra Prefecture and Bongolava Prefecture AgEcon
Ralandison, Tsilavo; Shiratake, Yoshiharu.
This study identifies the reasons for low producer prices of rice that have not covered its production costs for many years in Madagascar. The following points will be discussed: the farmers’ marketing conditions and the rural rice market structure, including the functions of each intervening trader preceding rice distribution in urban centers. The study also assesses current functions of the agricultural farmer cooperative: an organization expected to enable the establishment of fair trade in the domestic rice market. The data come from interviews conducted with 120 farmers, 20 traders, and the survey of the overall cooperative associations in two prefectures and main rice suppliers of the capital city. The analysis reveals that farmers were often...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cooperatives; Madagascar; Markets; Rice; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Relations/Trade; Marketing; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52005
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An Analysis of the Recent Evolution of Mali’s Maize Subsector AgEcon
Diallo, Amadou Sekou.
In most developing countries, historically, the main strategy for improving the food sector has focused on increasing farm-level production. But in recent years, with the emphasis on value chain analysis, there has been much more focus on subsector studies, demand-driven approaches, and improving vertical coordination to assure product quality to final consumption markets. Millet, sorghum, and later rice were the traditional leading three cereal crops produced and consumed in Mali. Maize has trailed them for more than two decades, but from mid 1990s on, it has been produced and consumed in much larger quantities. Given the potentials of maize, developing and better organizing its subsector has the potential to not only increase revenues for maize farmers,...
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation Palavras-chave: Maize; Value chain; Mali; Cereals; Food security; Agricultural marketing; Livestock feed; Industrial organization; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Marketing; L11-Production; Pricing; And Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms; N57-Africa; Oceania; O17-Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements; O33-Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes; Q12-Micro Analysis of Farm Firms; Farm Households; And Farm Input Markets; Q13-Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness; Q18-Agricultural Policy; Food Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/101316
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Annual Report Readership: A Study of an Agricultural Supply Cooperative AgEcon
Shanahan, Yvonne P.; Lord, Beverley R.; Robb, Alan J..
Recent corporate collapses have focussed attention on the (un)reliability of financial information. However, although the agricultural sector, which is significant globally, is run primarily using the cooperative form, there is scant research on these users' perception of financial information. Therefore this paper examines members' readership and understanding of the annual reports of a large, fertiliser cooperative. The findings show that there is a lack of readership of the annual report, due to a lack of understanding and a lack of time. A minority of non-readers trust directors to "do a good job". Preparers of information should focus on making reports more user-friendly and evidence suggests that financial information could be released more...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cooperatives; Annual reports; Readership; Understanding; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58684
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Are Cooperatives Efficient When Membership is Voluntary? AgEcon
Leathers, Howard D..
If profit-maximizing farmers are free to join or not to join a cooperative, it may appear reasonable to assume that a cooperative will exist only when it has cost advantaged over non-cooperative marketing. This paper presents a model in which that result fails. Every individual farmer chooses either to join or not join a cooperative depending on whether transactions costs are lower from cooperative membership or nonmembership. As cooperative membership increases, transactions costs for members decline, but for nonmembers these costs increase. Results of this analysis reveal that an equilibrium exists in which all farmers voluntarily choose to join the cooperative, but more than half of the members wish the cooperative had not been formed, and transactions...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cooperatives; Transactions costs; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8628
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As cooperativas rurais brasileiras e o mercado de crédito de carbono: análise da influência dessas operações no empreendimento cooperativo. Repositório Alice
SIMÃO, G. L.; AMODEO, N. B. P..
Esta pesquisa buscou analisar os resultados econômicos e sociais gerados pela comercialização dos créditos de carbono, por parte das cooperativas rurais brasileiras. Quanto aos resultados, pode-se constatar que, na maioria das cooperativas agropecuárias pesquisadas, há participação de empresas intermediárias, que são os arrendatários dos Mecanismos de Desenvolvimento Limpo (MDL), os quais também repassam, às cooperativas, uma porcentagem advinda das reduções certificadas de emissões. Na maioria dos casos, também há benefícios secundários, resultantes dos MDL. Nesses projetos, em que há participação de terceiros, a principal atividade econômica da cooperativa não tem ligação direta com o mecanismo. Não se observou participação ou apoio de órgãos...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Crédito de carbono; Credit carbon; Impacts; Cooperativa; Impacto econômico; Cooperatives.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/930887
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Aspectos da cadeia produtiva da castanha-do-brasil no estado do Acre, Brasil. Repositório Alice
BAYMA, M. M. A.; MALAVALI, F. W.; SA, C. P. de; FONSECA, F. L. da; ANDRADE, E. P. de; WADT, L. H. de O..
No estado do Acre, poucas cadeias produtivas apresentaram tantas mudanças quanto a da castanha-do-brasil nos últimos anos. Estas mudanças foram motivadas por uma sequência de políticas públicas direcionadas ao setor e pela estruturação de uma cooperativa central de produtores extrativistas. Esta nota de pesquisa analisa, com base em dados secundários e relatos de pessoas envolvidas nos diferentes elos da cadeia produtiva, aspectos econômicos referentes ao beneficiamento e à comercialização da castanha-do-brasil, com o objetivo de registrar e entender as principais mudanças estruturantes ocorridas nesta cadeia produtiva nos últimos dez anos.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Castanha do brasil; Produto florestal não madeireiro (PFNM); Cooperacre; Acre; Amazônia Ocidental; Castanha do pará; Bertholletia excelsa; Cadeia produtiva; Beneficiamento; Comercialização; Cooperativa de produtores; Análise econômica; Brazil nuts; Nontimber forest products; Cooperatives; Processing technology; Commercialization; Economic analysis; Nuez del Brasil; Productos forestales no madereros; Cooperativas; Tecnología de procesamiento; Comercialización; Análisis económico.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/996473
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AVAILABILITY AND MARKET POTENTIAL ON NON-AGRICULTURAL BUSINESSES IN NORTH DAKOTA AgEcon
Bhuyan, Sanjib; Cobia, David W.; Leistritz, F. Larry.
Many North Dakota communities find it financially difficult to provide or maintain such necessary services as public safety, water and sewer services, garbage disposal, grocery and retail stores, local credit, medical care and similar other services due to gradual decline in both population and businesses. Declining population also stresses the existing businesses as they compete for a shrinking customer base while the cost of operating a business is likely to be increasing. Cooperatively-owned businesses are means by which needed products and services can be provided at a reasonable cost and at the same time provide meaningful employment opportunities. Thus, the cooperative approach may provide an option for rural communities in North Dakota for...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Trade analysis; Market potential; Cooperatives; Non- agricultural; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23348
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Black Farmers in America, 1865-2000: The Pursuit of Independent Farming and the Role of Cooperatives AgEcon
Reynolds, Bruce J..
A history of U.S. black farmers pursuit of independent farming and the role of cooperatives from 1865-2000.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Cooperatives; Independent farming; Black farmers; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Political Economy; Public Economics.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117049
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Bulk Fuel Distribution Costs For Cooperatives in North Dakota AgEcon
Dahl, Bruce L.; Cobia, David W.; Dooley, Frank J..
Economic-engineering cost data and a simulation model were used to analyze the impact of sales density, size of sales area, sales volume, and equipment configuration on costs of bulk fuel delivery by cooperatives. Fixed costs accounted for the majority of delivery costs regardless of sales density or size of sales area, at least for the relevant range of these variables for North Dakota. Increasing the radius of a sales area from 5 to 50 miles increased average costs only $.02 to $.09/gal. Doubling sales by either doubling the size of the sales area or the sales density reduced average total costs by nearly 50%. Thus, cooperatives with excess delivery capacity could achieve significant savings if they consolidate to operate closer to the capacity of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Cooperatives; Fuel distribution; Delivery costs; Market area size; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Agribusiness.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23435
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Can German Wine Cooperatives Compete on Quality? AgEcon
Schamel, Guenter.
The German Agricultural Society (DLG) manages a multi-round annual quality control scheme where wines undergo a blind, sensory testing procedure using a 5-point scale to determine superior quality wines worthy of an annual award (Bronze, Silver, Gold, and Gold Extra). We develop a hedonic model for the 2005 award competition estimating implicit prices for different product attributes including sensory awards, quality categories, and wine style. We also control for regional origin, variety, color, and age. To discern the impact of ownership structure, we distinguish cooperatives and private wineries. Silver and Bronze awards show significant price effects relative to Gold. We also estimate highly significant price effects between quality categories (e.g....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cooperatives; Product Quality; Pricing; Agribusiness; Demand and Price Analysis; Marketing; Q13; L15; D4.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51552
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Castanha-do-brasil: cadeia produtiva se destaca no agronegócio acreano. Infoteca-e
BAYMA, M. M. A..
Considera-se que a cadeia produtiva da castanha-do-brasil do Acre, dentro do período analisado, passou por mudanças estruturantes as quais contribuíram para que assumisse a segunda posição dentro desse segmento no cenário nacional em relação ao volume produzido. Mesmo com as restrições sanitárias e financeiras atualmente existentes no mercado externo, conseguiu se inserir no mercado interno, o qual tem registrado crescimento contínuo em volume e valor faturado com a comercialização em maior escala da castanha-do-brasil sem casca, agregando maior valor ao produto final. E, por fim, espera-se que diante desse cenário favorável, o extrativista possa ser o maior beneficiário dos ganhos registrados recentemente.
Tipo: Artigo de divulgação na mídia (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Castanha do brasil; Cooperativa Central de Comercialização Extrativista do Acre (COOPERACRE); Acre; Amazônia Ocidental; Western Amazon; Amazonia Occidental; Castanha do pará; Bertholletia excelsa; Cadeia produtiva; Políticas públicas; Cooperativa de produtores; Brazil nuts; Production economics; Public policy; Cooperatives; Nuez del Brasil; Economía de la producción; Política pública; Cooperativas.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1037575
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Centralized versus Individual: Governance of Farmer Professional Cooperatives in China AgEcon
Jia, Xiangping; Hu, Yamei; Hendrikse, George W.J.; Huang, Jikun.
Based on a national representative survey conducted in 2009, this study shows that the decision-making within Farmer Professional Cooperatives (FPCs) in China is decentralized to individual farmers. However, there is a trend that the decision rights of farming are decomposed to marketing, production and input procuring. While the rights for production and input procuring stay with family farmers, marketing rights tend to be collectivized. Compared to FPCs having external initiating sources, FPCs initiated by farmers are more inclined to introduce centralized decision-making. The governance structure of FPCs in transition China presents hybrid forms of both hierarchy and family farming.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farmer; Cooperatives; Governance; China; Agricultural and Food Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Political Economy; L14; Q13; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90803
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Certificação de produtos florestais não madeireiros na perspectiva mercadológica de associações extrativistas no estado do Acre. Repositório Alice
IMPERADOR, A. M.; WADT, L. H. de O..
A Certificação concedida pelo Conselho de Manejo Florestal é um instrumento de gestão para o uso sustentável dos recursos florestais, considerando aspectos sociais, econômicos e ambientais. Dentre suas vantagens está a possibilidade de conquistar novos mercados e agregar valor ao produto. Diante da experiência das Associações dos Seringueiros Porto Dias e dos Moradores e Agroextrativistas do Remanso de Capixaba, ambas do Estado do Acre, este estudo avaliou a percepção de seus manejadores em relação ao mercado para Produtos Florestais Não Madeireiros certificados através de entrevistas estruturadas. Nesse universo que representou 100% das famílias certificadas nas duas Associações, 53% dos entrevistados consideraram as questões relativas ao mercado como...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Certificação florestal comunitária; Produto florestal não madeireiro (PFNM); Associação dos Seringueiros Porto Dias; Associação dos Moradores e Agroextrativistas do Remanso de Capixaba; Acre; Amazônia Ocidental; Produto florestal; Certificação de produto; Cooperativa de produtores; Nontimber forest products; Forest certification; Cooperatives; Productos forestales no madereros; Certificación forestal; Cooperativas.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1027378
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Certifying the commons: eco-certification, privatization, and collective action Ecology and Society
Foley, Paul; Environmental Policy Institute, Memorial University, Grenfell Campus; pfoley@grenfell.mun.ca; McCay, Bonnie; Department of Human Ecology, Rutgers the State University; mccay@AESOP.RUTGERS.EDU.
We examine new dynamics of privatization and collective action in common pool resource situations facilitated by the nonstate multistakeholder institutions of the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC), the global leader in sustainability certification for wild caught seafood. Through a review of the literature and two case studies of fishing cooperatives in Baja California Sur, Mexico and on Fogo Island in the Canadian Province of Newfoundland and Labrador (NL), we advance two interrelated arguments. First, certification and eco-labeling institutions privatize fisheries governance in largely unexamined ways through the injection of new forms of exclusive rights or privileges into common pool resource situations already complicated by access and property...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Baja California Sur Mexico; Collective action; Common pool resources; Commons; Community-based fisheries; Cooperatives; Environmental certification; Environmental governance; Fisheries; Fogo Island Newfoundland and Labrador Canada; Governance; Marine Stewardship Council; MSC; Northern shrimp; Privatization; Property rights; Spiny lobster; Sustainable.
Ano: 2014
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CHAIN QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN CO-OPERATIVES AgEcon
Hanf, Jon Henrich; Pieniadz, Agata.
This paper investigates the relationship between the chosen quality strategy and the vertical co-ordination mechanism of a focal company by using new institutional economics, as well as strategic management approaches. The theoretical findings are tested using evidence from 19 of the largest Polish dairy cooperatives, surveyed in spring 2006. The results show that all co-ops recognise the changing market requirements and are treating food quality as more than plain food safety and the ability to continuously reproduce an ex ante defined set of attributes. However, compared to investor-owned dairies, co-ops are disadvantaged in quality-based competition due to their lower flexibility and access to financial and qualified human resources. To overcome this...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Network theory; Relationship management; Quality management; Cooperatives; Poland; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7604
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