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Registros recuperados: 13
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A step toward the definition of ecological indicators of the impact of fishing on the fish assemblage of the Abore reef reserve (New Caledonia) ArchiMer
Amand, Marion; Pelletier, Dominique; Ferrari, Jocelyne; Kulbicki, Michel.
Marine Protected Areas (MPA) are often contemplated as a tool for the sustainable management of exploited resources and ecosystem conservation. This paper proposes an approach to establish a statistical diagnostic of the effects of MPAs on fish assemblages, and define corresponding ecological indicators. This requires choosing relevant variables (abundance, diversity, demographic parameters..) and appropriate statistical methods. The study was based on data from the Abore reef Reserve in New Caledonia. Two sets of methods: 1-inferential linear models (ANOVA, GLM): 2- Partial Least Squares (PLS) methods of regression, were used to test the effects of this MPA. PLS enabled us to test simultaneously within a model, density, species richness, biomass and mean...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: New Caledonia; PLS regression; Ecological indicators; Fishing impact; Coral reef; Fish; Marine Protected Areas.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/publication-398.pdf
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Algal food processing by Stegastes nigricans, an herbivorous damselfish: differences between an undisturbed and a disturbed coral reef site (La Reunion, Indian Ocean) ArchiMer
Lison De Loma, Thierry; Harmelin-vivien, Mireille; Naim, Odile; Fontaine, Marie France.
There has, as yet, been little study of nutrient disturbance and its consequences on the functional biology of primary consumers in coral reefs. The processing of epilithic algal communities by the damselfish Stegastes nigricans was investigated at La Reunion, at two sites of a fringing reef, oligotrophic for one and eutrophic for the other. Differences between sites were analyzed in quantifying organic matter, organic carbon, nitrogen, and organic 'nutrients' (carbohydrate, lipid and protein) in the algal food, the digestive contents and the faeces of S. nigricans. In the disturbed site, algal turfs and digestive contents presented significantly higher organic matter, organic carbon, nitrogen and organic nutrient values. Absorption efficiency of total...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Régime herbivore; Stegastes; Récif corallien; Eutrophisation; La Réunion; Herbivory; Stegastes; Coral reef; Eutrophication; La Reunion.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00323/43376/42835.pdf
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Caractéristiques du feutrage algal des récifs coralliens de Polynésie française soumis à différentes intensités de bioérosion ArchiMer
Le Bris, S; Le Campion-alsumard, T; Romano, Jc.
This study deals with the colonisation of experimental Porites blocks by epilithic and endolithic algal community in two atoll lagoons and two high-island lagoons in French Polynesia, exposed to different environmental conditions during a 5-year period. A qualitative analysis of the community (cyanobacteria and micro-algae) was carried out, and the relationship between the epilithic and endolithic strata observed. HPLC analysis of chlorophyll pigments was used to quantitatively determine the plant biomass, which was then compared to that of the algal turf of neighbouring reefs. The results show that these blocks are colonised according to two factors: the reef structure (atoll or high-island) and the degree of human disturbance. The epilithic and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Récif corallien; Feutrage algal épilithe et endolithe; Biomasse; Bioérosion; Eutrophisation; Coral reef; Epilithic and endolothic algal community biomass; Bioerosion; Eutrophication.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00325/43652/43241.pdf
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Cartographie des biocénoses marines de Guadeloupe à partir de données SPOT (récifs coralliens, phanérogames marines, mangroves) ArchiMer
Chauvaud, S; Bouchon, C; Maniere, R.
In the framework of a comprehensive study of the coastal marine ecosystems of Guadeloupe Island (French West Indies), a remote sensing survey of marine communities was conducted in the Bay of the Grand Cul-de-Sac Marin. Pictures of SPOT satellite were used. At first sight, XS data from SPOT did not seem to be well adapted to extract information from deepest underwater areas. In the present study, a method for analysis of XS data was developed, which increases tenuous spectral differences associated to very low intensity signals. This technique led to a better distinction of objects, even the deepest ones. Reference surfaces were then identified in the field and a reliable supervised classification was conducted, which reflected the high diversity of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Télédétection; Cartographie; Récif corallien; Phanérogame marine; Mangrove; Remote sensing; Mapping; Coral reef; Seagrass; Mangrove.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00291/40267/38646.pdf
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Designing choice experiments to incorporate tests for geographic scale and scope differences AgEcon
Rolfe, John; Windle, Jill; Bennett, Jeffrey W..
Designing a choice modelling (CM) experiment to place a value on increasing protection of the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) raises complex issues. The size and diversity of the GBR, and the number of different pressures impacting on it, mean protection and improvement scenarios can be drafted in several different ways. This report discusses some of the considerations in selecting, describing and combining choice attributes. It also looks at how to incorporate tests for geographic scale (size) and scope (complexity) differences into the design of the CM survey instrument. The potential to include information about management options designed to achieve increased protection, and the associated risk and uncertainty, is also discussed.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Choice modelling; Scale; Scope; Coral reef; Environmental Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94802
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Ecological and socioeconomic strategies to sustain Caribbean coral reefs in a high-CO2 world ArchiMer
Andersson, Andreas J.; Venn, Alexander A.; Pendleton, Linwood; Brathwaite, Angelique; Camp, Emma; Cooley, Sarah; Gedhill, Dwight; Koch, Marguerite; Maliki, Samir; Manfrino, Carrie.
The Caribbean and Western Atlantic region hosts one of the world’s most diverse geopolitical regions and a unique marine biota distinct from tropical seas in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. While this region varies in human population density, GDP and wealth, coral reefs, and their associated ecosystem services, are central to people’s livelihoods. Unfortunately, the region’s reefs have experienced extensive degradation over the last several decades. This degradation has been attributed to a combination of disease, overfishing, and multiple pressures from other human activities. Furthermore, the Caribbean region has experienced rapid ocean warming and acidification as a result of climate change that will continue and accelerate throughout the 21st century....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Caribbean; Coral reef; Restoration; Climate change; Ocean acidification; Ecosystem services.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00495/60684/64180.pdf
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Effects of Great Barrier Reef Degradation on Recreational Demand: A Contingent Behaviour Approach AgEcon
Kragt, Marit Ellen; Roebeling, Peter C.; Ruijs, Arjan.
Agricultural run-off from the Great Barrier Reef catchment area may cause degradation of coral reefs, affecting the tourism sector that relies on healthy reefs for its income generation. A Contingent Behaviour approach is used to determine the effect of reef degradation on demand for recreational dive and snorkel trips, for a case study of the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) in Australia. We assessed how reef degradation affects GBR tourism and to what extent reef-trip demand depends on the visitors' socio-economic characteristics. A count data model is developed, and results indicate that an average visitor would undertake about 60% less trips to the GBR per year, given a combined 80%, 30% and 70% decrease in coral cover, coral diversity and fish diversity,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Coral reef; Recreation; Contingent Behaviour model; Count data models; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q26; Q51; Q57.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25753
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First observations of attempted nudibranch predation by sea anemones Naturalis
Meij, S.E.T. van der; Reijnen, B.T..
On two separate occasions during fieldwork in Semporna (eastern Sabah, Malaysia), sea anemones of the family Edwardsiidae were observed attempting to feed on the nudibranch species Nembrotha lineolata and Phyllidia ocellata. These are the first in situ observations of nudibranch predation by sea anemones. This new record is compared with known information on sea slug predators.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Actiniaria; Coral reef; Nudibranchia; Polyceridae; Phylidiidae.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/409039
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Fish community structure in San Agustín Bay, Huatulco, Mexico RChHN
RAMÍREZ-GUTIÉRREZ,MARTÍN; TAPIA-GARCÍA,MARGARITO; RAMOS-SANTIAGO,EDUARDO; ULLOA,RAÚL.
San Agustín bay is one of the most important bays in the Huatulco National Park because it includes the broadest coral reef surface of this park, which supports a great diversity of fish species. The importance of the present work is that describes quantitatively, for first time, the fish assemblage of this reef area. Visual censuses were realized on transects, according to the coral reef size, on coral and rocky reefs, and coral rubble environments. 64 species, 46 genus and 29 families were registered. Seasonal variation in fish assemblage was observed; reflecting the influence of pelagic shoaling species associated with the Gulf of Tehuantepec upwelling, during the dry season. Thus species were Selar crumenophthalmus, Caranx caninus, and Sardinops...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Huatulco National Park; Coral reef; Diversity; Density; Community.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-078X2007000400003
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Impact assesment of Cyclone Sally on the almost atoll of Aitutaki (cook Islands) by remote sensing ArchiMer
Loubersac, Lionel; Dahl, Arthur; Collote, Pascal; Lemaire, Olivier; D'Ozouville, Laurent.
Damage from tropical cyclones can have major consequences for coral reef structure and ecology, as well as for human communities and human uses of coral reef resources. Remote sensing with high resolution multispectral satellite images can be used to asses large scale cyclone damages on coral reef areas. SPOT images of the almost atoll of AITUTAKI (Cook Islands) taken in june 1986 and february 1987 after the passage of Cyclone Sally near the island in january, were transformed and subjected to a textural analysis, and then compared to asses damage on the reefs and lagoon.New shallow sand and rubble deposits showed increased reflectance, while lower reflectance seemed associated with damage to reef structure, scouring in the lagoon, deposits of terrestrial...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: ICRS 6; Remote sensing; Reflectance; Stresses; Cyclones; Extreme events; Coral reef; Lagoon; Natural System; External Threats & Opportunities.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00143/25380/23518.pdf
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Internal bioerosion of Acropora formosa in Reunion (Indian Ocean): microborer and macroborer activities ArchiMer
Zubia, M; Peyrot-clausade, M.
Bioerosion by grazing and boring organisms is one of the major destructive forces operating on reef. The aim of this study was to estimate the intensity of internal bioerosion by both microflora and fauna of Acropora, a branching scleractinian, on the reef flat at La Saline (Reunion, Indian Ocean). Internal bioerosion was estimated at two sites, varying in degrees of eutrophication. At each site, dead Acropora subjected to heavy grazing or covered by algal turf were examined. Acropora formosa is subjected to high bioerosion due to its high porosity and its branching form, which facilitates colonisation by boring organisms. Three endolithic microflora species, Plectonema terebrans, Mastigocoleus testarum and Ostreobium queckettii colonised the branches. The...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Acropora; Bioérosion; Organismes perforants; Récifs coralliens; Océan Indien; Acropora; Bioerosion; Boring organisms; Coral reef; Indian Ocean.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00322/43353/42860.pdf
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Méthodes d’estimation des surfaces développées de coraux scléractiniaires à l’échelle d’une colonie ou d’un peuplement ArchiMer
Chancerelle, Y.
This study presents an original method for the determination of the actual surface area of Scleractinian corals at colony-scale and at the scale of a whole reef. Firstly, at colony-scale, the technique consists of dipping coral colonies in a liquid paraffin bath and measuring the weight of the coral before and after the dipping. It is based on the relationship between the weight and the surface area of paraffin deposited and allows one to obtain the actual surface area of coral colonies in the laboratory. The main advantages of this method compared to others is that it uses easily obtainable materials and it is adaptable to all colony shapes. It was used on coral colonies representing the six most frequently seen colony shapes on the reefs of the island of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Surface développée; Colonie corallienne; Récif corallien; Actual surface area; Coral colony; Coral reef.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00325/43571/44052.pdf
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Mycale alagoana sp.nov. and two new formal records of Porifera (Demospongiae, Poecilosclerida) from the shallow-water reefs of Alagoas (Brazil) Biota Neotropica
Cedro,Victor Ribeiro; Hajdu,Eduardo; Correia,Monica Dorigo.
The Porifera occurring at Alagoas State reefs (north-eastern Brazil) are still little-known, with few species listed and even fewer formally described. From a total of 48 species recorded from the state, only eight belong to the Poecilosclerida, including those (re)described in this study. Here we describe a new species, Mycale (Mycale) alagoana sp.nov., and redescribe two species: Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) isodictyalis (Carter, 1882) and Mycale (Naviculina) diversisigmata Van Soest, 1984, both first formal redescriptions from the Southwestern Atlantic. Additionally, Mycale (Aegogropila) escarlatei Hajdu et al., 1995 is here reported from Alagoas for the first time, in discussing the difficulties inherent to recognition in the field of small crustose...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Faunistics; Lissodendoryx; Coral reef; Sandstone reef; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1676-06032011000100016
Registros recuperados: 13
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