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A Non-Parametric Analysis of Rice Production Efficiency in Sri Lanka AgEcon
Thibbotuwawa, Manoj; Mugera, Amin W.; White, Benedict.
This article investigates the production efficiency of rice farming in Sri Lanka using cross section survey data of 90 farms. Past studies on rice farming have mostly focused on technical efficiency (TE). Here, we examine technical efficiency, allocative efficiency (AE) and cost efficiency (CE) using the data envelopment analysis (DEA) approach. On average, the farms were 87% technically efficient; irrigated farms were more efficient (88%) than rain-fed farms (82%). Average cost, allocative and scale efficiencies were 73%, 84% and 87%. Bias corrected TE estimate suggests an expected output expansion of 25% with a given input combination in order to become fully efficient as opposed to 16% based on the original estimates. In addition, a second stage Tobit...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Technical efficiency; Cost efficiency; Bootstrap; Rice farming; Sri Lanka; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124423
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Analysis of some important cost factor of poultry meat production AgEcon
Szentirmay, Andras.
Cost efficiency is one of the most important influencing factors of competitiveness in poultry business because the international price competition of poultry meat products is getting tightly year by year. This study would like to open up some property of the cost structure of chicken meat production, and try to draw up some interesting analysis about the correlation of the different cost factors of poultry meat producing. The starting point of the study is the vertically integrated poultry chain where different supply chain elements working together. The analysed supply chain elements are the chicken growing (broiler growing) and the chicken slaughtering (producing fresh chicken meat products). The study analysing the cost structure of these activities...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Poultry industry; Cost efficiency; Cost structure; Correlation analysis; Vertical integration; Profitability; Demand and Price Analysis; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51952
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Cost Efficiency and Scope Economies of Crop and Livestock Farms in Missouri AgEcon
Wu, Shunxiang; Prato, Anthony A..
This study investigates productive efficiency for a sample of Missouri crop-only (specialized) and integrated crop-livestock (diversified) farms using a cost frontier approach. Results suggest that significant cost inefficiency exists among sample farms. Lower cost efficiency in both types of farms was attributed to improper scale of operations and mis-allocation of inputs. On average, diversified farms were as technically and scale efficient as specialized farms. Lower allocative efficiency diluted gains in technical efficiency and resulted in greater cost inefficiency for diversified farms than for specialized farms. Technical efficiency was independent of farm size, whereas allocative, scale, and scope efficiencies were not.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cost efficiency; Crop; Livestock; Missouri farms; Scope economies; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Industrial Organization; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Q12; R32.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43906
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COST EFFICIENCY OF CATFISH FARMS IN CHICOT COUNTY, ARKANSAS: THE IMPACT OF EXTENSION SERVICES AgEcon
Engle, Carole R.; Kaliba, Aloyce R..
Cost efficiency measures of a sample of catfish farms in Chicot County, Arkansas are estimated using a data envelopment analysis technique. A measure of overall efficiency is used to determine operator's characteristics, farm practices, and institutional support services that are likely to lead to higher farm level cost efficiency. Results indicate that live catfish production could increase by 55% using the same level of inputs if all farms were operating at the minimum average cost curve. Higher feeding rate and availability of extension services were associated with increased cost efficiency. Higher stocking density affected overall efficiency negatively. The marginal value of extension contacts in Chicot County was estimated to be $2988. This study...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Catfish; Cost efficiency; Data envelopment analysis; And extension services; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; C14; C24; D61.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34740
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Cost Efficiency of Critical Access Hospitals AgEcon
Nedelea, I. Cristian; Fannin, James Matthew; Barnes, James N..
This study used a stochastic frontier cost model to analyze whether the policy changes that created Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs) caused an increase in the cost inefficiency of these hospitals or their cost inefficiency was brought about by other factors that were similar to all rural hospitals. The estimated mean cost inefficiency of CAH was 25 percent while that of non-CAH rural hospitals was 17.6 percent. However, the estimated results did not provide sufficient evidence to conclude that Medicare cost-based reimbursement was the main cause of higher cost inefficiency of CAHs. There might be other causes that can explain the higher cost inefficiency of CAHs such as the larger number of Medicaid and uninsured patients and the higher levels of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Critical access hospital; Rural hospital; Cost efficiency; Stochastic frontier model; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Health Economics and Policy; I18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56228
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Cost-benefit analysis of abatement measures for nutrient emission from agriculture AgEcon
Wustenberghs, H.; Broekx, Steven; Van Hoof, K.; Claeys, Dakerlia; D'Heygere, T.; D'Hooghe, J.; Dessers, R.; Huysmans, T.; Lauwers, Ludwig H.; Meynaerts, E.; Vercaemst, P..
In intensive animal husbandry areas surface water N and P concentrations often remain too high. The Water Framework Directive calls for additional nutrient emission abatement measures. Therefore, costs and benefits for possible agricultural measures in Flanders were first analysed in terms of soil balance surplus. Finally, abatement measures for agriculture, households and industry were set off against each other and ranked according to their cost-efficiency by the Environmental Costing Model. Increased dairy cattle efficiency, winter cover crops and increased pig feed efficiency turn out very cost efficient. Other agricultural measures are less cost efficient than for instance collective treatment for households and industry.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Nitrogen and phosphorus abatement; Surface water; Cost efficiency; Environmental Economics and Policy; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44245
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Dynamic Assessment of Oligopoly, Oligopsony Power, and Cost Efficiency using the New Empirical Industrial Organization in the U.S. Beef Packing Industry AgEcon
Ji, In Bae; Chung, Chanjin.
In this paper, the new empirical industrial organization approach with a dynamic model is simultaneously employed to measure the degree of oligopoly, oligopsony power, and cost efficiency in the U.S. beef packing industry. The oligopsony power is estimated with two effects: cash cattle procurement market power and captive supply market power. The model is estimated by the Generalized Method of Moments using monthly data from 1990 to 2006. The empirical results reveal the presence of market power in both the beef retail market and the cattle procurement market in the sample period. The captive supply is a source of oligopsony market power, but the effect is considerably small. The oligopsony market power is greater and less stable than oligopoly market...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Beef packing industry; Captive supply; Cost efficiency; Industrial concentration; Market power; NEIO; Agricultural and Food Policy; Industrial Organization; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; Q13.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61641
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Efficiency of Scottish Farms: A Stochastic Cost Frontier Analysis AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Milne, Catherine E.; Leat, Philip M.K.; Cho, Woong Je.
In this paper the relative cost efficiency of Scottish farms is determined, and variables that explain this efficiency by farm type are identified and implications discussed. A panel dataset from the Farm Accounts Scheme (FAS) survey for the period 1997-2004 was used for the estimation. A cost efficiency indicator was measured using a fixed effect panel data regression. Further analysis, to explain the efficiency results, indicated the presence of important farm size and regional effects. However, other variables, whilst statistically significant, did not produce a consistent effect across the different farm types.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Stochastic cost frontier analysis; Cost efficiency; Scottish farms; Common Agricultural Policy; Farm Management; Q12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56633
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Energy Efficiency and Shadow Costs of Energy Saving in Conventional Agricultural Production: The Case of Czech Wheat Production AgEcon
Curtiss, Jarmila; Jelinek, Ladislav.
Increasing worldwide energy demand and diminishing supplies of fossil fuels have necessitated the development and increasing use of new sustainable energy sources, as well as more parsimonious energy use. In the context of agriculture, research has focused predominantly on the production of bio-energy, while only a limited number of studies have investigated the energy use and possible energy saving in conventional agricultural production. In response to this lack in empirical research this study aims (i) to measure the farm-level energy and cost efficiency of conventional agricultural (wheat) production, (ii) to identify the potential for energy saving in conventional agriculture and quantify its shadow cost, (iii) to identify production technologies and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Energy efficiency; Cost efficiency; Shadow cost of energy saving; Agriculture; Czech farm; Wheat production; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; D24.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103410
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Evaluating the Cost of Poverty Alleviation Transfer Programs: An Illustration Based on PROGRESA in Mexico AgEcon
Coady, David P.; Perez, Raul; Vera-Illamas, Hadid.
One of the common criticisms of poverty alleviation programs is that the high share of administrative (nontransfer) costs substantially reduces the programs’ impact on poverty. But very little empirical evidence exists on program costs. For example, a recent extensive international review of targeted poverty alleviation programs in developing countries could find data on costs for only 32 out of the 111 program reviewed. Even then, the numbers available were not always comparable. In this paper, we present a detailed analysis of the cost structure of a program recently introduced in Mexico, called PROGRESA. Our analysis shows how cost data can be used as the basis for an evaluation of the cost efficiency of anti-poverty programs. It cautions, however, that...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Cost efficiency; Poverty alleviation; Human capital; Mexico; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59284
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Explaining Cost Efficiency of Scottish Farms: A Stochastic Frontier Analysis AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Milne, Catherine E.; Leat, Philip M.K.; Cho, Woong Je.
In this paper the cost efficiency of Scottish farms is determined, variables that explain the relative cost efficiency by farm type are identified and implications discussed. A cost efficiency approach was selected as it can deal with farms producing multiple outputs (in contrast to production frontiers), and second because it can accommodate output constraints imposed by the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). To estimate the stochastic cost frontier, a generalised multi-product translog cost function was estimated for five farm types: dairy, cereals and general cropping, cattle and sheep, specialist sheep and mixed farms. Eight farm outputs and four inputs were considered. The data for the estimation were drawn from the Farm Accounts Scheme (FAS) survey...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Stochastic cost frontier analysis; Cost efficiency; Scottish farms; Common Agricultural Policy.; Productivity Analysis; Farm Management.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46001
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Measuring Cost Efficiency in Smallholder Dairy Farms: Empirical Evidence from Northeast Thailand AgEcon
Lapar, Ma. Lucila A.; Garcia, Alexis Arthur B.; Aditto, Satit; Suriya, Patcharee.
This paper investigates smallholder dairy competitiveness from estimates of a translog cost frontier using data from 130 smallholder dairy farms in six provinces of Northeast Thailand. Cost efficiency estimates indicate that there is significant scope for improving cost efficiency in smallholder dairy farms in Northeast Thailand, and costs can be reduced by 26 percent on average. The empirical results also strongly suggest that smaller farms are more cost efficient than larger ones within this sample of smallholder dairy farms. Proper herd management for maintaining an optimal milking cows-herd size ratio coupled with yield-enhancing technologies can enhance cost efficiency. Feed technology options that can potentially reduce costs while maintaining...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cost efficiency; Smallholder dairy; Feed technology innovations; Farm Management.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19514
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Price and Cost Impacts of Concentration in Food Manufacturing Revisited AgEcon
Lopez, Rigoberto A.; Liron-Espana, Carmen.
This study estimates the elasticities of wholesale food prices, cost efficiency, and market power with respect to industrial concentration in 35 food processing industries, modifying the model of Lopez, Azzam, and Lirón-España (2002). In contrast to the results of their earlier analysis, findings of this study indicate that further increases in concentration would result in significant processing cost savings (and Lerner index increases) in nearly all industries and that output prices would decline in nearly 50% of the industries, although significantly so in only 20% of them. As industrial concentration rises, price declines occur in industries with low levels of concentration while price increases occur in highly concentrated industries.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cost efficiency; Food prices; Food processing; Industrial concentration; Market power; Marketing; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59610
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Taking Stock: Seventeen Years after the Murray-Darling Basin Agreement AgEcon
Lee, Lisa Yu-Ting; Ancev, Tihomir.
There has now been almost two decades of natural resource management by signatory states under the Murray-Darling Basin Agreement Despite significant public expense, the success of initiatives to improve the Basin’s environmental remains ambiguous. This confusion is partly due to poorly distinguished investment outcomes, a blurring of the transparency of public spending and a lack of accountability of decision makers. The aim of this study is to demonstrate that significant environmental improvements could have been achieved at a much lower cost if decisive action been taken early. The research report outlines the myriad of Murray-Darling Basin related policies and its funding. It also notes the achievements and impediments to program success.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water reform; Water policy; Cost efficiency; Murray-Darling Basin; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94803
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The Cost Efficiency of Dairy Farms in Japan AgEcon
Yamamoto, Yasutaka.
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the cost efficiency of dairy farms in Japan. The overall cost efficiency measure is decomposed into two components (Fare and Grosskopf, 1985): (1) the weak cost efficiency measure; (2) the scale efficiency measure. Linear programming techniques are used in calculating the efficiency measures for a sample of dairy farms in Japan during the year 1989. The study demonstrates an overall cost inefficiency, which is not due to scale inefficiency, but rather to weak cost inefficiency.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Cost efficiency; Dairy; Japan; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123743
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The Predatory Impacts of the Ahold/Pathmark Offer to Buy the Big V ShopRite Supermarket Chain AgEcon
Cotterill, Ronald W..
This paper presents a unique empirical analysis of Salop and Scheffman’s raising rival’s cost theory of predation. The cost efficiency of cooperative wholesaling organizations including the nations largest, Wakefern Food Corporation, are highly susceptible to throughput volume. The Royal Ahold/Pathmark offer to purchase Wakefern’s largest member via a bankruptcy proceeding that attempted to supercede its membership contract, if consummated, would have reduced Wakefern’s volume by 13 percent. It also would have triggered a domino effect of other member exits because it would have raised the costs of supplying remaining members. This report marshals the available empirical evidence to demonstrate that the predatory move by Royal Ahold and Pathmark would most...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Predation; Market power; Wholesale concentration; Cost efficiency; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25216
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The South African Maize Milling Industry: Can Small and Medium-scale Maize Milling Enterprise Survive and Thrive? AgEcon
Abu, Orefi; Kirsten, Johann F..
Abstract This paper investigates the competitiveness of small and medium-scale maize milling enterprises in South Africa from estimates of a translog stochastic cost frontier model. Results suggest that small and medium-scale maize mills in South Africa are cost-inefficient, operating at 59 percent and 30 percent higher cost than the best practice respectively. This implies that, on average, about 59 percent and 30 percent of the costs incurred by small and medium-scale maize mills respectively can be avoided without a reduction in maize meal output. Given this empirical estimates, if small and medium-scale maize milling enterprises in South Africa are able to reduce cost by 59 percent and 30 percent on average respectively, these mills could become...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Maize milling; South Africa; Cost efficiency; Stochastic Frontier Approach; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51304
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To Target or Not to Target? The cost efficiency of indicator-based targeting AgEcon
Houssou, Nazaire; Zeller, Manfred.
This paper assesses the cost efficiency of indicator-based targeting. Using household survey data from Malawi, we examine whether an indicator-based targeting of the poor is more target- and cost-efficient than the currently used mechanisms for targeting agricultural subsidy programs in the country. There is compelling evidence in favor of targeting Malawi’s poor based on the newly developed system. An indicator-based targeting system appears to be more target- and cost-efficient than the 2000/01 Starter Pack and the 2006/07 Agricultural Input Subsidy Program (AISP). While the Starter Pack and the AISP transferred about 50% of total transfer, under an indicator-based system, about 73% of transfers are delivered to the poor. Likewise, under an...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Malawi; Poverty targeting; Validation tests; Cost efficiency; Development policy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty; Political Economy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C01; C13; I32.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61007
Registros recuperados: 18
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