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A bioeconomic analysis of the impact of decommissioning programs: Application to a limited-entry french scallop fishery ArchiMer
Guyader, Olivier; Daures, Fabienne; Fifas, Spyros.
The objective of this paper is to assess the benefits and costs of decommissioning policies aimed at reducing fleet capacity through premiums offered by the public authority to fishermen to scrap their vessels. A case study, the limited entry scallop fishery of the Saint Brieuc Bay, France, is used to con- sider the problem of excess capacity and to model the bioeconomic consequences of disinvestment behavior. Special attention is paid to the assessment of fishermen's willingness to leave the fishery and to the implementation of public policy in terms of budget level and premiums offered to the fishermen. Spreadsheet simulations show that the impact of decommissioning programs is positive in terms of net surplus, even in the case of increasing technical...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fishing capacity; Decommissioning programs; Premium; Willingness to leave; Bioeconomic model; Cost-benefit analysis.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00243/35449/33977.pdf
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A multi-level cost benefit approach for regulatory decision support in food safety and quality assurance scenarios AgEcon
Fritz, Melanie; Schiefer, Gerhard.
In complex policy decision situations where policy objectives can only be reached through appropriate activities of individual actors with own decision authority and individual objectives, the classical approaches for measuring the effects of regulatory initiatives through cost-benefit or related types of analysis do not provide the appropriate information for decision support. This paper discusses a framework for a multi-level analysis approach that could provide decision support in multi-level policy decision situations.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cost-benefit analysis; Multi-level analysis; Policy decision support; Impact assessment; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44274
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Afforestation to increase the provision of ecosystem services: economic implications for Ukraine and beyond AgEcon
Nijnik, Maria; Oskam, Arie J.; Nijnik, Albert.
This paper analyses costs and benefits of planting trees on marginal lands across forestry zones in Ukraine with the purpose of using them for timber production, erosion prevention and climate change mitigation. The research reveals that establishment of new forests to increase timber production and alleviate soil erosion is economically and environmentally justified in some regions. Incorporating the effects of afforestation through on climate change mitigation increases social benefits.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Afforestation; Erosion; Carbon; Timber; Cost-benefit analysis; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51814
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An Integrated Assessment approach to linking biophysical modelling and economic valuation tools AgEcon
Kragt, Marit Ellen; Bennett, Jeffrey W.; Jakeman, Tony.
Natural resource management (NRM) typically involves complex decisions that affect a variety of stakeholder values. Efficient NRM, which achieves the greatest net environmental, social and financial benefits, needs to integrate the assessment of environmental impacts with the costs and benefits of investment. Integrated assessment (IA) is one approach that incorporates the several dimensions of catchment NRM, by considering multiple issues and knowledge from various disciplines and stakeholders. Despite the need for IA, there are few studies that integrate biophysical modelling tools with economic valuation. In this paper, we demonstrate how economic non-market valuation tools can be used to support an IA of catchment NRM changes. We develop a Bayesian...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Bayesian networks; Bio-economic modelling; Catchment management; Cost-benefit analysis; Environmental values; Integrated assessment and modelling; Non-market valuation; Riparian vegetation; Environmental Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94949
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Análisis costo - beneficio de la ampliacíón del distrito de riego No. 110 "Río Verde - Progreso, Oax.". Colegio de Postgraduados
Ramos Solano, José Filiberto.
Se presenta una propuesta de ampliación del Distrito de Riego 110 “Río Verde – Progreso, Oax.”, como una de las acciones complementarias del proyecto de generación de energía eléctrica “Paso de la Reyna”, impulsada por el Gobierno Federal a través de la Comisión Federal de Electricidad. El proyecto de inversión considera incorporar la superficie dominada por la COTA 35, que parte de la base de la cortina de la presa de regulación que se ubicará aguas abajo de la presa “Paso de la Reyna”, y que suman 8,566 hectáreas. Para fines de análisis, el proyecto de ampliación se dividió en dos partes: a) dos líneas principales de conducción, una a cada margen del Río Verde, que suman una longitud total de 56,307 m y que dominan toda la superficie de ampliación...
Palavras-chave: Modernización del riego; Paso de la Reyna; Riego presurizado; Análisis costo-beneficio; Irrigation improvement; Pressurized irrigation; Cost-benefit analysis; Hidrociencias; Maestría Tecnológica.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1946
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Benefit-Cost Analysis of Biodiesel Production in Korea AgEcon
Lee, Sang-Min; Han, Hye-Sung.
The purpose of this study is to take a close look at Korea‘s biodiesel developing trends and assess economic feasibility based on benefit-cost analysis. This study finally presents directions to actively promote the biodiesel in Korea. The role of bio-energy is significantly emphasized due to the continuous rise in oil price and environmental problems. According to some researches that have considered various factors such as breed, productivity, production costs and levels of technology, the most feasible bio-ingredients are rape and barley. By means of the benefit-cost analysis, rape has positive values in the net profits when considered with indirect benefits. Also, it is estimated that rape is feasible when produced in place of barley for...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Biofuels; Biodiesel; Cost-benefit analysis; Korea; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45683
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Can genetic engineering for the poor pay off? An ex-ante evaluation of Golden Rice in India AgEcon
Stein, Alexander J.; Sachdev, H.P.S.; Qaim, Matin.
Genetic engineering (GE) in agriculture is a controversial topic in science and society at large. While some oppose genetically modified crops as proxy of an agricultural system they consider unsustainable and inequitable, the question remains whether GE can benefit the poor within the existing system and what needs to be done to deliver these benefits? Golden Rice has been genetically engineered to produce provitamin A. The technology is still in the testing phase, but, once released, it is expected to address one consequence of poverty " vitamin A deficiency (VAD) " and its health implications. Current interventions to combat VAD rely mainly on pharmaceutical supplementation, which is costly in the long run and only partially successful. We develop a...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Genetic engineering; Beta-carotene biofortification; Vitamin A deficiency; Golden Rice; Health benefits; DALYs; Cost-effectiveness; Cost-benefit analysis; India; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8534
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CONTINGENT VALUATION IN FOOD POLICY ANALYSIS: A CASE STUDY OF A PESTICIDE-RESIDUE RISK REDUCTION AgEcon
Buzby, Jean C.; Ready, Richard C.; Skees, Jerry R..
This study demonstrates how contingent valuation techniques can be used in a cost-benefit analysis of a food safety policy issue. The analysis focuses on banning a specific post harvest pesticide used in fresh grapefruit packinghouses. Benefits of the ban are measured using consumers' aggregated willingness to pay (WTP) for safer grapefruit. A national contingent valuation survey used the payment card method to obtain WTP data. Costs of the ban stem predominantly from increased post harvest losses and were estimated using a model of the market for Florida grapefruit. Results indicate that benefits of the ban outweigh costs.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Contingent valuation; Cost-benefit analysis; Food safety; Pesticides; Willingness to pay; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15278
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Controlling Ozone and Fine Particulates: Cost Benefit Analysis with Meteorological Variability AgEcon
Shih, Jhih-Shyang; Bergin, Michelle S.; Krupnick, Alan J.; Russell, Armistead G..
In this paper, we develop an integrated cost-benefit analysis framework for ozone and fine particulate control, accounting for variability and uncertainty. The framework includes air quality simulation, sensitivity analysis, stochastic multi-objective air quality management, and stochastic cost-benefit analysis. This paper has two major contributions. The first is the development of stochastic source-receptor (S-R) coefficient matrices for ozone and fine particulate matter using an advanced air quality simulation model (URM-1ATM) and an efficient sensitivity algorithm (DDM-3D). The second is a demonstration of this framework for alternative ozone and PM2.5 reduction policies. Alternative objectives of the stochastic air quality management model include...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Ambient air; Ozone; Particulate matter; Risk management; Public policy; Cost-benefit analysis; Variability and uncertainty; Stochastic simulation; Stochastic multi-objective programming; Decision-making; National Ambient Air Quality Standards; Environmental Economics and Policy; C6; Q2; Q25; Q28.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10735
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Cost-Benefit Analysis of a WTO Dispute AgEcon
Javelosa, Josyline C.; Schmitz, Andrew.
Since the WTO's inception in 1995, the number of cases it has dealt with has exceeded the number of disputes under the GATT. This suggests that Members have found the WTO dispute settlement system a useful means to pursue their interests. In this paper, we analyze an ongoing WTO dispute to illustrate the economic and political costs and benefits that accrue to parties when they engage themselves into the formal dispute process. We draw on the Philippine-Australian case, which challenges the latter's quarantine policy on fresh fruit and vegetables, to understand further how the WTO dispute settlement system affects state behavior and litigation patterns. This particular case is also of keen interest to a number of countries, including the EC, US, Canada,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: WTO dispute settlement; Sanitary and phytosanitary; Banana; Cost-benefit analysis; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15648
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Cost/Benefit Analysis of Bur Extractors in Cotton Harvesting AgEcon
Bennett, Blake K.; Misra, Sukant K.; Brashears, Alan.
The objective of this research was to estimate the effect of using bur extractors in cotton stripping on foreign material in harvested cotton, on both quality attributes and lint turnout, and to determine the minimum harvested acres a producer must have for a bur extractor to be cost effective. Results indicate that the bur extractor has significant effect in reducing bur percent, stick percent, and in increasing seed cotton percent and lint turnout, while is showed no statistically significant effect on any of the quality attributes. Results also suggest that investment in bur extractors is profitable for both irrigated and dryland cotton production situations with an operation of at least 750 acres. This study provides a simple method that can be...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Stripper harvesting; Bur extractors; Cotton; Cost-benefit analysis; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90420
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Cost-benefit analysis of investment in research on abscission chemicals AgEcon
Brown, Mark G..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Cost-benefit analysis; Abscission chemicals; Agribusiness; Farm Management.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52887
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COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF THE DUTCH NATURE CONSERVATION POLICY: DIRECT, INDIRECT EFFECTS AND TRANSACTION COSTS OF THE ECOLOGICAL MAIN STRUCTURE IN THE NETHERLANDS AgEcon
Jongeneel, Roelof A.; Polman, Nico B.P.; Slangen, Louis H.G..
The scattering of nature areas in the Netherlands and the increased demand for nature lead to a governmental project in 1990 to complete a network of nature favouring areas, the ecological main structure, in 2018. The financial and economic costs and benefits of this project were analysed. Targets for purchasing of agricultural land and conversion into nature were adjusted several times as the land price doubled between 1995 and 2000. The purchasing rate still has to double, which will probably drive up the land price even further. The alternative is long-term contracts with farmers or private landowners for nature conservation.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cost-benefit analysis; Transaction costs; Land market; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43970
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Cost-Benefit Analysis of the protection of Malleefowl in the Lachlan Catchment AgEcon
Greyling, Tertius; Bennett, Jeffrey W..
A cost-benefit analysis (CBA) of an investment in the protection of malleefowl and associated native vegetation in the Lachlan Catchment’s central-west yielded a benefit-cost ratio of 1.4. The CBA is based on project expenditures over the past four years coupled with benefit estimates from a recent Choice Modelling study in the Lachlan Catchment. The project targets the protection of malleefowl on private land which has not yet been surveyed but where the species is known to be present. The CBA is subject to significant uncertainty due to a lack of available data. Nonetheless, sensitivity analysis indicates that the BCR is consistently larger than unity, if marginal in some cases. This suggests that the project is a worthwhile investment at this early...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Cost-benefit analysis; Benefit-cost ratio; Choice modelling; Malleefowl; Lachlan Catchment; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/107849
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Costs and Benefits of a WTO Dispute: Philippine Bananas and the Australian Market AgEcon
Javelosa, Josyline C.; Schmitz, Andrew.
Why do governments engage in WTO disputes? What can countries expect to gain from international legal trade battles? This article examines the costs and benefits of the Philippine-Australian dispute regarding Australia's quarantine policy on Philippine fresh fruits and vegetables, a case also of keen interest to a number of countries including those in the European Union, the United States, Canada, Ecuador, Thailand, China, India, and Chile. We find that a host of institutional, political, and economic factors can trigger disputes under strong, yet debatable, expectations over winning a case in the WTO.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Bananas; Cost-benefit analysis; Sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures; Trade disputes; World Trade Organization; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23824
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Current Contribution of Four Biotechnologies to New Zealand's Primary Sector AgEcon
Kaye-Blake, William; Saunders, Caroline M.; Emanuelsson, Martin.
Over the last several decades, changes to production technologies have significantly increased output from the primary sector. The contribution of improved genetics has been variously estimated, and the impacts of genetic engineering have received much attention. The present research estimated the economic impact of four modern biotechnologies (other than genetic engineering) on the primary sector. Information from interviews with key informants was incorporated into a cost-benefit analysis to estimate these impacts. The net contribution was estimated at $266 million per year, with impacts spread unevenly through the sector and across biotechnologies.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biotechnology; Cost-benefit analysis; Marker assisted selection; New Zealand; Primary production; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; O30; Q16.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25411
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Does On-Farm Quality Assurance Pay? A Cost-Benefit Analysis of the Grainsafe Program AgEcon
Karaca, Umit; Alexander, Corinne E.; Maier, Dirk E..
Since the introduction of genetically modified (GM) crops, the commodity grain system has been under pressure to segregate GM and non-GM crops. Starting at the level of the grain handler, members of the grain supply chain have successfully used quality assurance and identity preservation programs to segregate non GM crops. Producers delivering high-value, identity-preserved crops have become interested in implementing these quality management systems at the farm level. We conduct a cost-benefit analysis that shows that quality assurance program may be profitable for producers, depending on their farm size and equipment management strategy.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Risk; Cost-benefit analysis; Identity preservation; On-farm quality assurance; Crop Production/Industries; Risk and Uncertainty; Q12; Q16.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6057
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Economic Benefits and Costs of Jatropha Plantation in North-East India AgEcon
Goswami, Kishor; Saikia, Jitu; Choudhury, Hari Kanta.
Energy security, emissions control and environmental concerns are some of the issues that drive India to search for bio-fuels in general and bio-diesel in particular as an alternative source of energy. The inception of National Biofuel Mission in 2003 has resulted in expansion of jatropha plantations in different states of the country. In North-East India, jatropha plantation was started in 2007, mostly at small farmers’ level with direct and indirect initiatives of the government and the private sector. However, adoption and expansion of jatropha plantation in the rural areas largely depend on profitability from such plantations at farmers’ level. The present study has assessed the profitability of jatropha plantation in four states of North-East India,...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Jatropha; Bio-fuels; Bio-diesel; North-East India; Cost-benefit analysis; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q16; Q49; Q42.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109423
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Efficient Emission Fees in the U.S. Electricity Sector AgEcon
Banzhaf, H. Spencer; Burtraw, Dallas; Palmer, Karen L..
This paper provides new estimates of efficient emission fees for sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOX) emissions in the U.S. electricity sector. The estimates are obtained by coupling a detailed simulation model of the U.S. electricity markets with an integrated assessment model that links changes in emissions with atmospheric transport, environmental endpoints, and valuation of impacts. Efficient fees are found by comparing incremental benefits with emission fee levels. National quantity caps that are equivalent to these fees also are computed, and found to approximate caps under consideration in the current multi-pollutant debate in the U.S. Congress and the recent proposals from the Bush administration for the electricity industry. We also...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Emissions trading; Emission fees; Air pollution; Cost-benefit analysis; Electricity; Particulates; Nitrogen oxides; NOx; Sulfur dioxide; SO2; Health benefits; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q2; Q4; D61.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10505
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Evaluación económica de la restauración hidrológica ambiental de la microcuenca Carrillo-El Tigre en Angangueo Michoacán Colegio de Postgraduados
Moreno Honorato, Natividad.
La presente investigación, es una evaluación económica que se realizó para obtener la rentabilidad del proyecto denominado: “Restauración Hidrológica Ambiental de la Microcuenca de Aporte a la Población de Mineral de Angangueo, Michoacán, (Microcuenca Carrillo-El Tigre); Mediante la Implementación de Prácticas de Manejo del Agua y Preservación de Suelos (MAPS)”. El proyecto se ejecutó después del fenómeno hidrometeorológico extremo que se presentó en febrero del 2010, dejando cuantiosos daños y pérdidas en el área afectada, la cual presentaba deterioro ambiental, agravando con ello la problemática. Ante tal situación, se propuso establecer prácticas de MAPS (presas de mampostería, gaviones, geocostales y piedra acomodada, así como un cabeceo de cárcava),...
Palavras-chave: Evaluación económica; Restauración ambiental; Análisis costo-beneficio; Indicadores; Rentabilidad; Economic evaluation; Environmental restoration; Cost-benefit analysis; Indicators; Profitability; Hidrociencias; Maestría.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/2053
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